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Comparing Isotropic and Anisotropic Brain Conductivity Modeling: Planning Optimal Depth-Electrode Placement in White Matter for Direct Stimulation Therapy in an Epileptic Circuit

L. C. Zaragoza[1], B. Hondorp[2], M. A. Rossi[3]
[1]ITESM, Monterrey, Mexico
[2]Rush Medical College, Chicago, IL, USA
[3]Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA

The goal of our work was to calculate a patient-specific brain conductivity map for predicting the extent to which direct stimulation therapy can strategically propagate through pathological white matter. Our laboratory developed isotropic and anisotropic human brain finite element method (FEM) models derived from SPGR magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), ...

Theory of Proportional Solenoids and Magnetic Force Calculation Using COMSOL Multiphysics

O. Vogel, and J. Ulm
Heilbronn University
Campus Künzelsau
Künzelsau, Germany

Proportional solenoids are well-known and used in a wide range of applications today. This paper is about methods of influencing the characteristic force-stroke-curves of magnetic actuators by means of different pole geometries. The conical design of the stator pole which is mostly used to accomplish proportional solenoids is analyzed by both a simple analytic reluctance model and a FEM model ...

Sensitivity Analysis of Different Models of Piezoresistive Micro Pressure Sensors

S. Meenatchisundaram[1], S. M. Kulkarni[2], S. Bhat
[1]Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal, Karnataka, India.

Piezoresistive pressure sensors have received much attention over the years because of low cost, simple measurement techniques, etc. There is a challenge in design with respect to appropriate positioning, shape and temperature compensation. Different models of piezoresistive pressure sensors are proposed to enhance its sensitivity in terms of output voltage. This paper aims in sensitivity ...

Multiphysics Simulation of Thermoelectric Systems - Modeling of Peltier-Cooling and Thermoelectric Generation

M. Jaegle
Fraunhofer-Institute for Physical Measurement-Techniques (IPM), Freiburg, Germany

Electro-thermal interaction is commonly considered only as a matter of joule heating. In addition, the Seebeck-, Peltier- and Thompson-Effects are significant in materials with high thermoelectric figure of merit Z. These thermoelectric materials have a high Seebeck-coefficient α, a good electric conductivity σ, and a poor thermal conductivity λ. They have widespread areas of ...

Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors: Optimization of Diffraction Grating and Prism Couplers

W. Raja[1], A. Alabastri[1], S. Tuccio[1], R. Proietti Zaccaria[1]
[1]Department of Nanostructures, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors proved themselves as a promising device for many kinds of applications such as optical biosensing, binding constant determinationor nanofilm thickness measurements. Here we simulate using COMSOL Multiphysics® the light-polaritons coupling for the two most commonly used SPR setups: Attenuated total reflection (Kretschmann configuration) and diffraction ...

Design & Development of Helmholtz Coil for Hyperpolarized MRI

V. Bhatt, R.S Rautela, P. Sharma, D.C. Tiwari, and S. Khushu
Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences (DRDO), Delhi, India

The Helmholtz Coil generates a uniform magnetic field. The commercially available large-size Helmholtz coils prove to be very expensive. This paper describes the economical method of designing and construction of a Helmholtz coil. COMSOL Multiphysics AC/DC Module simulated results and actual results were compared in this study. The coil serves as a component in the system for Hyperpolarisation of ...

Electromagnetic and Thermal Modeling of Vacuum Distillation Furnace

Asif Ahmad Bhat[1], D. Sujish[1], Sourabh Agarwal[1], B. Muralidharan[1], G. Padmakumar[1], K. K. Rajan[1]
[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India

Vacuum distillation furnaces (VDFs) are employed for purification and consolidation of heavy metals from their dendritic forms which are entrained with molten salts. The VDF is an induction heated furnace which is operated at a temperature of 700-1400 °C and at a pressure of 0.01-600 torr. To arrive at the adequate design of such type of furnace, magnetic field and temperature distribution need ...

Electrical Conductivity Modeling and Validation in Unidirectional Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites

P. Banerjee[1], J. L. Schmidt[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA

Carbon fiber (CF) reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) have begun to replace Al-Zn-Mg alloys in applications which require high strength-to-weight ratios. The anisotropy of CFRP composites is a result of melt crystallized extrusion techniques that impart an inherent directionality to the CFs and the associated material’s properties. Electrical conductivity was modeled across the entire CF ...

Enhancement of Terahertz Emission by AuGe Nanopatterns

H. Surdi[1], A. Singh[1], S. S. Prabhu [1]
[1]Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha 
Road, Mumbai,India

Since the advent of Terhertz(THz) technology, improving the THz emission power has been one of the major research goal. One of the methods to increase the THz emission power is to increase the coupling of excitation laser light to the dielectric substrate.The field of nano-plasmonics exploits light-matter interactions at nanometer scale. With the help of metallic nano-structure at ...

Accurate geometry factor estimation for the four point probe method using COMSOL Multiphysics

Kalavagunta, A., Weller, R.A.
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN

The four-point probe is a tool for measuring the resistivity of a material by contact with its surface. The tool is widely used in the semiconductor industry and has applications both in research and manufacturing. The method though is quite sensitive to various paramaters like the substrate material, probe separation, probe depth etc. In this paper we show that COMSOL multiphysics can be used ...

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