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Magnetorheological Fluid Based Braking System Using L-shaped Disks

M. Hajiyan[1], S. Mahmud[1], H. Abdullah[1]
[1]School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada

This paper presents a novel design of multi-disks Magnetorheological braking system (MR brake) for automotive application. Magnetic saturation in both electromagnetic core and MR fluid is considered in this paper. The electromagnetic analysis of the proposed configuration is carried out using Finite Element based COMSOL Multiphysics® software (AC/DC Module). The system geometry, created using ...

Simulation of a Polyimide Based Micromirror

A. Arevalo[1], S. Ilyas[2], D. Conchouso[1], I. G. Foulds[1,3]
[1]Computer, Electrical & Mathematical Sciences & Engineering Division (CEMSE), King Abdullah University of Science & Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
[2]Physical Sciences & Engineering (PSE), King Abdullah University of Science & Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
[3]School of Engineering, University of British Columbia - Okanagan, Vancouver, BC, Canada

The simulation of a micromirror using polyimide as the structural material is presented. The simulation was used to verify the initial design parameters and to explore the different characteristics of the electromechanical device. For simulation simplicity the electrodes are integrated as part of the structural layer. The device thickness is 6 μm while the electrodes are 300 nm thick. For the ...

Modeling of Anisotropic Laminated Magnetic Cores Using Homogenization Approaches

H. Neubert[1], J. Ziske[1], R. Disselnkötter[2]
[1]Technische Universität Dresden, Institute of Electromechanical and Electronic Design, Dresden, Germany
[2]ABB Corporate Research Center, Ladenburg, Germany

3D-modeling of magnetic components with FEM is challenging due to the involved nonlinearities and coupling effects between different physical domains. A specific issue is the consideration of lamination due to the high resulting element count for thin layers. Therefore, several homogenization approaches for laminated cores have been proposed which replace the laminated structure with a single ...

Influence of Air Gap Length and Cross-Section on Magnetic Circuit Parameters

A. Polit[1], R. Jez[1]
[1]ABB Corporate Research Center, Krakow, Poland

The air gap is one of the most crucial part of magnetic circuits, especially in high-power inductors. It significantly modifies the parameters of magnetic devices by increasing the saturation current, linearizing B-H curve of magnetic circuit and causing a decreasing in the inductance. Therefore the optimal selection of shape and dimensions of the air gap is very important from the design point ...

3D Multiphysics Model of Thermal Flow Sensors

C. Falco[1], A. De Luca[1], S. Sarfraz[1], F. Udrea[1]
[1]University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

The aim of this work is to present a model capable to describe the behaviour of a thermal flow sensor under every physical aspect. A generic thermal flow sensor relates the flow properties with a variation in the temperature profile inside the device itself. Thus, it is locally heated up with a resistive element biased with an external current, surrounded by one or more temperature sensing ...

Estimation of Hydraulic Conductivity for a Heterogeneous Unsaturated Soil Using Electrical Resistivity and Level-Set Methods

T. K. Chou[1], M. Chouteau[1], J. S. Dubé[2]
[1]École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
[2]École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, QC, Canada

The estimation of the soil saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) is crucial in understanding water flow and transport of contaminants. There are many hydrological techniques available in determining this parameter (constant head method, in-situ soil analysis, etc...). While these techniques can provide quality data points, they are often limited by sparse data sampling and scale. Therefore ...

3D Acoustic Streaming Field in High-Intensity Discharge Lamps

B. Baumann[1], J. Schwieger[1], M. Wolff[1], F. Manders[2], J. Suijker[2]
[1]Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany
[2]Philips Lighting, Turnhout, Belgium

High-intensity discharge lamps will in the foreseeable future be important light sources despite a growing market share of LEDs. Cost and energy efficient high frequency (300 kHz) operation is hampered by the excitation of acoustic resonances inside the arc tube, which results in low frequency (10 Hz) light flicker. Our aim is to calculate the acoustic streaming velocity field, which is related ...

Models of Simple Iron Cored Electromagnets

J. Mammadov[1]
[1]University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

This report mainly discusses the implementation and results of a project proposal, “Modelling using Finite Element Methods”. The report is devoted to implementation, which is a model of an electromagnet. The software tool that is used to model the electromagnet is COMSOL Multiphysics®, a commercial FEA package provided by the University of Manchester, Computer Science School. Additionally, ...

Modeling the Effect of a Water Tree Inside a Tape Shield and Concentric Neutral Cables

K. Burkes[1,2], E. Makram[2], R. Hadidi[2]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
[2]Savannah River National Lab, R&D Instrumentation, Aiken, SC, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model a water tree in tape shield and concentric neutral cables. It allows for the effect on electric field intensity at the tip of the water tree and electric potential due to the water tree to be better understood. Also, COMSOL is used to calculate the resistance and capacitance of a section of cable with a water tree as it grows across the insulation. ...

Finite Element Modeling for Inspection of CANDU® Steam Generators

S. G. Mokros[1], P. R. Underhill[2], J. Morelli[1], T. W. Krause[2]
[1]Department of Physics, Engineering Physics & Astronomy, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada
[2]Department of Physics, Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada

Steam generators (SGs) are used in CANDU® nuclear reactors as heat exchangers to convert water into steam using heat generated in the reactor core. Ferrous trefoil broach support structures prevent excessive vibration of thousands of SG tubes. A probe that uses pulsed eddy current (PEC) technology has been designed for inspection of support structures, from within SG tubes, to detect and ...

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