G. Vaivars, P. Ndungu, and V. Linkov
South African Institute of Advanced Material Chemistry, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa
In a fuel cell-powered engine, the fuel is converted to electrical energy through electrochemical reactions instead of combustion. Long term stability is required for automobile and other energy system applications. The agglomeration of catalyst particles leads to an irreversible decrease of the electrochemical performance, and there are no viable methods to compensate for this phenomenon.Complex ...
J. Cheng, K.V. Sharp, and M.M. Mench
The Fuel Cell Dynamics and Diagnostics Laboratory and the Microscale Flow Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State University
The dynamics of fuel cell coolant flow with charged nanoparticles were modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. A computational fluid dynamics physicochemical model of the multi-phase coolant flow has been formulated. For nanoparticles in the fluid, electrokinetic force, hydrodynamic force, and buoyancy forces have been taken into account for the prediction of electrodeposition rate onto channel ...
T. Machado Amorim , C. Allély, J. Caire
Arcelor Mittal Research, Maizieres-les-Metz, France
ENSEEG, Grenoble, France
The corrosion at cut-made edges is significant due to the anode to cathode surface ratio in this region. The major problems are the risks of red rust appearance at the exposed steel surface, and the risks of paint delamination in case of insufficient corrosion protection. The work presented here focuses on the development of a 2D FEM model simulating a steady state corrosion situation at a cut ...
Numerical Analysis of Propeller-induced Low-frequency Modulations in Underwater Electric Potential Signatures of Naval Vessels in the Context of Corrosion Protection Systems
D. Schaefer, J. Doose, A. Rennings, and D. Erni
General and Theoretical Electrical Engineering (ATE), Faculty of Engineering, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
Technical Center for Ships and Naval Weapons (WTD 71), Bundeswehr, Eckernförde, Germany
Since October 2009 the laboratory of ATE has carried out collaborative research with the WTD 71 that aims for prediction, reduction and optimization of so-called underwater electric potential (UEP) signatures. COMSOL is used to simulate potential distributions in the context of impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP) systems. The electrode kinetics is considered by using boundary conditions ...
E. Amores Vera, J. Rodríguez Ruiz
Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno, Puertollano, Spain
One of the most critical aspects on water electrolysis is gas-liquid separation, especially in systems with forced convection. The main problem of this kind of circulation is that a gas fraction could return to the electrolysis circuit. A suitable design of separator devices could be a solution in order to avoid a gas return to the electrolysis circuit. In this sense, the use of deflectors might ...
I.S. Laitinen, and J.T. Tanttu
Tampere University of Technology, Finland
In this paper, shell elements are used to reduce the complexity of a geometry in the modeling of an industrial scale copper electrolysis cell. The proposed model is described by multipysical since it takes into account interaction between electrical conduction and temperature. The model accuracy is estimated by comparing the simulation results to actual measurements.
University of South Carolina
In this presentation we introduce the concept of Electrochemical Engineering through simulations in COMSOL Multiphysics. Our special case studies are: • a Parallel Plate Electrochemical Reactor, • a Rotating Ring Disk System, • a 3D Lithium Ion Battery, • a Portable Power System, • a Corroding Surface. These examples are all industrial ones, which shows the power of using ...
Electrochemical etching of silicon (anodization) is a process that can be used for etching of forms of nearly arbitrary shapes. The difficulty of applying the process for mass production is in the many parameters influencing the process, such as electrolyte concentration and temperature, silicon substrate doping and type, and so on. COMSOL as an FEM simulation tool is very suitable for ...
Transient Modelling of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell; Fully Coupled Electric Currents, Heat-Transfer, Diluted Species Transport and Laminar Bubbly Flow
R. Pretorius, P. L. Crouse, and C. J. Hattingh
University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
Metallurgical Testing and Consultation (MTC) cc, Farrarmere, South Africa
A laboratory-scale fluorine reactor was simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics®. This model employs fundamental fully coupled electron-, heat-, mass- and momentum transfer (two-phase) equations to deliver a transient model of the above-mentioned reactor. Quasi-steady-state results were produced for the current density, electric field, temperature, reactive species concentration, gas- and liquid ...
S. Mackintosh, J. Rodgers, S.P. Blythe
Lifescan Scotland, Inverness, Scotland
This paper describes the modeling of a blood glucose sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics. Chemical species interaction and diffusion, coupled with electrochemical oxidation of multiple blood species produced a powerful working model used in developing and refining a range of blood glucose sensors for the commercial market.