SPAWAR Systems Center (SSC) ATLANTIC, Charleston, SC, USA
Additive manufacturing uses 3D printing to build physical parts from CAD-based designs. The technology includes fused deposition modeling (FDM) and selective laser sintering (SLS) methods. 3-D printing is of particular interest for smaller, one-of-a-kind, customizable products. A cube satellite (CubeSat) containing fiber reinforced SLS parts has been successfully launched (Ref 1). Lower ...
Three-Dimensional Percolation Properties Simulation of a Marine Coating Based on Its Real Structure Obtained from Ptychographic X-Ray Tomography
B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, I. Robinson
London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, London, UK
Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
AkzoNobel Co. Ltd., Sassenheim, Netherlands
AkzoNobel (UK) Co. Ltd., Tyne and Wear, UK
We present quantitative nano-scale analysis of the 3D spatial structure of an anticorrosive aluminium epoxy barrier marine coating obtained by ptychographic X-ray computed tomography (PXCT) [1-3]. We then use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to perform simulations on the acquired real 3D structure to demonstrate how percolation through this actual 3D structure impedes ion diffusion in the ...
Large and High Power Cylindrical Batteries - Analysis of the Battery Pack Temperature Distributions Using the COMSOL Multiphysics® and MATLAB® Simulation Softwares
O. Capron, A. Samba, N. Omar, H. Gualous, P. Van den Bossche, J. Van Mierlo
MOBI - Mobility, Logistics and Automotive Technology Research Centre, VUB - Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
Laboratoire LUSAC, Université de Caen Basse Normandie, Cherbourg-Octeville, France
The temperature distributions inside two packs (in-line and staggered) made of large cylindrical lithium iron phosphate cells (of 18 Ah nominal capacity) are analysed in this paper during a 90 A constant discharge current. The analysis of the battery packs temperature distributions is based on the results obtained with a two-dimensional modelling approach. For both packs, the simulations ...
Numerical Simulation of Carbon Steel Corrosion Exposed to Flowing NaCl Solutions Through an Annular Duct
A. Soliz, K. Mayrhofer, L. Caceres
Department of Interface Chemistry & Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, Düsseldorf, Germany
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile
A three-dimensional mathematical model under stationary conditions have been established to understand the corrosion of carbon steel cylindrical samples immersed in flowing NaCl solution through an annular duct. The migration, diffusion and convection mass transfer mechanisms were solved using the Nernst–Planck equation coupled to the Navier-Stokes equation. A corrosion model based on the mixed ...
Topology Optimization of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrode Microstructure Morphology for Reduction of Damage Accumulation and Longevity of Battery Life
P. Clarke, R. Abedi
University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, TN, USA
The ubiquitous commercial use of Lithium-Ion batteries (LIBs) has increased interest in their implementation into efficient energy storage systems for clean and renewable power sources and the electrical transportation industry. Unfortunately, LIBs are not yet technological mature to meet various commercial demands. Consider the following challenges for example,: (1) lower than desired effective ...
COMSOL Multiphysics® Based Identification of Thermal Properties of Mesoporous Silicon by Pulsed Photothermal Method
N. Semmar, I. El Abdouni, A. Melhem
GREMI-UMR7344, CNRS/University of Orléans, Orléans, France
The silicon is mainly known under its single-crystal shape and polycrystalline. Since a few decades, a new type of morphology is developed: the porous silicon (p-Si). Meso-porous silicon (Mp-Si) is one of promising materials for future microelectronic chips multi-functionalization systems, and for micro-sensing devices. For thermal properties investigation many experimental systems were ...
Transient Simulation of the Electrolyte Flow in a Closed Device for Precise Electrochemical Machining
M. Hackert-Oschätzchen, M. Penzel, M. Kowalick, G. Meichsner, A. Schubert[1,2]
Professorship Micromanufacturing Technology, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Precise electrochemical machining (PEM) is an innovative machining technology which results from further development of the electrochemical sinking. PEM works with pulsed low frequency direct current and oscillation of the tool electrode. As part of the project ‘Electrochemical machining of internal precision and micro-geometries with high aspect ratios by process-state-dependent electrolyte ...
Z. Umar, D. Ledwoch, L. Komsiyska, S. Vasić[
EWE-Forschungszentrum für Energietechnologie e. V, Oldenburg, Germany
In general battery cells are charged/discharged using constant current or constant power expressed as C-Rates and P-Rates respectively. We are developing a single cell-level Li-Ion battery model in order to simulate the performance and the physicochemical phenomena under power discharging mode (P-Rate). The P-Rate is defined as the measure of the rate at which a battery charges/discharges ...
G.Liebig, L. Komsiyska, P. Bise, H. Seeba, P. Bohn, S. Vasic 
NEXT ENERGY, Oldenburg, Niedersachsen, Germany
AUDI AG, Ingolstadt, Bayern, Germany
The characterization of Li-ion batteries is a relevant topic due to the recent developments in Electric Vehicles (EV’s) and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV’s) applications. In order to manage these devices, accurate models are required. At NEXT ENERGY a two dimensional cell-level thermal model was created based on the discharge characteristics of a cylindrical 18650 secondary Li-ion battery ...
Computational Modelling of Fluid Dynamics in Electropolishing of Radiofrequency Accelerating Cavities
H. Rana, L. Ferreira
Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), Genéve, Switzerland
Electropolishing is an electrochemical process that radiofrequency accelerating cavities undergo in order to improve their inner metal surface finishing. This is performed prior to their installation into particle accelerators, in order to enhance their accelerating properties. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software it was possible to model the process throughout the cavity and study the fluid ...