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Impact of Electrode Surface/Volume Ratio on Li-ion Battery Performance

S. Das[1], J. Li[2], R. Hui[1]
[1]University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA
[2]Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA

The adoption of micro- and nanostructured electrodes is a promising technique to improve the performance of Li-ion battery, which increases the electrode surface area and improves the efficiency of ion exchange between the electrode and electrolyte. This performance improvement is supported by the results of our numerical simulation based of a Li+ battery in COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The ...

Large and High Power Cylindrical Batteries - Analysis of the Battery Pack Temperature Distributions Using the COMSOL Multiphysics® and MATLAB® Simulation Softwares

O. Capron[1], A. Samba[1], N. Omar[1], H. Gualous[2], P. Van den Bossche[1], J. Van Mierlo[1]
[1]MOBI - Mobility, Logistics and Automotive Technology Research Centre, VUB - Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
[2]Laboratoire LUSAC, Université de Caen Basse Normandie, Cherbourg-Octeville, France

The temperature distributions inside two packs (in-line and staggered) made of large cylindrical lithium iron phosphate cells (of 18 Ah nominal capacity) are analysed in this paper during a 90 A constant discharge current. The analysis of the battery packs temperature distributions is based on the results obtained with a two-dimensional modelling approach. For both packs, the simulations ...

Three-Dimensional Percolation Properties Simulation of a Marine Coating Based on Its Real Structure Obtained from Ptychographic X-Ray Tomography

B. Chen[1], M. Guizar-Sicairos[2], G. Xiong[1], L. Shemilt[1], A. Diaz[2], J. Nutter[1], N. Burdet[1], S. Huo[1], F. Vergeer[3], A. Burgess[4], I. Robinson[1]
[1]London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, London, UK
[2]Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
[3]AkzoNobel Co. Ltd., Sassenheim, Netherlands
[4]AkzoNobel (UK) Co. Ltd., Tyne and Wear, UK

We present quantitative nano-scale analysis of the 3D spatial structure of an anticorrosive aluminium epoxy barrier marine coating obtained by ptychographic X-ray computed tomography (PXCT) [1-3]. We then use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to perform simulations on the acquired real 3D structure to demonstrate how percolation through this actual 3D structure impedes ion diffusion in the ...

Numerical Simulation of Carbon Steel Corrosion Exposed to Flowing NaCl Solutions Through an Annular Duct

A. Soliz[1], K. Mayrhofer[1], L. Caceres[2]
[1]Department of Interface Chemistry & Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, Düsseldorf, Germany
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile

A three-dimensional mathematical model under stationary conditions have been established to understand the corrosion of carbon steel cylindrical samples immersed in flowing NaCl solution through an annular duct. The migration, diffusion and convection mass transfer mechanisms were solved using the Nernst–Planck equation coupled to the Navier-Stokes equation. A corrosion model based on the mixed ...

Topology Optimization of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrode Microstructure Morphology for Reduction of Damage Accumulation and Longevity of Battery Life

P. Clarke[1], R. Abedi[1]
[1]University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, TN, USA

The ubiquitous commercial use of Lithium-Ion batteries (LIBs) has increased interest in their implementation into efficient energy storage systems for clean and renewable power sources and the electrical transportation industry. Unfortunately, LIBs are not yet technological mature to meet various commercial demands. Consider the following challenges for example,: (1) lower than desired effective ...

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Material Structure Grading in the Direction Normal to the Electrode/Electrolyte Interface Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. Andersson[1], B. Sundén[1]
[1]Department of Energy Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Fuel cells (FCs) are promising as an energy producing device, which at this stage of development will require extensive analysis and benefit from numerical modeling at different time- and length scales. COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to describe an intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). Governing equations for heat, gas-phase species, electron, ion and momentum transport are ...

Thermal Management of Li-ion Battery Packs

D. Adair[1], K. Ismailov[2], Z. Bakenov[3]
[1]School of Engineering, Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan
[2]CPS, Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan
[3]Institute of Batteries, Astana, Kazakhstan

A design for the thermal management of the media used for packing Li-ion batteries used in hybrid and electric vehicles has been developed. The design satisfies all thermal and physical issues relating to the battery packs used in vehicles such as operating temperature range and volume, and, should increase battery life cycle and charge and discharge performances. Particular attention was devoted ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Based Identification of Thermal Properties of Mesoporous Silicon by Pulsed Photothermal Method

N. Semmar[1], I. El Abdouni[1], A. Melhem[1]
[1]GREMI-UMR7344, CNRS/University of Orléans, Orléans, France

The silicon is mainly known under its single-crystal shape and polycrystalline. Since a few decades, a new type of morphology is developed: the porous silicon (p-Si). Meso-porous silicon (Mp-Si) is one of promising materials for future microelectronic chips multi-functionalization systems, and for micro-sensing devices. For thermal properties investigation many experimental systems were ...

Stresses Due to Intercalation of Non-Spherical Lithium Storage Particles

R. Purkayastha[1], R. McMeeking[2]
[1]Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK
[2]University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA

Due to computational considerations most models of lithium storage particles in batteries incorporate spherical particles. However most storage particles used in battery electrodes tend to be irregular in shape with sharp edges and extended aspect ratios. The change of the relative surface area to the volume of the particle can lead to a change in the stress response of the particle for the same ...

Transient Simulation of the Electrolyte Flow in a Closed Device for Precise Electrochemical Machining

M. Hackert-Oschätzchen[1], M. Penzel[1], M. Kowalick[1], G. Meichsner[2], A. Schubert[1,2]
[1]Professorship Micromanufacturing Technology, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany

Precise electrochemical machining (PEM) is an innovative machining technology which results from further development of the electrochemical sinking. PEM works with pulsed low frequency direct current and oscillation of the tool electrode. As part of the project ‘Electrochemical machining of internal precision and micro-geometries with high aspect ratios by process-state-dependent electrolyte ...

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