Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Beijing, China
We studied the transient characteristics of PEMFC and water transport during PEMFC start-up, concerning the following aspects: Effect of air stoichiometry change on transient behavior of PEMFC, Transient behavior of water transport during PEMFC start-up, and high temperature PEMFC modeling.
Q. Zhang, Y. Liu, and S. Chen
Wuhan University, College of Chemistry and Molecular Science, Wuhan, China
COMSOL Multiphysics is a very helpful simulation software in our researches on both PEMFC and nanometer-sized electrodes. In the first part of our presentation, the influence of humidity and temperature to the performance of PEMFC are studied by simulating the MEA (membrane electrode assembly) in PEMFC. In the second part, models of different nanometer-sized electrodes, including spherical ...
P. Goyal, V. Verma, R.K. Singh, and K.K. Vaze
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
High level radioactive waste (HLW) generated by nuclear fuel cycle is immobilized using glass melters. In Glass melters such as Joule Heated Ceramic Melter (JHCM) electrodes immersed in the glass generates heat by the joule heating due to electric current passing between electrodes through glass. For melter performance it is required to evlaute temperature distribution in the melter. Thermal ...
R. Godard , J. de Boer, N. Ibrahim, and G. Molina-Cuberos
Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada
University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
Campus Espinardo, Murcia, Spain
The Huygens Atmospheric Structure Instrument (HASI) was designed to characterize the physical properties of the lower atmosphere and surface of Titan, the planet-size moon of Saturn. The Relaxation Probe (RP) sensor on the Huygens probe, determined the electrical conductivity in the lower atmosphere of Titan, from 140 km to 40 km. It was suspected that at an altitude above 100km, the booms ...
Beam Structure As an Acoustic Wave Sensor: A Study of the Effect of Sensor Design on Its Sensitivity to Noise
F. Akasheh, A. Biddle, W.S. Shepard Jr., and B.B.B. Zhang
Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL, USA
University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA
The detection and identification of the location of a sound source is commonly done using arrays of microphones. A recent new alternative approach has been proposed which involves the use of continuous structures, such as beams or plates, as acoustic wave sensors. The sound wave impinging on the surface of the structure causes it to vibrate and the measured surface displacements can then be used ...
S. Gidon, M. Brun, and S. Nicoletti
CEA Minatec, Optronic Department, Grenoble, France
Monitoring of indoor CO2 concentration is of particular interest to detect room occupancy in order to optimise power consumptions of building. One technological approach is to use optical detection using specific absorption lines of CO2 molecules in the infrared domain close to 4.2 μm. Key features for a wider use in public and private buildings are power consumption and price. Such optical ...
M.Cavenago, and P. Veltri
INFN-LNL, Legnaro, PD, Italy
Consorzio RFX, Padova, Italy
Neutral Beam Injectors for ITER require development of negative ion sources and beams with carefully reduced beam divergence. In the accelerator this is compensated by the focusing due to the fringe effect of the electric field, while in the drift region, where the beam is propagating without further acceleration, a background positive charge is required to assure beam transmission with small ...
COMSOL\'s new CFD Module has been tested for laminar and turbulent flows in simple geometries, with couple or segregated solver. These tests allow mesh sensitivities and comparison with analytical solutions. They also give a first idea of cpu time and RAM use for standard cases. In a second part a thermal-fluid simulation of a real industrial application is done: the air flows cooling a large and ...
University of Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy
This paper presents some results of numerical simulations carried out to investigate the basic hydrodynamic interactions between the laminar flow in the water column above triangular bedforms and the Darcian flow in the underlying permeable sediments. The flow was described by the Navier-Stokes equation in the free region and the Darcy equation in the porous region. Numerical simulations were ...
J. Rojo, S. Ognier, and S. Cavadias
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasmas et Traitements de Surfaces, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
A lot of techniques are developed to treat soils polluted by hydrocarbons pollutants: incineration, thermal treatment, extraction, chemical oxidation, bioremediation… Some of these techniques are very energy consuming (incineration, thermal treatment…) and often need a subsequent treatment of the generated gases or liquids. Of all the decontamination methods, bioremediation appears to be the ...