Department of Mathematics, Bologna University, Bologna, Italy
Partial differential equations have recently become popular and useful tools for several image processing tasks such as image de-noising and segmentation.In this work, we implement a unified image de-noising and segmentation approach which is based on a nonlinear diffusion equation with a reactive term for achieving edge preserving smoothing and segmentation. This model is highly nonlinear and ...
J. P. Caire, and F. Jomard
LEPMI, ENSEEG, Saint Martin d'Hères, France
The purpose of this study was the optimization of an industrial furnace from a thermal point of view. Such a cylindrical furnace contains an Al-Mg molten alloy covered by a KCl-NaCl molten salt layer floating on it to prevent alloy evaporation. When tilting the cylindrical furnace, it was necessary to compute the relation between the salt and alloy volumes and the area of the liquid alloy/salt ...
Simulation-based Analysis of the Spatial Sensitivity Function of an Electrical Capacitance Tomography System
A. Fuchs, and H. Zangl
Institute of Electrical Measurement and Measurement Signal Processing, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria
This paper investigates the effects of the soft field character of an Electrical Capacitance Tomography system by means of analyzing the 3D sensitivity distribution of the pipe interior using Finite Element Analysis.The aim of the determined sensitivity is to overcome restrictions caused by the soft field without being forced to use (active) guarding strategies.
M. F. Santillo1, and A. G. Ewing1,2
1Department of Chemistry, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
2Department of Chemistry, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden
A microfluidic device for performing multiplexed cell bioassays has been successfully developed. The device takes advantage of laminar flow and hydrodynamic focusing in order to selectively load cells into various culture chambers and address cells with pharmacological agents. Both computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and fluorescence microscopy illustrate how fluid flow can be ...
S. L. Butler
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, SK, Canada
Partial melting occurs beneath mid-ocean ridges in Earth's mantle and the resulting liquid migrates to the surface to form a new oceanic crust. In this system, mass can be exchanged between the liquid and solid phases through melting and solidification and, at the high temperatures and pressures associated with the Earth's interior, the solid matrix deforms through the process of compaction, ...
D. Bichsel1, and P. Wittwer2
1HESSO, Ecole d'Ingénieurs de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
2DPT, Université de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
We discuss a new numerical scheme involving adaptive boundary conditions which allows to compute, at very low Reynolds numbers, drag and lift of airfoils with rough surfaces; efficiently and with great precision.As an example, we present the numerical implementation for an airfoil consisting of a line segment. The solution of the Navier-Stokes equations is singular at the leading and trailing ...
S. Palaich, and B. Daly
Physics and Astronomy Department, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY, USA
When the dimensions of the material approach is a comparable size to the phonon mean free path, heat flow enters a new regime, the nanoscale. The Fourier and Cattaneo Equations describe bulk heat flow well, but radiative boundary terms must be considered when modeling nanoscale heat flow. We take these equations and input them into COMSOL with the hope of eventually linking nanoscale and bulk ...
A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, A. Weddemann, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, University of Bielefeld, Germany
Transport phenomena in spatially periodic magnetic systems, in particular the directed transport of magnetic beads in a so called magnetic ratchet (Brownian motor) are considered. Simulations are carried out to test and optimize this system, where the Smoluchowski equation with flux terms for the magnetic and gravitational force is used. Furthermore, experiments are carried out to verify the ...
P. Ngankeu, and E. Gutierrez-Miravete
EMHART Glass Research Inc, Windsor, CT, USA
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
The press and blow (P&B) process is widely used to produce glass containers. While the P&B process has demonstrated to be capable of reducing container weight by as much as 33%, it can also induce the formation of micro-checks that weaken container strength. This paper presents a model of the heat transfer due to the intermittent contact of glass with the plunger during several pressing ...
Quasi-static Analysis on the Effect of Metal Penetrating Depth into the Substrate in Microstriplines
S. Musa, and M. Sadiku
Prairie View A&M University Networking Academy (PVNA), Prairie View, TX, USA
The effect of metallization thickness on planar transmission lines plays an essential role in microwave integrated circuits and thin film technology, especially in the propagation characterization and the electric field distribution in the structures. The objective of this paper is to consider the planar transmission lines with finite thickness not penetrating and penetrating into isotropic ...