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Modeling of High-Temperature Ceramic Membranes for Oxygen Separation

J.M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla[1], J.M. Serra[2], and A. Santafé-Moros[1]

[1]Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Depart., Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[2]Instituto de Tecnología Química, Valencia, Spain

Oxygen transfer through ceramic membranes at high-temperature can substantially reduce costs respect to conventional separation methods. With the aim to improve the determination of the properties of the ceramic materials, a lab-scale permeation set-up was modeled using the Chemical Engineering Module of COMSOL Multiphysics®. The solution required the coupling of three domains. Gas flow was ...

Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks

A. Holmqvist[1] and C.U.I. Odenbrand[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...

Coupling Miscible Flow and Geochemistry for Carbon Dioxide Flooding into North Sea Chalk Reservoir

B. Niu[1], W. Yan[1], A.A. Shapiro[1], and E.H. Stenby[1]

[1]Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

As an effective method to cope with green-house gas emission, and to enhance oil recovery, injection of carbon dioxide into oil reservoirs has obtained increasing attentions. The flooding process involves complex phase behavior among oil, brine and CO2, and geochemical reaction between CO2 and rock. COMSOL Multiphysics® was first applied to simulating two flooding processes with known ...

Simulated Suspended Solid Concentrations of Secondary Clarifiers in the Activated Sludge Process using the COMSOL Multiphysics Program

C. Gavrila1, and I. Gruia2
1Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania
2University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania

An activated sludge system accomplishes an enhanced biological purification of wastewater, and is the most frequently used system to purify such.The purification of wastewaters are dynamical systems, operating under important and uncontrolled variations of concentration and composition of the polluting substances. Mathematical models are essential for describing, predicting, and controlling these ...

Thermal Characterization of a Chemical Reactor Coupling COMSOL and ModeFrontier

N. Pacheco[1], D. Pavone[1], K. Surla[1], E. Schaer[2], and J. Houzelot[2]
[1]IFP-Lyon, France
[2]LRGP-ENSIC, France

For Hydrogen production purpose from bio-ethanol, IFP set up a pilot reactor that can work at high temperature (1000°C) and high pressure (20 bar). Experiments show that this reactor has a specific thermal behavior that should be modeled in addition to chemical and hydrodynamics to understand and optimize hydrogen production. The multiphysics simulator has been defined in COMSOL and the ...

Analysis of TAP Reactors Procedures Using COMSOL

S. Pietrzyk[1], and G.S. Yablonsky[2]
[1]Unité de Catalyse et Chimie du Solide, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, France
[2]Parks College, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA

TAP (Temporary Analysis of Products) reactors are powerful instruments to study the kinetics of catalytic reactions. Their basic principle, exposition of evacuated solids of interest to narrow pulses containing very small amounts of gases, and measuring the concentrations of outgoing molecules permits to study practical catalysts under the conditions approaching those of molecular beam ...

Numerical Simulation Study on the Heat and Mass Transfer Through Multi-Layer Textile Assemblies

S.F. Neves[1], J.J.B.L.M. Campos[1], T.S. Mayor[2]
[1]CEFT – Transport Phenomena Research Center, Chemical Engineering Department, Porto University, Porto, Portugal
[2]CeNTI - Centre for Nanotechology and Smart Materials, Rua Fernando Mesquita, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal

A clothing system should offer the user a period of relatively comfort. However, changes in the ambient conditions over day affect the heat and mass transport in the system, influencing the user comfort perception. In order to gather information to allow the optimization of clothing systems, it is essential to understand the heat and moisture transfer occurring across multi-layer textiles. For ...

Multiphysical Modeling of Calcium Carbonate Transportation in UV Disinfection in Water Treatment

E. R. Blatchley[1], and B.Z. Sun[1]
[1]Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

Mineral precipitation on to the quartz surface of the lamp jackets in UV disinfection process (fouling) has been recognized as a major problem for UV radiation delivery during disinfection operation. Fouling behavior was observed to be induced thermally and influenced by hydraulic character of the UV disinfection configuration. Fouling process involves momentum, heat, and mass transport within ...

Modeling the Coupled Mass Transfer Phenomena During Osmotic Dehydration of Fresh and Frozen Mango Tissues

J. Floury[1], Q.T. Pham[2], and A. Le Bail[3]
[1] UMR STLO–INRA–Agrocampus
[2] School of Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry, UNSW
Sydney, Australia.

In this paper, we present a mathematical model for simulating the mass transfer, during the osmotic dehydration of mango cubes. The mass balance equation for the transport of each constituent is established separately for intracellular and extracellular volumes but accounts for the mass exchange across the cell membrane and the shrinkage of whole tissue.

COMSOL application in modeling PEMFC transients

X. Li
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Beijing, China

We studied the transient characteristics of PEMFC and water transport during PEMFC start-up, concerning the following aspects: Effect of air stoichiometry change on transient behavior of PEMFC, Transient behavior of water transport during PEMFC start-up, and high temperature PEMFC modeling.

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