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Failure Prediction in a Layered Shell

Laminated shells made of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CRFP) are common in a large variety of applications due to their high strength-to-weight ratio. The widespread attention to the laminated shells is due to their diverse applications in aerospace, marine, automotive, and various manufacturing industries. It is necessary to evaluate the structural integrity of a laminated shell for a set ...

Stress Relaxation of a Viscoelastic Tube

This model studies the temperature effects on the viscoelastic stress relaxation in a long thick-walled cylinder. In particular, decay of the stresses under the influence of the temperature field during a period of two hours is studied. A four-term generalized Maxwell model represents the material.

Vibrations of a Disk Backed by an Air-Filled Cylinder

The vibration modes of a thin or thick circular disc are well known, and it is possible to compute the corresponding eigenfrequencies to arbitrary precision from a series solution. The same is true for the acoustic modes of an air-filled cylinder with perfectly rigid walls. A more interesting question to ask is: What happens if the cylinder is sealed in one end not by a rigid wall but by a thin ...

Assembly with a Hinge

In mechanical assemblies, parts are sometimes connected so that they are free to move relative to each other in one or more degrees of freedom. Examples of such connections are ball joints, hinges, and different types of bearings. If the details of the connection are not the subjects of the analysis, it is often possible to model the connection using the Rigid Connector feature in COMSOL ...

Scordelis-Lo Roof Shell Benchmark

In this example a thin curved membrane is built and solved using the Shell interface. This model is a widely used benchmark model denoted the Scordelis-Lo roof. The computed maximum z-deformation is compared with the value given in Proposed Standard Set of Problems to Test Finite Element Accuracy, Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 1985.

Contact Analysis of a Snap Hook Using a Penalty Formulation

This example simulates the insertion of a snap hook in its groove. Here, the purpose of the contact modeling is only to transmit correct contact forces in a global sense into the model, which is a situation well suited for using the penalty method. This contact algorithm is based on the penalty factor formulation related to the penetration of the solid parts in contact. In some cases, this ...

Generalized Kelvin Viscoelastic Material

The behavior of viscoelastic materials can be represented by conceptual models composed of elastic and viscous elements connected in series or in parallel. The rheology of the generalized Kelvin model (also called generalized Kelvin-Voigt model) consists of an elastic spring to represent the instantaneous stiffness plus n Kelvin-Voigt branches connected in series. This example shows how to ...

Truss Tower Buckling

Buckling analysis is the search for the critical compressive load beyond which structures become unstable. The Truss Tower Buckling analysis application simulates the buckling of a truss tower under vertical compressive loads to provide the critical compressive load. With the app, you can compute and analyze the buckling load for a tower under different conditions of geometry, i.e., various ...

In-Plane and Space Truss

Trusses are elements which can only sustain axial forces. You can use trusses to model truss works where the edges are straight as well structures like sagging cables. In the following example you first build and solve a simple 2D truss model using the 2D Truss interface. Later on, you analyze a 3D variant of the same problem using the 3D Truss interface. This model calculates the deformation ...

Pinched Hemispherical Shell

This example studies the deformation of a hemispherical shell, where the loads cause significant geometric nonlinearity. The maximum deflections are more than two magnitudes larger than the thickness of the shell. The problem is a standard benchmark, used for testing shell formulations in a case which contains membrane and bending action, as well as large rigid body rotation.