M. Freda, A. Giannetti, L. Lattanzi, S. Luperi
Centro Sviluppo Materiali, Rome, Italy
The electrochemical pickling of steel has two main purposes: 1) To remove thermal oxide; 2) To dissolve chromium-depleted layer, to reinstate the corrosion-resistant properties of the stainless steel; A reliable, flexible and robust 3D model has been made for simulating the steel electrochemical pickling. This process is modeled as a multiphysics system for the current control. The model ...
D. Mi ,
 KEISOKU Engineering System Co., Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Optimization of a typical electrochemical system with insulating shields is considered in this work, which objective is to reduce the current peak due to singularity and smooth the current density distribution along electrode surface. Moving mesh method was adopted to allow change in design variables, i.e., position and width of the insulating shields. It was found that combining optimization ...
Numerical and Experimental Study of Flow, Heat Transfer and Concentration in a Scaled-up Fuel Cell Anode Channel Model
J. C. Torchia-Nüñez, and J.G. Cervantes-de-Gortari
Department of Thermal Engineering, National University of Mexico, UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico
Flow, concentration and temperature fields are studied with numerical and experimental methods inside a scaled-up fuel cell anode channel model. The low aspect ratio channel has a porous medium as the inferior wall where a mixing of different pH solutions occurs. Chromatic change of phenolphthalein is used to visualize concentration field and Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is used to visualize ...
M. Hackert, G. Meichsner, and A. Schubert
Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Jet Electrochemical Machining (Jet-ECM) is an unconventional procedure using localized anodic dissolution for micromachining. An increasing of the electrolyte temperature will lead to an increase of the electrical conductivity of the electrolyte by about 30% and to a reduction of the dynamic viscosity of the electrolyte by about 25 %. Both will improve the process. Therefore a Jet-ECM tool ...
Optimization of the Lithium Insertion Cell with Silicon Negative Electrode for Automotive Applications
R. Chandrasekaran, and A. Drews
Research and Advanced Engineering
Ford Motor Company
The US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) has established goals for long term commercialization of advanced batteries for electric vehicle applications. In this work, a dual lithium-ion insertion cell with silicon as the negative electrode and an intercalation material as the positive electrode is modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. Both are composite porous electrodes with binder, void ...
C. Trenado, D. Strauss[1,2], and M. Wittmar
Computational Diagnostics & Biocybernetics Unit, Saarland University Hospital, Homburg, Germany
Leibniz-Institute for New Materials, Saarbrücken, Germany
Progress in coating technology has allowed for the development of free-chromate corrosion inhibitors, which are able to smartly migrate when required. In order to support the coating design, we propose a hybrid mathematical model to study the inhibitor's release by taking into account the thermodynamics and kinetics involved in the corrosion process. The proposed model is ...
B. Bozzini, S. Maci, I. Sgura, R. Lo Presti, and E. Simonetti
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
ENEA Casaccia, Dipartimento TER, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Roma, Italy
This paper describes the numerical modeling of a key material-stability issue within the realm of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC). The model describes the morphological and attending electrocatalytic evolution of porous NiO electrodes and is apt to predict electrochemical observables that can be recorded during Fuel Cell operation. The model has been validated with original experimental data ...
P. Pianko-Oprych, E. Kasilova, Z. Jaworski
West Pomeranian University of Technology, Faculty of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Szczecin, Poland
Micro-tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (mSOFC) are attracting more and more interest as new generation of energy conversion devices. Although commercial applications still suffer from high costs, there is a need for further improvement of the cell performance, durability and start-up. To resolve those challenges, knowledge of the distributions of species concentration, temperature and current ...
S. T. Aruna , S. Senthil, S. Chauhan , B. Shriprakash ,
 CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
SOFC is a high temperature electrochemical device known for its fuel flexibility. Apart from using pure hydrogen, it can utilize CO (carbon monoxide), CH4 (methane) or any other higher hydrocarbon. Since methane is highly researched hydrocarbon fuel, it was chosen to start with. The most prominent problem faced while using hydrocarbon fuel in SOFC is the formation and deposition of carbon on the ...
M. Cugnet ,
 Université Grenoble Alpes INES, Le Bourget du Lac, France
 CEA, LITEN, Grenoble, France
Introduction: Lithium-ion batteries are widely used as power sources for portable electronic devices (laptop, phones, and players) and electric cars due to their high energy density. New applications, such as Formula E, require also a huge power capability that the iron-phosphate-based positive electrode is able to provide. Indeed, a recent publication  shows that, at the particle level (20 ...