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Oscillatory Thermal Response Test (OTRT) – An Advanced Method for Gaining Thermal Properties of the Subsurface

P. Oberdorfer[1]
[1]Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Thermal Response Tests (TRTs) are the state-of-the-art method to obtain the thermal conductivity of the subsurface in the nearby ambience of a borehole heat exchanger (BHE). The results of TRTs are used to determine the necessary depth of the borehole and to make long time predictions about the potential of heat extraction. For a TRT, a constant heat load is injected into the subsurface and the ...

Modeling Melting Profiles in Chocolate Pieces for Optimizing their Sensory Properties

B. Watzke[1], F. Lenfant[1], N. Martin[1]
[1]Nestlé research Centre, Vers-chez-les-Blanc, Switzerland

Chocolate is a pleasurable product largely consumed over the world. It is known that ingredients, process and particle size distribution largely impact the chocolate sensory perceptions. It was hypothesized that a suitable choice of chocolate size and geometry modifies in-mouth melting and aroma release and modulates flavour and oral texture perception. Since in-vivo experiments on chocolate ...

Simulation and Validation of Pan Evaporation Rates Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

L. J. Matel [1]
[1] Green Streets Infrastructure LLC, Seattle, WA, USA

The four foot diameter class A evaporation pan is used by the scientific community as the standard for determining evaporation rates for a number of purposes. The COMSOL Multiphysics® software provides the necessary tools to adequately develop synthetic estimates of evaporation values for input into hydrologic simulation models and other earth science applications. This paper presents ...

Thermal Analysis on Module Level in an Automotive Battery Package

Z. Wu [1], H. Kemper [1],
[1] Energy Storage Systems, FH Aachen, Aachen, Germany

Vehicles with battery as energy storage fascinate more and more people. Meanwhile, more questions are surfaced – How to ensure a safe operation of the battery package? How long could the cycle life of a battery package reach? Can a battery package be operated in any environmental circumstance? All these questions are the driving forces of our work – development of the optimal battery packs for ...

Modeling of the Bread Baking Process Using Moving Boundary and Arbitrary-Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) Approaches

C. Anandharamakrishnan, N. Chhanwal, P. Karthik, D. Indrani, and K.S.M.S. Raghavarao
Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka, India

Bread baking is a complex process where various physiochemical and biological transformations take place simultaneously. A two dimensional model was developed for the bread baking process taking into account of volume expansion, heat and mass transfer processes. Phase change and evaporation-condensation mechanism were incorporated by defining thermo-physical properties of bread as a function of ...

Use of COMSOL as a Tool in the Design of an Inclined Multiple Borehole Heat Exchanger

E. Johansson[1], J. Acuña[1], B. Palm[1]
[1]Royal Institute of Technology KTH, Stockholm, Sweden

A field of connected boreholes can be used both for cooling, heating and storage purposes. The boreholes transfer heat to or from the ground, which over time changes the temperature in the ground. It is important that the borehole field is properly sized and evaluated before the construction. This study presents results from borehole field evaluations of inclined boreholes used for cooling ...

Multiphysics Study into Compression Rings, Coated Against Uncoated - new

M. Dickinson[1,2], N. Renevier [1], J. Calderbank[2,3]
[1]The Jost Institute, School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
[2]Racing to Research Team, School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
[3]School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK

Internal combustion engine components have been a main research interest over many decades. The structural mechanics and dynamics of the piston rings has been a large focus of work in order to gain a greater understanding of the how the piston ring dynamics affect the piston ring. Piston rings are often coated to reduce the level of wear on the ring as they will suffer substantial levels of ...

Numerical Simulation of Chamber Design for Pulsed Electric Fields Processing of Wet Olive Pomace - new

N. Varga[1], I. Perales[2], A. Portugal[2]
[1]ATEKNEA Solutions Hungary, Budapest, Hungary
[2]ATEKNEA Solutions Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain

The application of pulsed electric fields (PEF) is well known in the food industry as an advanced technology for mass transfer improvement. A new potential adaptation area of PEF could be extracting a valuable antioxidant called polyphenol from wet olive pomace (WOP) which is a by-product of olive oil production. The modelling includes the PEF effects on the WOP which is flowing through a ...

3-Dimensional Numerical Modeling of Radio Frequency Selective Heating of Insects In Soybeans

S. Wang [1], Z. Huang [1],
[1] Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, China

Radio frequency (RF) heating have potential as alternatives to chemical fumigation for disinfesting legumes. This study was conducted to investigate the feasibility of RF selective heating of insect larvae in 3 kg soybeans packed in a rectangular plastic container using a 6 kW, 27.12 MHz RF heating system. A finite element based computer simulation program-COMSOL Multiphysics® was used to solve ...

Radiation Heat Transfer in Imaging Infrared Spectrometer

A. Jhaveri [1], M. Kushhare [1], A. Bhargav [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.

Imaging Infrared Spectrometer (IIRS) is a Hyperspectral optical imaging instrument which measures the spectra of a scene in high resolution within spectral bands covering Near Infrared (NIR) to Mid Infrared (MIR) regions. Radiation entering the spectrometer assembly governs the temperature of different internal parts and hence plays an important role in determining the desired spectral ...