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FEM Simulations of Rod-Type Photonic Crystal Slabs as Resonant Microsystems for Optical Gas Sensors

C. Kraeh, and H. Hedler
Siemens AG, Munich
Munich, Germany

We are developing a solid state gas sensor that combines a small form factor with the high sensitivity of optical gas detection. The gas sensor is based on an optical resonant microsystem that is penetrated by gas molecules. This microsystem consists of an array of vertical rods in air forming a photonic crystal. Light propagates through the photonic crystal along a line defect waveguide. For ...

Optimized Illumination Directions of Single-Photon Detectors Integrated with Different Plasmonic Structures

M. Csete[1], Á. Sipos[1], A. Szalai[1], G. Szabó[1]
[1]Department of Optics and Quantum Electronics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary

The optimal orientations of different single-photon detector designs were determined by COMSOL software package. Absorption of niobium-nitride (NbN) stripes in two different (p=220 nm, 3p=660 nm) periodic patterns integrated with plasmonic elements was studied. In OC-SNSPDs consisting of ~quarter-photon-wavelength nano-cavity the optimum direction is perpendicular incidence onto NbN stripes in P ...

Design de uma Fibra de Cristal Fotônico para a Propagação de Modos com Momento Angular Orbital

F. B. Mejía [1], M. F. V. de Almeida [1],
[1] Instituto Nacional de Telecomunicações - INATEL, Santa Rita do Sapucaí, MG, Brasil

Uma das formas de se conseguir a multiplexação modal de informações em uma fibra óptica é através do uso do momento angular orbital (OAM). Neste trabalho exploramos a riqueza estrutural das fibras de cristal fotônico (PCF) para aprimorar a transmissão de modos OAM. Usamos o RF Module do software COMSOL Multiphysics para calcular os modos de propagação de uma PCF. Então, através do Livelink™ for ...

Thickness Designs for Micro-Thermoelectric Generators Using Three Dimensional PDE Coefficient-COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a Analysis

S. Seif[1], K. Cadien[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

Predicting the optimum thickness and gap size between n-type and p-type legs of micro thermoelectric devices are the major challenges in designing micro thermo electric generators. We have reported the gap size and optimal thickness for optimal output power. We found that the gap size should be 0.1 microns; but, depending on fabrication capability, the gap size can be varied from 0.1 to 6 ...

Design for an Invisibility Cloak

T. Ochiai
Toyama Prefectural University
Japan

In order to design invisibility cloak, we use two different type of spaces: Physical space and Mathematical space. This paper is in Japanese.

Theoretical Simulations of Silicon-On-Nothing (SON) Structures

C. Grau Turuelo[1], B. Bergmann[1], C. Breitkopf[1], F. Hoffmann[2], L. Brencher[2]
[1]Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany
[2]Infineon Technologies GmbH, Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany

A novel technique for semiconductor manufacturing is introduced: Silicon-On-Nothing. This process consists of an initial cylindrical trench which has a shape evolution under certain conditions: high temperature (1100 °C), low pressure (10 Torr) and a non-oxidizing atmosphere such as hydrogen. These conditions enable a, mainly, surface diffusion phenomenon whose final result is an empty space ...

Modeling of an Optical Black Hole with True Gaussian Beam Incidence

X. Ni[1], A. Kildishev[1], E. Narimanov[1], and L. Prokopeva[2]
[1]Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
[2]Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

We model an ideal optical black hole device in COMSOL Multiphysics as an electromagnetic scattering problem. The device is illuminated with a Gaussian beam which is focused at a fixed position in horizontal direction (x0) and different positions in vertical direction (y0). The device is modeled as a cylindrical system with a gradient-index shell and absorbing core. Using the classical paraxial ...

Purcell Effect via Numerical Simulation - new

I. Zabkov [1], V. Klimov[1], A. Pavlov[1], D. Guzatov[2]
[1]All-Russia Research Institute of Automatics (VNIIA), Moscow, Russia
[2]Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno, Grodno, Belarus

As it is known nano-sized emitters (such as atoms, quantum dots and point defects in diamonds) interaction with nano-environment leads to drastic changes of their decay rate and therefore lifetime (Purcell effect). To calculate the influence in general one needs to solve equations of quantum electrodynamics. However in weak interaction limit these emitters can be considered as point electric ...

Thermal-Optical Modeling of a Signal Enhancement Approach for Paper-Based Diagnostics

D. Gasperino [1]
[1] Intellectual Ventures Laboratory, Bellevue, WA, USA

INTRODUCTION: Point of care diagnostics aimed at low-resource settings need to be relatively simple, robust and low-cost. The most commonly-used diagnostic platform in these settings is the lateral flow assay (LFA). LFAs are paper-based immunoassays designed to perform on-strip binding with analytes in patient samples in order to generate a visual signal if disease-specific antigen is ...

Design of Tunable Metamaterial Operating Near 90 GHz

K. Tarnowski[1], W. Salejda[1]
[1]Institute of Physics, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland

Currently there is much interest in electromagnetic metamaterials [1-9]. In our work we have focused on design of tunable metamaterial which can be made within available technology. In proposed design we use metallic split-ring resonators and thin-wires (Figure 1). Moreover we have decided to introduce nematic liquid crystal layer in design to obtain tunability (Figure 2). One can control ...