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Evaluation of Internal Resistance and Power Loss in Micro Thermoelectric Generators (µTEGs)

S. Seif[1], K. Cadien[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

One of the major challenges in designing µTEGs is to minimize power loss due to internal resistance (r) of Thermoelectric (TE) materials. To solve this problem we have performed simulation analysis and calculated the internal resistance of eight different TE materials. The internal resistances of these TE materials were then compared to the power generated across the copper electrode as seen in ...

Modeling of an Optical Black Hole with True Gaussian Beam Incidence

X. Ni[1], A. Kildishev[1], E. Narimanov[1], and L. Prokopeva[2]
[1]Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
[2]Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

We model an ideal optical black hole device in COMSOL Multiphysics as an electromagnetic scattering problem. The device is illuminated with a Gaussian beam which is focused at a fixed position in horizontal direction (x0) and different positions in vertical direction (y0). The device is modeled as a cylindrical system with a gradient-index shell and absorbing core. Using the classical paraxial ...

Non-Equilibrium Quantum Well Populations and Optical Characteristics of III-Nitride Lasers and Light-Emitting Diodes

M. Kisin, and H. El-Ghoroury
Ostendo Technologies, Inc.
Carlsbad, CA

COMSOL-based Ostendo’s Optoelectronic Device Modeling Software (ODMS) has been updated to include effects of non-equilibrium QW populations in semiconductor light-emitting and laser diodes. III-nitride light emitters with different levels of polarity have been compared as an illustrative example of ODMS performance. Modeling proved that high intra-QW recombination rates in III-nitride light ...

Determination of the Optical Properties of Individual Gold Nanorods through Numerical Modeling and Experiment

Y. Davletshin[1], J.C. Kumaradas[1]
[1]Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

The optical scattering and absorption of gold nanorods (GNRs) depends on its size, shape, and surroundings. This dependence is due to both intrinsic and extrinsic effects. A good understanding of this dependence is needed for applications of GNRs in photo-thermal therapy, optical and opto-acoustic imaging, biosensing, and other photonic areas. Extrinsic effects are caused by the production of ...

Thermal-Optical Modeling of a Signal Enhancement Approach for Paper-Based Diagnostics

D. Gasperino [1]
[1] Intellectual Ventures Laboratory, Bellevue, WA, USA

INTRODUCTION: Point of care diagnostics aimed at low-resource settings need to be relatively simple, robust and low-cost. The most commonly-used diagnostic platform in these settings is the lateral flow assay (LFA). LFAs are paper-based immunoassays designed to perform on-strip binding with analytes in patient samples in order to generate a visual signal if disease-specific antigen is ...

Light Scattering Simulation of Nano-objects on the Surface of Silicon Wafers by 3D Finite Element Method

Y. Oshikane, T. Higashi, N. Taniguchi, M. Nakano, and H. Inoue
Dept. of Prec. Sci. and Technology
Grad. School of Eng.
Osaka University

Nanotechnology is rated as a key technology of the 21st century. In the field of nano-optics already at present, state-of-the-art scientific experiments and industrial applications exhibit nanometer to sub-nanometer design tolerances. This motivates the development and application of fast and accurate simulation tools for these fields or electromagnetic (EM) field.

FEM Simulations of Rod-Type Photonic Crystal Slabs as Resonant Microsystems for Optical Gas Sensors

C. Kraeh, and H. Hedler
Siemens AG, Munich
Munich, Germany

We are developing a solid state gas sensor that combines a small form factor with the high sensitivity of optical gas detection. The gas sensor is based on an optical resonant microsystem that is penetrated by gas molecules. This microsystem consists of an array of vertical rods in air forming a photonic crystal. Light propagates through the photonic crystal along a line defect waveguide. For ...

Simulation of Fourth-Order Laterally-Coupled Gratings

R. Millett, A. Benhsaien, K. Hinzer, T. Hall, and H. Schriemer
Centre for Research in Photonics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Distributed feedback lasers improve the performance of standard Fabry-Perot laser designs by including a wavelength-selective grating that provides superior output, spectral purity and temperature stability. Laterally-coupled distributed feedback (LC-DFB) lasers with the use of higher order gratings have a grating that has been patterned out of the waveguide ridge which allows for simplified ...

Simulation Based Approach to Fluorescence Diffuse Optical Tomography

R. Singh, and I. Jose
BITS Pilani Goa Campus
Goa, India

Diffuse Optical Tomography (DOT) uses Near Infra-red (NIR) light to monitor physiological changes in internal organs. NIR light being less energetic in nature can be used for continuous monitoring of tumor infected biological tissue, neonatal brain and many such applications where high energy radiation can cause severe damage. The forward problem of DOT, which involves obtaining of the ...

Fibre-Optic Microsensor Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance in a Microfluidic Cell : An Experimental and Numerical Multiphysics Approach

G. Louarn, T. Makiabadi, V. Le Nader, and M. Kanso
Institut des Matériaux Jean-Rouxel (IMN), CNRS- Université de Nantes, France

In the last decade, the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) has become a very sensitive technique for real-time detection in many application areas. Considering the fiber optic concept and the important needs for analyzing biomolecular reactions through automated and miniaturized components, fiber optic sensors based on the SPR technique are becoming an important choice in the field of sensing. In ...