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FEM Simulations of Rod-Type Photonic Crystal Slabs as Resonant Microsystems for Optical Gas Sensors

C. Kraeh, and H. Hedler
Siemens AG, Munich
Munich, Germany

We are developing a solid state gas sensor that combines a small form factor with the high sensitivity of optical gas detection. The gas sensor is based on an optical resonant microsystem that is penetrated by gas molecules. This microsystem consists of an array of vertical rods in air forming a photonic crystal. Light propagates through the photonic crystal along a line defect waveguide. For ...

FE Modeling of Surfaces with Realistic 3D Roughness: Roughness Effects in Optics of Plasmonic Nanoantennas

J. Borneman[1], A. Kildishev[1], K. Chen[1], and V. Drachev[1]

[1]School of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics has been widely used to model the near and far-field electromagnetics (specifically, transmission and reflection spectra) of gold and silver nanoantenna arrays. We use a moving 3D mesh, thus preserving the DOF number and simply morphing the structure of the mesh to accommodate the moving boundary. The electromagnetics model consist of four multiphysics models, two ...

Measuring the Spectra of Metamaterials at an Oblique Incidence

X. Ni[1,2], Z. Liu[1,2], and A.V. Kildishev[1,2]
[1]School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
[2]Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA

The emergence of electromagnetic metamaterials has given rise to a variety of fascinating applications, including the perfect lens and the optical cloaking device. For a long time the study of the properties of metamaterials was limited to normal incidence only. However, it is extremely important to know the behavior of metamaterials especially in the area of imaging. In this paper, we use ...

Evaluation of Internal Resistance and Power Loss in Micro Thermoelectric Generators (µTEGs)

S. Seif[1], K. Cadien[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

One of the major challenges in designing µTEGs is to minimize power loss due to internal resistance (r) of Thermoelectric (TE) materials. To solve this problem we have performed simulation analysis and calculated the internal resistance of eight different TE materials. The internal resistances of these TE materials were then compared to the power generated across the copper electrode as seen in ...

COMSOL Multiphysics in Modeling MOCVDs

Y. Shimogaki
Shimogaki Laboratory
Department of Materials Engineering,
The University of Tokyo
Japan

This paper showed that: * SAG-MOCVD is a powerful tool to fabricate OEICs and is also effective to extract true surface kinetics during MOCVD. * GaAs-MOCVD process was examined by SAG analysis where it was seen that below 600ºC, surface kinetics shows non-linear behavior. * Surface reaction rate constant of adsorbed species was constant against offset angle, while adsorption equilibrium ...

The Effect of Space Charge due to the Auto-Ionization of Neutral, Hydrogenic States in Point-Contact Germanium Detectors at MilliKelvin Temperatures - new

D. Faiez[1], N. Mirabolfathi[1], B. Sadoulet[1], K. M. Sundqvist[2]
[1]Department of Physics, University of California - Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
[2]Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA

A class of semiconducting detectors, operated at temperature T~50mK, has direct application to the search for dark matter particle, when are able to simultaneously measure both the ionization and phonons created by particle interactions. We explore the effect of space charge accumulation in a germanium p-type point contact detector which arises due to the auto-ionization of hydrogenic ...

Fruit Optical Properties Assessment by Means of Spatially Resolved Spectroscopy

E. Madieta[1], V. Piron[2], A. Flament[1], J.P. L’Huillier[2], and E. Mehinagic[1]
[1]PRES L’UNAM, ESA, Grappe, Angers, France
[2]ENSAM Paristech, Angers, France

Since the invention of laser sources, understanding the interaction between the laser and biological tissues is a subject of great importance because of their medical applications in particular for diagnostic purposes. They recently found a growing interest in the sector of the arboriculture to check the fruits quality in a non-destructive way. In this work, we study the interaction between the ...

Modeling of III-Nitride Quantum Wells with Arbitrary Crystallographic Orientation for Nitride-Based Photonics

M. Kisin, R. Brown, and H. El-Ghoroury

Ostendo Technologies, Inc., Carlsbad, CA, USA

A program for self-consistent modeling of electron-hole energy spectrum and space-charge distribution in III-nitride based quantum well (QW) structures has been developed. The model takes into consideration full 6-band description of the valence band states, nonparabolicity of the electron spectrum, quantum confinement of electrons and holes, strain induced modifications of the band structure, ...

Thermal-Optical Modeling of a Signal Enhancement Approach for Paper-Based Diagnostics

D. Gasperino [1]
[1] Intellectual Ventures Laboratory, Bellevue, WA, USA

INTRODUCTION: Point of care diagnostics aimed at low-resource settings need to be relatively simple, robust and low-cost. The most commonly-used diagnostic platform in these settings is the lateral flow assay (LFA). LFAs are paper-based immunoassays designed to perform on-strip binding with analytes in patient samples in order to generate a visual signal if disease-specific antigen is ...

Simulation Study in Design of Miniaturized MID-Infrared Sensors

B. Mizaikoff, X. Wang, and S.-S. Kim
Institut für Analytische und Bioanalytische Chemie
Universität Ulm
Ulm, Deutschland

Evanescent-wave optical waveguide is widely used as sensing platform for chemical/biological sensor applications. Our research group contributed to on-chip IR sensor technology and made recent progress in miniaturizing such devices utilizing quantum cascade lasers (QCL) in combination with planar GaAs/Al0.2Ga0.8As waveguides. Furthermore progress is reported toward microfabricated Mid-infrared ...