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Design of MEMS based Polymer Microphone for Hearing Aid Application

V. S. Nagaraja[1], Ramanuja H. S.[1], Deepak K[1], S. L. Pinjare[1]
[1]Electronics and Communication Engineering, Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

In this work, a MEMS based condenser microphone [1,2] using Polyimide as the diaphragm has been designed. The microphone structure has a backplate placed on top of the diaphragm. The backplate and the diaphragm are made up of polyimide. The two polyimide plates are separated by air gap which is achieved by using Aluminium as a sacrificial layer in between, which is etched away to create the air ...

Modeling Micromechanics of Eigenstrain in Heterogeneous Media

Dr. Tewari is an Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at IIT Bombay. Prior to this he was a staff researcher at the General Motors Global R&D Center, Bangalore. He graduated with a B.Tech degree from IIT Kanpur followed by an MS and Ph.D. from Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA. His area of research is in mathematical models for microstructural-mechanics. He ...

Evaporation Induced Convection Under a Gas Channel

H. Machrafi[1], A. Rednikov[2], P. Colinet[2], P.C. Dauby[1]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Institut de Physique, Liège, Belgium
[2]Universite Libre de Bruxelles, TIPs - Fluid Physics, Bruxelles, Belgium

This work falls into the framework of an ESA experiment, which consists of observing the behavior of patterns and structures that can be formed after instability onset in a HFE7100 liquid layer, evaporating into a nitrogen gas flow. This study is performed by a three-dimensional numerical simulation of the transient temperature and fluid motion. The results show that first several small rolls ...

Integrated Solar Thermal Collector with Heat Storage

A.R. Sánchez-Guitard[1], E. Ruiz-Reina[1]
[1]University of Málaga, Málaga, Spain

In this work, we study the design of a new integrated system for Solar Water Heating that combines the solar thermal energy collection (primary circuit) with the heat storage (secondary circuit) into the same device. We have performed different finite element method simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics®, for solving the equations of heat transfer (conduction and convection) and those of fluid ...

Modelling of a Wool Hydrolysis Reactor - new

M. Giansetti[1], A. Pezzin[1], S. Sicardi[1], G. Rovero[1]
[1]Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

The Life+ GreenWoolF project is aimed at demonstrating that green hydrolysis with superheated water is an effective way to convert wool wastes into organic nitrogen fertilizers. The core of the process is represented by the reaction tank (Figure 1) in which the hydrolyses reaction takes place. The temperature of the material during the reaction is one of the most influencing parameter and has to ...

Numerical Modelling of the Plasma Discharge During Electron Beam Welding (EBW) - new

D. Trushnikov[1], G. Mladenov[2]
[1]Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russia
[2]Institute of Electronics of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

This work describes a model for plasma formation in the keyhole and above the EBW zone. The parameters of the plasma are closely connected to the characteristics of the thermal action of the electron beam on the welded metal, which allows operational control and study of EBW. The ionization intensity of the vapour due to beam electrons and high-energy secondary and backscattered electrons is ...

Simulations of Heat and Mass Transport During Biomass Conversion Processes Using 3D Biomass Particle Models with Realistic Morphology and Resolved Microstructure - new

P. Ciesielski[1], M. Crowley[1], L. Thompson[1], B. Donohoe[1], D. Robichaud[2], A. Sanders[3], M. Nimlos[2], T. Foust[2]
[1]Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[2]National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[3]Quantum Electronics & Photonics Division, National Institute of Standards & Technology, Boulder, CO, USA

Predictive simulations of biomass conversion processes will improve their technical performance and reduce economic uncertainty surrounding industrialization of biofuels production. The majority of present conversion simulations treat the biomass feedstock with simplifying assumptions that neglect important characteristics that are unique to biomass particles. These characteristics, including ...

Influência da Camada de Ar Sobre a Deformação de uma Embalagem de Líquido com Cartão Tipo LPB - new

I. Neitzel[1], K. B. Matos[1], L. R. Pesch[1]
[1]Faculdade de Telêmaco Borba - FATEB, Telêmaco Borba, Paraná, Brasil

As embalagens de produtos alimentícios são hoje em dia predominantemente feitas com cartão tipo LPB (Liquid Packaging Board) e usualmente estocadas de forma empilhada, tanto nas prateleiras como nos depósitos dos supermercados. O LPB é um compósito multicamadas de construção complexa, envolvendo, tipicamente, papel produzido com fibras virgens, polietileno e alumínio. O alimento líquido ao ser ...

Design of High Performance Micromixer for Lab-On-Chip (LOC) Applications

K. Karthikeyan[1] , L. Sujatha[1]
[1]Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

This paper presents the design and simulation of micromixer for Lab-On-Chip (LOC) applications. There are two types of micromixers: one is an active micromixer and another one is a passive micromixer. This paper investigates microfluidic flow characterization and mixing rate of two fluids in a micro- channel. Understanding the microfluidic flow at the micro channel is a develop methods of mixing ...

Optimization of Smart Diaphragm Material for Pressure Sensor in Ventilators

M. Algappan[1], P. C. Chakravarthi[1], R. Keerthana[1], S. Mangayarkarasi[1], A. Kandaswamy[1]
[1]PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

A medical ventilator is an imperative device used to save life by delivering an assortment of air and oxygen into and out of the patients’ lungs to administer breathing or to assist obligatory breathing. The commercially available diaphragm based pressure sensors made up of silicon measure the air and oxygen flow. The proposed work utilizes the Piezo electric material for the pressure range ...