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Electrical Conductivity Modeling and Validation in Unidirectional Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites

P. Banerjee[1], J. L. Schmidt[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA

Carbon fiber (CF) reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) have begun to replace Al-Zn-Mg alloys in applications which require high strength-to-weight ratios. The anisotropy of CFRP composites is a result of melt crystallized extrusion techniques that impart an inherent directionality to the CFs and the associated material’s properties. Electrical conductivity was modeled across the entire CF ...

Numerical Study of Navier-Stokes Equations in Supersonic Flow over a Double Wedge Airfoil using Adaptive Grids

V. Gopal[1], R. Kolluru[1]
[1]BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Numerical study of aerodynamic characteristics in steady laminar supersonic flow over a double wedge airfoil is carried out using commercially available finite element based CFD tool COMSOL Multiphysics. The aerodynamic characteristics of double wedge airfoil like lift and drag are analyzed by solving Navier-Stokes equations in the flow field for various thickness to chord ratios (t_c) and angle ...

Mixing of Liquids in Microfluidic Devices

B. Finlayson, A. Aditya, V. Brasher, L. Dahl, H. Dinh, A. Field, J. Flynn, C. Jenssen, D. Kress, F. Ninh, A. Nordmeier, H. Song, and C. Yuen

University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA

The mixing of liquids was characterized in thirteen different microfluidic devices. The goal was to characterize, in a uniform manner, the flow and mixing that occurred in slow, laminar flow and to present the results that allow quick designs.   The mixing of a dilute chemical in another liquid during slow, laminar flow is a particularly difficult task, but the results showed that for ...

Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Blood Flow over a Backward-Facing Step: Steady-State Simulation

M.W. Siebert[1], and P.S. Fodor[1]
[1]Physics Department, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

In this work, the fluid flow over a 2D backward-facing step is analyzed in order to provide a case study for the use of different models for the blood dynamic viscosity in COMSOL Multiphysics. Three non-Newtonian models, as well as the Newtonian model are used to study the shear stresses and the reattachment length as a function of the fluid speed. The non-Newtonian models used in this study are ...

Electromagnetic and Thermal Modeling of Vacuum Distillation Furnace

Asif Ahmad Bhat[1], D. Sujish[1], Sourabh Agarwal[1], B. Muralidharan[1], G. Padmakumar[1], K. K. Rajan[1]
[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India

Vacuum distillation furnaces (VDFs) are employed for purification and consolidation of heavy metals from their dendritic forms which are entrained with molten salts. The VDF is an induction heated furnace which is operated at a temperature of 700-1400 °C and at a pressure of 0.01-600 torr. To arrive at the adequate design of such type of furnace, magnetic field and temperature distribution need ...

Sensitivity Analysis of Different Models of Piezoresistive Micro Pressure Sensors

S. Meenatchisundaram[1], S. M. Kulkarni[2], S. Bhat
[1]Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal, Karnataka, India.

Piezoresistive pressure sensors have received much attention over the years because of low cost, simple measurement techniques, etc. There is a challenge in design with respect to appropriate positioning, shape and temperature compensation. Different models of piezoresistive pressure sensors are proposed to enhance its sensitivity in terms of output voltage. This paper aims in sensitivity ...

Solid-Liquid Phase Change Simulation Applied to a Cylindrical Latent Heat Energy Storage System

D. Groulx[1], and W. Ogoh[1]

[1]Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

One way of storing thermal energy is through the use of latent heat energy storage systems. One such system, composed of a cylindrical container filled with paraffin wax, through which a copper pipe carrying hot water is inserted, is presented in this paper. It is shown that the physical processes encountered in the flow of water, the heat transfer by conduction and convection, and the phase ...

Design and Simulation of a Nano-Wire Based Piezoresistive Pressure Sensor

S. A. Selvin, N. B. Moorthy, G. Anju, and M. Alagappan
PSG College of Technology
Tamil Nadu, India

This paper chalks out the design and performance of a piezo resistive surface micro machined circular diaphragm based pressure sensor. A structural deformation in the piezo resistive nano structure placed above the diaphragm will result in varied current density, which is in direct accordance with the applied pressure. This effect relies on the principle of piezo resistivity and employing a nano ...

Implementation of the Finite Isotropic Linear Cosserat Models based on the Weak Form

J. Jeong[1], and H. Ramezani[2]
[1]Ecole Speciale des Travaux Publics du Batiment et del’Industrie(ESTP), Cachan, France
[2]Ecole Polytechnique de l’Universite d’Orleans CNRS/CRMD, Orleans, France

The Cosserat models fall into the group of the extended continuum media. They are capable of treating the size effects (characteristic length) in a natural manner using six material moduli for the isotropic elastic cases instead of two (and) for the classical continuum mechanics. This model involves two constitutive laws corresponding to two kinds of balance equation. The first one handles the ...

Design of a MEMS Capacitive Comb-drive Accelerometer

T. Kaya[1], B. Shiari[2], K. Petsch[1], and D. Yates[2]
[1]Central Michigan University, School of Engineering and Technology, Mount Pleasant, MI
[2]University of Michigan, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Ann Arbor, MI

In this work, a MEMS low-g accelerometer with three sensitive directions is designed for health monitoring applications. The accelerometer may have different sensitivity in different axes. The proof-mass of the device is suspended by four serpentine springs, and the comb drive structure is used to form the differential capacitor to measure the displacement of the proof-mass. The structure has an ...

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