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Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer

The principle component of a quadrupole mass spectrometer is the mass filter which is used to filter ions with different charge to mass ratios. The quadrupole mass filter has been well studied over the years, Ref. 1 and the physics and optimal design are well understood. In a real quadrupole mass spectrometer, fringe fields exist at both the entrance and exit of the mass filter. These fringe ...

Electron Beam Diverging Due to Self Potential

When modeling the propagation of charged particle beams at high currents, the space charge force generated by the beam significantly affects the trajectories of the charged particles. Perturbations to these trajectories, in turn, affect the space charge distribution. The Charged Particle Tracing interface can use an iterative procedure to efficiently compute the strongly coupled particle ...

Capacitive Micromotor

This tutorial shows how to model a 2D capacitive micromotor. The motor consists of a rotor and a stator made of polysilicon. The cogs of the stator are subjected to a time-varying pulsed voltage such that the voltage on adjacent cogs vary by a phase difference of 2p/3. As a result, a time-varying torque acts on the rotor thereby rotating it about its center. This model shows how to use an ...

An RFID System

RFIDs are used in a multitude of applications such as tracking or identifying consumer products and their packaging. An RFID system consists of two main parts: A tag or transponder with a printed circuit-board (PCB) antenna A reader unit with a larger RF antennaThe reader antenna generates an electromagnetic field that energizes a chip (IC-circuit) inside the tag. The electromagnetic field ...

Touchscreen Simulator

Intended as a tool for early proof of concept in capacitive touchscreen device development, the Touchscreen Simulator app evaluates a simulated capacitance matrix as well as the electric field norm. The app computes the capacitance matrix of a touchscreen in the presence of a human finger phantom, where the position and orientation of the finger are controlled via input parameters. This ...

Electric Shielding Comparison

The electric shielding boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of highly conductive material that provides an additional current path tangential to a boundary. This example compares the electric shielding boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.

A Geoelectrical Forward Problem

The classical forward problem of geoelectrics (includes electrical resistivity tomography, ERT and earlier techniques as vertical electric sounding, VES) is the calculation of potentials at a given set of electrodes (M,N) while current is injected at other electrodes (A,B) into the ground. Typically the physical domain (earth) is unbounded to the sides and the bottom because of which one needs ...

Axial Field Magnetic Gear in 3D

In this model, an axial field magnetic gear with a gear ratio of 5:2 is modeled. Both the high speed and low speed rotors consist of permanent magnet and back iron. The low speed rotor consists of five pole-pairs, while the high speed rotor consists of two pole pairs, and the stationary steel consists of seven pole-pairs. The *Rotating Machinery, Magnetic* interface is used to evaluate the ...

Small-Signal Analysis of an Inductor

If an inductor's magnetic material is nonlinear, then the inductance depends on the current passing through it. This model consists of an inductor with a nonlinear magnetic core, where the small-signal inductance is simulated as a function of current. The model also investigates how the small-signal inductance depends on the DC current.

Iron Sphere in a 20 kHz Magnetic Field

An iron sphere is exposed to a spatially uniform, sinusoidally time-varying, background magnetic field. The frequency of the field is such that there skin depth is smaller than the sphere radius. The induced currents in the sphere and the perturbation to the background field are computed. Proper meshing of domains with significant skin effect is addressed.