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Dielectric Shielding Comparison

The dielectric shielding boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of material with high relative permittivity compared to its surroundings. This boundary condition is available for electrostatic field modeling. This example compares the dielectric shielding boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.

Axial Homopolar Induction Bearing in 3D

This model illustrates the working principle of an axial homopolar induction bearing. An electrically conducting rotor rotating in a magnetic field produced by a permanent magnets induces eddy currents on the conducting rotor. The eddy currents, in turn, produce a magnetic field that opposes the magnetic fields by the magnets and induces a force that opposes the motion of the rotor. The axial ...

Magnetically Permeable Sphere in a Static Magnetic Field

A sphere of relative permeability greater than unity is exposed to a spatially uniform static background magnetic field. Two formulations are used to solve this problem, and the differences between these are discussed. The field strength inside the sphere is computed and compared against the analytic solution.

Vector Hysteresis Modeling

Hard ferromagnetic materials are often used as cores in inductive devices. These materials exhibit hysteresis, which means that the magnetization of the material not only depends on the magnetic field, but also on the previous state of magnetization. In order to use these materials in time-dependent simulations, hysteresis modeling is required. In this model, a 3D simulation employing the Jiles ...

Electromagnetic Force Calculation Using Virtual Work and Maxwell Stress Tensor

The model compare the electromagnetic force calculated by *virtual work* and *maxwell stress tensor* methods on the axial magntic bearing. The forces is evaluated by studying the effect of a small displacement on the electromagnetic energy of the system. This is done by using the *Magnetic Fields*, *Deformed Geometry* and *Sensitivity* physics interfaces.

Inductive Liquid Metal Pump

Induction pumps are used in high temperature cooling systems. The principle of operation is equivalent to a linear three phase induction motor. The lack of moving parts and the pumped liquid being kept in a hermetically closed system are clear advantages. This model shows how to simulate a generic liquid Na pump.

Quadrupole Lens

Just like optical lenses focus light, electric and magnetic lenses can focus beams of charged particles. Systems of magnetic quadrupole lenses find a common use in focusing both ion and particle beams in accelerators at nuclear and particle physics centers. This model shows the path of ions going through three consecutive magnetic quadrupole lenses. The model also takes fringing fields ...

Contact Impedance Comparison

The contact impedance boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of material that impedes the flow of current normal to the boundary, but does not introduce any additional conduction path tangential to the boundary. This example compares the contact impedance boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.

Electric Shielding Comparison

The electric shielding boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of highly conductive material that provides an additional current path tangential to a boundary. This example compares the electric shielding boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.

Magnetic Stiffness of an Axial Magnetic Bearing in 3D

The model illustrate the technique to calculate the magnetic stiffness in a 3D geometry of a permanent magnet axial magnetic bearing. The *Magnetic Fields* physics is used to model the bearing and compute the magnetic forces. The *Deformed Geometry* and *Sensitivity* physics are used to compute the magnetic stiffness.