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Ultrasound Flow Meter with Generic Time-of-Flight Configuration

Knowing the velocity of a moving fluid is important in all cases where the fluid is used to transport material or energy. In the time-of-flight or transit-time method for determining flow velocity, an ultrasonic signal is transmitted across the main flow in a pipe to noninvasively determine its velocity. By transmitting the signal at an angle relative to the main flow, the ultrasound signal will ...

Acoustic Scattering off an Ellipsoid

This is a tutorial model that illustrates the use of the scattered field formulation in acoustics. A solid object (here an ellipsoid) is hit by an incident plane wave field (background pressure field). The model solves for the scattered field. The model uses a PML and a far-field calculation is also added. The mesh is set up to enhance the PML and the far-field performance. ...

Porous Absorber

This is a model of acoustic absorption by a porous acoustic open cell foam. In porous materials the sound propagates in a network of small interconnected pores. Because the dimensions of the pores are small, losses occur due to thermal conduction and viscous friction. Acoustic foams are used to sound proof rooms and ducts as well as to treat reverberation problems in rooms. The aim of the model ...

Loudspeaker Driver in a Vented Enclosure

This model of a boxed loudspeaker lets you apply a nominal driving voltage and extract the resulting sound pressure level in the outside room as a function of the frequency. The sensitivity, both on-axis and spatial, is determined as function of frequency. These are some of the most important design parameters for a loudspeaker. The electromagnetic properties of the driver are supplied from the ...

Helmholtz Resonator Analyzed with Different Frequency Domain Solvers

This model simulates a simple three-dimensional axisymmetric Helmholtz resonator, a classic acoustics model of a resonating circuit with a known theoretical solution. The idealized version considered here consists of a tube and a closed volume in series which are exposed to a pulsatile pressure. Real-world phenomena explained by the resonator include amongst others the resonance from blowing ...

Focused Ultrasound Induced Heating in Tissue Phantom

This model example shows how to model tissue heating induced by focused ultrasound. First, the stationary acoustic field in the water and the tissue are modeled to obtain the acoustic intensity distribution in the tissue. The absorbed acoustic energy is then calculated and used as the heat source for a Bioheat Transfer physics in the tissue domain in a time-dependent study simulating the ...

Sonic Well Logging

This model demonstrates how to simulate a piezoelectric transducer as both a sound transmitter and a receiver in a well logging setup. Other applications of this setup are, for example, in the field of nondestructive testing. A transmitting transducer is connected to an electrical circuit which is set up to send out a pulse as a detecting signal and also pick up the signals that come back to the ...

Acoustic-Structure Interaction with a Perfectly Matched Layer (PML)

This small tutorial model shows how to set up a model with a solid mechanics and a pressure acoustics domain including a common perfectly matched layer (PML). The PML is used to model an open or infinite domain for both the elastic waves and the pressure waves. Two configurations of PMLs exist (this model describes the first case which is also the most difficult to handle): 1. One PML should ...

Acoustic Streaming in a Microchannel Cross Section

Recent advances in the fabrication of microfluidic systems require handling of live cells and other micro particles as well as mixing. All this can, for example, be achieved using acoustic radiation forces and the viscous drag from the streaming flow. Streaming: Due to the nonlinear terms in the Navier-Stokes equations, harmonic perturbation of the flow will lead to a net time-averaged flow ...

One-Family House Acoustics

This model shows an application of the Acoustic Diffusion Equation physics interface. The acoustics in a two story one-family house consisting of 10 rooms is analyzed. The steady state sound pressure level (acoustic energy density) distribution is analyzed for a sound source located in the main living room. The reverberation time T60 of the different coupled rooms is then studied using the ...