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Baffled Membrane

Learn how to use the Acoustic-Shell Interaction interface in this tutorial example of a thin vibrating membrane set in an infinite baffle. This example demonstrates how to model the acoustic interaction between a vibrating membrane and the surrounding air. In order to focus on the principles, the geometry is kept simple and the driving mechanism is not modeled.

Muffler with Perforates

Reflective mufflers are best suited for the low frequency range where only plane waves can propagate in the system, while dissipative mufflers with fibers are efficient in the mid-to-high frequency range. Dissipative mufflers based on flow losses, on the other hand, work also at low frequencies. A typical automotive exhaust system is a hybrid construction consisting of a combination of ...

Flow Duct

The modeling of aircraft-engine noise is a central problem in the field of computational aeroacoustics. The acoustic field in a model of an axially symmetric aero-engine duct, generated by a noise source at the boundary, is computed and visualized. Results are presented for situations with as well as without a compressible irrotational background flow and for the cases of hard and lined duct ...

Nonlinear Acoustics — Modeling of the 1D Westervelt Equation

This model example shows how to model nonlinear propagation of 1D finite-amplitude Acoustic waves in fluids using Acoustics Module of COMSOL Multiphysics. The model is based on the 2nd order Westervelt equation. The one dimensional nonlinear wave equation is solved in the time domain by adding the nonlinear term to the linear equation. The model does not include energy dissipation in order to ...

Generic 711 Coupler—An Occluded Ear-Canal Simulator

This is the model of an occluded ear canal simulator (a generic 711 coupler). Besides certain details the geometry corresponds to the Brüel & Kjær Ear Simulator Type 4157. The real life couplers are used for simulating the acoustics of a standardized human ear canal and can be used for measurements on all sorts of devices. They are widely used in the hearing aid industry but also as ear ...

Gaussian Pulse in 2D Uniform Flow: Convected Wave Equation and Absorbing Layers

This tutorial simulates a standard test and benchmark model for nonreflecting conditions and sponge layers for linearized Euler-like systems. It involves the propagation of a transient Gaussian pulse in a 2D uniform flow. The *Convected Wave Equation, Time Explicit* interface solves the linearized Euler equations with an adiabatic equation of state and the interface uses the Absorbing Layers ...

Small Concert Hall Acoustics

Designing structures and open spaces with respect to sound quality is important for concert halls, outdoor environments, and even the rooms of a house. Simulating acoustics in the high-frequency limit, where the wavelength is smaller than the geometrical features, can be done with ray acoustics. There are several advantages to modeling ray acoustics, including changing media properties and ...

Optimizing the Shape of a Horn

A plane-wave mode feeds an axisymmetric horn radiating from an infinite baffle towards an open half space. The radius of the feeding waveguide is assumed to be fixed, as well as the depth of the horn and the size of the hole where the horn is attached to the baffle. By varying the curvature of the initially conical surface of the horn, its directivity and impedance can be changed. This model ...

Vibrating Micromirror with Viscous and Thermal Damping

Micromirrors are used in certain MEMS devices to control optic elements. This model of a vibrating micromirror surrounded by air uses the Thermoacoustic-Shell Interaction user interface to model the fluid-solid interaction, and it thus includes the correct viscous and thermal damping of the mirror from the surrounding air. The resonance frequency of the mirror when under a torquing load is ...

Spherical Piezoacoustic Transducer

This tutorial provides a step-by-step instruction to setup a fully-coupled 3D structural-acoustic interaction problem. Interaction between a vibrating spherical piezoelectric structure with the surrounding fluid media is considered. The piezoelectric material PZT-5H from the materials library is used. Instructions on how to create a radially polarized piezoelectric material in spherical ...