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Open Pipe

In this model, sound created by a vibrating piston radiates through a baffled pipe. The impedance is measured and then used in an impedance boundary condition that replaces the surrounding air domain. This technique can be employed to reduce solution time and memory usage for large models with pipe openings.

Acoustic-Structure Interaction with a Perfectly Matched Layer (PML)

This small tutorial model shows how to set up a model with a solid mechanics and a pressure acoustics domain including a common perfectly matched layer (PML). The PML is used to model an open or infinite domain for both the elastic waves and the pressure waves. Two configurations of PMLs exist (this model describes the first case which is also the most difficult to handle): 1. One PML should ...

The Brüel & Kjær 4134 Condenser Microphone

This is a model of the Brüel and Kjær 4134 condenser microphone. The geometry and material parameters are those of the actual microphone. The modeled sensitivity level is compared to measurements performed on an actual microphone and shows good agreement. The membrane deformation, pressure, velocity, and electric field are also determined. The model is a true multiphysics problem that ...

Generic 711 Coupler—An Occluded Ear-Canal Simulator

This is the model of an occluded ear canal simulator (a generic 711 coupler). Besides certain details the geometry corresponds to the Brüel & Kjær Ear Simulator Type 4157. The real life couplers are used for simulating the acoustics of a standardized human ear canal and can be used for measurements on all sorts of devices. They are widely used in the hearing aid industry but also as ear ...

Spherical Piezoacoustic Transducer

This tutorial provides a step-by-step instruction to setup a fully-coupled 3D structural-acoustic interaction problem. Interaction between a vibrating spherical piezoelectric structure with the surrounding fluid media is considered. The piezoelectric material PZT-5H from the materials library is used. Instructions on how to create a radially polarized piezoelectric material in spherical ...

Photoacoustic Resonator

This is a model of a simple photoacoustic (or optoacoustic) resonator. A pulsating laser heats a gas causing expansion and contraction and thus creates pressure waves. Such devices are used as sensors for measuring material parameters of the gas inside the resonator. The resonance frequency of the system depends on the gas in the resonator. The model uses the thermoacoustic interface with a ...

Lumped Loudspeaker Driver

This is a model of a moving-coil loudspeaker where a lumped parameter analogy represents the behavior of the electrical and mechanical speaker components. The Thiele-Small parameters (small-signal parameters) serve as input to the lumped model, which is represented by an Electric Circuit physics. The lumped model is coupled to a 2D axisymmetric Pressure Acoustics model describing the ...

Acoustic-Structure Interaction and Air Flow in Violins

These models are featured in the blog post [Analyze Violin Tone and Volume with Multiphysics Modeling](http://www.comsol.com/blogs/analyze-violin-tone-and-volume-with-multiphysics-modeling/). One applies acoustic-structure interaction to study how the air mode resonance is affected by the coupled vibrations in the violin body. The other uses a potential flow approximation to find out how the air ...

Piezoelectric Tonpilz Transducer with a Prestressed Bolt

A tonpilz transducer is used for relatively low frequency, high power sound emission. It is one of the popular transducer configurations for SONAR applications. The transducer consists of piezoceramic rings stacked between a head mass and a tail mass which are connected by a central bolt. This example shows how to incorporate the effect of a pre-tension in the bolt. The bolt geometry is ...

Nonlinear Acoustics — Modeling of the 1D Westervelt Equation

This model example shows how to model nonlinear propagation of 1D finite-amplitude Acoustic waves in fluids using Acoustics Module of COMSOL Multiphysics. The model is based on the 2nd order Westervelt equation. The one dimensional nonlinear wave equation is solved in the time domain by adding the nonlinear term to the linear equation. The model does not include energy dissipation in order to ...