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Gaussian Pulse in 2D Uniform Flow: Convected Wave Equation and Absorbing Layers

This tutorial simulates a standard test and benchmark model for nonreflecting conditions and sponge layers for linearized Euler-like systems. It involves the propagation of a transient Gaussian pulse in a 2D uniform flow. The *Convected Wave Equation, Time Explicit* interface solves the linearized Euler equations with an adiabatic equation of state and the interface uses the Absorbing Layers ...

Acoustic Muffler with Thermoviscous Acoustic Impedance Lumping

This model utilizes the thermoviscous acoustic interface in a sub-model to obtain detailed results for the transfer impedance of a perforated plate (including the thermal and viscous losses). The impedance is in turn used as an internal impedance in a pressure acoustic model of a muffler. The results are compared to classic impedance models and measurements.

Generic 711 Coupler—An Occluded Ear-Canal Simulator

This is the model of an occluded ear canal simulator (a generic 711 coupler). Besides certain details the geometry corresponds to the Brüel & Kjær Ear Simulator Type 4157. The real life couplers are used for simulating the acoustics of a standardized human ear canal and can be used for measurements on all sorts of devices. They are widely used in the hearing aid industry but also as ear ...

Radially Polarized Piezoelectric Transducer

This tutorial model shows how a user-defined coordinate system can be used to create any type of directional polarization of a piezoelectric material. Results are shown for the case of radial polarization of a piezoelectric disk. The piezoelectric material is PZT-5H. The example shows a static analysis. Visualization of the cylindrical coordinate system as well as the stress/strain in that ...

Optimizing the Shape of a Horn

A plane-wave mode feeds an axisymmetric horn radiating from an infinite baffle towards an open half space. The radius of the feeding waveguide is assumed to be fixed, as well as the depth of the horn and the size of the hole where the horn is attached to the baffle. By varying the curvature of the initially conical surface of the horn, its directivity and impedance can be changed. This model ...

Noise Radiation by a Compound Gear Train

This example illustrates the modeling of noise radiation from the housing of a gear train. First, a multibody analysis is performed in the time domain to compute the housing vibrations at the specified driver shaft speed. Then, an acoustic analysis is performed at a selected frequency to compute the sound pressure levels in the near, far, and exterior fields using the housing normal ...

Apartment Acoustics Analyzed using the Acoustic Diffusion Equation

The sound distribution from a TV in a two-room apartment is computed. The simulation demonstrates the use of the Acoustic Diffusion Equation interface to get a quick and simple estimate of the local sound pressure level. For increased accuracy, an analytical expression for the direct sound is added in the living room.

Topology Optimization of Acoustic Modes in a 2D Room

This tutorial introduces the use of topology optimization in acoustics. The goal of the optimization is to find the material distribution (solid or air) in a given design domain that minimizes the average sound pressure level in an objective region of a 2D room. The optimization is carried out for a single frequency.

Piezoelectric Tonpilz Transducer with a Prestressed Bolt

A tonpilz transducer is used for relatively low frequency, high power sound emission. It is one of the popular transducer configurations for SONAR applications. The transducer consists of piezoceramic rings stacked between a head mass and a tail mass which are connected by a central bolt. This example shows how to incorporate the effect of a pre-tension in the bolt. The bolt geometry is ...

Axisymmetric Condenser Microphone

This is a model of a condenser microphone with a simple axisymmetric geometry. The model aims to give a precise description of the physical working principles of such a microphone. The condenser microphone is considered to be the microphone with highest quality when performing precise acoustical measurements and with high-fidelity reproduction properties when performing sound recordings. This ...