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Piezoelectric Tonpilz Transducer with a Prestressed Bolt

A tonpilz transducer is used for relatively low frequency, high power sound emission. It is one of the popular transducer configurations for SONAR applications. The transducer consists of piezoceramic rings stacked between a head mass and a tail mass which are connected by a central bolt. This example shows how to incorporate the effect of a pre-tension in the bolt. The bolt geometry is ...

Transfer Impedance of a Perforate

Perforates are plates with a distribution of small perforations or holes. They are used in muffler systems, sound absorbing panels, and in many other places as liners, where it is important to control attenuation precisely. As the perforations become smaller and smaller, viscous and thermal losses become more important. The attenuation behavior, which is also frequency dependent, can be ...

Shape Optimization of a Tweeter Waveguide

This application illustrates how to use COMSOL’s optimization capabilities to automatically develop novel designs satisfying critical design constraints. The model optimizes a simple speaker geometry. Examples of constraints could include the radius of the loudspeaker or a desired minimum achievable sound-pressure level. To exemplify the optimization capabilities this application studies the ...

Baffled Membrane

Learn how to use the Acoustic-Shell Interaction interface in this tutorial example of a thin vibrating membrane set in an infinite baffle. This example demonstrates how to model the acoustic interaction between a vibrating membrane and the surrounding air. In order to focus on the principles, the geometry is kept simple and the driving mechanism is not modeled.

Gaussian Pulse in 2D Uniform Flow: Convected Wave Equation and Absorbing Layers

This tutorial simulates a standard test and benchmark model for nonreflecting conditions and sponge layers for linearized Euler-like systems. It involves the propagation of a transient Gaussian pulse in a 2D uniform flow. The *Convected Wave Equation, Time Explicit* interface solves the linearized Euler equations with an adiabatic equation of state and the interface uses the Absorbing Layers ...

Apartment Acoustics Analyzed using the Acoustic Diffusion Equation

The sound distribution from a TV in a two-room apartment is computed. The simulation demonstrates the use of the Acoustic Diffusion Equation interface to get a quick and simple estimate of the local sound pressure level. For increased accuracy, an analytical expression for the direct sound is added in the living room.

Acoustics of a Pipe System with 3D Bend and Junction

Tutorial that shows how to model the transient propagation of acoustic waves in large pipe systems by coupling Pipe Acoustics to Pressure Acoustics. 1D pipe acoustics is used to model the propagation in the long straight pipe portions. A 3D model of a pipe junction and a pipe bend is coupled to the 1D pipes in order to model these part in detail. This kind of model can be used to model and ...

Axisymmetric Condenser Microphone

This is a model of a condenser microphone with a simple axisymmetric geometry. The model aims to give a precise description of the physical working principles of such a microphone. The condenser microphone is considered to be the microphone with highest quality when performing precise acoustical measurements and with high-fidelity reproduction properties when performing sound recordings. This ...

Acoustic Reflection Analyzer for a Water-Sediment Interface

Analyzing acoustic reflections at surfaces of various structures is important for many engineering disciplines. The Acoustic Reflection Analyzer for a Water-Sediment Interface app shows one such system where the analysis has relevance for underwater acoustics and sonar applications. The app analyzes the reflection and absorption coefficients of plane acoustic waves, scattering off of a water ...

Acoustic Muffler with Thermoviscous Acoustic Impedance Lumping

This model utilizes the thermoviscous acoustic interface in a sub-model to obtain detailed results for the transfer impedance of a perforated plate (including the thermal and viscous losses). The impedance is in turn used as an internal impedance in a pressure acoustic model of a muffler. The results are compared to classic impedance models and measurements.