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Corrosion Protection of an Oil Platform Using Sacrificial Anodes

Steel structures immersed in seawater can be protected from corrosion through cathodic protection. This protection can be achieved by an impressed external current or by using sacrificial anodes. The use of sacrificial anodes is often preferred due to its simplicity. This example models the primary current distribution of a corrosion protection system of an oil platform using sacrificial ...

Galvanized Nail

This tutorial example serves as an introduction to the Corrosion Module and models the metal oxidation and oxygen reduction current densities on the surface of a galvanized nail, surrounded by a piece of wet wood, which acts as electrolyte. The protecting zinc layer on the nail is not fully covering, so that at the tip of the nail the underlaying iron surface is exposed. First the electrolyte ...

Atmospheric Corrosion

This model simulates atmospheric galvanic corrosion of an aluminum alloy in contact with steel. The electrolyte film thickness depends on the relative humidity of the surrounding air and the salt load density of NaCl crystals on the metal surface. Empirical expressions for the oxygen diffusivity and solubility are also included in the model in order to derive an expression for the limiting ...

Galvanic Corrosion of a Magnesium Alloy in Contact with Steel

Magnesium alloys are attractive alternatives as lightweight materials in various fields of engineering. Magnesium is however relatively non-noble and may suffer considerable galvanic corrosion when being used in conjunction with other metals, for instance when mounting an Mg alloy component using steel fasteners. This model example simulates a galvanic corrosion couple consisting of a magnesium ...

Crevice Corrosion of Nickel with Electrode Deformation

This model exemplifies the basic principles of crevice corrosion and how a time-dependent study can be used to simulate the electrode deformation. The model is in 2D and the polarization data for the corrosion reaction is taken from a paper by Absulsalam and others. The model and the results are similar to a 1D model by Brackman and others. This model does not account for mass transport ...

Crevice Corrosion of Iron in an Acetic Acid/Sodium Acetate Solution

Mass transport limitations within thin crevices can often result in the local electrochemistry to differ significantly between the crevice opening (mouth) and end (tip), and as a result of the differences in local chemistry, corrosion may occur. This example models crevice corrosion of iron in an acetic acid/sodium acetate solution. The model reproduces the results of Walton.

Anode Film Resistance Effect on Cathodic Protection

This model exemplifies how the rate of steel corrosion in an oil platform increases over time due to build-up of a resistive film on the sacrificial anodes, formed by reaction products. The model also includes secondary current distribution electrode kinetics on the protected steel structure, defining simultaneous metal dissolution and oxygen reduction (mixed potential).

Corrosion Protection of Multiple Oil Platforms

This example extends the corrosion protection system analysis of the single oil platform example by modeling the influence of multiple oil platforms placed in an array. The use of the Current Distribution on Edges, BEM interface significantly reduces the problem size and computational time by modeling all electrodes as cylinders along the edges of a wireframe geometry.

Isolator Thickness Effect

The use of Aluminum (Al) isolator is a commonly employed mitigation strategy for galvanic corrosion between magnesium alloy (Mg) and mild steel (MS). The present model demonstrates the effect of Al isolator thickness on galvanic corrosion severity using a parametric study. The electrode kinetics is implemented here using the experimental polarization data available in literature.

Monopile with Dissolving Sacrificial Anodes

A monopile foundation is a large-diameter structural element that can be used to support structures like offshore wind turbines. This application exemplifies how the cathodic protection of a monopile decreases over time as the sacrificial anodes dissolve. The model can be used to evaluate secondary current distribution electrode kinetics on the protected steel structure by taking into account ...

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