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Condensation Risk in a Wood-Frame Wall

This 2D stationary model computes heat and moisture transport in a wall composed of different hygroscopic materials. A comparison with the Glaser method is given for the temperature and relative humidity solutions. The effect of the use of a vapor barrier is also investigated.

Inline Induction Heater

Ferritic stainless steels have become more and more popular in the food industry because of their relatively low and stable price and due to the absence of nickel in their components. Their resistance to corrosion can be improved by adding chromium or molybdenum, and their magnetic properties offer new techniques in food processing. The new Inline Induction Heater application computes the ...

Turbulent Flow Through a Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger Cross Section

This model studies a part of a shell-and-tube heat exchanger where hot water enters from above. The cooling medium flows through the tubes that, in this model, impose a constant temperature at the walls. Furthermore, the tubes are assumed to be made of stainless steel and the heat flux is also modeled through them. The purpose of the model is to show the coupling between the k-epsilon ...

Out-of-Plane Heat Transfer for a Thin Plate

This example models heat transfer in a thin rectangular metal plate. Because the plate’s thickness is only 1/100 of its length and width, you can simulate the process using a 2D approximation. The plate has a fixed temperature at one end and is isolated at the other. A surrounding liquid cools the plate by convection. In addition, the model considers surface-to-ambient radiation.

Concentric Tube Heat Exchanger

Finding the right dimensions for a heat exchanger is imperative to ensure its effectiveness. Other properties must also be considered in order to design a heat exchanger that is both of the right size and provides heated or cooled fluid of the right temperature. The Concentric Tube Heat Exchanger app computes these quantities for a heat exchanger made of two concentric tubes. The fluids can ...

Thermal Modeling of a Microchannel Heat Sink

Thermal management has become a critical aspect of today’s electronic systems, which often include many high-performance circuits that dissipate large amounts of heat. Many of these components require efficient cooling to prevent overheating. Some of these components, such as processors, require a heat sink with cooling fins that are exposed to forced air from a fan. This discussion develops the ...

Thermo-Photo-Voltaic Cell

This model illustrates an application that maximizes surface-to-surface radiative fluxes and minimizes conductive heat fluxes. A thermo-photo-voltaic (TPV) cell generates electricity from the combustion of fuel and through radiation. The fuel burns inside an emitting device that radiates intensely. Photo-voltaic (PV) cells—almost like solar cells—capture the radiation and convert it to ...

Natural convection in a closed cavity with mass conservation

Only fully compressible flow can guarantee the mass conservation in time in a closed cavity where the temperature increases. This is a simple proof of concept using the "gravity" option available in V5.2A.

Radiative Heat Transfer in Finite Cylindrical Media—P1 Method

This model uses the Discrete-Ordinates method (DOM) to solve a 3D radiative transfer problem in an emitting, absorbing, and linear-anisotropic scattering finite cylindrical medium. Using the S6 quadrature of DOM leads to faster and more accurate results, which are needed in combined modes of heat transfer. The calculated incident radiation and heat fluxes agree well with published results ...

Disk-Stack Heat Sink

This problem follows a typical preliminary board-level thermal analysis. First perform a simulation of the board with some Integrated Circuits (ICs). Then, add a disk-stack heat sink to observe cooling effects. Finally, explore adding a copper layer to the bottom of the board in order to even out the temperature distribution. This exercise highlights a number of useful modeling techniques such ...