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Radially Polarized Piezoelectric Transducer

This tutorial model shows how a user-defined coordinate system can be used to create any type of directional polarization of a piezoelectric material. Results are shown for the case of radial polarization of a piezoelectric disk. The piezoelectric material is PZT-5H. The example shows a static analysis. Visualization of the cylindrical coordinate system as well as the stress/strain in that ...

Piezoelectric Energy Harvester

This model shows how to analyze a simple, cantilever based, piezoelectric energy harvester. A sinusoidal acceleration is applied to the energy harvester and the output power is evaluated as a function of frequency, load impedance and acceleration magnitude.

Piezoelectric Shear-Actuated Beam

The model performs a static analysis on a piezoelectric actuator based on the movement of a cantilever beam, using the Piezoelectric Devices predefined multiphysics interface. Inspired by work done by V. Piefort and A. Benjeddou, it models a sandwich beam using the shear mode of the piezoelectric material to deflect the tip.

Pull-in of an RF MEMS Switch

This model analyzes an RF MEMS switch consisting of a thin micromechanical bridge suspended over a dielectric layer. A DC voltage greater than the pull-in voltage is applied across the switch, causing the bridge to collapse onto the dielectric layer with a resulting increase in the capacitance of the device. A penalty based contact force is implemented to model the contact forces as the bridge ...

Electromagnetic Force Calculation Using Virtual Work and Maxwell Stress Tensor

The model compare the electromagnetic force calculated by *virtual work* and *maxwell stress tensor* methods on the axial magntic bearing. The forces is evaluated by studying the effect of a small displacement on the electromagnetic energy of the system. This is done by using the *Magnetic Fields*, *Deformed Geometry* and *Sensitivity* physics interfaces.

External Material Examples, Structural Mechanics

A new way to specify user-defined material models is included in COMSOL Multiphysics version 5.2. For structural mechanics, you have the possibility to either completely define the material model in a domain, or to add an inelastic strain contribution to an elastic material. The external material functions are coded in C, and compiled into a shared library. By programming a wrapper function in ...

Thermal Initial Stresses in a Layered Plate

The thermal stress in a layered plate is studied in this example. A plate consisting of two layers, a coating and a substrate layer is stress and strain free at 800 degrees C. The temperature of the plate is reduced to 150 degrees C and thermal stresses are induced. A third layer, the carrier layer, is added and the thermal stresses in the coating and a substrate layer are added as an initial ...

Thin-Film BAW Composite Resonator

Bulk Acoustic Wave (BAW) resonators can be used as narrow band filters in radio-frequency applications. The chief advantage compared with traditional ceramic electromagnetic resonators is that BAW resonators, thanks to the acoustic wavelength being much smaller than the electromagnetic wavelength, can be made much smaller. In addition to the desired bulk acoustic mode, the resonator structure ...

Surface Micromachined Accelerometer

This model shows how to simulate a capacitively actuated surface micromachined accelerometer, using the Electromechanics Interface. It is based on a case study from the book Microsystem Design by Stephen D. Senturia (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 5th Edition, 2003, pages 513-525).

Thickness Shear Mode Quartz Oscillator

AT cut quartz crystals are widely employed in a range of applications, from oscillators to microbalances. One of the important properties of the AT cut is that the resonant frequency of the crystal is temperature independent to first order. This is desirable in both mass sensing and timing applications. AT cut crystals vibrate in the thickness shear mode—an applied voltage across the faces of ...