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Snap Hook

This example simulates the insertion of a snap hook in its groove. Fasteners like this are common in the automotive industry, for example, in the control panel of a car. In this case it is important to know the force that must be applied in order to place the hook in the slot and also the force needed to remove it. From a numerical point of view, this is a highly nonlinear structural analysis, ...

Elastoacoustic Effect in Rail Steel

The elastoacoustic effect is a change in the speed of elastic waves that propagate in a structure undergoing static elastic deformations. The effect is used in many ultrasonic techniques for nondestructive testing of prestressed states within structures. This example studies the elastoacoustic effect in steels typically used in railroad rails. The analysis is based on the Murnaghan hyperelastic ...

Combining Elastoplastic and Creep Material Models

This model shows how to combine different types of material nonlinearity, such as creep and elastoplasticity. In this specific example you will perform a stress and nonlinear strain analysis on a thick cylinder under a nonproportional loading: an initial temperature increase followed by a fluctuating pressure applied to the internal surface of the cylinder. This load case involves two ...

Temperature-Dependent Plasticity in Pressure Vessel

This example demonstrates how to use temperature dependent materials within the Nonlinear Structural Materials Module. A large container holds pressurized hot water. Several pipes are attached to the pressure vessel. Those pipes can rapidly transfer cold water in case of an emergency cooling. The pressure vessel is made of carbon steel with an internal cladding of stainless steel. In case of ...

Polynomial Hyperelastic Model

This model shows how you can implement a user defined hyperelastic material, using the strain density energy function. The model used is a general Mooney-Rivlin hyperelastic material model defined by a polynomial. In this example, you will see two material models based on the defined expression: a two-term equation and a five-term equation. The two-term Mooney-Rivlin material model ...

Arterial Wall Viscoelasticity

Anisotropic hyperelastic materials are used for modeling collagenous soft tissue in arterial walls. The arterial _wall_ mechanics application describes a section of an artery based on the Holzapfel-Gasser-Ogden hyperelastic material model. In this example the dynamic behavior of the artery is studied, especially the viscoelastic response is calculated by adding a five branches viscoelasticity ...

Pressurized Orthotropic Container

A thin-walled container made of rolled steel is subjected to an internal overpressure. As an effect of the manufacturing method, one of the three material principal directions—the out-of- plane direction— has a higher yield stress than the other two. Hill’s orthotropic plasticity is used to model the difference in yield strength. The example also shows how to define and use curvilinear ...

Inflation of a Spherical Rubber Balloon - Membrane Version

The purpose of this model is to illustrate how the Membrane interface can be used to model thin hyperelastic structures. The example is identical to the Model Library model 'Inflation of a spherical rubber balloon', except that the Membrane interface is used instead of the Solid Mechanics interface.

Thermally Induced Creep

Creep is an inelastic time-dependent deformation which occurs when a material is subjected to stress at sufficiently high temperature, say 40% of the melting point or more. Experimental creep data (using constant stress and temperature) often display three different types of behavior for the creep strain rate as function of time: In the initial primary creep regime the creep strain rate ...

Powder Compaction of a Cup

The fabrication of a cup through powder compaction is simulated in this tutorial model. The powder compaction process is becoming common in the manufacturing industry, due to its potential for producing components of complex shape and high strength. Combining the Fleck-Kuhn-McMeeking (FKM) model with the Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman (GTN) model for porous plasticity makes it possible to cover a ...