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Free Convection in a Water Glass

This model treats the free convection and heat transfer of a glass of cold water heated to room temperature. Initially, the glass and the water are at 5 °C and are then put on a table in a room at 25 °C. The nonisothermal flow is coupled to heat transfer using the Heat Transfer module.

Computing Capacitance

A capacitor, in its simplest form, is a two terminal electrical device that stores electric energy when a voltage difference is applied across the terminals. The stored electric energy is proportional to the applied voltage squared and is quantified by the capacitance of the device. This model introduces a model of a simple capacitor, the electric field and device capacitance are solved for ...

Buoyancy Flow of Free Fluids

This model couples the Navier Stokes equations and the heat transfer equations to examine density driven flow of free fluids. Here the fluid is in a square cavity with a heated wall. The buoyancy force is a Boussinesq term added to the Navier-Stokes equations. The equation is nondimensionalized, so the material coefficients are set up using Rayleigh and Prandtl numbers. The parametric solver ...

Using Meshing Sequences

COMSOL Multiphysics provides an interactive meshing environment where, with a few mouse clicks, you can easily mesh individual faces or domains. Each meshing operation is added to the meshing sequence. The final mesh is the result of building all the operations in the meshing sequence. This example demonstrates how to use the meshing sequence to create a mesh consisting of different element ...

Bandgap Analysis of a Photonic Crystal

This model investigates the wave propagation in a photonic crystal that consists of GaAs pillars placed equidistant from each other. The distance between the pillars determines a relationship between the wave number and the frequency of the light, which prevents light of certain wavelengths propagating inside the crystal structure. This frequency range is called the photonic bandgap. There are ...

Flow Through a Pipe Elbow

Water flow in a 90 degree pipe elbow. The flow is simulated using the k-omega turbulence model. The result is compared to engineering correlations.

Evaporative Cooling of Water

This tutorial shows how to couple three physics interfaces to model evaporative cooling. The effects need to be taken into account are heat transfer, transport of water vapor and fluid flow. User-defined expressions are used to implement the source term for the water vapor and evaporative heat source, as well as the moist air feature to accurately describe the material properties.

Modeling of a 3D Inductor

Inductors are used in many applications for low pass filtering or for impedance matching of predominantly capacitive loads. They are used in a wide frequency range from near static up to several MHz. An inductor usually has a magnetic core to increase the inductance, while keeping its size small. The magnetic core also reduces the electromagnetic interference with other devices as the magnetic ...

Magnetic Field of a Helmholtz Coil

A Helmholtz coil is a parallel pair of identical circular coils spaced one radius apart and wound so that the current flows through both coils in the same direction. This winding results in a uniform magnetic field between the coils with the primary component parallel to the axes of the two coils. Applications of Helmholtz coils range from canceling the earth’s magnetic field to generating ...

Optical Scattering by Gold Nanospheres

This model demonstrates the simulation of the scattering of a plane wave of light by a gold nanosphere. The scattering is computed for the optical frequency range over which gold can be modeled as a material with negative complex-valued permittivity. The far-field pattern and losses are computed.