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Doppler Shift

We have all noticed the Doppler effect when an ambulance passes by with its sirens blaring. The siren’s pitch suddenly drops the moment the ambulance starts moving away from you. Another effect you can notice is how the siren’s sound is very loud when nearby, but as soon as the ambulance has passed the sound becomes much quieter. This model simulates the acoustic Doppler effect by placing ...

Quadrupole Mass Filter

A quadrupole mass filter (QMF) is a key component of a modern mass spectrometer. A QMF uses direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) electric fields to analyze positive or negative ions by mass to charge ratio. A QMF consists of 4 parallel rods spaced equidistantly, the ratio of the rod radius to the radius of the inscribed circle is 1.148. Opposite pairs of rods are electrically ...

Thermal Bridges in Building Construction - 3D Structure Between Two Floors

This model studies the heat conduction in a building structure separating two floors from the external environment. Four materials with distinct thermal conductivities k compose the structure. The exterior and interior boundaries are facing environments respectively at 0°C and 20°C. The lowest temperatures on internal surfaces and the heat fluxes through each surface is compared with published ...

Capacitively Coupled Plasma

The NIST Gaseous Electronics Conference has provided a platform for studying Capacitively Coupled Plasma (CCP) reactors, which is what this application is based upon. The operating principle of a capacitively coupled plasma is different when compared to the inductive case. In a CCP reactor, the plasma is sustained by applying a sinusoidal electrostatic potential across a small gap filled with a ...

Linear Wave Retarder

Combinations of optical devices such as polarizers and wave retarders can be used to control the intensity and polarization of transmitted radiation. In this model, two linear polarizers with orthogonal transmission axes are used to reduce the intensity of a ray to zero. Then the intensity and polarization of the transmitted ray are analyzed when a quarter-wave or half-wave retarder is placed ...

Fast Numerical Modeling of a Conical Horn Lens Antenna

An axisymmetric 3D structure such as a conical horn antenna can be simulated in a fast and efficient way using only its 2D layout. In this model, the antenna radiation and matching characteristics are computed very quickly with respect to the dominant TE mode from the given circular waveguide by simulating the 2D axisymmetric geometry of an 3D antenna structure.

Atmospheric Corrosion

This model simulates atmospheric galvanic corrosion of an aluminum alloy in contact with steel. The electrolyte film thickness depends on the relative humidity of the surrounding air and the salt load density of NaCl crystals on the metal surface. Empirical expressions for the oxygen diffusivity and solubility are also included in the model in order to derive an expression for the limiting ...

Inflation of a Spherical Rubber Balloon - Membrane Version

The purpose of this model is to illustrate how the Membrane interface can be used to model thin hyperelastic structures. The example is identical to the Model Library model 'Inflation of a spherical rubber balloon', except that the Membrane interface is used instead of the Solid Mechanics interface.

Rolling of a Rigid Wheel

The purpose of this model is to demonstrate pure rolling of a rigid wheel when given initial forward velocity together with lean about the forward direction. This is implemented through the Multibody dynamics module in COMSOL Multiphysics. The rolling motion of the wheel has been implemented without the use of contact.

Fatigue Failure of an Eyeglass Frame

In the search for weight reduction, the cross-section of an eyeglass frame is continuously reduced. The thin section over the nose transfers the entire load between the two halves. This example predicts the fatigue life using the combined Basquin and Coffin-Manson model when eyeglasses are subjected to bending.