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COMSOL Multiphysics in Education – Chemical Reactions, Heat and Mass Transfer

R. Geike
Maschinenbau, Verfahrens- und Umwelttechnik, TFH Berlin, Berlin, Germany

In our Master program entitled “Verfahrenstechnik / Process Engineering” the main focus is placed on the use of computational method. This paper will present the plan of a particular course entitled “Transportprozesse” (Transport Processes or Transport Phenomena). The contents of our lectures and exercises deal with mass and heat transfer, chemical reactions and fluid ...

Modeling the Thermally Induced Curvature of Multilayer Coatings with COMSOL MultiphysicsTM

H. Conrad[1], T. Klose[2], T. Sandner[2], D. Jung[1], H. Schenk[2], and H. Lakner[1,2]
[1]Semiconductor and Microsystems Technology Laboratory, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems Dresden, Germany

Within this paper the so called “birth and death” method is demonstrated in use with COMSOL Multiphysics®. With this method the free and reactionless movement of a solid structure on deformed geometries and the activation of this solid structure at later simulation steps is possible. For demonstrating the benefit, this method was applied to simulate the thermal induced ...

The use of COMSOL for Building Constructions Engineering Regarding Heat and Moisture Transport

H. Schellen, A. van Schijndel, and P. Briggen
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands

Hunting Lodge St. Hubertus is one of the most prominent Dutch buildings from the early twentieth century. An extensive study of wind and wind-driven rain (WDR) was conducted to provide insight into the moisture load of the building facade, using measurements and CFD simulations. COMSOL Multiphysics was also used for modeling the moisture transport through the walls of the tower. The model ...

Prediction and Optimization of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Geometries using COMSOL Multiphysics

I. Knorr, K. Christou, J. Meinertz, A. Selle, J. Ihlemann, and G. Marowsky
Laser-Laboratorium Göttingen e.V., Germany

Raman spectroscopy is a commonly used tool in biodiagnostics and sensor technology. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering provides high signal enhancements especially at nanostructured metallic surfaces. In this paper the electromagnetic Raman enhancement from different metallic nanostructures - including gold coated gratings, spherical and hemispherical particles - is calculated by using the finite ...

Thermal and Material Flow Modelling of Friction Stir Welding Using COMSOL

H. Schmidt[1,2], and J. Hattel[1]
[1]Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
[2]HBS Engineering, Frederiksberg, Denmark

Two friction stir welding models are presented – a global thermal model using the temperature dependent heat source and a local material flow and heat generation model allowing for detailed investigation of different contact conditions. The two models are coupled into a larger local-global model. The flow model includes frictional dissipation from the contact between the work piece and the ...

Kinetics and Reactor Modeling of Methanol Synthesis from Synthesis Gas

H. Bakhtiary, F. Hayer, H. Venvik, A. Holmen
Norwegian University of Science and Technology Trondheim

Methanol synthesis is a typical reaction in heterogeneous catalysis. In this work, we have studied a laboratory fixed-bed reactor packed with a Cu/Zn/Al2O3 catalyst in both adiabatic and isothermal tubular operational modes. A methanol synthesis kinetic model was implemented in COMSOL Reaction Engineering Lab. Both 1D and 2D pseudo-homogeneous dispersion models were applied to describe the mass ...

Simulation of Optical Properties of the Si/SiO2/Al Interface  at the Rear of Industrially Fabricated Si Solar Cells

Y. Yang[1], and P. Altermatt[1,2]
[1]Institute for Solar Energy Research Hamelin (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany
[2]Dep. Solar Energy Research, Inst. Solid-State Physics, Leibniz University of Hanover, Germany

The specular and diffuse reflection properties of sunlight at the rear surface of silicon solar cells with various degrees of roughness are computed by solving the Maxwell and material equations in two dimensions, using the COMSOL RF Module. The model is tested on planar Si/SiO2/air interfaces and planar Si/SiO2/Al interfaces. The simulations show that for wavelengths of 800 nm, (i) maximum ...

Comparing Equations for Two-Phase Fluid Flow in Porous Media

T. Bjornara, and E. Aker
NGI, Oslo, Norway

Various types of equation system formulations for modeling two-phase flow in porous media using the finite element method have been investigated. These allow for equation manipulation such that the main differences between the formulations are the dependent variables that are solved for. Here we have tested five different formulations for 2D simulations and one for 1D; the Buckley-Leverett ...

Analyzing Muffler Performance Using the Transfer Matrix Method 

K. Andersen
Dinex Emission Technology A/S, Middelfart, Denmark

Exhaust noise must meet legislation targets, customer expectations and cost reduction which call for design optimization of the exhaust systems in the design phase. One solution is to use 3 dimensional linear pressure acoustics and calculate the transfer matrix of the muffler. The transfer matrix is the basis for calculating either the insertion loss or transmission loss of a muffler. The 3D ...

Magneto-Hydrodynamic Numerical Study of DC Electromagnetic Pump for Liquid Metal

A. Daoud, and N. Kandev
Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Quebec (LTE), Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada

The electromagnetic pumping (EMP) of electrically-conducting fluid is of growing interest for many industrial applications requiring precise flow control, enabling stopping or reversing flow direction without any moving parts or mechanical devices. Presented in this work are the results of a 3D numerical magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of direct current (DC) EMP for liquid ...