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Thermal and Material Flow Modelling of Friction Stir Welding Using COMSOL

H. Schmidt[1,2], and J. Hattel[1]
[1]Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
[2]HBS Engineering, Frederiksberg, Denmark

Two friction stir welding models are presented – a global thermal model using the temperature dependent heat source and a local material flow and heat generation model allowing for detailed investigation of different contact conditions. The two models are coupled into a larger local-global model. The flow model includes frictional dissipation from the contact between the work piece and the ...

Improved Perfectly Matched Layers for Acoustic Radiation and Scattering Problems

M. Zampolli[1], N. Malm[2], and A. Tesei[1]
[1]NURC NATO Research Centre, La Spezia, Italy
[2]COMSOL AB, Stockholm, Sweden

Perfectly matched layers (PML) are an efficient alternative for emulating the Sommerfeld radiation condition in the numerical solution of wave radiation and scattering problems. The key ingredient of the PML formulation is the complex scaling function, which controls the anisotropic damping of the PML. The objective of this study is to propose a modified complex scaling function capable of ...

Implementation of the Finite Isotropic Linear Cosserat Models based on the Weak Form

J. Jeong[1], and H. Ramezani[2]
[1]Ecole Speciale des Travaux Publics du Batiment et del’Industrie(ESTP), Cachan, France
[2]Ecole Polytechnique de l’Universite d’Orleans CNRS/CRMD, Orleans, France

The Cosserat models fall into the group of the extended continuum media. They are capable of treating the size effects (characteristic length) in a natural manner using six material moduli for the isotropic elastic cases instead of two (and) for the classical continuum mechanics. This model involves two constitutive laws corresponding to two kinds of balance equation. The first one handles the ...

Mathematical Modelling and Simulation of Magnetostrictive Materials by Comsol Multiphysics

M. Bailoni[1], Y.Wei[2], and L. Norum[2]
[1]University of Trieste, guest at Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) Dep. of Electric Power Engineering, Trondheim, Norway
[2]Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway

This paper presents the mathematical modeling for the analysis of the magnetostrictive materials, which describes the behaviour of the magneto-mechanical coupling in a rod of magnetostrictive material and capturing it in COMSOL® to produce a predictive and detailed analysis. A simulation of the behaviour under harmonic excitation is done in this work. 

Kinetics and Reactor Modeling of Methanol Synthesis from Synthesis Gas

H. Bakhtiary, F. Hayer, H. Venvik, A. Holmen
Norwegian University of Science and Technology Trondheim

Methanol synthesis is a typical reaction in heterogeneous catalysis. In this work, we have studied a laboratory fixed-bed reactor packed with a Cu/Zn/Al2O3 catalyst in both adiabatic and isothermal tubular operational modes. A methanol synthesis kinetic model was implemented in COMSOL Reaction Engineering Lab. Both 1D and 2D pseudo-homogeneous dispersion models were applied to describe the mass ...

Design and Simulation of an Electromagnetic Valve Actuator Using COMSOL Multiphysics

R. Wislati , H. Haase
Leibniz Universität Hannover, Germany

In this paper an electromagnetic solenoid actuator (EMVA) consisting of an upper and lower electromagnet, a linear moving armature and two preloaded springs is considered as a potential approach in Variable Valve Actuation (VVA) Systems for Internal Combustion Engines. In opposition to common approaches the underlying EMVA make use of a permanent magnet in the upper electromagnet. The analysis ...

Linear Water Wave Propagation around Structures

L. Martinelli, and A. Lamberti
Universita di Bologna, Italy

Objective of this contribution is to show how to implement the Mild Slope Equations with COMSOL Multiphysics. These equations are commonly used to study the propagation of waves in harbors. Some interesting features are presented, namely the use of weak terms (used for the modelling of the source term); the evaluation of a smooth phase gradient from the complex dependent variable; a robust ...

COMSOL Multiphysics Simulations of Microfluidic Systems for Biomedical Applications

M. Dimaki, J. Moresco Lange, P. Vazquez, P. Shah, F. Okkels, and W. Svendsen
Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark

The need for fast, easy and cost-effective analysis of blood samples as well as our understanding of the functionality of cells and neurons are two rather pressing issues in the modern world. Both of these can be addressed by functional lab-on-a-chip systems, which have been designed and optimized for specific analyses. This paper deals with the design of several different systems for cell ...

Simulation of Optical Properties of the Si/SiO2/Al Interface  at the Rear of Industrially Fabricated Si Solar Cells

Y. Yang[1], and P. Altermatt[1,2]
[1]Institute for Solar Energy Research Hamelin (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany
[2]Dep. Solar Energy Research, Inst. Solid-State Physics, Leibniz University of Hanover, Germany

The specular and diffuse reflection properties of sunlight at the rear surface of silicon solar cells with various degrees of roughness are computed by solving the Maxwell and material equations in two dimensions, using the COMSOL RF Module. The model is tested on planar Si/SiO2/air interfaces and planar Si/SiO2/Al interfaces. The simulations show that for wavelengths of 800 nm, (i) maximum ...

Modeling the Process of Drying Stationary Objects inside a Tumble Dryer Using COMSOL Multiphysics

T. Zeineldin
Department of Automatic Control and Mechatronics, University of Paderborn, Paderborn, Germany

Temperature and residual moisture content of a stationary Textile in a home tumble dryer are simulated in a 2D model with COMSOL Multiphysics. Moisture migration to the textile surface is modeled in the form of capillary flow and vapor diffusion along with heat transfer in the form of conduction and energy lost due to phase change (evaporation). The drying air energy, mass and momentum transport ...