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Analysis of Acoustic Response of Rooms

J.S. Crompton[1], L.T. Gritter[1], S. Yushanov[1], K.C. Koppenhoefer[1], and D. Magyari[2]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
[2]Golden Acoustics, Detroit, MI, USA

The preferred acoustic response of recording studios, auditoriums and conference halls is to have an even energy response over the entire room and throughout full audio spectrum. This can be accomplished by using acoustic panels with complex surface structures that scatter acoustic waves and diffuse sound level variability over the room volume or through the use of sound absorbing materials to ...

Analysis of Lubricant Flow Through Reynolds Equation

K.C. Koppenhoefer[1], S.Y. Yushanov[1], L.T. Gritter[1], J.S. Crompton[1], and R.O. Edwards[2]
[1]AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
[2]Cummins Fuel Systems, Columbus, IN, USA

Reynolds equation is used to analyze fluid flow through small gaps. As such, the solution of Reynolds equation provides critical information for a wide range of tribological problems. In any case where a lubricant resides between two moving surfaces, the Reynolds equation can be used to solve for the flow. In the case considered in this paper, lubricant flows between a piston and housing forced ...

Simulations of Meniscus Motion and Evaporation for Convective Deposition Manufacturing

J. Xiao, and D. Attinger
Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

Convective deposition is a material processing technique where an evaporating meniscus of a colloidal suspension is dragged along a solid substrate to deposit layers of micro or nanoparticles. The process is a typical multiphysics process where fluid dynamics, mass and heat transfer come into play in a small deforming domain. In this work, we describe an Arbitrary Lagrangian-Euler model ...

A Directional Dogbone Flextensional Sonar Transducer

S.C. Butler
Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, RI, USA

In order to transmit energy in one direction, sonar flextensional transducers are combined into arrays of elements that are spaced a 1/4 wavelength apart. The directionality (front-to-back pressure ratio) is a modest of 6 dB. A single projector that is 1/3 wavelength in size and capable of developing unidirectional beams with front-to-back ratios greater than 20 dB that is independent of sound ...

COMSOL Assisted Simulation of Laser Engraving

H. Karbasi
Conestoga College, Kitchener, ON, Canada

The main purpose of this paper is to develop a proof of concept software that can simulate the geometry of engraved surfaces and can estimate the depth and width of engraved groove and associated laser parameters. For this purpose, COMSOL has been used to simulate the moving laser beam as a source of heat over physical domain made of different materials. Through interaction modeling of ...

Implementation of the Perfectly Matched Layer to Determine the Quality Factor of Axisymmetric Resonators in COMSOL

M.I. Cheema, and A.G. Kirk
McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada

Due to the inseparability of the wave equation, numerical methods are needed to develop an accurate electromagnetic model for various axisymmetric resonators such as micro-discs and micro-toroids. Our purpose is the implementation of a perfectly matched layer to determine the quality factor of axisymmetric resonators with high accuracy in COMSOL. We treated the perfectly matched layer as an ...

Characterization of an AlGaN/GaN Electrostatically Actuated Cantilever Using the Finite Element Method

N. DeRoller, M. Qazi, J. Liu, and G. Koley
University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

AlGaN/GaN heterostructures are unique because the 2DEG at the interface is created by the difference in polarization properties of the AlGaN and the GaN layers; not due to intentional doping. In this work, a 3D model of an electrostatically actuated micro cantilever has been developed using COMSOL for characterization using the finite element method (FEM). The microcantilever has AlGaN/GaN HFET ...

Modeling of Ferrofluid Passive Cooling System

M. Yang[1,2], R. O'Handley[2], and Z. Fang[2,3]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]Ferro Solutions, Woburn, MA, USA
[3]Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

A ferrofluid contains nanoscale ferromagnetic particles suspended in a carrier liquid. It is used in some high-power acoustic speakers to cool the drive coil. The ferromagnetic particles far from the heat source are attracted by the drive coil’s magnetic field. As the fluid approaches the heat source, its temperature rises, causing the nanoparticles to become paramagnetic. Cooler magnetic fluid ...

Effective Medium Theory of Nanodielectrics for Embedded Energy Storage Capacitors

R. Bikky, N. Badi, and A. Bensaoula
University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA

In this work, we present the effective properties of nanodielectrics with gold (Au) nanoparticles embedded in polymer (Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP)) matrix, calculated by using finite element method (FEM) based simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics software. Drude model is used to calculate size dependent complex dielectric function of Au. EMTs of Maxwell-Garnett, Bruggeman and Looyenga models are ...

Conducting Finite Element Convergence Studies Using COMSOL 4.0

M.K. Gobbert, and D.W. Trott
University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA

We will show how to carry out convergence studies of the FEM error on a sequence of progressively finer meshes in COMSOL Multiphysics on the example of Lagrange elements of varying polynomial degrees, which will also bring out the benefit of using higher order elements. The sample studies will focus on Lagrange elements of degree 1 through 5. For these elements, the convergence order of the ...