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Design and Simulation of Piezoelectric Ultrasonic Micro Motor

P. Patel[1], P. Manohar[1]
[1]Electrical and Electronics Department, M. S. Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Micro machined motors are a recent development in the domain of electrical machines. Compared to the conventional electromagnetic motors, micro machined motors offer high torque at lower speed, and are compact in nature. This makes them suitable for applications in the field of microsatellite, biomedical, micro robot, automobile, and auto focusing camera. The present work describes the design ...

Design and Analysis of Micro-Heaters for Temperature Optimization using COMSOL Multiphysics for MEMS Based Gas Sensor

V. S. Selvakumar[1], L. Sujatha[1]
[1]Rajalakhmi Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Micro-Heaters are the key components in sub-miniature micro-sensors, especially in gas sensors. The metal oxide gas sensors utilize the properties of surface adsorption to detect changes in resistance as a function of varying concentration of different gases [5]. To detect the resistive changes, the heater temperature must be in the requisite temperature range over the heater area. Hence the ...

Two-Phase Flow and Multiphysics Simulations in COMSOL

Dr. Singh has been working at the Chemical Engineering Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai since 2000. He has a Ph.D. from the Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Bombay. He is a recipient of the Homi Bhabha Medal of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in year 2000, Young Engineer Award of the Department of Atomic Energy in year 2008 and Award for Excellence in Thesis Work at IIT ...

Effect of Geometry of the Grooves on the Mixing of Fluids in Micro Mixer Channel

V. Ranjan[1], A. Kumar[1], G. Prakash[1], R. Mandal[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India

Understanding the flow fields at the micro-scale is a key to develop methods of successfully mixing fluids for micro-scale applications. This paper investigates flow characteristics and mixing of three different geometries in micro-channel. A Circular groove micro mixer has been designed and simulated. One such channel is shown in Figure1. The geometry of the channels taken was rectangular with ...

Simulation and Optimization of MEMS Piezoelectric Energy Harvester with a Non-traditional Geometry

S. Sunithamani[1], P. Lakshmi[1], E. E. Flora[1]
[1]Department of EEE, College of Engineering, Anna University, Chennai, India

Piezoelectric energy harvester converts mechanical vibrations into electrical energy via piezoelectric effect. The geometry of the piezoelectric cantilever beam greatly affects its vibration energy harvesting ability [1]. In this paper a MEMS based energy harvester with a non-traditional geometry is designed. The design of the energy harvester consists of a rectangular cantilever structure with ...

Modelling of Pressure Profiles in a High Pressure Chamber using COMSOL Multiphysics

P. S. Rao[1], C. K. Chandra[1]
[1]Agricultural and Food Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal, India

High Pressure Processing (HPP) is a leading non-thermal food processing technology that is often cited as a major technological innovation in food preservation. Although it is very early to place this emerging technology among the list of breakthroughs in food processing, HPP has started to become a viable commercial alternative for pasteurisation of value added fruits, vegetables, meat, and ...

Miscible Viscous Fingering: Application in Chromatographic Columns and Aquifers

S. Pramanik[1], G. L. Kulukuru[1], M. Mishra[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India

When a less viscous fluid displaces a more viscous one in a porous medium or Hele-Shaw cell, the interface between the two miscible fluids does not remain flat and deforms into fingers growing in time [1]. It occurs due to the faster movement of less viscous fluid than the more viscous one, for a given pressure gradient. Fingering affects in aquifers, in packed bed reactors, and detrimental to ...

Study of Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer in MEMS Structures

S. N. Das[1], G. Bose[2]
[1]Centurion University of Technology and Managment, Jatani, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India
[2]Institute of Technical Education and Research, SOA University, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India

This paper describes the characteristics of MEMS microchannel and various issues of its designing. Here the major parameters are pressure drop and heat transfer rate. Various structures are modeled and optimized to get a minimum pressure drop and maximum heat transfer rate. The simulation results provide the characterization for Temperature, Mass flow rate, Pressure drop and Reynolds number. ...

Finite Element Analysis of a Fiber Bragg Grating Accelerometer for Performance Optimization

N. Basumallick[1], A. Ghosh[1], P. Biswas[1], K. Dasgupta[1], S. Bandyopadhyay[1]
[1]Fiber Optics Laboratory, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Sensitivity of a cantilever-mass based fiber Bragg grating (FBG) accelerometer can efficiently be tailored by altering the distance between the axis of the FBG sensor to the neutral axis of the cantilever. To accomplish that in general, a backing patch is used to mount the FBG on the cantilever. Use of finite element analysis to quantify the influence of the material constant (Young’s modulus) ...

Design and Simulation of Piezoelectric Micropump and Microvalve based Drug Delivery System

D. Samajdar[1], P. Podder[1], A. Bhattacharyya[1], S. Sen[1]
[1]Institute of Radio Physics and Electronics, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, WB, India

In the emerging field of MEMS microfluidics, micropumps and microvalves are two of the most important devices with a wide spectrum of applications such as programmable drug delivery systems, lab-on-a chip devices, µTAS (micro total analysis system), micro electric cooling applications etc. These microfluidic components are dominating the MEMS applications by virtue of their improved performance ...