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Two-Phase Flow and Multiphysics Simulations in COMSOL


Dr. Singh has been working at the Chemical Engineering Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai since 2000. He has a Ph.D. from the Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Bombay. He is a recipient of the Homi Bhabha Medal of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in year 2000, Young Engineer Award of the Department of Atomic Energy in year 2008 and Award for Excellence in Thesis Work at IIT ...

Design and Analysis of Micro-Heaters for Temperature Optimization using COMSOL Multiphysics for MEMS Based Gas Sensor

V. S. Selvakumar[1], L. Sujatha[1]
[1]Rajalakhmi Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Micro-Heaters are the key components in sub-miniature micro-sensors, especially in gas sensors. The metal oxide gas sensors utilize the properties of surface adsorption to detect changes in resistance as a function of varying concentration of different gases [5]. To detect the resistive changes, the heater temperature must be in the requisite temperature range over the heater area. Hence the ...

Effect of Geometry of the Grooves on the Mixing of Fluids in Micro Mixer Channel

V. Ranjan[1], A. Kumar[1], G. Prakash[1], R. Mandal[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India

Understanding the flow fields at the micro-scale is a key to develop methods of successfully mixing fluids for micro-scale applications. This paper investigates flow characteristics and mixing of three different geometries in micro-channel. A Circular groove micro mixer has been designed and simulated. One such channel is shown in Figure1. The geometry of the channels taken was rectangular with ...

Finite Element Analysis of a Fiber Bragg Grating Accelerometer for Performance Optimization

N. Basumallick[1], A. Ghosh[1], P. Biswas[1], K. Dasgupta[1], S. Bandyopadhyay[1]
[1]Fiber Optics Laboratory, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Sensitivity of a cantilever-mass based fiber Bragg grating (FBG) accelerometer can efficiently be tailored by altering the distance between the axis of the FBG sensor to the neutral axis of the cantilever. To accomplish that in general, a backing patch is used to mount the FBG on the cantilever. Use of finite element analysis to quantify the influence of the material constant (Young’s modulus) ...

Coupled Electromagnetic and Heat Transfer Simulations for RF Applicator Design for Efficient Heating of Materials

C. Thiagarajan[1], J. Anto[2]
[1]ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt Ltd, Whitefield, Bangalore, Karnataka India.
[2]Researcher

Conventional heating of material wastes energy during heating due to inherent radiation, conduction and convection based heating mechanism. Alternate efficient heating methods are actively researched for improved efficiency. Radio frequency based electromagnetic heating is increasingly used for efficient heating in place of conventional heating. This requires coupling of electromagnetic and heat ...

Studies of Lead Free Piezo-Electric Materials Based Ultrasonic MEMS Model for Bio sensor

P. Pattanaik[1], S. K. Kamilla[1], D. P. Das[2], S. K. Pradhan[3]
[1]MEMS Design Center, Institute of Technical Education & Research (ITER), Sikhya ‘O’ Anushandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
[2]Process Engineering and Instrumentation Lab, Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology (IMMT), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
[3]Dept of ECE, Hi-Tech Institute of Technology, Khurda, Odisha, India

This paper describes the design of an ultrasonic transducer using different lead free piezo-electric materials and evaluates their performance with different glucose levels in the human blood. COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a was used for the simulation study using 2D axis symmetric model of piezoelectric transducer which was designed with lead free piezoelectric materials such as Barium Sodium Niobate ...

A Low Cost CMOS Compatible MEMS based Fingerprint Sensor Design

A. Ganesan[1], S. Swaminathan[1], N. N. Sharma[2]
[1]BITS, Pilani - Dubai, U.A.E.
[2]Mechanical Engineering Department, Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani, Rajasthan, India

In this paper, a novel design of a fingerprint sensor composed of a 2D array of piezo resistive micro beams has been presented. When the user presses the sensor array with a finger, the ridges and valleys that compose the fingerprint induce corresponding deflections in the micro beams. These deflections can be detected by means of a resistivity change, which when used with appropriate signal ...

Optimal Utilization of Railgun

N. R. Mahajan[1], S. B. Patel[1], Z. A. Khan[1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

Railgun is an electrically-powered gun that accelerates a conductive projectile along magnetic metal rails. Various factors increase the projectile velocity. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages. While increasing the projectile velocity, one has to keep in mind the longevity of the rail guns for practical use . Railguns are often damaged after few uses due to the extreme working ...

Diffusion Modeling in TGA in Context of CO2 Gasification of Char

G. Samdani[1], S. Mahajani[1], A. Ganesh[1], P. Aghalayam[2], R. K. Sapru[3], D. K. Mathur[3]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India
[2]Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India
[3]UCG Group, IRS, ONGC, Chankheda, Ahmadabad

The Thermo- Gravimetric Apparatus (TGA) is often used for kinetics determination. In TGA setup, gasification reaction may be limited by the reach (diffusion) of the gasification agent to the internal surfaces of the char particles. In addition to this, after some time, ash is formed between the bulk of the gas and the upper surface of char. The present modeling exercise is aimed at examining the ...

A Study on the Suitability of Indium Nitride for THz Plasmonics

A. Shetty[1], K. J. Vinoy[1], S. B. Krupanidhi[2]
[1]Electrical Communication Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
[2]Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India

As interest in the electromagnetic spectrum expands towards the infrared and terahertz range, the distinct advantages of using semiconductors instead of metals for plasmonic applications must be understood. Plasmonic resonances in gold (Au) and indium nitride (InN) gratings are studied, in the terahertz (?=30µm) regime. The electromagnetic properties of Au and InN are described by the Drude ...