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The Effect of Resistance on Rocket Injector Acoustics

C. J. Morgan [1], S. R. Fischbach [1],
[1] Jacobs ESSSA Group, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

This study evaluates the effect of injector resistance on the mode shapes and complex eigenfrequencies of an injector/combustion chamber system by defining a high Mach-flow, potential flow form of the convective wave equation in the Coefficient Form PDE Mathematics interface. Background steady-state flow conditions are determined through a NASA Marshall Space Flight Center in-house fluid ...

Simulation of Acoustical Transfer Paths for Active Noise Control

L. Fromme [1], J. Waßmuth [1], D. Wehmeier [1],
[1] Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, Bielefeld, Germany

The knowledge of the acoustical transfer paths in active noise control systems is very important for the performance of the system. Unfortunately, simulation is challenging since even simple configurations require comprehensive experience in physics and modeling. Two test setups were chosen for basic investigations on modeling, simulation and validation. The first results presented here are ...

Numerical Study on the Mechanism of Interface Debonding Detection for CFST with PZT

H. Chen [1], J. Li [1], S. Xia [2],
[1] Hunan University, Changsha, Hunan, China
[2] Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Introduction In order to understand the detection mechanism of the PZT based nondestructive testing (NDT) technology for interface debonding of CFSTs, numerical simulation on a multi-physical model composed of surface-mounted PZT patches and CFST structural member is established in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The stress propagation process and the electrical signal output of an embedded PZT patch as ...

Optimization of an Acoustic Waveguide for Professional Audio Applications

M. Cobianchi[1] and R. Magalotti[1]
[1] B&C Speakers S.p.a., Bagno a Ripoli, FI, Italia

In modern live sound reinforcement there is a growing use of line sources, obtained through the stacking of many loudspeakers with properly controlled wavefront shape. Thus the use of waveguides is mandatory in order to modify the shape and size of the wavefront exiting from professional compression drivers. With the help of COMSOL Multiphysics®, we have designed a waveguide featuring an ...

Guided Wave in Engineering Structures Using Non-Contact Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducers: A Numerical Approach for the Technique Optimisation

S. Soua[1], A. Raude[1], and T-H. Gan[1]
[1]NDT Technology Group, TWI Ltd, Cambridge, United Kingdom

There are over 10 million kilometers of pipes and pipelines around the world that carry hazardous fluids and gases. Fluids include oil, oil products, chemicals such as solvents, caustics, acids, corrosives and combustibles often at high pressure and temperature. These pipes are susceptible to corrosion if they are not protected properly by the environment or the contents. Inspection of pipes is ...

The Acoustoelastic Effect: EMAT Excitation and Reception of Lamb Waves in Pre-Stressed Metal Sheets

R.M.G. Ferrari[1]
[1]Danieli Automation S.p.A., Buttrio, UD, Italy

The acoustoelastic effect relates the change in the speed of an acoustic wave travelling in a solid, to the pre-stress of the propagation medium. In this work the possibility of assessing nondestructively the stress status in metal sheets, by using the acoustoelastic effect, is investigated. As the effect turns out to be very small for practical values of applied stress, the proposed technique ...

Modeling the response of photoacoustic gas sensors

S.L. Firebaugh[1], F. Roignant[2], and E.A. Terray[3]

[1]United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, USA
[2]Polytechnique Nantes, Nantes, France
[3]Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA

A fast, high-sensitivity detector is required for studies of environmentally relevant gases. Photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS), an absorption spectroscopy technique in which absorption is detected as sound, is explored as a possible solution. A tuning-fork based PAS sensor is modeled using COMSOL. The model combines the acoustic and piezoelectric modules and also includes viscous damping. The ...

On The Use of a Diffusion Equation Model for Sound Energy Flow Prediction in Acoustically Coupled Spaces

Y. Jing, and N. Xiang
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

This paper studies sound energy flows through an aperture across two coupled spaces using a diffusion equation model. The so-called double sloped sound energy decay is believed to be caused by the sound energy exchange through the aperture coupling the two rooms. The room diffusion equation is first solved by COMSOL, then the time dependent energy flow is visualized via COMSOL arrow plotting, ...

Simplified Finite Element Simulation of a SAW Hydrogen Sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics

N. Krishnan[1], H. Nemade[1,2], and R. Paily[2]
[1]Centre for Nanotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam, India
[2]Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Assam, India

In this paper, we discuss a simplified finite element method simulation of surface acoustic wave (SAW) delay line hydrogen sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics.  A delay line SAW sensor consists of a transmitting interdigital transducer (IDT) and a receiving IDT separated by a few wavelengths. In this work, the number of degrees of freedom to solve for the SAW delay line sensor model ...

Effects Of The Microstructure Of Fibrous Media On Their Acoustic Properties

C. Peyrega, and D. Jeulin
Center of Mathematical Morphology, Mines ParisTech, Fontainebleau, France

This study is a part of the Silent Wall ANR project, to which the Center of Mathematical Morphology is associated. Its main objective is to build an acoustical and thermal insulating system for buildings, composed of fibrous materials. The material is composed of two phases: the fibrous network and the air surrounding it. At the microscopic scale the absorption of the acoustic wave is mainly ...