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Designing Materials for Mechanical Invisibility Cloaks

P. Olsson[1], F. Larsson[1], A. Khlopotin[1], S. Razanica[1]
[1]Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

In solid mechanics, there is considerable interest in achieving “invisibility”. The applications in mechanics include protection of structures and parts of structures from potentially harmful transient waves and steady state vibrations. A suggested large scale application is that protection against seismic waves from earthquakes could be achieved by using cloaking to re-route the waves around ...

Sound Attenuation by Hearing Aid Earmold Tubing

M. Herring Jensen
Widex A/S, Vaerloese, Denmark

In this study we model the sound attenuation properties of a hearing aid earmold tube. The model includes thermoviscous acoustic effects and it couples structural vibrations to the external acoustic field. Moreover, the finite element domain is coupled at two boundaries with an electroacoustic model of a hearing aid and an acoustic 2-cc coupler.

Analysis of Sound Propagation in Lined Ducts by Means of a Finite Element Model

D. Borelli[1] and C. Schenone[1]
[1]DIPTEM, University of Genova, Genova, Italy

The present paper describes the results of a Finite Element Model used to analyze sound propagation in lined ducts. By means of a numerical model it was possible to predict the insertion loss inside rectangular lined ducts in a frequency range from 250 Hz to 4000 Hz. The model was validated by a comparison with experimental data obtained in accordance to ISO 11691 and ISO 7235 standards. The ...

Modeling Thermal Bridging at Interface Conditions: Analysis of Solutions for Reducing Thermal Bridges Effects on Building Energy Consumption

C. Balocco[1], E. Marmonti[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Energetica, Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

In Europe considerable building activity can be expected over the coming decades; Net Zero Energy Buildings refers to a building with minimal power, until maximum 15 kW/m^2. In both cases this requires very well insulated buildings with minimal thermal bridges. Concrete balconies, that extend the floor slab through the building envelope, are a common example of thermal bridging, where structural ...


韩建宁 [1],
[1] 中北大学,太原,山西,中国

所谓近场声学,是相对于远场声学而言。传统的声学理论,通常只研究远离光源或者远离物体的声场分布,一般统称为远场声学。远场声学在原理上存在着一个远场衍射极限,限制了利用远场光学原理进行显微和其它光学应用时的最小分辨尺寸和最小标记尺寸。而近场声学则研究距离光源或物体一个波长范围内的光场分布。在近场声学研究领域,远场衍射极限被打破,分辨率极限在原理上不再受到任何限制,可以无限地小,从而基于近场声学原理可以提高显微成像与其它光学应用时的光学分辨率。 声学超材料自问世之日起就受到了国内外科学家们的广泛追捧,在很多领域都可以看到其踪迹,以声子晶体为代表的声超材料具有很多天然材料所不具备的声学特性,为声学信号处理带来了很多创新的思路和途径。 声超材料的突出特点在于采用尺寸远小于入射波长的人工结构构建出等效参数,利用等效参数实现“小尺寸结构调控大尺寸波长”的目的。 ...

Identification of Noise Sources by Means of Inverse Finite Element Method

M. Weber[1], T. Kletschkowski[1], and B. Samtleben[2]
[1]Helmut-Schmidt-University Hamburg, Germany
[2]Airbus Germany

An inverse finite element method for noise source identification in an aircraft cabin is presented. If all sound sources are located on the boundary of the cabin, the equation system resulting from a matching FE model can be re-sorted in such a way that computation of the unknown boundary data is possible from measurement data taken in the cavity. The method is first validated using a simplified ...

Glass Plates Noise Transmission Suppression by Means of Distributed Piezoelectric Composite Actuators Shunted by an Active Circuit

K. Novakova[1][2], P. Mokry[2]
[1]Research Centre for Special Optics and Optoelectronic Systems (TOPTEC), Institute of Plasma Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Turnov, Czech Republic
[2]Institute of Mechatronics and Computer Engineering, Technical University of Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic

Glass windows represent a virtual sound source for buildings interior. It is very easy to make them vibrate by action of incident acoustic pressure wave. Therefore, non-negligible part of the wave is transmitted through the window. We propose and simulate a method based on the change of mechanical properties of the plate using flexible piezoelectric Macro Fiber Composite actuators distributed on ...

Flow Focusing Droplet Generation Using Linear Vibration - new

A. Salari[1], C. Dalton[1]
[1]Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

Flow focusing microchannels are widely used in droplet generation mechanisms. In this paper, the effect of linear vibration on the flow pattern in a flow focusing structure and the corresponding formed droplets were numerically investigated using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The results showed that vibration can be very effective on droplet formation, if the governing parameters such as ...

Analysis of the Acoustic Response of a Railroad Bridge

K. Koppenhoefer[1], S.Yushanov[1], and M.H. McKenna[2]

[1]AltaSim Technologies, LLC, Columbus, Ohio, USA
[2]U.S. Army Engineering Research and Development Center

Aging infrastructure requires frequent inspections to assess their structural integrity. However, the large amount of existing infrastructure, and the distance between these structures present significant challenges to inspectors. Acoustics-based technologies represent a simple, and relatively inexpensive, technique to monitor the integrity of a structure. To develop these techniques, designers ...

Thermal Analysis of a Piezo-Disk Ultrasound Probe

L. Spicci[1], M. Cati[1]
[1]Esaote, Firenze, Italy

Ultrasound imaging probes are widely used for several types of diagnosis applications. In the present work we focus our attention on a disk-type probe, which is widely used in CW and PW operating conditions. In particular we present a 2D-axial symmetry FEM for the probe, capable to predict both the operative temperature values at different driving signal frequencies, both the heating dynamics. ...