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COMSOL News Magazine 2017

Application of a Weakly Non-Linear Analysis to the Analysis of Thermoacoustic Combustion Instabilities - new

D. Laera[1], S. M. Camporeale[1], G. Campa[2]
[1]Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy
[2]Ansaldo Energia, Genoa, Italy

The thermoacoustic combustion instabilities are complex phenomena that may occur in steady flow combustion systems that are aboard of, e.g., rocket engines or gas turbines. The phenomena involve the interaction of chemical reactions with fluid-dynamic and propagation of pressure waves in the combustion chamber. Combustion instabilities may lead to a stable condition (known as “limit-cycle”) ...

Analysis of High-Frequency Thermoacoustic Instabilities in Lean, Premixed Gas Turbine Combustors

F. Berger [1], T. Hummel [1], P. Romero [1], M. Schulze [1], B. Schuermans [2], T. Sattelmayer [1],
[1] Lehrstuhl für Thermodynamik, TU München, Germany
[2] GE Power, Switzerland

Modern gas turbine systems for power generation are prone develop so-called thermosacoustic instabilities in the combustion chamber. Physically, these instabilities emerge as large amplitude pressure oscillations within the combustor, which are caused by constructive feedback interactions between the flame and the combustor's natural acoustic modes. The oscillations disturb the combustion ...

Design and Simulation of an Orbiting Piezoelectric MEMS Gyroscope Based on Detection of Phase-Shift Signals - new

S. Gorelick[1], J. R. Dekker[1], B. Guo[1], H. Rimminen[1]
[1] VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

The feasibility of phase-sensitive detection of angular-rates using bi-directional orbiting piezoresonators suspended by thick annular springs with thin-film aluminium nitride piezoactuators on top of them was investigated. The ring-shaped flexures are more suitable for supporting the orbiting motion due to their angle-dependent spring constant. The response of the orbiting resonators to ...

PCCP Profiling and Tube Wave Analysis of WRE Signal

N. Chowdhury[1], Z. Liao[2], and L. Zhao[1]
[1]Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
[2]Department of Architectural Science, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

Acoustic wave propagation due to the breakage or slippage of reinforced wire in water-filled prestressed concrete cylinder pipe (PCCP) attracts interest in non-destructive pipe testing. Current practice of acoustic emission (AE) detection and wire-break related events (WRE) recognition is based on field data analysis. This work deals with the theoretical investigation of WRE signal from ...

Design Of Acoustic Metamaterials Based On The Concept Of Dual Transmission Line

A-S.Moreau[1], H.Lissek[1], and F. Bongard[2]
[1]Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
[2]JAST SA, Antenna Systems, Lausanne, Switzerland

In this context, a one-dimensional acoustic transmission line, exhibiting metamaterial properties, is presented. It is composed of an acoustic waveguide, periodically loaded with membranes having the function of series capacitances, as well as transversally connected open channels (denoted stubs) having the function of shunt inductances. A validation of the transmission line design is made ...

Orientation of Piezoelectric Crystals and Acoustic Wave Propagation

G. Zhang[1]
[1]Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

Surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices are commonly used as wireless filters, resonators, and sensors. The confinement of acoustic energy near the surface of a piezoelectric substrate in a SAW sensor makes it highly sensitive for discerning surface perturbation. As sensors, SAW devices have the potential to provide a high-performance sensing platform with capabilities of remote and high-temperature ...

Underwater Flow Noise Simulation

S. H. Abadi [1], A. T. Lim [1],
[1] University of Washington, Bothell, WA, USA

Underwater acoustics is an area that studies the sound propagation in water and the interactions with other objects and water boundaries. There are many technologies available for acoustic exploration of the ocean. Underwater vehicles are robots used in ocean sciences that travel underwater autonomously and can tow a hydrophone as a mobile sensor to record sound. The turbulent flow induced by ...

A FEM Study of Displacement Sensor Based on Magnetostrictive/Piezoelectric Composite Material

Qingwei Liu [1], Hangjie Mo [1]
[1] Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

This paper studies the application of laminate magnetoelectric (ME) material in displacement sensor. We studied the L-L block composite thanks to designed structure by coupling displacement signal with the displacement potential of ME composite. A nonlinear approximation is adapted to modeling magnetostrictive phase and implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The simulation results ...

Compression Driver Simulation Including Air Damping in Phase Plug

R.Christensen, and U. Skov
iCapture ApS
Gadstrup, Denmark

A compression driver is a certain type of electrodynamic loudspeaker which has a phase plug with slits in front of the diaphragm. The slits are narrow enough that the so-called viscothermal effects are of significant importance. In this paper a 2D axisymmetric finite element model of a commercial compression driver is established where the vibroacoustic behavior can be evaluated. The ...

Guided Wave in Engineering Structures Using Non-Contact Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducers: A Numerical Approach for the Technique Optimisation

S. Soua[1], A. Raude[1], and T-H. Gan[1]
[1]NDT Technology Group, TWI Ltd, Cambridge, United Kingdom

There are over 10 million kilometers of pipes and pipelines around the world that carry hazardous fluids and gases. Fluids include oil, oil products, chemicals such as solvents, caustics, acids, corrosives and combustibles often at high pressure and temperature. These pipes are susceptible to corrosion if they are not protected properly by the environment or the contents. Inspection of pipes is ...