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Tertiary Current Distributions on Rotating Electrodes

L. Tong
Kesoku Engineering System Co., Ltd.,

The tertiary current distributions on rotating electrodes are studied in this work. An acid copper sulfate electrolyte is used within an electrochemical cell of practical dimensions. The distributions of ion concentrations are obtained by the two-dimensional fluid flow simulation and the solution of mass-transport equations based on axial symmetry.

Simulation of Production Processes using the Multiphysics Approach: The Electrochemical Machining Process

R. van Tijum
Advanced Technology Center, Philips Consumer Lifestyle, Drachten, The Netherlands

Redmer van Tijum studied Applied Physics at the University of Groningen. In 2006, he received his PhD title on ‘Interface and surface roughness of polymer metal laminates’ in the field of Material Science at the University of Groningen. After that he became research and development engineer at Philips, where he focussed his attention on the improvement of production processes mainly ...

Study of Hydrogen Release from a Metal Hydride Bed

K. Song[1], and H. Knickle[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston Rhode Island, USA

In this paper we present a study of the time dependent analysis of a metal hydride bed (MHB) which provides constant flow to a fuel cell at required power loading and pressure. The hydrogen gas phase pressure, the hydrogen concentration in the metal hydride and the hydrogen desorption rate are consider as key variables in this study. Both the space scale and time scale analysis are performed. ...

Modeling the Behavior of a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane within a Fuel Cell Using COMSOL

S. Beharry[1]
[1]University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

One viable alternative to non-renewable fossil fuels is the fuel cell. A special class of FC i.e. Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) has been investigated during the present study. Membrane is a very important part of a PEMFC as most ohmic losses occurs here and limits the maximum operating temperature, causes fuel cross over effect and increase electrochemical kinetics losses resulting ...

Modeling Proton Transport in Hydrophobic Polymeric Electrolytes

M. Andrews[1]
[1]Caribbean Industrial Research Institute, Calibration Laboratory, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

The Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cell is one of the most promising green technologies for addressing portable, as well as transportation power needs. However, the science behind the fuel cell, in many regards, is still an enigma, and even more so, with the vast numbers of novel materials created annually; designed to offset issues related to durability, conductivity, cost- effectiveness and ...

Modelling Coating Lifetime: First Practical Application for Coating Design

T. Machado Amorim [1], C. Allély[1], J. Caire[2]
[1]Arcelor Mittal Research, Maizieres-les-Metz, France
[2]ENSEEG, Grenoble, France

The corrosion at cut-made edges is significant due to the anode to cathode surface ratio in this region. The major problems are the risks of red rust appearance at the exposed steel surface, and the risks of paint delamination in case of insufficient corrosion protection. The work presented here focuses on the development of a 2D FEM model simulating a steady state corrosion situation at a cut ...

Fluid Flow and Current Density Distribution in Large-area HT PEMFCs

G. C. Bandlamudi[1,2], C. Siegel[2], C. Heßke[1], and A. Heinzel[1,2]
[1]ZBT Duisburg, Duisburg, Germany
[2]University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT PEMFCs) are very promising technologies when used in combined cooling and heating power (CCHP) systems. They are operated at 160°C, offering the possibility of high tolerance to fuel impurities and a possibility to use the heat generated for cooling and heating purposes, leading to higher total system efficiency. Employing a 24 ...

Modeling a Non-Flooding Hybrid Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell and Related Diffusion-Migration-Reaction Systems

B.E. McNealy[1], J.L. Hertz[1]
[1]University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA

Introduction: Understanding the mass and charge transport behavior of heterogeneous systems that include diffusion, migration, and reaction of ions is important in fuel cells, batteries, and other electrochemical applications. Here, a numerical model for charged species transport and reaction has been developed to simulate the electrochemical behavior of a novel type of “non-flooding” hybrid ...

Rechargeable Battery for Hybrid Diesel-Electric Locomotive

Michael A. Vallance
Team Leader, GE Global Research

Over time, rechargeable batteries degrade and eventually stop working. You see some combination of declining capacity, rapid self-discharge, and reduced power. Degradation mode depends on battery design, but also on the application. Often, multiple physical processes contribute to degradation. In the laboratory, you can measure performance degradation. You can dissect the battery to discover ...

Parametric Study of Electrolyte-Supported Planar Button Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

A. Aman[1], R. Gentile[1], Y. Xu[1], N. Orlovskaya[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA

Fuel cells are devices that convert chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy through electrochemical processes. One of the types of fuel cell is the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) that uses solid ceramics for electrolytes. Numerical simulation involves constructing a mathematical model of the SOFC and use of specifically designed software programs that allows the user to manipulate the ...