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Computational Modeling and Simulation of the Human Duodenum

B. Hari[1], S. Bakalis[1], P. Fryer[1]
[1]The University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Worldwide attention in the computational modeling and simulation of the human intestine is increasing in order to help understand its complex behavior and improve health. Computational fluid dynamics is an essential tool to understand the mechanics and transport phenomena of the human intestine, thereby advancing the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal related diseases. The aim of this ...

Optimization of MEMS Based Capacitive Accelerometer for Fully Implantable Hearing Aid Application

A. Dwivedi [1], G. Khanna [1],
[1] NIT Hamirpur, Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India

This work describes the design and optimization of three prototypes of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) capacitive accelerometer-based middle ear microphone. The microphone is intended for middle ear hearing aids as well as future fully implantable cochlear prosthesis. The analysis is done using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The maximum applied acceleration was considered 1g. Human temporal bones ...

Analysis of 3D Biocompatible Additive Structure Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

E. Lacatus[1], M. A. Sopronyi[2], G. C. Alecu[1], A. Tudor[1]
[1]Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
[2]INFLPR -National Institute for Laser Plasma and Radiation Physics, Bucharest, Romania

For biocompatible prosthetics, from dental implants up to bone parts, manufacturers have to find the best way to correlate process parameters and the material properties as to meet the unique needs of individuals. Additive manufacturing techniques aim at creating complex biocompatible structures able to overcome the present shortfalls of the metal and metal alloys implants related to ...

Modeling Deep-Bed Grain Drying Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

J.G. Pieters[1], R. ElGamal[1], F. Ronsse[1]
[1]Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Department of Biosystems Engineering, Ghent, Belgium

CFD simulations were carried out to predict the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients in the rice bed, and correlations were developed for the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients as a function of drying air flow rate. The developed correlations were used to extend the model developed by ElGamal et al. (2013) for thin-layer rice drying to volumetric heat and mass transfer in a ...

Flexible Numerical Platform for Electrical Impedance Tomography

A. Fouchard [1], S. Bonnet [1], L. Hervé [1], O. David [2],
[1] University Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LETI, MINATEC Campus, Grenoble, France
[2] Univesité Joseph Fourier, Grenoble Institute of Neuroscience, La Tronche, France

An implementation of the Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) forward problem in a generalist FEM package is presented. It fulfils the complete electrode model boundary conditions, combining current injection with contact impedance on a single boundary. Our implementation is benchmarked with the EIDORS FEM library. The Comsol Multiphysics environment proves consistent and provides a flexible ...

Deformation of Biconcave Red Blood Cell in the Dual-Beam Optical Tweezers

Y. Sheng, and L. Yu
University Laval
Quebec City, QC
Canada

A biconcave-shaped Red Blood Cell was trapped and deformed in a dual-trap optical tweezers. The two highly focused trapping beams of Gaussian intensity distribution were modeled as background field in the COMSOL Radio Frequency Module. The 3D radiation stress distribution on the cell surface was computed via the Maxwell stress tensor. The 3D deformation of the cell was computed with the ...

Determination of Mechanic Resistance of Osseous Element Through Finite Element Modeling

E. Isaza[1], E. Salazar[1], L. Florez[1]
[1]Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia

The consequences of hip fracture and femoral fracture are widely known. The mechanical strength of the femur varies in every person, but it is possible to predict the mechanical resistance with parameters like density, dimensions and mineral content. This paper uses different models and empirical studies to determine the mechanical properties of the human femur, developing isotropic and ...

Multiphysics Modeling and Analysis of DBS Electrodes: Application to Parkinson’s Disease

M.Vidya[1], M. SharatDivya[1], N.Priyadarshini[1], E.R Rajkumar[1]
[1]Division of Biomedical Engineering, Center for Biomedical Engineering Research, School Of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University Vellore, India.

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a surgical technique that involves surgically implanting Platinum electrode to create an electric field to activate the targeted nerve cells and fibers with minimized side effects. Important stimulation parameters to monitor include temperature, electric field intensity and the current density.This paper gives a Finite Element Model (FEM) for DBS electrode in ...

Simulation of the Electrode-Tissue Interface with Biphasic Pulse Train for Epi-retinal Prosthesis

S. Biswas[1], S. Das[2], M. Mahadevappa[2]
[1]Advanced Technology Development Center, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
[2]School of Medical Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) and Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) are diseases causing blindness in a large number of people. In this type of degenerative disease, mostly the photoreceptors are damaged. Thus attempts have been made to electrically stimulate the surviving inner retinal neurons and retinal ganglion cells (RGC) in order to restore vision. In this paper, the electrode-tissue ...

Efficient, Selective Piezoeletric Wave Transduction Using Interdigitated Electrodes - new

H. T. D. Grigg[1], T. H. Hanley[1], B. J. Gallacher[1]
[1]Newcastle University, Newcastle, Tyne and Wear, UK

This work enunciates the principles of SAW design from a physical perspective, examining the standard engineering modelling assumptions in some detail. An integral form analytical expression based on 2D elastic isotropic theory is validated against a COMSOL Multiphysics® simulation, corresponding to the traditional COM approach. Next, a COMSOL model of the full 3D problem, including anisotropy, ...