Acoustic Field Comparison of High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Using Experimental Characterization and Finite Element Simulation
J. L. Teja, A. Vera, L. Leija
Department of Electrical Engineering, Cinvestav-IPN, Mexico D.F., Mexico
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is used as a noninvasive technique of tissue heating and ablation for different medical treatments. This paper presents a quantitative comparison of HIFU acoustic fields experimentally obtained versus simulated acoustic fields. Acoustic field characterization was realized in two HIFU transducers using water as a propagation medium. Also, simulations were ...
Stochastic Diffusion of Calcium Ions Through a Nanopore in the Cell Membrane Created by Electroporation - new
O. Henao, V. Gómez, I. De La Pava, J. Sánchez 
Grupo Fisiología Celular y Aplicada, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia
We simulated the diffusion of calcium ions through a nanopore created in the cell membrane by electroporation, in presence and absence of the external electric field responsible of the membrane permeabilization. First we solved the set of coupled differential equations that describe the process of ionic diffusion in a 2D nanopore model using the AC/DC Module and the Transport of Diluted Species ...
Improving Detection Sensitivity for Nanoscale Targets Through Combined Photonic and Plasmonic Techniques
G. Zhang, Y. Zhao
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
Photonic technique such as the whispering gallery mode (WGM) is often used for detection of small particles like bacteria and viruses. It offers good detection sensitivity and is advantageous over other detection techniques because the detection can be label free. However, the detection sensitivity may not be sufficient when the size of the detection target is in nanoscale. To change this, we ...
Christ University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Fluorescence Diffuse Optical Tomography (FDOT) uses Near Infra-Red (NIR) light to monitor physiological changes in internal organs. NIR light being less energetic in nature can be used for continuous monitoring of tumor infected biological tissue, neonatal brain and many such applications where high energy radiation can cause severe damage. In this paper, a comparative study on the 3D modeling ...
M.Vidya, M. SharatDivya, N.Priyadarshini, E.R Rajkumar
Division of Biomedical Engineering, Center for Biomedical Engineering Research, School Of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University Vellore, India.
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a surgical technique that involves surgically implanting Platinum electrode to create an electric field to activate the targeted nerve cells and fibers with minimized side effects. Important stimulation parameters to monitor include temperature, electric field intensity and the current density.This paper gives a Finite Element Model (FEM) for DBS electrode in ...
E. Lacatus, M. A. Sopronyi, G. C. Alecu, A. Tudor
Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
INFLPR -National Institute for Laser Plasma and Radiation Physics, Bucharest, Romania
For biocompatible prosthetics, from dental implants up to bone parts, manufacturers have to find the best way to correlate process parameters and the material properties as to meet the unique needs of individuals. Additive manufacturing techniques aim at creating complex biocompatible structures able to overcome the present shortfalls of the metal and metal alloys implants related to ...
M. Miliani, F. Piccagli
Medtronic Invatec S.p.A., Roncadelle, BS, Italy
During peripheral intravascular interventions one of the main issues is the correct deployment of the guidewire (GW) to the anatomical site which has to be treated, often supported by a microcatheter. There is a trade-off between the microcatheter flexibility and its push-ability to be able to reach the anatomical site. The catheter design has been defined with 2 transition zones. A parametric ...
K. Basu, P. Ghosh, S. Bhattacharjee, S. Das , A. Chanda
School of Bio Science and Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Cardiovascular disease has become a major healthcare problem. To tackle this along with bypass surgery, the use of the cardiovascular stent is considered promising and effective. In this study, we aim to find the effectiveness of stent deployments and their influence on haemodynamics post their deployment in human arteries. For the study we have reconstructed single units of two commercially ...
D. Mondal, C. RoyChaudhuri
Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Bengal Engineering and Science University, Howrah, West Bengal, India
In this paper, the gross electrical characterization of biological cells on porous substrate is analyzed using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Dynamic electrical characterization during cell growth is used as a non-invasive and label-free technique to understand the growth kinetics of cells. It is observed from the COMSOL simulation that the percentage change in the current density is greater in porous ...
E. Hollander, E. O. Kamenetskii, R. Shavit
Microwave Magnetic Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Microwave sensing and monitoring is very attractive for biological applications because of their sensitivity to water and dielectric contrast. Direct detection of biological structures in microwave frequencies and understanding of the molecular mechanisms of microwave effects is considered as a problem of a great importance. Nowadays, however, microwave technique for localized testing biological ...