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Hier finden Sie Veröffentlichungen und Präsentationen der weltweit stattfindenden COMSOL-Konferenzen. In diesen präsentieren Ihre Fachkollegen ihre neuesten mit COMSOL Multiphysics entwickelten Produkte und Ideen. Die Forschungsthemen umfassen ein weites Feld von Industrien und Anwendungsbereichen, die von Mechanik und Elektronik über Strömungen bis zur Chemie reichen. Nutzen Sie die Quick Search, um die zu Ihrem Forschungsbereich passenden Präsentationen zu finden.

Perforation Effect on a Rectangular Metal Hydride Tank for Hydriding and Dehydriding Process

E. Gkanas[1][2], S. Makridis[1][2], E. Kikkinides[1], A. Stubos[2]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
[2]Environmental Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR 'Demokritos', Agia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece

Hydrogen storage in a metal hydride bed, uses an intermetallic alloy that can absorb efficiently high amounts of hydrogen by chemical bonding resulting to metal hydrides. This alloy is capable of absorbing and desorbing hydrogen while maintaining its own structure. The heat, mass and momentum transfer in a metal-hydride reactor is mathematically described by energy, mass and momentum balance ...

Providing an Entry Length in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactors with Fast Diffusion

D. Dalle Nogare[1] and P. Canu[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...

Optimization of Around-The-End Hydraulic Mixer Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

S. Mohammadighavam[1], B. Kløve[1]
[1]University of Oulu, Department of Process and Environmental Engineering ,Oulu, Finland

After rapid mixing of waste water and coagulant, an effective slow mixing during a reasonable retention time will cause to grow the size of flocs up which will settle out easily. Around-the-end hydraulic mixer with barriers is one of the efficient facilities that have been used in water treatment plants for this purpose. A uniform velocity gradient (G) is needed to achieve efficient mixing and ...

Acid-Base Reactions Enhancing Membrane Separation: Model Development and Implementation

C. Bayer[1], S. Stiefel[1], M. Follmann[1], and T. Melin[1]

[1]AVT Chemical Process Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Reactive extraction of organic acids from an aqueous solution to an alkaline stripping fluid is based on a selective barrier allowing permeation of non-polar molecules, which subsequently react with the stripping agent. The shift from the organic acid to its base induced by the chemical equilibrium enhances mass transfer inside the membrane’s porous substructure. A model of the porous layer ...

Analyte Capture from Liquid Samples: Size Matters

M. Weber[1], M. Reed[1]
[1]Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA

Arrays of vertical pillars, Micro Purification Chips, have been widely used for analyte capture from liquid samples [Henderson et. al, 2006], [Toner et. al, 2007], [Stern et. al, 2010]. However exact understanding of the capture efficiency mechanisms has not been previously explained. Here we present a model in COMSOL Multiphysics® which calculates analyte capture efficiency based on initial ...

Modelling of Reactive Non-Isothermal Mixture Flow and its Simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

V. Orava[1,2], O. Soucek[1], P. Cedula[2]
[1]Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
[2]Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, Switzerland

I introduce a model of fluidized reactor which, in presence of heterogeneous platinum-based catalyst, decomposes liquid formic acid producing gaseous mixture of carbon dioxide and hydrogen as the product. I treat the physical system as a (Class II) mixture of four constituents - namely formic acid (FA), Platinum micro-pellets (Pt), carbon dioxide (CO_2) and hydrogen (H_2) - which can be, without ...

Dynamic adsorption with FEMLAB, modeling breakthrough curves of gaseous pollutants through activated carbon beds

Joly, A.1, Volpert, V.1, Perrard, A.2
1 Institut Camille Jordan (ICJ), CNRS UMR 5208, Mathématiques, Université Claude Bernard Lyon, Villeurbanne Cedex, France
2 Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse, CNRS UPR 5401, Villeurbanne Cedex, France.

The purpose of this presentation is to expose how to apply FEMLAB to model the dynamic adsorption through adsorbent columns and to use the results of the numerical simulations to interpret the experiments. The mathematical formulation of the phenomena leads to a system of two partial differential equations (mass balance and adsorption rate), which can be solved in most cases only after ...

Design by FEMLAB of a complex 3D solid substrate for study of microbial growth kinetics

Molin, P., Ferret, E., Gervais, P.
Laboratoire GPAB, ENSBANA, Dijon, France

A 3D model for growth of filamentous fungi on solid substrate, based on microscopic observations was developed and tested on macroscopic experimental data. Comparisons with previous models were performed. The specificity of solid substrate growth was taken into account in the model equations. Interest for FEMLAB users is the difficulties we had to define 3D complex structures, like polyhedra.

Reaction and Thermal Modeling of a Packed Bed Reactor for Hydrogen Storage

T. Williams1, K. Gazda1, A. Kindler2, Y. Huang2, D. Karner3, J. Read4
1GreenMountain Engineering, San Fransisco, CA, USA
2Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, CA, USA
3ETEC, Phoenix, AZ, USA
4ECOtality, Scottsdale, AZ, USA

Energy storage is an increasingly important area of research both for use in alternative transportation and to enable the widespread use of intermittent energy sources such as wind and solar energy. This paper presents a multiphysics model of a novel technology for hydrogen storage, in which hydrogen is stored in a packed bed of metal hydride and released by application of steam through a number ...

Analysis of Heat, Mass Transport, and Momentum Transport Effects in Complex Catalyst Shapes for Gas-Phase Heterogeneous Reactions Using COMSOL Multiphysics

A. Nagaraj[1], and P. Mills[2]

[1]Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
[2]Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

The global demand for sulfuric acid has been forecast to grow at an average of 2.6% per year from 2005 – 2010. The primary objective of this work is to analyze the performance of various heterogeneous catalyst shapes that have been proposed for the oxidation of SO2 to SO3 used in the manufacture of sulfuric acid. COMSOL Multiphysics provides a powerful numerical platform for simulation of ...

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