G.M. Mule, A.A. Kulkarni
CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Stirred tanks are widely used in the pharmaceuticals, chemical and paint industries for variety of operations. The fractal impeller is an impeller having a novel design, developed by CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India. The power number of fractal impeller is relatively lower than the conventional impellers. The mixing performance is also relatively better than the conventional ...
F. J. Navarro-Brull , P. Poveda , J. Ramis , R. Gómez ,
 Departament de Química Física, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain
 Departament de Física, Enginyeria de Sistemes i Teoria del Senyal, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain
Possible drawbacks of microreactors are inefficient reactant mixing due to the predominance of laminar flow and clogging (when solid-forming reactions are performed or solid catalyst suspensions are used). Ultrasound has been successfully implemented not only to prevent these problems but also for its well-known mixing and particle-dispersion effects. Several configurations have been used for ...
B. Suryawansi , B. Mohanty ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India.
In the present work, COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used to solve a mass transfer based mathematical model (Stastova et al., 1996) which is a modified form of Sovova H.,1994 model. The modification has been brought about by introducing the term ‘Grinding efficiency’ in the model and the results of the this model has been compared with the theoretical results obtained by Duba and Fiori, 2015 ...
Simulation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst Used in a NOx Storage and Reduction system for Heavy Duty Trucks
C. Odenbrand, and E. Senar Serra
Department of Chemical Engineering, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
This work concerns the performance of an oxidation catalyst used in a NOx storage and reduction system. The oxidation of NO is the main objective of this study, where the presence of CO and propene has also been taken into account. Experimental data has been determined on a monolithic oxidation catalyst mounted after a heavy duty diesel engine in a rig. The conversion of hydrocarbons is ...
E. Abarca, A. Nardi, F. Grandia, J. Molinero
Amphos21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. A configuration of denser CO2-enriched brine overlying lighter water leads to convective flow and the formation of gravity fingers ...
朱铧丞 , 张春 , 叶菁华 ,
微波作为信息和能量的载体具有同等重要的应用价值，利用微波对物质产生的物理化学效应进行能量传递及转换已经在化学领域有了积极的应用。从 1986 年 R.N. Gedye 等人首次使用微波促进化学反应使其反应速率提高 1240 倍以来，有越来越多的微波和化学领域的科学家对相关问题进行了研究，并出现了一门新兴学科“微波化学”。微波化学作为研究微波能的一个方面是研究微波与化学反应体系相互作用的一个新兴学科。由于当前人们对微波加快化学反应的研究还非常肤浅，微波在大规模应用中并未发挥出其应有的巨大优势，微波化学进一步发展面临着巨大的挑战和机遇。目前微波化学的研究可以分为宏观和微观两个层面：（1）在宏观层面人们并不关心微波对分子之间行为的影响，其研究要用多物理场数值计算方法获得反应体系中电磁场、温度等物理量的分布和变化；（2）微观层面的研究，重点关注微波对反应分子之间相互作用的影响 ...
D. Dalle Nogare and P. Canu
Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...
P. L. Mills, A. Nagaraj
Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
Department of Environmental Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
Introduction: Development of next-generation chemical processes that have zero emissions is a key environmental objective for sustainable development. The manufacture of H2SO4 by the air oxidation of SO2 to SO3 is an important technology where an opportunity exists for new catalyst development and process innovation by reducing emissions of unconverted SO2 in process reactor tail gases owing to ...
Simeon Cavadias , Cédric Guyon , Gerrardo Vera De la Cruz ,
 Institut Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (IPGG) - UPMC, France
 Chimie-ParisTech - Institut Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (IPGG) , France
 Master Nuclear Energy, ISTN (Saclay), France
Emulsions, small liquid droplets of oil in water or water in oil, find wide application in, pharmaceutical products, fine chemicals, analytical chemistry. Microfluidic devices allow creation of uniform droplets with a tight distribution. The COMSOL Multiphysics® software model presented here is an extension of the tutorial “Droplet Breakup in a T- junction”. In this tutorial uniform droplets ...
S. Denys , J. van Walsem , J. Roegiers , S. Lenaerts ,
 University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
As in industrial countries, people spend most of their time indoors and the stringent heat-insulation measures in combination with deficient ventilation have a negative impact on indoor air quality, one approach for abating indoor air pollution is the integration or retrofitting of a photocatalytic oxidation or PCO reactor into continuous flow. PCO technology is very cost-effective, efficient ...