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Claus Process Reactor Simulation

J. Plawsky[1],
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

A model was developed to simulate the reaction, concentration field, flow field, and temperature distribution inside a Claus reactor for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur. The model considered two ideal reactors, a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor. As expected, two ideal reactors showed much different behaviors in terms of reactant conversion and operating ...

Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new

A. Dixon[1], B. MacDonald[1], A. Olm[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...

Modelling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Food Products

[1]M.B. Andreasen

[1]Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark

The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations of Graphene Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) Growth - new

K. M. Al-Shurman[1], H. Naseem[1]
[1]The Institute for Nanoscience & Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is a promising effective method for synthesis of graphene films. CVD graphene film is obtained from hydrocarbon species such as CH4 through complex catalytic chemical reactions on the surface of the catalyst. Therefore, studying the catalytic reaction kinetics is essential process for understanding the thermal decomposition rate of methane on catalyst surface as ...

CFD Modeling and Analysis of a Planar Anode Supported Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell - new

N. Lemcoff[1], M. Tweedie[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]Enthone, West Haven, CT, USA

A planar anode-supported intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell operating on syngas fuel at 750°C was analyzed in this study. The effects of varying syngas fuel inlet compositions on species and temperature distributions, water gas shift reaction rate, potential for carbon formation and electrochemistry were considered. A 2-D COMSOL® model was developed which included separate defined ...

Analysis of Heat, Mass Transport, and Momentum Transport Effects in Complex Catalyst Shapes for Gas-Phase Heterogeneous Reactions Using COMSOL Multiphysics

A. Nagaraj[1], and P. Mills[2]

[1]Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
[2]Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

The global demand for sulfuric acid has been forecast to grow at an average of 2.6% per year from 2005 – 2010. The primary objective of this work is to analyze the performance of various heterogeneous catalyst shapes that have been proposed for the oxidation of SO2 to SO3 used in the manufacture of sulfuric acid. COMSOL Multiphysics provides a powerful numerical platform for simulation of ...

Diffusion Modeling in TGA in Context of CO2 Gasification of Char

G. Samdani[1], S. Mahajani[1], A. Ganesh[1], P. Aghalayam[2], R. K. Sapru[3], D. K. Mathur[3]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India
[2]Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India
[3]UCG Group, IRS, ONGC, Chankheda, Ahmadabad

The Thermo- Gravimetric Apparatus (TGA) is often used for kinetics determination. In TGA setup, gasification reaction may be limited by the reach (diffusion) of the gasification agent to the internal surfaces of the char particles. In addition to this, after some time, ash is formed between the bulk of the gas and the upper surface of char. The present modeling exercise is aimed at examining the ...

A Wall-Cooled Fixed-Bed Reactor Model for Gas-Phase Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

A. Nanduri [1], P. L. Mills [1],
[1] Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

In the early 1920’s, Gas-To-Liquids (GTL) and Coal-To-Liquids (CTL) technologies were developed to account for the depleting crude oil resources [1]. During this period, Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch developed a process to convert synthesis gas (syn gas), derived from coal gasification, to a wide range of high value-added products. This process later came to be known as Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) ...

Diffusion and Reaction in Fe-Based Catalyst for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Using Micro Kinetic Rate Expressions - new

A. Nanduri[1], P. L. Mills[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) is a highly exothermic polymerization reaction of syngas (CO+H2) in the presence of Fe/Co/Ru-based catalysts to produce a wide range of paraffins, olefins and oxygenates, often known as syncrude. Multi-Tubular Fixed Bed Reactors (MTFBR) and Slurry Bubble Column Reactors (SBCR) are widely employed for FTS processes. The scale-up of MTFBR is complicated by the ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of Flow in a Radial Flow Fixed Bed Reactor (RFBR)

A. G. Dixon [1], D. S. Polcari [1], A. D. Stolo [1], M. Tomida [1],
[1] Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

For design of radial flow fixed bed reactors, it is important to ensure proper flow distribution through the catalyst bed. A 2D axisymmetric model of a radial-flow reactor was used to evaluate flow maldistribution through the catalyst bed and the pressure drop through the reactor for a specified flow rate. Effects of different catalysts, screen sizes and flow direction were simulated. Factors ...