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COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of 3D Single-Phase Transport in a Random Packed Bed of Spheres - new

A. Dixon[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

Packed beds are important in the chemical industries. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can simulate detailed flow and scalar transport in packed beds for improved understanding and quantitative information. We present simulations of single-phase gas flow, conjugate heat transfer and isothermal dispersion of mass in a 3D model of a randomly-packed bed (tube-to-particle diameter ratio = 5.96) of ...

Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new

A. Dixon[1], B. MacDonald[1], A. Olm[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...

Turbulent Premixed Combustion with FGM in COMSOL Multiphysics®

R. Bastiaans[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

In this paper a new method for turbulent combustion modeling is introduced in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The method is called Flamelet Generated Manifolds (FGM). The method is based on the concept of flamelets, elemental reaction layers in combustion. The only hypothesis is that the turbulent combustion takes place in the Thin Reaction Zones regime (TRZ). A regime that normally is the case in gas ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of Flow in a Radial Flow Fixed Bed Reactor (RFBR)

A. G. Dixon [1], D. S. Polcari [1], A. D. Stolo [1], M. Tomida [1],
[1] Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

For design of radial flow fixed bed reactors, it is important to ensure proper flow distribution through the catalyst bed. A 2D axisymmetric model of a radial-flow reactor was used to evaluate flow maldistribution through the catalyst bed and the pressure drop through the reactor for a specified flow rate. Effects of different catalysts, screen sizes and flow direction were simulated. Factors ...

Computational Optimization of Battery Grid for Efficiency and Performance Improvement

V. Panneerselvam [1], R. C. Thiagarajan [1]
[1] ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt Ltd, Bengaluru, India

Battery grids are critical system used in automobile, renewable energy, medical devices and mobile phones. Research efforts are directed to increase energy density, longevity and reduce the cost. This paper is related to computational optimisation of lead acid battery for efficiency and performance improvement. Battery grid is the precursor for the active material and current distribution in ...

Charge-Discharge Studies of Lithium Iron Phosphate Batteries

A. K. R. Paul [1], R. D. Pal [2],
[1] CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India
[2] Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

A lithium-ion battery comprises of two intercalating electrodes separated by a membrane, sandwiched between aluminum and copper current collecting plates. The battery performance depends upon several parameters and its operating conditions. In this work we developed a model for a lithium iron phosphate battery and validated our results with experimental charge-discharge curves. We however note ...

Optimization of DPF Structures with a 3D-Unit Cell Model

W. Beckert[1], M. Dannowski[1], L. Wagner[1], J. Adler[1]
[1]Fraunhofer IKTS, Dresden, Germany

The 3D unit cell model approach offers an efficient tool to analyze the influences of geometrical design (channel shape and arrangement, filter length, wall thickness) and filter material properties (permeability, soot loading characteristics) on the performance of ceramic particle filter structure in the soot loading process, assessed by pressure loss and soot loading capacity. It does ...

Combining Multiphysics Modeling and Solution Thermodynamics Using M4Dlib, an External Library

T. Marin-Alvarado [1],
[1] M4Dynamics, Toronto, ON, Canada

An external library, M4Dlib [1], has been developed to solve multiphysics problems coupled to solution thermodynamics. This approach extends the local equilibrium concept[2] to multiphysics modeling by incorporating a full Gibbs energy minimization routine at each numerical node to calculate the equilibrium based on global temperature, enthalpy or concentration conditions (Figure 1). The ...

Claus Process Reactor Simulation

J. Plawsky[1],
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

A model was developed to simulate the reaction, concentration field, flow field, and temperature distribution inside a Claus reactor for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur. The model considered two ideal reactors, a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor. As expected, two ideal reactors showed much different behaviors in terms of reactant conversion and operating ...


万通 [1], 雍兴跃 [1], 肖宁 [1],
[1] 北京化工大学,北京,中国

研究结果表明,海水中钢结构设备的腐蚀问题触目惊心,通常会造成设备损坏、性能降低。由此可见,控制腐蚀是一项十分重要的任务。 钢结构设备的防腐保护主要采用阴极保护和涂层保护两种方式,然而,由于涂层自身不可避免的缺陷以及施工过程中导致的缺陷,腐蚀仍将在以上造成的缺陷处发生。因此,在接触海水的部位,为了消除涂层缺陷而造成的腐蚀,通常根据钢结构的实际情况和使用状态,采用阴极保护的方法。电位是阴极保护工程中,对控制和监视阴极保护效果进行评价的一项重要指标,因而,非常有必要去了解被保护设备表面上的电位分布。 使用Comsol进行阴极保护数值模拟计算时,步骤如下: (1)选择物理场 “模型向导”>“三维”>“二次电流分布”>“稳态”>“研究”; (2)建立模型 在COMSOL中按照实际尺寸进行建模; (3)输入参数 模拟所需参数:1)温度T:298.15K; 2)电解质(海水 ...