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Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Blood Flow over a Backward-Facing Step: Steady-State Simulation

M.W. Siebert[1], and P.S. Fodor[1]
[1]Physics Department, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

In this work, the fluid flow over a 2D backward-facing step is analyzed in order to provide a case study for the use of different models for the blood dynamic viscosity in COMSOL Multiphysics. Three non-Newtonian models, as well as the Newtonian model are used to study the shear stresses and the reattachment length as a function of the fluid speed. The non-Newtonian models used in this study are ...

Simulation of Droplet Impingement on a Solid Surface by the Level Set Method - new

J. Hu[1], R. Jia[1], K. Wan[2], X. Xiong[3]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
[2]Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA
[3]Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA

The dynamic behavior of droplet impingement on a solid surface is important to many engineering applications. This paper studied the dynamic behavior of a droplet impinging onto solid dry surfaces with different surface wettability using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The simulation results were validated against experimental results. It was found that the Level Set method can predict the ...

2D Axisymmetric Simulation of Pulsed Electrochemical Machining (PECM) of Internal Precision Geometries

M. Hackert-Oschätzchen [1], M. Kowalick [1], R. Paul [1], M. Zinecker [1], D. Kuhn [1], G. Meichsner [2], A. Schubert [3],
[1] Professorship Micromanufacturing Technology, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany
[2] Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
[3] Professorship Micromanufacturing Technology, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany; Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany

This study presents investigations on a developed process design for manufacturing internal precision geometries by pulsed electrochemical machining (PECM) with help of multiphysics simulations. Therefore, a 2D axisymmetric transient model was created. The considered physical phenomena are fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, electrodynamics, the formation and transport of hydrogen as well as ...

Comparison Between Phase Field and ALE Methods to Model the Keyhole Digging During Spot Laser Welding

V. Bruyere[1], C. Touvrey[1], P. Namy[2]
[1]CEA-DAM, Is-sur-Tille, France
[2]SIMTEC, Grenoble, France

Nowadays, spot laser welding is a full-fledged part of industrial manufacturing and is routinely used due to its advantages. It generates very located temperature gradients, and therefore, induces small distortions in the pieces. The COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the interaction stage of an isolated impact made with a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The free surface evolution has been ...

Understanding the Transition Flow Region through Modeling in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

J. Sturnfield [1],
[1] Dow Chemical, Freeport, TX, USA

The pore sizes of many membranes being studied for separating the components in gas mixtures are on the scale of nanometers. Depending on the specific gases and pressures being used, this scale will put the flows in the Transition between Slip Flow and Knudsen regime. The differential flow of the gas components gives the relative diffusion of the gases through the membrane. There are a number of ...

Design of Small-Scaled de Laval Nozzle for IGLIS Experiment

E. Mogilevskiy[1], R. Ferrer[1], L. Gaffney[1], C. Granados[1], M. Huyse[1], Yu. Kudryavtsev[1], S. Raeder[1], P. Van Duppen[1]
[1]KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Leuven, Belgium

De Laval nozzles are used in supersonic aerodynamical tubes and engines. They are also employed for the production of cold gas jets to be used in chemical reactions studies. Recently, cold gas jets have been proposed of In-Gas Laser ionization Spectroscopy (IGLIS) The nozzle has a converging and a diverging part with a throat between them. High gas pressure and temperature, and low velocity ...

Topology Optimization of Thermal Heat Sinks

J. H. K. Haertel [1], K. Engelbrecht [1], B. S. Lazarov [2], O. Sigmund [2],
[1] Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark
[2] Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lynby, Denmark

1. Introduction The topology optimization method is becoming increasingly popular as a design tool for multiphysics systems [1,2]. Topology optimization of fluid-thermal systems has been presented for example in [3] for forced convective heat transfer and in [4] for natural convection problems. In this work, topology optimization including density filtering and projection is applied to ...

COMSOL Implementation of a Multiphase Fluid Flow Model in Porous Media

M. Diaz-Viera, D. Lopez-Falcon, A. Moctezuma-Berthier, and A. Ortiz-Tapia
Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo, México D.F., Mexico

The aim of the present work is to implement in COMSOL Multiphysics a multiphase fluid flow model in porous media, also known in the oil reservoir engineering literature as a black oil model, using a standard finite element approach. In particular, we are interested to apply this model coupled with a multiphase, multicomponent transport model to study Enhanced Oil Recovery processes at laboratory ...

Water Quality Modeling of Drinking Water Storage Reservoir Noardburgum

N. Wolthek[1]
[1]Vitens NV, Zwolle, The Netherlands

The water storage reservoir at the WTP Noardburgum is used to even out demand and supply and ensure a stable drinking water production capacity. At the moment the rectangular reservoir has a single pipeline which serves as an inlet during the fill cycle and as an outlet during the draw cycle. This study aims to examine the current mixing characteristics of the reservoir and to investigate ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of 3D Single-Phase Transport in a Random Packed Bed of Spheres - new

A. Dixon[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

Packed beds are important in the chemical industries. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can simulate detailed flow and scalar transport in packed beds for improved understanding and quantitative information. We present simulations of single-phase gas flow, conjugate heat transfer and isothermal dispersion of mass in a 3D model of a randomly-packed bed (tube-to-particle diameter ratio = 5.96) of ...