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Simulation of Droplet Impingement on a Solid Surface by the Level Set Method - new

J. Hu[1], R. Jia[1], K. Wan[2], X. Xiong[3]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
[2]Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA
[3]Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA

The dynamic behavior of droplet impingement on a solid surface is important to many engineering applications. This paper studied the dynamic behavior of a droplet impinging onto solid dry surfaces with different surface wettability using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The simulation results were validated against experimental results. It was found that the Level Set method can predict the ...

Air Damping of Oscillating MEMS Structures: Modeling and Comparison with Experiment

S. Gorelick[1], M. Leivo[1], U. Kantojärvi[1]
[1]VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

Excessive air damping can be detrimental to the performance of oscillating MEMS components. Complex systems, such as structures in pre-etched cavities or angular comb-drive scanning mirrors, typically require simulations to reliably evaluate the air damping. The simulated and experimental performance of the following systems was evaluated and compared: two types of out-of-plane cantilevers, in ...

An MHD Study of the Behavior of an Electrolyte Solution Using 3D Numerical Simulation

L. P. Aoki[1], H. E. Schulz[1], M. G. Maunsell[1]
[1]University of São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil

This article considers a closed water circuit with square cross section filled with an electrolyte fluid. The conductor fluid was moved using an electromagnetic pump, in which a permanent magnet generates a magnetic field and electrodes generate the electric field in the flow. Thus, the movement is a consequence of the magnetohydrodynamic (or MHD) effect. The model adopted here was derived from ...

Modelling and Simulation of Single Phase Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Packed Beds using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Sachdev[1], S. Pareek[1], B. Mahadevan[1], A. Deshpande[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, BITS Pilani Goa Campus, Zuarinagar, Goa, India

Computational fluid dynamics has emerged as an advanced tool for studying detailed behavior of fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics in many chemical engineering applications like packed beds. Packed beds play an important role in various chemical industries. Hence understanding the fluid flow behavior and temperature variation in different sections of packed bed is essential. Geometric ...

Geometric Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Airfoil Shapes Using Integrated MATLAB® and COMSOL Multiphysics

A. Safari[1], H. Lemu G.[1], H. Severson[1]
[1]University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway

This paper proposes a framework for an efficient integration between geometric modeling program and analysis tool for a coming automated aerodynamic design optimization mission. This demand can be addressed by using both in-house codes and commercial software which have the good ability of live-link and efficient integration. In this study, the mathematical modeling of a turbomachinery airfoil ...

Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Blood Flow over a Backward-Facing Step: Steady-State Simulation

M.W. Siebert[1], and P.S. Fodor[1]
[1]Physics Department, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

In this work, the fluid flow over a 2D backward-facing step is analyzed in order to provide a case study for the use of different models for the blood dynamic viscosity in COMSOL Multiphysics. Three non-Newtonian models, as well as the Newtonian model are used to study the shear stresses and the reattachment length as a function of the fluid speed. The non-Newtonian models used in this study are ...

Numerical Computation of Two-Phase Flow in Porous Media

D. Droste[1], F. Lindner[1], C. Mundt[1], M. Pfitzner[1]
[1]Universität der Bundeswehr, Munich, Bavaria, Germany

In this study we investigate the heat and mass transfer in a porous media with phase change. The liquid fluid is injected from one side and heated from the other side, where it leaves the porous material in a gaseous state. Dominant forces are capillary interactions and two-phase heat conduction. To model the process we use a two-phase mixture model on a macroscopic scale. This model is ...

Claus Process Reactor Simulation

J. Plawsky[1],
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

A model was developed to simulate the reaction, concentration field, flow field, and temperature distribution inside a Claus reactor for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur. The model considered two ideal reactors, a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor. As expected, two ideal reactors showed much different behaviors in terms of reactant conversion and operating ...

Heat Transfer in Borehole Heat Exchangers from Laminar to Turbulent Conditions - new

E. Holzbecher[1], H. Räuschel[1]
[1]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Borehole heat exchangers (BHE) in connection with heat pumps and floor heating in many countries are becoming an alternative to conventional heating or cooling systems using fossil resources. We describe how 1D components for heat transport in pipes can be coupled with a 2D or 3D component for the ground. Thermal conductances are derived for laminar, transitory and turbulent flow conditions in ...

Multiscale Modeling of Polymer Crystallization

R. Spina[1], M. Spekowius[2], C. Hopmann[2]
[1]Dept. of Mechanics, Mathematics and Management (DMMM), Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy.
[2]Institute of Plastics Processing (IKV), RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany.

The manufacturing of high quality injection molded parts requires a deep understanding of material properties, process parameters and product design. The behavior of a polymer during the injection molding process and the performance of the final part are strongly determined by the material structure formed during filling and cooling. The main objective of the presented work is to describe the ...