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Deposition of Submicron Charged Spherical Particles in the Trachea of the Human Airways

H.O. Åkerstedt[1]
[1]Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden

This paper presents a numerical study of the deposition of submicron charged spherical particles caused by convection, Brownian and turbulent diffusion in a pipe with a smooth wall and with a cartilaginous ring wall structure (see figure). The model is supposed to describe deposition of charged particles in generation 0 (trachea) of the human lung.The problem is defined by solving the fluid flow ...

AC Electroosmosis and Dielectrophoresis for Trapping Spherical Particles between Rectangular and Triangular Electrodes

S. Narayan[1], H. Francis[1], S. Ghonge[1], D.N. Prasad[1], A. Sethi[1], S. Banerjee[1], S. Kapur[2]
[1]Department of Physics, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
[2]Department of Biological Sciences, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

We describe methods and results of simulations done for predicting behavior of particles in an aqueous solution under an applied AC electric field on electrodes of rectangular and triangular shapes. Here the two major effects which come into play are Dielectrophoresis and AC Electroosmosis. Two simulations have been presented, one for rectangular and one for triangular shaped electrodes. We have ...

Numerical Analysis of Mass Transfer Rate in Droplet Flow at Microscopic Scales - new

S. Cito[1], T. Sikanen[1]
[1]Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Droplet flow at microscopic scale is often used to enhance many pharmaceuticals and industrial processes (i.e. liquid–liquid micro-extraction, nanoparticle synthesis, slow reactions in microfluidic devices, etc.). In all these processes, the mass transfer rate, at the interface between the droplets and the surrounding fluid of diluted reactants plays a key role. This work at analyzing ...

Computational Modelling of Fluid Dynamics in Electropolishing of Radiofrequency Accelerating Cavities - new

H. Rana[1], L. Ferreira[2]
[1]Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
[2]European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), Genéve, Switzerland

Electropolishing is an electrochemical process that radiofrequency accelerating cavities undergo in order to improve their inner metal surface finishing. This is performed prior to their installation into particle accelerators, in order to enhance their accelerating properties. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software it was possible to model the process throughout the cavity and study the fluid ...

Drying of Corn Kernels: From Experimental Images to Multiscale Multiphysics Modeling

P. Takhar[1], and S. Zhang[2]

[1]Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA
[2]Visualization Sciences Group Inc., Burlington Massachusetts, USA

This work demonstrated the importance and feasibility of experimental image to simulation workflow. The workflow is successfully applied to a food processing study, where multiphysics and multiscale modeling based on 3D experimental image reconstruction contributes to the preservation of corn, one of the major food sources for the world population.

Flow-induced Vibrations of the Uvula and its Implication on Snoring

J. Xi[1], Q. M. Mohamad[1], Y. E. Yuan[1], J. Rohlinger[1]
[1]Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI, USA

1. Flow-induced uvula deformation considerably altered the flow dynamics inside the nose. 2. For a weak soft palate, complete flow occlusion can occur (sleep apnea). 3. Vibration of the airway structures is crucial to better understand snoring generation mechanisms and breathing-related disorders.

Rheological Behaviour of Single–Phase Non-Newtonian Polymer Solution in Complex Pore Geometry: A Simulation Approach

P. Idahosa[1], G. Oluyemi[2], R. Prabhu[2], B. Oyeneyin[2]
[1]IDEAS Research Institute/School of Engineering, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.
[2]School of Engineering, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.

One of the most important criteria for evaluating chemical enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes that use polymers is its rheological behaviour which in turn account for other physical effects of adsorption and resistance factors during polymer-rock interactions. However, complete knowledge of behaviour of polymer solution in porous media has not yet been fully gained. A computational fluid ...

Mixing Layer Analysis in Variable Density Turbulent Flow

A.E. Alshayji[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait

In this study, numerical simulations of mixing in turbulent flow, subject to a change in density, are performed. Attention is focused on the binary mixing between two streams of fluid in which a variable density step are formed due to a difference in the temperature. This binary mixing problem performed by assuming low Mach number flow. The results demonstrate the variable density effects and ...

Numerical Modeling and Performance Optimization Study of a Diaphragm Pump for Medical Application

I. Lupelli[1], P. Gaudio[1], A. Malizia[1], R. Quaranta[1]
[1]Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma, Italy

In this contribution we present the results of the numerical modeling and performance optimization study of a diaphragm pump for drug infusion. The main objective is to develop a numerical model that replicates the pumping cycle (400ms) and also provides indications about the variation of pumping performance as consequence of the variation of the chamber-diaphragm system geometry, diaphragm ...

Diffuse Interface Models for Metal Foams

B. Chinè[1], M. Monno[2], E. Repossi[3], M. Verani[3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP Piacenza, Italy; ITCR, Esc. Ciencia e Ing. Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2]Laboratorio MUSP, Piacenza, Italy; Politecnico di Milano, Dip. Meccanica, Milano, Italy
[3]Politecnico di Milano, MOX-Dip. Matematica, Milano, Italy

The foaming process of a metal is a complex operation which needs to be closely controlled in order to guarantee the wanted properties, by avoiding the formation of defects in the structure of the material. In this work we use COMSOL Multiphysics® version 4.3b and apply the diffuse interface methods of the phase field technique available in the CFD module.To analyze a practical case, foams ...