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High-Resolution FSI Modeling of a High-Aspect Ratio Involute Flow Channel in the HFIR at ORNL

A. I. Elzawawy [1], J. D. Freels [2], F. G. Curtis [2, 3],
[1] Vaughn College of Aeronautics and Technology, East Elmhurst, NY, USA
[2] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
[3] University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA

The high flow rate within the HFIR cooling water flow channel causes the fuel plates to deflect which in turn, changes the coolant flow characteristics. This nonlinear feedback loop between the coolant and the fuel plate is the focus of the present simulation of the fluid-solid interaction between the coolant flow and the fuel plates to accurately predict the plate’s deflection using the Fluid ...

Simulation of Constant-Volume Droplet Generators for Parallelization Purposes

D. Conchouso [1], A. Arevalo [1], D. Castro [1], Y. Ying [1], I. G. Foulds [2]
[1] King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
[2] School of Engineering, University of British Columbia - Okanagan, Vancouver, BC, Canada

To maintain same droplet size across parallel devices, new break-up strategies based on geometry are been studied. In this work, we model a geometrically-set droplet generator, in which the droplet break-up occurs by a block and break mechanism. In other words when the disperse phase blocks the path of the continuous phase, droplet formation occurs. The devices showed consistent droplet ...

Numerical Simulation of Granular Solids’ Behaviour: Interaction with Gas

A. Zugliano[1], R. Artoni[2], A. Santomaso[2], and A. Primavera[1]
[1]Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche S.p.a., Buttrio, UD, Italy
[2]DIPIC, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy

In previous works a dissipative hydrodynamic model was used to simulate the behavior of a dense granular solid flowing through silos with simple geometries or with internal devices, showing good agreement with experimental results. That model has been upgraded taking into account the interaction between the solid itself and a nonreactive gaseous stream flowing countercurrent through it. This ...

Effects of Flow and Diffusion on Blood Coagulation in Platelet Poor Plasma: a Two-way Coupling Between Hemodynamics and Biochemistry

D. Magnabosco[1,2], H. van Ooijen[2], B. Bakker[2], R. van den Ham[2]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
[2]Philips Research, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Enzyme reactions, blood flow and diffusion in human vasculature play interacting and fundamental roles in blood coagulation. In this complex mechanism, the balance between blood and clot is a delicate equilibrium, whose tight regulation is vital to avoid pathologies such as bleeding and thrombosis. The secondary hemostasis triggered by tissue factor in platelet poor plasma is studied up to ...

Investigating the Performance of Mechanically Ventilated Double-Skin Facades with Solar Control Devices in the Main Cavity - new

C. G. Galante[1]
[1]Newtecnic Ltd, London, England, UK

The use of ventilated facades may reduce the cooling and heating energy demands of the building. Double-skin facades (DSFs) belong to the wider group of ventilated facades and currently represent one of the most interesting and studied facade systems. The purpose of this study is to investigate the thermal behaviour and performance of a DSF being designed for a real project in the Middle East ...

Prediction of Air Permeability Using a Finite Element Method - new

A. Pezzin[1], A. Ferri[1]
[1]Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

Air permeability is one of the most important parameters in the study of thermo-physiological comfort of fabrics. The main goal of this work is to develop a virtual process that allows the prediction of air permeability of any fabric without realizing a sample. The Free and Porous Media Flow physics interface was used in COMSOL Multiphysics® software; this allows to use Navier-Stokes equation ...

Benchmark Model: Natural Convection of Water-Aluminum Oxide Nanofluids in a Square Cavity

M. Z. Saghir [1], A. Ahadi [1], A. A. Mohamad [2],
[1] Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
[2] Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

Nanofluids is a new class of fluid consisting of particles in a liquid. Different base liquid has been proposed and the most common one is water. The concentration of these particles can range from 0.1% to 5% or greater. Different numerical models have been proposed to solve this interesting problem. Some scheme assumed the fluid as a single fluid and other assumed as a two phase system ...

The Analysis of the Conditions of Flow in the Tundish Performed by a Numerical and Physical Method

T. Merder [1], J. Jowsa [2], A. M. Hutny [2], J. Pieprzyca [1], M. Warzecha [2],
[1] Silesian University of Technology, Katowice, Poland
[2] Czestochowa University of Technology, Czestochowa, Poland

Studies of the liquid metal movement (hydrodynamic) in a real object (tundish) are substantially precluded due to the objective difficulties (high temperature and the size of metallurgical equipment), compared to their execution by the use of physical and numerical modeling. In presented study, two test methods for analyzing the flow and mixing of the liquid steel in the tundish were used. The ...

CBM Extraction System Simulation Research

X. Mingjing [1]
[1] China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China

Coal mines in many countries which rely heavily on fossil energy have huge CBM, coal bed methane, reserves. Meanwhile, methane extraction efficiency of low permeability coal seam is very low. It causes seriously waste of low-carbon energy source. For the sake of enhancing the efficiency of CBM extraction system and decreasing energy consumption of electrical equipment of CBM extraction system, a ...

The Use of CFD Simulations in Learning Fluid Mechanics at the Undergraduate Level

Marc K. Smith
Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology

Simple, accurate CFD simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics are used in a senior-level undergraduate course as a means to explore a number of fluid flows with the intent of developing a deep understanding of the underlying fluid mechanical mechanisms involved in the flows. Students also learn about the finite element method, how to properly pose the underlying mathematical model for the fluid ...