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Investigating the Impacts of Hydrogeological Parameters on DSI Efficiency through Numerical Simulation

Y. Jin[1], E. Holzbecher[1], S. Ebneth[2]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, GZG, Georg-August- University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Hölscher Wasserbau, Haren, Germany

Düsensauginfiltration (DSI),‘nozzle-suction-infiltration’, is a new method for dewatering that avoids groundwater abstraction from the aquifer. Drawdown is achieved via pumping of groundwater at upper abstraction section, meanwhile, all the pumped water is injected through the same borehole, but in greater depth. We use COMSOL Multiphysics® for the development of a 2D model that simulates ...

Design and Analysis of Fluid Structure Interaction for Elbow Shaped Micro Piping System - new

V. S. P. Rajesh[1]
[1]St. Mary's Group of Institutions, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Fluid and structure Interaction analysis can be applied to versatile fields of engineering applications, helps in understanding the affects of one material on other, thereby reducing the effect of physical parameters like nonlinear response, vibration in flow channel etc. Rapid development of technology led to the application of this Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) in Microfluidics based ...

Multi-Dimensional Simulation of Flows Inside Mono and Polydisperse Packed Beds

R.G. Schunk [1], J. C. Knox [1], K. Son [1, 2], R. F. Coker [1],
[1] NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
[2] Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

An analysis to quantify the flow inside the narrow channels of an ISS (International Space Station) CDRA (Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly) adsorbent bed is presented. The CDRA contains two pelletized adsorbent beds to remove CO2 respired by the crew. Heaters and associated fins inside the adsorbent beds form many small parallel channels which are rectangular in cross section. The channels are ...

High-Resolution FSI Modeling of a High-Aspect Ratio Involute Flow Channel in the HFIR at ORNL

A. I. Elzawawy [1], J. D. Freels [2], F. G. Curtis [2, 3],
[1] Vaughn College of Aeronautics and Technology, East Elmhurst, NY, USA
[2] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
[3] University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA

The high flow rate within the HFIR cooling water flow channel causes the fuel plates to deflect which in turn, changes the coolant flow characteristics. This nonlinear feedback loop between the coolant and the fuel plate is the focus of the present simulation of the fluid-solid interaction between the coolant flow and the fuel plates to accurately predict the plate’s deflection using the Fluid ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of the Electrokinetic Effect in Gidrogeology

M. A. Narbut [1], K. V. Titov [1], P. K. Konosavsky [1],
[1] Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

The groundwater flow is accompanied by the electric field with potential called usually the streaming potential or the Self-Potential (SP) to be measured on the ground surface (e.g., Rizzo et al., 2004; Bolève et al., 2007; Jardani et al., 2009). We studied numerically the SP signals associated with pumping test experiments in layered aquifers using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and GWFGEM ...

Study of Electrochemically Generated Two-Phase Flows

J. Schillings [1], O. Doche [2], J. Deseure [1],
[1] LEPMI, Grenoble, France
[2] SIMAP, Grenoble, France

The dependency of electrochemical processes performances on mass transfer is well-known. Electrolyte flow in the vicinity of electrodes surface can enhance reactions due to increased mass transfer. This flow can be generated by the production of a gaseous phase, leading to a natural bubble-driven convection flow. As a drawback, gas bubbles also modify electrodes active surface and the ...

Geometric Optimization of Micromixers

M. Jain[1], A. Rao[1], K. Nandakumar[1]
[1]Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

The performance of a homogeneous T-mixer can be enhanced significantly by the stimulation of secondary/ transverse flows in the microchannel. Various mixing mechanisms are reported for enhancing micromixing performance such as grooves at the channel bottom, heterogeneous charge patterns etc. Most of these micromixers are studied with respect to planar geometric parameters such as groove width, ...

Numerical Simulation of Forced and Static Smoldering Combustion

S. Singer[1], W. H. Green[1]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Transient, two-dimensional (axisymmetric) simulations of a cigarette subject to realistic static and forward smoldering cycles were performed. The computational domain consists of a porous packed bed of tobacco and a filter surrounded by a thin, porous paper and a region of surrounding air. The governing equations include overall mass conservation, momentum conservation, conservation equations ...

Annealing Furnaces Modelisation for Photovoltaïc Applications

J. Givernaud[1]
[1]EMIX, St Maurice La Souterraine, France

The optimisation of dimensions, materials choice of heaters in annealing furnaces are done with COMSOL Multiphysics® in 2D-axisymetry. Heat losses sources are identified and corrective actions can be taken in function of simulation results. A power saving of more than 50% is achieved thanks to simulations.

Enhanced Transient Modeling of Hybrid Photovoltaic Air (PVT) Module - new

R. Kiflemariam[1], M. Almaz[1], F. Zevallos[1], C. Lin[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

A 2D transient heat conduction model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the performance of photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) water system. The model captures the variation of important environmental and system parameters such as outside temperature, solar irradiation, air velocity and temperature. The model has a good agreement with experimental data for the photovoltaic cell ...