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Modeling Inertial Focusing in Straight and Curved Microfluidic Channels

J. Martel[1], N. Elabbasi[2], D. Quinn[2], J. Bergstrom[2], M. Toner[1]
[1]BioMEMS Resource Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
[2]Veryst Engineering, Needham, MA, USA

Inertial focusing is a promising microfluidic technique for separating and concentrating cells of interest, processes routinely utilized in many medical procedures. This phenomenon is characterized by suspended particles in a flow spontaneously migrating across streamlines to equilibrium positions within a channel cross-section. We developed CFD models in COMSOL Multiphysics® to predict the ...

Simulation of Formwork Filling by Cement Fluid: The Effect of the Formwork Structure on Yield-stress Fluid

J. Park[1], N. Banerjee[1], M. Alfi[1], D. Feys[1]
[1]Missouri University of Science & Technology, Rolla, MO, USA

The flow of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) in formwork fillings was simulated as the flow of a single phase yield-stress fluid between two infinite plates by COMSOL Multiphysics®. The flow of SCC with varied rheological properties (yield stress and plastic viscosity) was verified in formworks with different configurations of reinforcement (rebars). Minimum and maximum limits of SCC ...

Reverse Electrodialysis Process with Seawater and Concentrated Brines: a COMSOL Multiphysics® Model for Equipment Design

M. Tedesco[1], A. Cipollina[1], C. Scavuzzo[1], A. Tamburini[1], G. Micale[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica (DICGIM), Università di Palermo (UNIPA), Palermo, Italy

Salinity Gradient Power (SGP) is a promising renewable energy source associated to the controlled mixing of two aqueous solutions of different salinities. Recently, Reverse Electrodialysis process (SGP-RE, or RED) has been identified as a successful way for the exploitation of such energy source, allowing the conversion of SGP directly into electric energy. COMSOL Multiphysics® modelling ...

Modeling Ferrofluid Flow in an Annular Gap Moving with Reciprocating Shaft

Y. He[1], R. Nilssen[1]
[1]Department of Electric Power Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Ferrofluids have been successfully used in the seals for rotary shafts, but few studies focus on the reciprocating motion seals. Since the completely different operational regimes, previous experiences on the rotary motions could not be directly applied on the cases for reciprocating shafts. In this study, we present a simplified model to describe the process that a shaft linearly moving in a ...

Groundwater Flow and Solute Transport Modeling in the SFR Nuclear Waste Repository

E. Abarca[1], A. Idiart[1], O. Silva[1], L.M. de Vries[1], J. Molinero[1], F. Vahlund[2], H. von Schenck[2]
[1]Amphos21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden

The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB) operates the underground repository for low- and intermediate-level nuclear waste (SFR) located in Försmark, Sweden. An extension of the SFR is planned to accommodate mainly waste arising from the decommissioning of Swedish nuclear power plants. The long-term safety assessment for the SFR repository takes into account the future ...

Transport of Cadmium through Molten Salt to Argon Cover Gas in Electrorefiner

K.Revathy[1], S. Agarwal[1], B. Muralidharan[1], G. Padmakumar[1], K. K. Rajan[1]
[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India

Electro refining is one of the important step in the Pyro processing nuclear spent fuel with molten salt. The electro refiner is a process vessel consists of anode ,cathodes and stirrers and ultra –high pure argon gas is provided at the top for inert atmosphere and at the bottom a cadmium layer is provided. The vapor pressure of the cadmium is high at the operating temperature, the cadmium vapor ...

Multiphysics: Fluid Mixing and Brine Pool Formation for Economic Geology Applications - new

C. Schardt[1]
[1]University of Minnesota-Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA

Significant submarine mineral deposits form when hot, metal-laden, saline fluids emerge onto the seafloor and mix with ambient seawater. Resulting density changes of fluid mixtures can trigger fluid buoyancy reversals, brine pool formation, and metal accumulation (Figure 1). While some of these processes are known from experiments, the inception, development, and physical-chemical processes ...

Microvascular Dysfunction in PAD Patients - new

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], B. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by atherosclerotic blockages of the arteries supplying the lower extremities, which cause a progressive accumulation of ischemic injury to the skeletal muscles of the lower limbs. Despite revascularization treatment intervention some PAD patients require follow up secondary treatment due to a continued decline in limb function, ...

Modeling a Nozzle in a Borehole - new

E. Holzbecher[1], F. Sun[1]
[1]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Within a borehole a nozzle can be installed in order to increase the efficiency of fluid injection. The position of the nozzle is located near the perforated casing of an injection well. A COMSOL Multiphysics® model is set up for a typical nozzle design as applied in practice. The model is based on the Navier-Stokes equations with turbulence closures using k-ε model and k-ω closures. We find a ...

CFD/Electromagnetics Interactions via Realistic Heat and Mass Transfer to Moist Substrates - new

G. Ruocco[1], M. V. De Bonis[2]
[1]Engineering College, University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy
[2]I​nstitute of Food Science and Production, National Research Council, Bari, I​taly

Localized convection heat and mass transfer can be intensified and optimized by providing exposure to electromagnetic energy. Conjugate heat and mass transfer are configured by solving the momentum, heat and mass transfer simultaneously in both solid (substrate, comprising of a two-phase chemical species) and fluid (auxiliary air) phases. In this way the heat and mass fluxes vary seamlessly ...