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COMSOL-News-Magazine-2017
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COMSOL-News-Magazine-2016

Modeling Self-Potential Effects during Reservoir Stimulation in Enhanced Geothermal System - new

G. Perillo[1], A. Monetti[2], A. Troiano[2], M. G. Di Giuseppe[2], C. Troise[2], G. De Natale[2]
[1]University of Naples Parthenope, Naples, Italy
[2]INGV-Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy

Geothermal systems represent a large resource that can provide, with a reasonable investment, a very high and cost-effective power generating capacity. Despite its unquestionable potential, geothermal exploitation has long been perceived as limited, mainly because of the dependence from strict site-related conditions, mainly related to the reservoir rock’s permeability. In this work, SP ...

Modeling of a Multilayered Propellant Extrusion in Concentric Cylinders - new

S. Durand[1,3], C. Dubois[1], P. Lafleur[1], V. Panchal[2], D. Park[2], D. Lepage[3], P. Paradis[3]
[1]École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
[2]US Army ARDEC, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ, USA
[3]General Dynamics OTS Canada Valleyfield, Valleyfield, QC, Canada

A novel propellant technology requires extruding two formulations with differential burning rates together as a multilayered propellant. This propellant is processed into a concentric cylinder configuration, in the form of slow-fast-slow with single perforation. The material uses different path lengths between the inner and outer sections of the die, both coming from the same pressure driven ...

Large Scale Outdoor Flammable & Toxic Gas Dispersion Modelling in Industrial Environments

A. Hallgarth[1], A. Zayer[1], A. Gatward[2], and J. Davies[2]

[1]Hazard Research & Risk Consultants Ltd, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom
[2]Independent Consultants, United Kingdom

HazRes has developed a gas discharge and dispersion model in COMSOL which takes into account the effects of localized wind profiles and turbulence generated by buildings, structures and terrain on the dispersion of gases in question. The main focus of this work is to develop and provide clients with more accurate prediction methods relative to industrial standard software tools in modeling ...

Multiphysics Model for Breakup of Charged Liquid Droplets in Electric Fields

S. Chaudhuri [1], W. Du [1],
[1] University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA

Predicting and controlling the formation of droplets from a liquid jet is a critical problem in a variety of applications ranging from fuel injection to paint sprays. It is known that liquid droplets subjected to an electric field acquire a net electrostatic charge via induction, and that the magnitude of this charge depends on the conductivity of the liquid and the size of the droplet [1]. When ...

MCA 动脉瘤血流动力学分析

刘孟杰 [1], 付芳芳 [2], 李萌 [1]
[1] 郑州大学,郑州,河南,中国
[2] 郑州大学附属省人民医院,郑州,河南,中国

动脉瘤破裂是引起蛛网膜下腔出血的一种主要原因。结合 COMSOL Multiphysics® 灵活的几何建模特性以及强大的流体仿真求解能力,本文分别对两组不同大小关系的 MCA 动脉瘤理论模型进行了仿真建模分析。通过模拟分析,获得了动脉瘤球囊体长度和宽度与动脉瘤基底宽度不同比例条件下的动脉瘤速度、压力、壁面切应力(WSS)等参数的变化规律,分析了几何形态与动力学参数之间的关系。模拟结果显示:1、宽颈动脉瘤,瘤体内部旋流强度较之窄颈动脉瘤更强,中心区流速更低,更有利于形成血栓而且顶点处压力更大,更易破裂。2、增大动脉瘤宽度与基底直径的比值,顶点处 WSS 呈非线性增长,但最大值低于 WSS 安全范围的下限值,破裂危险性依然很高;3、动脉瘤宽度与基底直径不同比例下的最大的 WSS 均是主要集中在动脉瘤与载瘤血管结合处(第一剪应力集中区),对血管壁生物组织力学特性影响严重;WSS ...

Numerical Simulation of Electrokinetic Convection-Enhanced Delivery of Macromolecules

Y. Ou [1], A. Jaquins-Gerstl [1], S. G. Weber [1],
[1] Department of Chemistry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

The brain is a heterogeneous porous medium with regions of anisotropy. Measurements of tortuosity (λ) showed that diffusion in gray matter (e.g. striatum) is isotropic (λ = 1.65), whereas it is anisotropic in white matter (e.g. corpus callosum) (λparallel = 1.38, λperpendicular = 1.80)[1-2]. Pressure-driven convection-enhanced delivery (CED) of macromolecules (e.g. drugs) was first described in ...

Multiphysics Modeling of a Metal Foam

B. Chinè [1][3], M. Monno[2]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
[3]Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica

Introduction: In metal foams production, nucleated gas bubbles expand in a heated metal in a mold, then the foam cool and solidify. Thereby energy, mass and momentum transfer mechanisms are present simultaneously in the system and must be taken into account. Metal foam (Figure 1) can be obtained by foaming a precursor, i.e. a mixing of aluminum (Al) powders with the blowing agent TiH2, placing ...

Coupled Palaehydrogeological Microbial and Geochemical Reactive Transport Model of the Olkiluoto Site (Finland)

P. Trinchero[1], M. Luna[1], J. Molinero[1], G. Román-Ross[1], F. Maia[1], A. Nardi[1], J. Löfman[2], P. Pitkänen[3], L. Koskinen[3]
[1]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2]VTT Energy, Finland
[3]Posiva Oy, Olkiluoto, Finland

Olkiluoto at Eurajoki has been selected as the final repository site for spent nuclear waste in Finland. This area has been affected, at regional scale, by land-uplift processes related to the ice withdrawal. These events have resulted in a complex and stratified heterogeneous hydrochemical system. The objective of this work was to develop a robust paleohydrogeological reactive transport (PRT) ...

Virtual Pharmacokinetic Model of the Human Eye - new

L. Murtomäki[1], S. Kotha[2]
[1]Aalto University, Greater Helsinki, Finland
[2]University Of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

There is a great need for an effective drug treatment of the posterior eye, as the major reason for visual disability in industrial countries is Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD). In USA alone, there are almost 2 million people affected by AMD [1]. A virtual pharmacokinetic 3D model of the human eye is built to address this problem, using COMSOL Multiphysics® software, based on the Finite ...

Optimization of the Herringbone Type Micromixer Using Numerical Modelling and Validation by Measurements - new

E. Tóth[1], K. Iván[1], P. Fürjes[2]
[1]Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Budapest, Hungary
[2]Research Centre for Natural Sciences Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary

COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used in this study to simulate mixing by diffusion and by secondary flow. Particle tracing model was applied to simulate the mixing of cells in the microchannel. Results agreed well with the measurement, an optimal herring-bone structure was proposed for integration into a bioanalytical system.