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Thermo-fluid Dynamics Modelling of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption in a LaNi4.8Al0.2 Hydride Bed

D. Baldissin[1] and D. Lombardo[1]
[1]Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy

A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...

Microscale Modelling of the Frequency Dependent Resistivity of  Porous Media

J. Volkmann, O. Mohnke, N. Klitzsch, and R. Blaschek
E.ON Energy Research Center, RWTH-Aachen, Aachen, Germany

The frequency dependent electrical impedance of porous media is studied by modelling the charge transport in the electrolyte filled pore space using COMSOL Multiphysics.  The corresponding experimental method, called Spectral Induced Polarization (or Impedance Spectroscopy), shows a frequency dependent phase shift between a measured electric current and an applied alternating voltage. It is ...

Biofluid-Structural Interaction in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm for Predicting Timeline to Rupture: The Effect of Hypertension and Aorta Wall Material Properties - new

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], G. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a bulge formed in the large blood vessels that supply blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs. A fluid structure interaction model was developed in a 3D aortic aneurysm model, which was constructed from abdominal CT scan images. Combining medical imaging and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in a time dependent study allowed the determination of wall ...

Blood Flow Patterns in a Patient Specific Right Coronary Artery with Multiple Stenoses - new

B. Liu[1]
[1]Department of Mathematics, Monmouth University, West Long Branch, NJ, USA

Atherosclerotic lesions preferentially develop in certain regions like bifurcations, branches, and bends [1, 2]. A possible explanation for such a preferential localization of atherosclerosis is that the geometry of the vessel influences the blood flow pattern. It suggests that the arterial geometry plays an important role in determining the localized blood flow information. Thus hemodynamic ...

Comparison of Different Passive Oil-Water Mixing Schemes in a Flow Loop - new

A. Chaudhuri[1]
[1]Materials Synthesis & Integrated Devices, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA

Oil and water are immiscible fluids and they tend to separate very easily when introduced into a flow stream from two different sources in a flow loop. This model studies the development of mixture volume fraction in an oil-water-flow loop with 3 different passive mixing schemes: (i) blind-T, (ii) check valve, and (iii) static mixer. Each device produces different levels of mixture homogeneity ...

FEM Analysis of Contaminant Transport in a Loamy Desert Soil

B. Agasanapura, C. Nesbitt, and M. Misra
Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, USA

In the present work, transport and adsorption of contaminants (lead, cesium) on loamy desert soil was modeled using the Finite Element Method (FEM). The Advective dispersion reaction mechanism was employed to describe the contaminant transport in soil medium. A partial differential equation (PDE) obtained from unsteady mass balance was developed using convective diffusion, solute adsorption, and ...

High Vacuum Gas Pumping and Boundary Coupling

M. Cavenago
INFN/LNL, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro, Italy

Many scientific instruments are based on high vacuum equipment with a gas pressure maintained in the order of 1 Pa or below. The gas flow in the low pressure limit, called the molecular flow regime, is a case of transport with zero viscosity. The ability to solve an integral equation on the boundary with finite elements methods allows us to find the gas densities and flows in the ...

COMSOL Multiphysics for Efficient Solution of a Transient Reaction-Diffusion System with Fast Reaction

M.K. Gobbert[1], A. Churchill[1], G. Wang[1], and T.I. Seidman[1]
[1]Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

A reaction between chemical species is modeled by a particular reaction pathway, in which one reaction is very fast relative to the other one. The diffusion controlled reactions of these species together with a reaction intermediate are described by a system of three transient reaction diffusion equations over a two-dimensional spatial domain. In the asymptotic limit of the reaction parameter ...

Design Of A Flat Membrane Module For Fouling And Permselectivity Studies

J.M. Gozalvez-Zafrilla, and A. Santafe-Moros
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Flat membrane modules are widely used to study the membrane performance at the laboratory which is influenced by pressure and velocity. Most modules designed for laboratory studies have high pressure drop and abrupt changes of flow direction what yield to lack of uniform flow and pressure uncertainty over the membrane surface. With the aim to minimize these drawbacks, we developed a new module ...

Fluid Flow Simulations Using New CFD Module

H. Rouch
INOPRO, France

COMSOL\'s new CFD Module has been tested for laminar and turbulent flows in simple geometries, with couple or segregated solver. These tests allow mesh sensitivities and comparison with analytical solutions. They also give a first idea of cpu time and RAM use for standard cases. In a second part a thermal-fluid simulation of a real industrial application is done: the air flows cooling a large ...