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Simulations of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Experiments in Pure Negative and Positive Feedback Mode with Ring Microelectrodes

J. Mauzeroll[1], M. Mayoral[1], and D. Fabre[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) is a powerful tool recently developed for studying structures and processes in micrometer and submicrometer sized systems. It can probe electron, ion, and molecule transfers, and other reactions at solid-liquid, and liquid-liquid, interfaces . This versatility allows for the investigation of a wide variety of processes, from metal corrosion to ...

COMSOL Derived Universal Scaling Model For Low Reynolds Number Viscous Flow Through Microfabricated Pillars – Applications to Heat Pipe Technology

N. Srivastava[1], and C.D. Meinhart[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara California, USA

Cooling of high-power density electronic devices remains a challenge. Microfluidic heat-pipes with the potential of achieving ultra-high thermal conductivities offer a low-cost technology for cooling electronics. To achieve high thermal conductivity, it is critical to maximize the rate of liquid transport inside the heat pipe. We propose a novel array of microfabricated pillars to maximize ...

Numerical Simulation of Granular Solids’ Behaviour: Interaction with Gas

A. Zugliano[1], R. Artoni[2], A. Santomaso[2], and A. Primavera[1]
[1]Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche S.p.a., Buttrio, UD, Italy
[2]DIPIC, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy

In previous works a dissipative hydrodynamic model was used to simulate the behavior of a dense granular solid flowing through silos with simple geometries or with internal devices, showing good agreement with experimental results. That model has been upgraded taking into account the interaction between the solid itself and a nonreactive gaseous stream flowing countercurrent through it. This ...

The Use of CFD Simulations in Learning Fluid Mechanics at the Undergraduate Level

Marc K. Smith
Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology

Simple, accurate CFD simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics are used in a senior-level undergraduate course as a means to explore a number of fluid flows with the intent of developing a deep understanding of the underlying fluid mechanical mechanisms involved in the flows. Students also learn about the finite element method, how to properly pose the underlying mathematical model for the fluid ...

Error Analysis in Estimating Temperature-Dependent Thermal Diffusivity and Kinetic Parameters using Heat Penetration Data

K.D. Dolan[1,2], A.R. Sommerlot[1], and D.K. Mishra[1]
[1]Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
[2]Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA

Growing consumer demand for nutraceuticals has stimulated interest by food companies to increase levels of these health-promoting compounds. Thermal processing of canned foods in a retort produces a unique problem: some of the nutraceuticals are highly sensitive to temperature, and require accurate parameter estimates to predict their fate during processing. Error in temperature measurement due ...

Numerical Calculation of Effective Density and Compressibility Tensors in Periodic Porous Media: A Multi-Scale Asymptotic Method

C. Lee[1], M. Leamy[1], and J. Nadler[2]

[1]School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA
[2]Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), Georgia Institute of Technology

A major issue in predicting and controlling (via design) absorption properties of rigid porous media is the determination of the frequency-dependent effective density and compressibility tensors. Unlike previous research efforts which employ in-house and, oftentimes, multiple numerical procedures for determining these two essential tensors, we formulate their solution in terms of a set of micro ...

Modeling the Thermal-Mechanical Behavior of Mid-Ocean Ridge Transform Faults

E. Roland[1], M. Behn[2], and G. Hirth[3]
[1]MIT/WHOI Joint Program, Woods Hole, MA, USA
[2]Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, USA
[3]Brown University, Providence, RI, USA

To investigate the thermal-mechanical behavior of oceanic transform faults, we calculate 3-D steady-state incompressible mantle flow and heat transport using COMSOL Multiphysics. Our model incorporates a nonlinear viscous rheology with a visco-plastic approximation to simulate lithospheric brittle failure. We incorporate the effects of hydrothermal circulation and hanges in frictional ...

Depth-Averaged Modeling of Groundwater Flow and Transport

P. Kitanidis
Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

In many groundwater studies, the areal extent of an aquifer is much larger than its thickness so that flow and transport take place primarily in horizontal directions. Thus, the most common type of modeling in practical applications is two-dimensional involving vertically averaged dependent variables, primarily hydraulic head and solute concentration. This is a tutorial on depth-averaged ...

Modeling an Oscillating Water Foil for Hydro-kinetic Power Generator Using COMSOL 3.5a

R. Kallenberg[1], R. Han[2], and J. Cherry[2]
[1]Kallenberg Enterprises, Fairbanks, AK, USA
[2]University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

The research team has devised and patented an oscillating, hydro-kinetic power-generating device for use in river and tidal environments. The interaction of water and the designed foil in a straight rectangular turbulent channel is modeled explicitly using two conservation laws: conservation of momentum and conservation of mass. The incompressible Navier-Stokes application mode in COMSOL 3.5a ...

Numerical Simulation of Exact Two-Dimensional Governing Equations for Internal Condensing Flows

S. Mitra, R. Naik, and A. Narain
Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA

The paper outlines a two-dimensional computational methodology and presents results for laminar/laminar condensing flows inside mm- scale ducts. The methodology has been developed using MATLAB/COMSOL platform and is currently capable of simulating film-wise condensation for steady and unsteady flows. The results obtained are shown to be in agreement with an independently developed quasi-one ...