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Design Of A Flat Membrane Module For Fouling And Permselectivity Studies

J.M. Gozalvez-Zafrilla, and A. Santafe-Moros
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Flat membrane modules are widely used to study the membrane performance at the laboratory which is influenced by pressure and velocity. Most modules designed for laboratory studies have high pressure drop and abrupt changes of flow direction what yield to lack of uniform flow and pressure uncertainty over the membrane surface. With the aim to minimize these drawbacks, we developed a new module ...

Rheological Behaviour of Biphasic Material

P. Lamy-Bracq[1], J. Leroy[2], and C. Coulouarn[1]
[1]NEXTER Munitions, Bourges, France
[2]ENSI Bourges, Bourges, France

The rheological behaviour of a biphasic material is quite difficult to model because of the difficulties to represent the evolution of the space position of each solid particle in the solid matrix. The first part of this study consider an equivalent material by homogeneisation method. The main point of this first part was the representation of the rotation of the rheological mobile. The second ...

Passive Cooling of Power Electronics: Heat in the Box

M. Berger[1], W. Schernus[1]
[1]West Coast University of Applied Sciences, Heide, Germany

Results presented are a contribution to the design of a 5kW-DC-AC-converter for applications in forklifts. The device is located in a closed environment and entirely operated with passive cooling. Due to concurrent engineering approach and environmental conditions correct prediction of absolute temperature values by simulation was crucial. Heat sinks have been modeled properly and a thermal ...

Turbulent Bounded Flows for Oil & Gas Industry with COMSOL CFD Module

A. Fadel[1], G. Fontana[1]
[1]Isoil Impianti, Albano S. Alessandro, Italy

Industrial applications of fluid mechanics can require to satisfy necessities as diverse as legal norms, optimization requirements and manufacturing constraints. Therefore a Computational Fluid Mechanics software often becomes a must in the development of new devices or the improvement of older ones. Besides the legalistic aspect (such as the European Pressure Equipment Directive), several steps ...

Multiphysics Simulation of a Circular-Planar Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

K. Daneshvar[1], A. Fantino[1], C. Cristiani[1], G. Dotelli[1], R. Pelosato[1], M. Santarelli[2]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica “G. Natta”, Milano, Italy
[2]Politecnico di Torino, Dipartimento di Energetica, Torino, Italy

A 2D isothermal axisymmetric model of an anode-supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) has been developed. Also a parametric analysis to find the effect of important parameters on the cell performance has been done. This simulation has been carried out at 1 atm and 1073 K. The PEN materials are traditional ones: Ni-YSZ/YSZ/LSM-YSZ as anode, electrolyte and cathode respectively.The developed ...

Development of a Multiphase, Multispecies Droplet Evaporation Model for Optimization of Desiccation Preservation Techniques

A. Sinkevich[1], S. Bhowmick [1], M. Raessi[1]
[1]University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, MA, USA

Biopreservation deals with the protection and storage of complex biologics such as proteins, lipids, and recently, mammalian cells. One preservation method, known as lyopreservation, involves placing a biologic inside a water droplet with some type of sugar excipient (sucrose, trehalose, etc.) and drying the solution convectively. We are currently developing a model that couples the two-phase ...

Modelling of the Wool Textile Finishing Processes

M. Giansetti[1], A. Pezzin[1], S. Sicardi[1], G. Rovero[1]
[1]Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

Within wool textile industries, a very important role is played by the so-called finishing processes, in which the textile substrate undergoes steam treatments to achieve the desired level of stabilisation and appearance. Process parameters, namely temperature and moisture content, are known only at the beginning of the process but not in the textile material being treated, where the actual ...

Modeling Ferrofluid Flow in an Annular Gap Moving with Reciprocating Shaft

Y. He[1], R. Nilssen[1]
[1]Department of Electric Power Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Ferrofluids have been successfully used in the seals for rotary shafts, but few studies focus on the reciprocating motion seals. Since the completely different operational regimes, previous experiences on the rotary motions could not be directly applied on the cases for reciprocating shafts. In this study, we present a simplified model to describe the process that a shaft linearly moving in a ...

Full System Modeling and Validation of the Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly - new

R. F. Coker[1], J. Knox[1]
[1]NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

The Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project was initiated in September of 2011 as part of the Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program. Under the ARREM project, testing of sub-scale and full-scale systems has been combined with multiphysics computer simulations for evaluation and optimization of subsystem approaches. In particular, this paper describes ...

Modeling Contact Line Dynamics in Evaporating Menisci

J. Plawsky[1], A. Chatterjee[1], and P.C. Wayner Jr.[1]
[1]Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA

The Constrained Vapor Bubble is a fundamental fluid mechanics experiment that is scheduled to run aboard the International Space Station starting in August 2009. The experiment is focused on looking at evaporation and condensation processes at the contact line, where vapor, liquid and solid meet. Our goal is to understand how processes that occur on the macroscale affect the transport processes ...