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Miscible Viscous Fingering: Application in Chromatographic Columns and Aquifers

S. Pramanik[1], G. L. Kulukuru[1], M. Mishra[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India

When a less viscous fluid displaces a more viscous one in a porous medium or Hele-Shaw cell, the interface between the two miscible fluids does not remain flat and deforms into fingers growing in time [1]. It occurs due to the faster movement of less viscous fluid than the more viscous one, for a given pressure gradient. Fingering affects in aquifers, in packed bed reactors, and detrimental to ...

Models with Helical Symmetry Studied in a 2D Plane

M. Weterings[1], M. Beyrer[1]
[1]Institute of Life Sciences HesSo Valais, Sion, Valais, Switzerland

Partial differential equations (PDEs) in multiple dimensions may often be solved in a lower dimension if the problem domain contains a symmetry (cylindrical, spherical, translational, etcetera). For problems involving PDEs with helical symmetry we propose a method, with both low computational costs and low complexity, that reduces the domain to a 2D axial plane while retaining 3D Cartesian ...

A Modified Koutecký-Levich Equation for the Analysis of Electrochemical Flow Cells with Complex Geometries

S. A. Tschupp [1], S. E. Temmel [1], N. Poyatos Salguero [1], J. Herranz [1], T.J. Schmidt [2],
[1] Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland
[2] ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

Electrochemical flow cells have found widespread use in analytical chemistry due to their short response time, high sensitivity and selectivity. The geometrical flexibility and therefore, the ease of coupling the electrochemical to other experimental techniques has attracted considerable interest for applications in electrocatalytic research as well. Such coupling is far more cumbersome with the ...

Simulations of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Experiments in Pure Negative and Positive Feedback Mode with Ring Microelectrodes

J. Mauzeroll[1], M. Mayoral[1], and D. Fabre[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) is a powerful tool recently developed for studying structures and processes in micrometer and submicrometer sized systems. It can probe electron, ion, and molecule transfers, and other reactions at solid-liquid, and liquid-liquid, interfaces . This versatility allows for the investigation of a wide variety of processes, from metal corrosion to ...

Computer-aided Design of the Heating Section of a Continuous Kheer (Rice Pudding)-making Machine

S. Kadam[1], T. Gulati[2], A. Datta[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India
[2]Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Kheer is a popular Indian dairy dessert prepared from concentrating milk with simultaneous cooking of rice grains. Conventional methods of preparing kheer have limited its mechanized production. Therefore, a conceptual design of continuous kheer-making machine has been prepared which among other components consists of a heating section for cooking kheer. The present study investigates the CFD ...

Simulation of Air Flow Through Ventilation Ducts - new

E. Dalsryd[1]
[1]KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

In this report I study the airflow through ventilation ducts. By numerical simulation, the so-called k-factor has been estimated. The k-factor is the quotient of the airflow volume and the square root of the pressure drop over the duct. A two dimensional axial symmetric model has been used to simulate an iris damper connected to a straight pipe. A three dimensional model has been used to ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Activities Within the Research Reactors Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory

J. D. Freels [1], P. K. Jain [1], C. J. Hurt [2], F. G. Curtis [1], M. W. Crowell [1], E. L. Popov [1],
[1] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
[2] University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA

INTRODUCTION Our group at ORNL started using COMSOL Multiphysics® software shortly after version 3.0 was released in the Spring of 2004. After 11 years and several releases, the application usage has grown along with number of licenses we are responsible for. This paper will broaden the scope and take a look at our past and present applications, and evaluate where we are headed with COMSOL ...

A COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Analysis of Beam Tube Cooling in the High Flux Isotope Reactor of ORNL

J. D. Freels [1],
[1] Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Previous to the present work, a formal calculation was approved [1,2] to support the operation of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Horizontal Beam-Tube 1 of 4 (HB-1). The present calculation [3,4] repeats the previous work using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and extends the analysis to cover a broader range of coolant flow. In addition, this new calculation expands the analysis much further ...

Effect of Viscosity of Food on Digestion and Nutrient Absorption in the Human Small Intestine

J. S. Karthikeyan [1], D. Salvi [1], M. V. Karwe [1],
[1] Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA

Digestion is the process of breaking down food into smaller components, by mechanical and enzymatic action in the digestive tract, so that the smaller nutrient molecules can be more easily absorbed in the intestinal tract. To study and analyze the human digestive process, different methodologies have been used in the past. In general, in vivo feeding studies with humans provide the most accurate ...

Turbulent Bounded Flows for Oil & Gas Industry with COMSOL CFD Module

A. Fadel[1], G. Fontana[1]
[1]Isoil Impianti, Albano S. Alessandro, Italy

Industrial applications of fluid mechanics can require to satisfy necessities as diverse as legal norms, optimization requirements and manufacturing constraints. Therefore a Computational Fluid Mechanics software often becomes a must in the development of new devices or the improvement of older ones. Besides the legalistic aspect (such as the European Pressure Equipment Directive), several steps ...