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Simulated Rheometry of a Nonlinear Viscoelastic Fluid

A. Czirják[1], Z. Kőkuti[1], G. Tóth-Molnár[1], P. Ailer[2], L. Palkovics[2], G. Szabó[1]
[1]University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
[2]Kecskemét College, Kecskemét, Hungary

In certain cases, the accuracy of measurements with a rotational rheometer can be influenced by inefficient thermal management, by the heat generated in the sample, or by rod-climbing due to the Weissenberg effect. We investigate the effect of these phenomena with simulations in COMSOL Multiphysics®. Our model is based on the axial symmetric (2D) formulation of the two-phase flow with the ...

Trapping DNA Molecules in Fluids Using Electrokinetic Effects Generated by Different Electrode Geometries

S. Ghonge[1], S. Kapur [1], S. Banerjee[1]
[1]Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani - Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

In this paper we present results of simulations done to predict the behavior of a system consisting of DNA molecules in an aqueous medium under the combined effect of AC Electroosmosis and Dielectrophoresis (DEP). ACEO is caused by the movement of fluid particles under the influence of the electric field. DEP is caused by polarization of the DNA particle. Two different electrode geometries ...

Investigating the Influence of Dynamic Jet Shapes on the Jet Electrochemical Machining Process

M. Hackert[1], G. Meichsner[2], S.F. Jahn[1], and A. Schubert[1]
[1]Chemnitz University of Technology, Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology Chemnitz, Germany

Electrochemical Machining is a potential procedure for micro manufacturing technology. Especially the absence of machining forces makes it advantageous for processing metals with high hardness and for the generation of complicated geometries. Applying a closed electrolytic free jet (Jet Electrochemical Machining - Jet-ECM) the electric current is restricted to a limited area. That allows working ...

Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations of an Innovative System of Wind Power Generation

S. Carcangiu, A. Fanni, and A. Montisci
Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering
University of Cagliari
Cagliari, Italy

In this work an innovative wind power generation in urban areas is proposed. The generation system substitutes the roof of the building and it consists of a static part, the stator, and a moving part, called impeller, which is a centripetal turbine with vertical axis of rotation. Since the objective is to conveying the air flow in the stator, the logarithmic spiral has been chosen as the shape ...

Modeling of Energy Efficient Continuous Sterilisation of ABP from Food Wastes

S. Dalrymple[1], R. Heslop[1]
[1]C-Tech Innovation Ltd. , Capenhurst, United Kingdom

Ohmic heating is a volumetric heating technology which can effectively process almost any pumpable fluid with extremely high energy efficiency (>95%). This is particularly useful for very thick fluids, those that burn on to hot surfaces and those with high solids content which would cause difficulties for conventional heating techniques. Processing of animal by-products (ABP) faces all these ...

Towards a Model for Simulating Driving Rain on an Inclined Roof during Wind Gusts and Heavy Rain Intensity

A.W.M. van Schijndel[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

The roof of a well known shopping place in Amsterdam collapsed during a storm with heavy rain showers in 2002. One of the main problems was the malfunction of the draining system. Another problem was that driving rain water apparently washed over edges that where designed to hold the water. This short paper presents the progress of using COMSOL to simulate the height of the water near the edges ...

Fluid Flow Simulation of Preconcentration Membranes Using Finite Elements Tools

R. Inglés[1], J. Pallares[2], J.L. Ramirez[1], and E. Llobet[1]

[1]Dept. of Electronic, Electrical and Automatic Control Engineering, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering School of Chemical
Engineering Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain

We use finite elements simulations in order to study the fluid flow behavior in a chamber of a preconcentrator. We realized that most part of the fluid does not affect our preconcentrator because it is going out the chamber at high distance above it and parallel to the preconcentrator. So, we are wasting most part of our fluid and we need a lot of time to have a good concentrator factor. We ...

Multiphysical Modeling of Calcium Carbonate Transportation in UV Disinfection in Water Treatment

E. R. Blatchley[1], and B.Z. Sun[1]
[1]Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

Mineral precipitation on to the quartz surface of the lamp jackets in UV disinfection process (fouling) has been recognized as a major problem for UV radiation delivery during disinfection operation. Fouling behavior was observed to be induced thermally and influenced by hydraulic character of the UV disinfection configuration. Fouling process involves momentum, heat, and mass transport within ...

Modelling and Simulation of a Three-stage Air Compressor Based on Dry Piston Technology

M. Heidari, and P. Barrade
Lausanne, Switzerland

The core of this modelling is to study heat transfer and fluid dynamics processes for a compression expansion system, and the main particularity is that heat transfer and air movement are due to the movement of the piston. We have implemented a \"moving mesh\" solver to compute the volume changes of the compression chamber followed by a \"Fluid dynamics\" type solver. It allows correct ...

Building Energy Simulation Using the Finite Element Method

J. van Schijndel[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

In order to predict, improve and meet a certain set of performance requirements related to the indoor climate of buildings and the associated energy demand, building energy simulation (BES) tools are indispensable. Due to the rapid development of FEM software and the Multiphysics approaches, it should possible to build and simulate full 3D models of buildings regarding the energy demand. The ...