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Trapping DNA Molecules in Fluids Using Electrokinetic Effects Generated by Different Electrode Geometries

S. Ghonge[1], S. Kapur [1], S. Banerjee[1]
[1]Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani - Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

In this paper we present results of simulations done to predict the behavior of a system consisting of DNA molecules in an aqueous medium under the combined effect of AC Electroosmosis and Dielectrophoresis (DEP). ACEO is caused by the movement of fluid particles under the influence of the electric field. DEP is caused by polarization of the DNA particle. Two different electrode geometries ...

Bio-Effluents Tracing in Ventilated Aircraft Cabins

G. Petrone[1], L. Cammarata[1], and G. Cammarata[1]
[1]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) are issues of very high interest, determining comfortable conditions for occupants and no-contaminated local atmosphere. The aircraft cabins are more confined and have a higher occupant density than other indoor environments such as offices or residential houses. The passengers and the crew share a closed and ventilated cabin, which brings potential risk ...

Modeling Contact Line Dynamics in Evaporating Menisci

J. Plawsky[1], A. Chatterjee[1], and P.C. Wayner Jr.[1]
[1]Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA

The Constrained Vapor Bubble is a fundamental fluid mechanics experiment that is scheduled to run aboard the International Space Station starting in August 2009. The experiment is focused on looking at evaporation and condensation processes at the contact line, where vapor, liquid and solid meet. Our goal is to understand how processes that occur on the macroscale affect the transport processes ...

Deep Desulfurization of Diesel Using a Single-Phase Micro-Reactor

G. Jovonavic[1], J. Jones[1], and A. Yokochi[1]
[1]School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

This paper describes the benefits of computational fluid dynamics in the development of a microreactor used in the desulfurization of aromatic compounds. It is crucial to verify diffusion and extinction coefficients to ensure accurate simulation results prior to experiments. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to model the behavior of all of the possible species present and reactions that may occur.

Numerical Investigation of the Convective Heat Transfer Enhancement in Coiled Tubes

L. Cattani[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy

The work is focused on the numerical analysis of forced convection in curved tubes investigating the correlation between the heat transfer and friction factor enhancement and the effects of the wall curvature. The analysis was performed by integrating the continuity, momentum and energy equations within COMSOL Multiphysics. The local Nusselt number reaches values higher than the ones expected ...

Hydrodynamics of Viscoelastic Jets in Extensional Flow

S. Kulkarni [1], V. Juvekar [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India

The extensional flow of viscoelastic flow is encountered during fibre spinning processes. A variety of polymers such as polyesters, polyacrylonitrile, rayon, acrylic, spandex etc are manufactured using this process. In the spinning process, polymer melt/ solution is extruded in the form of jet, through a porous plate called spinneret, into a bath having a suitable environment which allows ...

Metal Foam Tube Flow Characterisation

T. Spillmann[1]
[1]CSIRO, Energy Technology, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

In this study the flow through a tube filled with highly porous aluminium foam of three different pore sizes is analysed using COMSOL Multiphysics® CFD Module and compared to experimentally determined pressure drop data. Analyzing the flow through an array of pores allow the deduction of characteristic flow parameters (permeability and form drag coefficient) that are utilized in a 2D ...

Biofluid-Structural Interaction in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm for Predicting Timeline to Rupture: The Effect of Hypertension and Aorta Wall Material Properties - new

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], G. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a bulge formed in the large blood vessels that supply blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs. A fluid structure interaction model was developed in a 3D aortic aneurysm model, which was constructed from abdominal CT scan images. Combining medical imaging and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in a time dependent study allowed the determination of wall ...

Pore-Level Influence of Contact Angle on Fluid Displacements in Porous Media - new

H. Ali Akhlaghi Amiri[1]
[1]University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway

Wettability affects two-phase displacements in porous media by determining the microscopic distribution of fluids in pore spaces. The impact of wettability on transport properties at macro-scales has been widely addressed in literature; however a deeper understanding of wettability effects demands pore-level investigations which are still limited. In this paper, COMSOL Multiphysics® software ...

Simulating the Flow of Native Silk Feedstocks In Vivo

J. Sparkes [1],
[1] Natural Materials Group, Dept of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

The ability to artificially produce silk fibers has great commercial, industrial and scientific implications. Much has been made of their remarkable mechanical properties but few have considered how they are imparted on the initially liquid silk feedstock.1 I am exploring how silk duct geometry affects the fibers produced as by understanding the flow conditions within the model, and comparing ...