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Relevance of Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Processes Involved in the Construction and Operation of Copper Heap Leach Pads

M. Tincopa[1], A. Nardi[2], G. Roman-Ross[2] , J. Molinero[2]
[1]Technic University of Catalonia (UPC), Barcelona, Spain
[2]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain

Heap leaching in the mining industry had become a sophisticated practice at least 500 years ago. It is a mineral processing technology whereby piles of crushed Run-of–Mine rock are leached with chemical solutions to extract minerals. The goal of this work is to contribute to the understanding of the behavior of a heap leach pad by using coupled Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical simulations. COMSOL ...

Modeling of Usage of Air Injection Well in a Geothermal System

X. Ma[1] and J. Grabe[1]

[1]Institude for Geotechnics and Construction Management, Hamburg University of Technology, Hamburg, Germany

Natural groundwater flow can increase the efficiency of geothermal system. But groundwater flow is not available everywhere. A patented new idea is to use air injection well to create artificial flow in sandy or gritty soils. The governing equations of fluid flow and heat transfer problem were solved with the COMSOL’s Earth Science Module.

Assessment of Spatial Variably Saturated Flow by Irrigation Moisture Sensors in 2-Dimensions using the COMSOL Multiphysics 4.1

A. Boluwade, and C. A. Madramootoo
Bioresources Engineering, McGill University
Ste. Anne De Bellevue, QC

This paper reports on the application of COMSOL Multiphysics’ Richard\'s Equation Interface in the assessment of irrigation moisture sensors for detecting the level of water saturation in a spatial variably saturated soil. The Richard\'s Equation (in COMSOL) provides the interface which automates the van Genuchten equation. A hypothetical soil column 4m by 4m was set up with seven irrigation ...

Simulation of Pumping Induced Groundwater Flow in Unconfined Aquifer Using Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian Method

Y. Jin[1], E. Holzbecher[1], S. Ebneth[2]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, Georg-August-University, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Hoelscher Dewatering, Haren, Germany

A novel numerical method characterizing groundwater flow in unconfined aquifer is demonstrated. In contrast to the conventional method (Dupuit approach considering horizontal flow only), hydraulic head is simulated in horizontal and vertical directions. The new approach is introduced via developing a 2-D-axisymmetric model representing the vertical cross section of the aquifer. The model solves ...

Stability of an Underground Limestone Mine

R. Haemers[1], F. Broekkamp[1], H. van Halewijn[1]
[1]Fontys University of Applied Physics, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

The hills of South-Limburg, the Netherlands, are crisscrossed with underground limestone mines. These "caves" are not equally stable, and can be dangerous. With COMSOL Multiphysics® a stability assessment has been made. The first study examines the full stress and displacement profile without excavation. In a second study the domains of the corridors are excluded, to represent the excavation ...

Radionuclide Transport Through Different Routes Near a Deposition Hole for Spent Nuclear Fuel

V-M.S. Pulkkanen[1]

[1]VTT, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

Radionuclide transport modeling is a part of the research concerning geological disposal of spent nuclear fuel. Typically, the transport models near a single deposition hole focus on the reactions of nuclides, while the model geometry and the flow of groundwater are often simplified. In this paper, instead, a radionuclide transport model in a detailed 3D geometry with no reactions is introduced. ...

Safe Storage Parameters During CO2 Injection Using Coupled Reservoir-Geomechanical Analysis

T.I. Bjørnarå[1], E. Aker[1], and E. Skurtveit[1]
[1]NGI, Oslo, Norway

Safe short term storage of CO2 depends mainly on structural and solubility trapping. On longer term, mineral trapping is also contributing to the trapping of CO2. To be able to investigate the importance of these different storage mechanisms, a finite element model for simulation of CO2 injection has been developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model describes and solves for two-phase flow ...

State of Stress of Subducting Slabs from Viscoelastic Plane Strain Numerical Modelling

E. Carminati[1] and P. Petricca[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy

Using 2D viscoelastic plane strain models we investigate the dependency of the stress field of slabs on geometry and kinematics of subduction zones (relative velocity of interacting plates and their absolute velocity with respect to the mantle). We conclude that the concentration of Von Mises stress is controlled by the geometry (curvature) of the slab and that downdip compression in subducting ...

Finite-Element Evaluation of Thermal Response Tests Performed on U-Tube Borehole Heat Exchangers

E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are performed by a finite-element simulation method, developed through the software package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4.

The Effect of the Disintegration of Chemical Stratification on the Time-dependent Behavior of the Earth’s Mantle

A. Galsa, and M. Herein
Eötvös University
Budapest, Hungary

Based on recent results from seismology, geochemistry etc. the distinct chemical character of the D’’ layer (lowest part of the mantle around the Earth’s core) has appeared unequivocally. Numerical calculations have been carried out to investigate the effect of the disintegration, mixing and homogenization of the dense D’’ on the time-dependent behavior of mantle convection. A ...