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Geophysics and Geomechanicsx

Modeling Convective Heat Transfer in the Porous Active Layer of an Alpine Rock Glacier

J. Wicky [1], M. Scherler [1], Ch. Hauck [1],
[1] Alpine Cryosphere and Geomorphology Group, University of Fribourg, Switzerland

Permafrost is defined as soil which remains frozen for at least two consecutive years. In the Swiss Alps, it is a widespread phenomenon with a great impact on the landscape particularly regarding natural hazards. The occurrence of permafrost is not only influenced by meteorological ... Mehr lesen

Modeling CO2 storage Using Coupled Reservoir-Geomechanical Analysis

T.I. Bjørnarå, F. Cuisiat, E. Aker, and E. Skurtveit
Norwegian Geotechnical Institute(NGI), Oslo, Norway

The geomechanical effects related to CO2 injection into the Krechba formation at In Salah, Algeria, are considered through a coupled modeling approach to simulate simultaneously CO2 migration in the aquifer and the surrounding formations, as well as the poro-elastic stress changes ... Mehr lesen

Modeling Internal Erosion Processes in Soil Pipes

J. L. Nieber [1], G. V. Wilson [2], G. A. Fox [3],
[1] University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, USA
[2] United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service National Sedimentation Laboratory, Oxford, MS, USA
[3] North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA

The erosion of the interior of soil pipes is an important process in the fields of geomechanics and geomorphology. Soil pipes can form in water holding structures like dams and levees, and water flow through these structures becomes concentrated into the soil pipes as they evolve by the ... Mehr lesen

Safe Storage Parameters During CO2 Injection Using Coupled Reservoir-Geomechanical Analysis

T.I. Bjørnarå[1], E. Aker[1], and E. Skurtveit[1]
[1]NGI, Oslo, Norway

Safe short term storage of CO2 depends mainly on structural and solubility trapping. On longer term, mineral trapping is also contributing to the trapping of CO2. To be able to investigate the importance of these different storage mechanisms, a finite element model for simulation of CO2 ... Mehr lesen

Hydro-Mechanical Coupling in Saturated and Unsaturated Soils and its Consequences on the Electrical Behaviour

G. Della Vecchia[1], R. Cosentini[1], S. Foti[1], and G. Musso[1]

[1]DISTR, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

The consequences of hydromechanical coupling on the electrical conductivity of saturated and unsaturated soils are investigated experimentally and numerically. Simulations of the consolidation problem under vertical load for an elastic medium and of the coupled flow of two immiscible ... Mehr lesen

Designing Materials for Mechanical Invisibility Cloaks

P. Olsson[1], F. Larsson[1], A. Khlopotin[1], S. Razanica[1]
[1]Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

In solid mechanics, there is considerable interest in achieving “invisibility”. The applications in mechanics include protection of structures and parts of structures from potentially harmful transient waves and steady state vibrations. A suggested large scale application is that ... Mehr lesen

Can we use Aquifers to Monitor Magma Chambers? Using COMSOL Multiphysics® to Investigate Subsurface Strain Changes and Their Effect on Hydrological Systems new

K. Strehlow[1], J. Gottsmann[1], A. Rust[1]
[1]University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

Groundwater-bearing geological layers respond to and modify the surface expressions of magmatic activity, and they can also become agents of volcanic unrest themselves. Interpretations of unrest signals as groundwater responses to changes in the magmatic system can be found for many ... Mehr lesen

3D Numerical Modeling of Vertical Geothermal Probes

J. M. Dedulle [1], D. Nguyen [2]
[1] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
[2] BRGM, Montpellier, France

The Solargeotherm project is assessing the possibility of using vertical geothermal probes drilled into a rock mass (bedrock) for storing the thermal energy produced by solar panels and later releasing it. The research project relies on the installation of an experimental system and the ... Mehr lesen

Effect of Parallel Strip Water Source Spacing on Lateral Infiltration Flux

M. García-Serrana [1], J. L. Nieber [1], J. S. Gulliver [1],
[1] University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA

This analysis evaluates the importance of the lateral component of flow on the infiltration of water from parallel strip sources of water on the soil surface. Flow from such sources will be two-dimensional, having both vertical and lateral components. Here we examine the effect of the ... Mehr lesen

3D Simulations of an Injection Test Done Into an Unsaturated Porous and Fractured Limestone

A. Thoraval[1], Y. Guglielmi[2], F. Cappa[3]
[1]INERIS, Nancy, France
[2]CEREGE, Aix-en-Provence, France
[3]GEOAZUR, Valbonne, France

We have developed a numerical model to represent the effect of injection test in unsaturated porous and fractured rock mass. The test was conducted at the LSBB (Laboratoire Souterrain à Bas Bruit) site close to Rustrel, Vaucluse, France in the field of the French ANR project called “HPPP ... Mehr lesen