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Study of HVDC Grounding Systems Using Finite Element Methods

C. K. C. Arruda [1], A. A. Silveira [1], L. C. R. Vieira [1], F. C. Dart [1],
[1] CEPEL, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

High Voltage Direct Current transmission (HVDC) is a suitable alternative for long distance transmission. During the years, the use of this technology has been increasing, which is one of the several reasons to improve methodologies in HVDC grounding systems. Unlike the usual approach in AC, a HVDC grounding system is distinguished by its operating procedures, which is, when it is configured ...

The Use of COMSOL Multiphysics® Software to Explore Flooding and Rising Dampness Problems Related to Cultural Heritage

H.L. Schellen [1], A.W.M. van Schijndel [1],
[1] Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands

In The Netherlands rising dampness problems due to flooding of rivers and high groundwater levels form an essential treat for monumental buildings and heritage. A number of cases exists where rising dampness problems lead to the deterioration of wall finishes but also of valuable wall paintings in churches and castles. To explore the problem and to look for solutions like drying regimes, ...

Multiphysics Modelling of Standing Column Well and Implementation of Heat Pumps Off-Loading Sequence

A. Nguyen[1], P. Pasquier[1], D. Marcotte[1]
[1] Department of Civil, Geological and Mining Engineering, École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

A fully coupled multiphysics model involving heat transfer and groundwater flow within a SCW and its surrounding ground was implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a with MATLAB to simulate a 24-hour heating operation. The heat pumps were modeled using interpolation functions thereby allowing the effect of the pumped water temperature on the capacity and coefficient of performance of the heat ...

Submarine Gas Hydrate Reservoir Simulations - A Gas/Liquid Fluid Flow Model for Gas Hydrate Containing Sediments - new

S. Schlüter[1], T. Hennig[1], G. Janicki[1], G. Deerberg[1]
[1]Fraunhofer UMSICHT, Oberhausen, Germany

In the medium term, gas hydrate reservoirs in the subsea sediment are intended as deposits for carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuel consumption. This idea is supported by the fact, that CO2 hydrates are more stable than methane hydrates at certain conditions. The potential of producing methane by depressurization and/or by injecting CO2 is studied in the frame of the research project SUGAR. ...

Integration of the DeProF Model for Two-Phase Flow in P.M. into the Subsurface Flow Module

M. S. Valavanides [1], E. D. Skouras [2], A. N. Kalarakis [3], V. N. Burganos [2],
[1] TEI Athens, Athens, Greece
[2] FORTH/ICE-HT, Patras, Greece
[3] TEI of Western Greece, Patras, Greece

Relative permeability maps for steady-state two-phase flow in porous media, delivered by implementing the DeProF model [1] algorithm, were integrated within COMSOL Multiphysics® software [2] to resolve field-scale flows in porous media. The mechanistic model DeProF [1], predicts the relative permeability of oil and water in terms of the capillary number, Ca, the oil/water flowrate ratio, r, ...

Simulating Hydraulic Fracturing and Contaminant Transport with MATLAB® and COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

D. W. Pepper [1], E. Nabizadeh [1], J. Waters [2],
[1] University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV, USA
[2] Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA

Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is a technique used to extract oil and gas in shale rock. A mixture of water, sand, and chemicals are pumped into the well at high pressures to keep the fissures open, which allows the gas to flow. Although intermediate casings are inserted into the well to prevent the fracturing fluid or oil or gas from entering the water supply at the ground water layer ...

Remote Sensing of Electromagnetically Penetrable Objects: Landmine and IED Detection

R. Eze [1], G. Sivulka [2], ,
[1] City University of New York - LaGuardia Community College, Long Island City, NY, USA
[2] Regis High School, New York, NY, USA

The detection, characterization, and classification of underground environmental hazardous objects [mines, IEDs, and other unexploded military hardware] is a worldwide problem that needs urgent attention and solution. While electromagnetic sensor technologies have been applied to identify these hazards, increasingly low dielectric contrast between newer, sophisticated landmines, and complex ...

Simulation of Heat Transfer during Artificial Ground Freezing Combined with Groundwater Flow

R. Hu [1], Q. Liu [1],
[1] School of Earth Science and Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing, China

Based on the heat transfer and seepage theory in porous media, a 2D cross section of a horizontal AGF project is selected and a numerical model is set up, which is based on full coupling of temperature and flow fields by combining physical interfaces of Darcy's Law and Heat Transfer in Porous Media. The simulation results show that freezing wall appears in an asymmetrical shape as the ...

Energy Pile Simulation – an Application of THM-Modeling - new

E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany

Energy piles, i.e. heat exchangers located within the foundation piles of buildings, are used for heating of cooling purposes. Although the absolute values of deformations and temperature gradients are low or moderate, the entire setting can be influenced by thermo-hydro-mechanical coupling. The fluctuating thermal regime may affect the deformation of pile and surrounding ground as effect of ...

Numerical Study on the Acoustic Field of a Deviated Borehole with 2.5D Method - new

L. Liu[1], W.J. Lin[1], H.L. Zhang[1]
[1]State Key Laboratory of Acoustics, Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

In this paper, we use the PDE interface of COMSOL Multiphysics® software to implement the 2.5D frequency wave-number domain method to investigate the wave propagation in a deviated borehole penetrating a transversely isotropic formation. A convolutional perfectly matched layer is realized to eliminate the reflections from the artificial truncation boundary. With this method, we can obtain the ...