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Thermal Analysis of Induction Furnace

A. A. Bhat[1], S. Agarwal [1], D. Sujish[1], B. Muralidharan[1], B. P. Reddy[1], G. Padmakumar[1], K. K. Rajan[1]
[1]Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu, India

Induction furnaces are employed for vacuum distillation process to recover heavy metals after electro-refining operation. Induction furnace of suitable heating rate and cooled by passive means are required to be developed for this purpose. It is planned to set up a mock up induction furnace which will simulate the conditions to be realized in actual vacuum distillation furnace for this purpose. ...

Multiphysics Process Simulation of Static Magnetic Fields in High Power Laser Beam Welding of Aluminum

M. Bachmann[1], V. Avilov[1], A. Gumenyuk[1], M. Rethmeier[1]
[1]BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany

The article deals with the application of the Hartmann effect in high power laser beam welding of aluminum. The movement of liquid metal in a magnetic field causes electric currents which build a Lorentz force that decelerates the original flow. The numerical model calculates the influence of a steady magnetic field on partial penetration keyhole laser beam welding of aluminum. Three-dimensional ...

3D Simulation of Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy in the Treatment of Brain Tumors

M. Nour [1], A. Lakhssassi [1], E. Kengne [1], M. Bougataya [1],
[1] Université du Québec en Outaouais, Gatineau, QC, Canada

Abstract: Due to the restriction of the number of probes that a patient can tolerate, and the inaccurate information provided by the invasive temperature measurements, which provide information only at discrete points, a mathematical model simulation is more effective to help doctors in planning their thermal treatment doses. This will maximize therapeutic effects while minimizing side effects. ...

Numerical Prediction of Weld Bead Geometry in Plasma Arc Welding of Titanium Sheets - new

V. Dhinakaran[1], S. Khope[1], N. S. Shanmugam[1] , K. Sankaranarayanasamy[1]
[1]National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Plasma Arc Welding (PAW) is one of the important arc welding processes commonly used in electronics, medical, automotive and aerospace industries due its high accuracy, finishing, and ability of welding any hard materials. It is an extension of Tungsten Inert Gas welding (TIG or GTAW). PAW has been unnoticed because it is more complex and requires more expensive equipment compared to other ...

Design and Analysis of Micro-Heaters for Temperature Optimization using COMSOL Multiphysics for MEMS Based Gas Sensor

V. S. Selvakumar[1], L. Sujatha[1]
[1]Rajalakhmi Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Micro-Heaters are the key components in sub-miniature micro-sensors, especially in gas sensors. The metal oxide gas sensors utilize the properties of surface adsorption to detect changes in resistance as a function of varying concentration of different gases [5]. To detect the resistive changes, the heater temperature must be in the requisite temperature range over the heater area. Hence the ...

3D Simulation of Heat and Moisture Diffusion in Constructions

M. Bianchi Janetti, and F. Ochs
University of Innsbruck
Unit Building Physics
Innsbruck, Austria

The simulation of heat and moisture transfer represents an essential resource in designing energy efficient buildings. In this paper a time-dependent wall model, consisting of several homogeneous domains, with third-type boundary conditions imposed on the surfaces, is implemented in the COMSOL Multiphysics environment. Temperature and moisture content is calculated inside the construction for ...

Numerical Simulation of Si Nanosecond Laser Annealing by COMSOL Multiphysics

M. Darif, and N. Semmar
GREMI-UMR6606, CNRS-Universite d’Orleans, Orléans, France

A 2D transient heat conduction model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate temperature changes in material irradiated by a KrF laser beam confined on silicon’s surface. In this paper, the obtained results are shown and discussed in case of bulk Silicon. The heat source is distributed in time with ‘gate’ and ‘gaussian’ shapes. The thermal properties values ...

Keyhole Formation During Spot Laser Welding: Heat and Fluid Flow Modeling in a 2D Axisymmetric Configuration

M. Courtois[1], M. Carin[2], P. LeMasson[2], S. Gaied [1]
[1]ArcelorMittal, Global R&D, Montataire, France
[2]LIMATB Laboratory, Université de Bretagne Sud, Lorient, France

For a better understanding of phenomena associated to the appearance of defects in laser welding, a heat and fluid flow model is developed. This study is focused on the modeling of a static laser shot on a sample of steel. This 2D axialsymmetric configuration is used to study phenomena related to the creation of the keyhole. This model takes into account the three phases of the matter: the ...

Highly Concentrated Solar Radiation Measurement by Means of an Inverse Method

L. Mongibello[1], N. Bianco[2], R. Fucci[1], F. Moscariello[2]
[1]ENEA - Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Portici, Italy
[2]DETEC - Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy

This work focuses on the numerical analysis conducted on the prototype sensor for the measurement of highly concentrated radiative heat fluxes, based on an inverse heat transfer method, realized at the ENEA Portici Research Center in collaboration with the DETEC department of the University of Naples Federico II. The estimates of highly concentrated radiative heat fluxes on the target surface of ...

Modeling of HTPEM Fuel Cell Start-Up Process by Using COMSOL Multiphysics

Y. Wang[1], D. Uwe Sauer[1]
[1]Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems, Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

HTPEM fuel cells are considered to be the next generation fuel cells. The electrochemical kinetics for electrode reactions are enhanced by using PBI membrane at an operation temperature between 160-180 °C comparing to LTPEM fuel cells. But starting HTPEM fuel cells from room temperature to an operation temperature is a challenge. In this work, using preheated air to heat up the fuel cells ...