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COMSOL-News-Magazine-2017
COMSOL-News-Magazine-2017-Special-edition-acoustics
COMSOL-News-Magazine-2016

A Practical Method to Model Complex Three-Dimensional Geometries with Non-Uniform Material Properties Using Image-based Design and COMSOL Multiphysics®

J. Cepeda[1], S. Birla[2], J. Subbiah[2], H. Thippareddi[1]
[1]Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
[2]Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

Geometries with heterogeneous material properties are typically defined as a set of multiple parts, each part representing a different material. However, assembling or defining the individual parts of complex geometries can be difficult. A practical method based on image-based mesh generation, a custom algorithm for labeling materials, and interpolation functions of COMSOL Multiphysics® can be ...

Numerical Study of a High Temperature Latent Heat Storage (200-300oC) Using Eutectic Nitrate Salt of Sodium Nitrate and Potassium Nitrate

C.W. Foong, J.E. Hustad, J. Løvseth, and O.J. Nydal
Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

In this study, a small scale direct solar thermal energy storage system with secondary reflector is designed and developed. The main advantage of thermal energy storage is that cooking can be carried out during the time when there is little or no sun shine. In addition, no heat transport fluid is needed in this system. A well insulated heat storage should keep the heat for about 24 hours. KNO3 ...

Experimental Validation of Induction Heating of MS Tube for Elevated Temperature NDT Application

B. Patidar [1],
[1] Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai India

Induction heating is multiphysics process, which includes electromagnetic induction and heat transfer. Both the physics are nonlinearly coupled with each other. In this paper, mathematical modeling of induction heating of MS tube for elevated temperature NDT application is presented. Mathematical modeling of electromagnetic field is done by using magnetic vector potential formulation. Heat ...

Thermo-fluiddynamic Modeling of Laser Beam-Matter Interaction in Selective Laser Melting

K.-H. Leitz [1], P. Singer [1], A. Plankensteiner [1], B. Tabernig [1], H. Kestler [1], L. S. Sigl [1],
[1] Plansee SE, Reutte, Austria

Selective Laser Melting (SLM) offers great potential for future manufacturing technology. In order to extend its applicability for the processing of high melting materials like molybdenum fundamental process understanding is required. This can be obtained by multiphysical simulations that allow a look into the process. In this contribution a thermo-fluiddynamical simulation model for laser beam ...

Modeling Convection during Melting of a Phase Change Material

D. Groulx, and R. Murray
Mechanical Engineering
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS
Canada

COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to model a latent heat energy storage system. A 2D numerical study was performed to simulate melting of a PCM including both conduction and convective heat transfer. The heat transfer in fluids and laminar flow physics interfaces were used. To model natural convection, proper volume force was applied to the PCM. The viscosity was input as a piecewise, continuous ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Sound Absorbing Fibrous Materials

T. G. Zielinski [1]
[1] Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Many of fibrous materials are very good sound absorbers, because the acoustic waves, which propagate in air and penetrate a fibrous layer, interact with the fibers so that the wave energy is dissipated. The dissipation is related to some viscous and thermal effects occurring on the micro-scale level. On the macroscopic level, a fibrous medium can be treated as an effective inviscid fluid, ...

Topology Optimization of Thermal Heat Sinks

J. H. K. Haertel [1], K. Engelbrecht [1], B. S. Lazarov [2], O. Sigmund [2],
[1] Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark
[2] Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lynby, Denmark

1. Introduction The topology optimization method is becoming increasingly popular as a design tool for multiphysics systems [1,2]. Topology optimization of fluid-thermal systems has been presented for example in [3] for forced convective heat transfer and in [4] for natural convection problems. In this work, topology optimization including density filtering and projection is applied to ...

Modeling and Simulation of Thermal Runaway in Cylindrical 18650 Lithium-Ion Batteries

A. M. Melcher [1], C. Ziebert [1], B. Lei [1], M. Rohde [2], H. J. Seifert [2]
[1] Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, IAM-AWP, Karlsruhe, Germany
[2] Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

In this work the coupled electrochemical-thermal model for a lithium-ion battery (LIB) based on porous electrode theory has been extended with contributions coming from exothermic side reactions based on an Arrhenius law to model abuse mechanisms, which could lead to a thermal runaway. These extensions have been modeled with a constant fuel model and for specified current profiles and exterior ...

Modeling a DC Plasma Torch with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

Bruno Chine' [1], Manuel Francisco Mata [2], Ivan Vargas [3],
[1] School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2] School of Electromechanics Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3] School of Physics, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica

Plasma torches are used in processing of materials and in energy industry for producing plasma. In a non-transferred arc plasma torch, an electric arc can be glowed by applying a direct current (DC) between the cathode and anode, both placed inside the torch. Then, the plasma (Fig. 1) is obtained by heating, ionizing and expanding a working gas, introduced into the chamber of the torch upstream ...

Enthalpy Porosity Method for CFD Simulation of Natural Convection Phenomenon for Phase Change Problems in the Molten Pool and its Importance during Melting of Solids

Priyanshu Goyal[1], Anu Dutta[1], V.Verma[1], I. Thangamani[1], R.K. Singh[1]
[1]Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India

Shielded transportation casks are commonly used for transportation and storage of radioactive waste materials. Design approval of such casks by regulatory authority is subject to its compliance with a thermal test (among other tests) Due to exposure of cask to fire , there is a possibility of melting of the shielding material (lead) used for the cask and need to evaluate extent of melting. ...