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Simulation of the Temperature Profile During Welding with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Using Rosenthal's Approach - new

A. Lecoanet[1], D. G. Ivey[1], H. Henein[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

A 3D finite element analysis is carried out, using COMSOL® software, to reproduce the thermal profile obtained with Rosenthal’s equation. The implemented heat transfer equation has been modified as a means to approximate Rosenthal’s solution. An analysis of the differences between the simulation and Rosenthal’s solution, when the geometry of the domain and the source are changed, has been ...

Experimental Validation of Induction Heating of MS Tube for Elevated Temperature NDT Application

B. Patidar [1],
[1] Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai India

Induction heating is multiphysics process, which includes electromagnetic induction and heat transfer. Both the physics are nonlinearly coupled with each other. In this paper, mathematical modeling of induction heating of MS tube for elevated temperature NDT application is presented. Mathematical modeling of electromagnetic field is done by using magnetic vector potential formulation. Heat ...

A Practical Method to Model Complex Three-Dimensional Geometries with Non-Uniform Material Properties Using Image-based Design and COMSOL Multiphysics®

J. Cepeda[1], S. Birla[2], J. Subbiah[2], H. Thippareddi[1]
[1]Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
[2]Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

Geometries with heterogeneous material properties are typically defined as a set of multiple parts, each part representing a different material. However, assembling or defining the individual parts of complex geometries can be difficult. A practical method based on image-based mesh generation, a custom algorithm for labeling materials, and interpolation functions of COMSOL Multiphysics® can be ...

Topology Optimization of Thermal Heat Sinks

J. H. K. Haertel [1], K. Engelbrecht [1], B. S. Lazarov [2], O. Sigmund [2],
[1] Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark
[2] Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lynby, Denmark

1. Introduction The topology optimization method is becoming increasingly popular as a design tool for multiphysics systems [1,2]. Topology optimization of fluid-thermal systems has been presented for example in [3] for forced convective heat transfer and in [4] for natural convection problems. In this work, topology optimization including density filtering and projection is applied to ...

A Study on Hydrodynamics of Melt Expulsion in Pulsed Nd: YAG Laser Drilling of Titanium

S. Sharma [1], Y. Pachuary [2], S. N. Akhtar [3], J. Ramkumar [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India
[2] Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur, India
[3] Integral University, Lucknow, India

Laser drilling of titanium and its alloys is widely used in aerospace industry, as it offers selective removal of material at high accuracy and speed. However, laser drilling often inherits defects such as large heat affected zone, micro cracks and recast layer. These defects depend upon complex melting and solidification phenomena happening due to interaction of high-intensity laser with the ...

Modeling a DC Plasma Torch with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

Bruno Chine' [1], Manuel Francisco Mata [2], Ivan Vargas [3],
[1] School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2] School of Electromechanics Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3] School of Physics, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica

Plasma torches are used in processing of materials and in energy industry for producing plasma. In a non-transferred arc plasma torch, an electric arc can be glowed by applying a direct current (DC) between the cathode and anode, both placed inside the torch. Then, the plasma (Fig. 1) is obtained by heating, ionizing and expanding a working gas, introduced into the chamber of the torch upstream ...

Single-Phase Modeling in Microchannel with Piranha Pin Fin

X. Yu [1], C. Woodcock [1], Y. Peles [2], J. Plawsky [1],
[1] Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
[2] University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA

Microchannel has shown potential to dissipate high heat flux in past years [1][2]. At the same time, liquid cooling attracts more and more attention from researchers for its favorable thermal properties and ability to cool down hot and keep acceptable system temperature [3][4][5]. This work aims at modeling single-phase and two-phase flow boiling heat transfer and fluid flow with COMSOL ...

Modeling Convection during Melting of a Phase Change Material

D. Groulx, and R. Murray
Mechanical Engineering
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS
Canada

COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to model a latent heat energy storage system. A 2D numerical study was performed to simulate melting of a PCM including both conduction and convective heat transfer. The heat transfer in fluids and laminar flow physics interfaces were used. To model natural convection, proper volume force was applied to the PCM. The viscosity was input as a piecewise, continuous ...

Modeling of a Counter Flow Plate Fin Heat Exchanger - new

R. Jia[1], J. Hu[1], X. Xiong[2]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
[2]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA

Plate fin heat exchangers are widely used for heat recovery or cooling purposes in many industries, such as cryogenics, aerospace and automobile industries. This paper developed a numerical model to simulate the heat transfer and fluid flow in a counter flow plate fin heat exchanger and optimize its design parameters. The conjugate heat transfer in the finned plate and fluids in the channels ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Sound Absorbing Fibrous Materials

T. G. Zielinski [1]
[1] Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Many of fibrous materials are very good sound absorbers, because the acoustic waves, which propagate in air and penetrate a fibrous layer, interact with the fibers so that the wave energy is dissipated. The dissipation is related to some viscous and thermal effects occurring on the micro-scale level. On the macroscopic level, a fibrous medium can be treated as an effective inviscid fluid, ...