J. Crompton, S. Yushanov, L. Gritter, and K. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies, LLC.
Thermoelectric phenomena provide the direct conversion of heat into electricity or electricity into heat, the phenomena is described by three related mechanisms: the Seebeck, Peltier and Thomson effects. Thermoelectric devices have found many applications ranging from temperature measurement, solid state heating or cooling and direct energy conversion from waste heat. In this paper, analysis ...
J. Xiao, and D. Attinger
Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Convective deposition is a material processing technique where an evaporating meniscus of a colloidal suspension is dragged along a solid substrate to deposit layers of micro or nanoparticles. The process is a typical multiphysics process where fluid dynamics, mass and heat transfer come into play in a small deforming domain. In this work, we describe an Arbitrary Lagrangian-Euler model ...
D. Droste, F. Lindner, C. Mundt, M. Pfitzner
Universität der Bundeswehr, Munich, Bavaria, Germany
In this study we investigate the heat and mass transfer in a porous media with phase change. The liquid fluid is injected from one side and heated from the other side, where it leaves the porous material in a gaseous state. Dominant forces are capillary interactions and two-phase heat conduction. To model the process we use a two-phase mixture model on a macroscopic scale. This model is ...
A Practical Method to Model Complex Three-Dimensional Geometries with Non-Uniform Material Properties Using Image-based Design and COMSOL Multiphysics®
J. Cepeda, S. Birla, J. Subbiah, H. Thippareddi
Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Geometries with heterogeneous material properties are typically defined as a set of multiple parts, each part representing a different material. However, assembling or defining the individual parts of complex geometries can be difficult. A practical method based on image-based mesh generation, a custom algorithm for labeling materials, and interpolation functions of COMSOL Multiphysics® can be ...
A. Noume, C. Vasile, M. Risser
National Institute of Applied Science (INSA), Strasbourg, France
In automotive industry, regardless the type of engine we use, heating and air-conditioning is responsible for the highest energy consumption among all the auxiliary systems all over the year. For conventional vehicles with thermal engines, the heating of the internal space is easy obtainable because of the heat waste from the engine. For the electric vehicles, as the energy is delivered by the ...
T. Eppes, I. Milanovic, and G. Quarshie
University of Hartford
West Hartford, CT
Power transistors require heat sinks to dissipate thermal energy and keep junction temperatures below the recommended limit. The reliability and longevity of any semiconductor device is inversely proportional to the junction temperature. Hence, a significant increase in reliability and component life can be achieved by a small reduction in operating temperature. A range of heat sink designs ...
D. Groulx, and W. Ogoh
Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
A 1D phase change problem, known as Stefan’s problem, for which analytical solutions are available, is solved as a 2D problem using COMSOL Multiphysics. The PCM medium is semi-infinite, initially solid at its melting temperature Tm, and at t = 0, the wall temperature is raised to Tw > Tm, prompting the PCM to start melting, from pure conduction, in a linear fashion starting at x = 0. The ...
E. Gutierrez-Miravete, B. Fontenault
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA
A novel combined photovoltaic-thermal panel can simultaneously increase the conversion efficiency of the PV cell and utilize some of the excess thermal energy created by the conversion process (see Figure 1). The Conjugate Heat Transfer physics in COMSOL was used to create a two-dimensional, steady state model of such a combined photovoltaic cell-thermal panel. Figure 2 shows a magnified view of ...
N. Bianco1, O. Manca2, S. Nardini2, and S. Tamburrino2
1Dipartimento di Energetica, Termofluidodinamica applicata e Condizionamenti ambientali, Università degli Studi Federico II, Napoli, Italia
2Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Napoli, Italia
An analysis of the transient temperature distribution in a semi-infinite solid, irradiated by a moving Gaussian laser beam, is carried out numerically using COMSOL Multiphysics.Variable thermo-physical properties are accounted for. The workpiece is considered semi-infinite along the motion direction. Temperature distributions are evaluated both for different Peclet numbers and surface heat ...
M. Bianchi Janetti, and F. Ochs
University of Innsbruck
Unit Building Physics
The simulation of heat and moisture transfer represents an essential resource in designing energy efficient buildings. In this paper a time-dependent wall model, consisting of several homogeneous domains, with third-type boundary conditions imposed on the surfaces, is implemented in the COMSOL Multiphysics environment. Temperature and moisture content is calculated inside the construction for ...