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Excimer Laser-Annealing of Amorphous Silicon Layers

J. Förster, and H. Vogt
Institute of Electronic Components and Circuits
University Duisburg-Essen
Duisburg, Germany

A one-dimensional model of Excimer Laser-Annealing of amorphous silicon layers which are irradiated with a KrF excimer laser is described. For realisation, the application mode heat transfer in solids is used. The model predicts a melt threshold for the energy density of the laser of 88.5 mJ/cm^2. It also predicts a linear increase of the melt duration with a slope of approximately 625 (ns*cm^2) ...

Thermal Analysis of Induction Furnace

A. A. Bhat[1], S. Agarwal [1], D. Sujish[1], B. Muralidharan[1], B. P. Reddy[1], G. Padmakumar[1], K. K. Rajan[1]
[1]Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu, India

Induction furnaces are employed for vacuum distillation process to recover heavy metals after electro-refining operation. Induction furnace of suitable heating rate and cooled by passive means are required to be developed for this purpose. It is planned to set up a mock up induction furnace which will simulate the conditions to be realized in actual vacuum distillation furnace for this purpose. ...

Topology Optimization of Thermal Heat Sinks

J. H. K. Haertel [1], K. Engelbrecht [1], B. S. Lazarov [2], O. Sigmund [2],
[1] Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark
[2] Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lynby, Denmark

1. Introduction The topology optimization method is becoming increasingly popular as a design tool for multiphysics systems [1,2]. Topology optimization of fluid-thermal systems has been presented for example in [3] for forced convective heat transfer and in [4] for natural convection problems. In this work, topology optimization including density filtering and projection is applied to ...

Heat Generation Modeling of Two Lithium Batteries: from the Cell to the Pack in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

J. Stoudmann [1], R. Rozsnyo [1], T. Mackin [2], J. Dunning [2]
[1] Haute École du paysage, d'ingénierie et d'architecture, Genève, Switzerland
[2] California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA, USA

A thermal model to predict the heat generation during the charge and discharge of a battery pack is an essential tool to manage the thermal behavior, performance and life of the batteries. In this work, a battery cell is modeled in COMSOL Multiphysics® using the Batteries and Fuel Cells module.

A Practical Method to Model Complex Three-Dimensional Geometries with Non-Uniform Material Properties Using Image-based Design and COMSOL Multiphysics®

J. Cepeda[1], S. Birla[2], J. Subbiah[2], H. Thippareddi[1]
[1]Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
[2]Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

Geometries with heterogeneous material properties are typically defined as a set of multiple parts, each part representing a different material. However, assembling or defining the individual parts of complex geometries can be difficult. A practical method based on image-based mesh generation, a custom algorithm for labeling materials, and interpolation functions of COMSOL Multiphysics® can be ...

Impact of Electrode Surface/Volume Ratio on Li-ion Battery Performance - new

S. Das[1], J. Li[2], R. Hui[1]
[1]University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA
[2]Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA

The adoption of micro- and nanostructured electrodes is a promising technique to improve the performance of Li-ion battery, which increases the electrode surface area and improves the efficiency of ion exchange between the electrode and electrolyte. This performance improvement is supported by the results of our numerical simulation based of a Li+ battery in COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The ...

Modeling a DC Plasma Torch with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

Bruno Chine' [1], Manuel Francisco Mata [2], Ivan Vargas [3],
[1] School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2] School of Electromechanics Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3] School of Physics, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica

Plasma torches are used in processing of materials and in energy industry for producing plasma. In a non-transferred arc plasma torch, an electric arc can be glowed by applying a direct current (DC) between the cathode and anode, both placed inside the torch. Then, the plasma (Fig. 1) is obtained by heating, ionizing and expanding a working gas, introduced into the chamber of the torch upstream ...

Enthalpy Porosity Method for CFD Simulation of Natural Convection Phenomenon for Phase Change Problems in the Molten Pool and its Importance during Melting of Solids

Priyanshu Goyal[1], Anu Dutta[1], V.Verma[1], I. Thangamani[1], R.K. Singh[1]
[1]Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India

Shielded transportation casks are commonly used for transportation and storage of radioactive waste materials. Design approval of such casks by regulatory authority is subject to its compliance with a thermal test (among other tests) Due to exposure of cask to fire , there is a possibility of melting of the shielding material (lead) used for the cask and need to evaluate extent of melting. ...

A Study on Hydrodynamics of Melt Expulsion in Pulsed Nd: YAG Laser Drilling of Titanium

S. Sharma [1], Y. Pachuary [2], S. N. Akhtar [3], J. Ramkumar [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India
[2] Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur, India
[3] Integral University, Lucknow, India

Laser drilling of titanium and its alloys is widely used in aerospace industry, as it offers selective removal of material at high accuracy and speed. However, laser drilling often inherits defects such as large heat affected zone, micro cracks and recast layer. These defects depend upon complex melting and solidification phenomena happening due to interaction of high-intensity laser with the ...

Numerical Computation of Two-Phase Flow in Porous Media

D. Droste[1], F. Lindner[1], C. Mundt[1], M. Pfitzner[1]
[1]Universität der Bundeswehr, Munich, Bavaria, Germany

In this study we investigate the heat and mass transfer in a porous media with phase change. The liquid fluid is injected from one side and heated from the other side, where it leaves the porous material in a gaseous state. Dominant forces are capillary interactions and two-phase heat conduction. To model the process we use a two-phase mixture model on a macroscopic scale. This model is ...