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Bobbin Tool Friction Stir Welding: A Moving Geometry Model

J. Hilgert[1], H. Schmidt[2], and J. Dos Santos[1]

[1]GKSS Forschungszentrum GmbH, Geesthacht, Germany
[2]Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

Based on the example of a bobbin tool Friction Stir Welding process model a technique to model thermal processes with a moving geometry in COMSOL is introduced. The described approach allows modeling the transient temperature fields in setups that are governed by a large relative movement of different parts of the geometry. The movement of the tool is realized in a sequence of discrete time ...

Local Conduction Heat Transfer in U-pipe Borehole Heat Exchangers

J. Acuna[1] and B. Palm[1]

[1]Department of Energy Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden

The most common way to exchange heat with the bedrock in Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) applications is circulating a fluid through a U-formed closed loop in vertical boreholes drilled several tenths of meters into the ground. This study presents and compares the results of eight cross sectional U-pipe Borehole Heat Exchanger configurations. Values from recent experimental temperature ...

Computer-aided Design of the Heating Section of a Continuous Kheer (Rice Pudding)-making Machine

S. Kadam[1], T. Gulati[2], A. Datta[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India
[2]Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Kheer is a popular Indian dairy dessert prepared from concentrating milk with simultaneous cooking of rice grains. Conventional methods of preparing kheer have limited its mechanized production. Therefore, a conceptual design of continuous kheer-making machine has been prepared which among other components consists of a heating section for cooking kheer. The present study investigates the CFD ...

Modeling of Coupled Mass and Heat Transfer and Expansion During Baking of Bread in a Mould

V. Nicolas[1], C. Doursat[2], D. Grenier[1], T. Lucas[1], D. Flick[2]
[1]Institut de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture, Rennes, France
[2]AgroParisTech, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, Massy, France

Bread is a food product which various complex physico-chemical phenomena occur during the cooking process. Thus, phenomena of heat and mass transfer are coupled to the deformation. In addition, bread is a multiphase product (solid, liquid and vapor) and composed of various components (dry matter, water, air and carbon dioxide). A 2D model is developed with COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.3b witch ...

Several Benchmarks for Heat Transfer Problems in COMSOL Multiphysics®

S. Titarenko[1]
[1]University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

Nowadays all branches in modern science and industry tend to solve ever complicating problems. As the result the computational time increases considerably and it become very important to reduce the processing time and use available resources more efficiently. Parallelizing problem proves itself as efficient way to overcome the described problem. In the poster we compare different methods of ...

Thermal Simulation of an Evaporation Reactor

H. Rouch, and S. Desbois
Villard de Lans, France

In this article we present Simulations results of an evaporation reactor for optical layer applications. The thermal simulation concern the source of the evaporated material. An experimental problem is ralated to the shape of the material powder surface: due to the evaporation rate, the surface don\'t keep his flat initial shape and this has a strong effect on the local evaporation rate. In ...

Modeling System Dynamics in a MEMS-Based Stirling Cooler

D. Guo, A. McGaughey, G. Fedder, M. Lee, and S. Yao
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh, PA

Micro-scale devices based on the Stirling cycle are an attractive choice for chip- and board-level electronics. A new Stirling cycle micro-refrigeration system composed of arrays of silicon MEMS cooling elements has been designed. COMSOL is used to evaluate the thermal performance of the system. Simulation of compressible flow and heat transfer with a large deformed mesh has been successfully ...

Porous Media Based Model for Deep-Fat Vacuum Frying Potato Chips

A. Warning, A. K. Datta, A. Dhall, and D. Mitrea
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY

A multiphase porous media model involving heat and mass transfer within a potato chip was implemented in COMSOL 3.5a. The diffusive flux in oil and liquid water was modeled from capillary driven flow while the gas phase was modeled using binary diffusion. A non-equilibrium water evaporation rate was used and Darcy's law for the momentum equation to solve for the convection of each ...

Multiphase, Dual Polymer Injection Molding and Cooling of an Open Cavity to Form both Distinct and Graduated Material Properties within a Complex Three-Dimensional Body

M.S. Yeoman[1]
[1]Continuum Blue Ltd, Forest Row, United Kingdom

With the advancement of medical devices and implants, many now require more advanced nonlinear, hyper-elastic materials such as elastomers to be extensively utilized in the body. This combined with the need to allow for considerably different, varying and graduated material responses within the three-dimensional device, poses a difficult challenge to manufacturing an elastomeric implant in a ...

Comparison of Borehole Heat Exchangers (BHEs): State of the Art vs. Novel Design Approaches

P. Oberdorfer, F. Maier, and E. Holzbecher
Applied Geology
Geoscience Centre
Georg-August-University Göttingen
Göttingen, Germany

The efficiency of borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) for geothermal purposes depends not only on material properties but also on their geometrical design. These days most used design consists of two parallel arranged U-shaped pipes which are embedded in a high-conductive shell filling out the borehole. Another common design is a pipe inside of another pipe, with fluid flowing down inside and up ...