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Generating Simulated Data for Spot Heating/IR Camera Analysis of Coal Slag Surfaces - new

M. Silva[1], T. Ring[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

For combustion simulations, the wall temperature and heat transfer is an important piece of information. Coal combustion systems typically have walls that are initially a cast ceramic, but, with time, slag is deposited on the surface and coal and soot are incorporated into the slag. It is this slag coated ceramic that determines the rate at which heat is transferred from the wall combustion ...

Computational Modeling of the Impact of Solar Irradiance on Chemical Degradation of Painted Wall Hangings in a Historical Interior - new

Z. Huijbregts[1], A. van Schijndel[1], H. Schellen[1], K. Keune[2], M. Eikema Hommes[3,4]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
[2]University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
[3]Cultural Heritage Agency, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
[4]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

The historic Hofkeshuis in Almelo (The Netherlands) locates a unique work of art: three walls in the rear salon of the private house are covered with an 18th century series of painted wall hangings (Figure 1). The simple and similar pigmentation of the paintings, their original hanging, and the few cleaning interventions make it possible to use the degree of the formation of lead soaps, so ...

Modeling of HTPEM Fuel Cell Start-Up Process by Using COMSOL Multiphysics

Y. Wang[1], D. Uwe Sauer[1]
[1]Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems, Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

HTPEM fuel cells are considered to be the next generation fuel cells. The electrochemical kinetics for electrode reactions are enhanced by using PBI membrane at an operation temperature between 160-180 °C comparing to LTPEM fuel cells. But starting HTPEM fuel cells from room temperature to an operation temperature is a challenge. In this work, using preheated air to heat up the fuel cells ...

Smart Radiator Upgrade (Super Smart with Natural Gas)

E. Bozelie[1], P. Bruins[1]
[1]Saxion University Enschede, Enschede, The Netherlands

In heating upgrades, most attention is paid to the boiler. When upgrading to HR++-boilers (eff of 107%) however, difficulties may occur since the high efficiency boilers are designed for water temperatures around 40°C, while the old radiators are designed for water temperatures higher than 60°C. The resulting mismatch may lead to reduced performance, a larger carbon footprint and increased ...

Design Optimization of Waveguide Applicator for Microwave Hyperthermia Cancer Treatment

P. Kumar [1], S. Kalra[1], A. Marwaha[1]
[1]Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering Technology Longowal, Punjab, India

The optimized design of a waveguide applicator has been proposed for superficial microwave hyperthermia using COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5a. In microwave hyperthermia cancer treatment body tissue is exposed to high temperatures using external and internal heating devices. Non-Invasive or external hyperthermia is used to treat tumors that are in or just below the skin (superficial). Non-invasive ...

Oscillatory Thermal Response Test (OTRT) – An Advanced Method for Gaining Thermal Properties of the Subsurface

P. Oberdorfer[1]
[1]Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Thermal Response Tests (TRTs) are the state-of-the-art method to obtain the thermal conductivity of the subsurface in the nearby ambience of a borehole heat exchanger (BHE). The results of TRTs are used to determine the necessary depth of the borehole and to make long time predictions about the potential of heat extraction. For a TRT, a constant heat load is injected into the subsurface and the ...

Modeling Flow and Deformation During Salt-Assisted Puffing of Single Rice Kernels - new

T. Gulati[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Puffing of biomaterials involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large volumetric expansion of the material. Development of physics-based models that can describe heat and moisture transport, rapid evaporation and large deformations can help understand the puffing process. In this context, a fundamentals based study of salt-assisted puffing of rice is described. A multiphase model ...

Multiphysics Study into Compression Rings, Coated Against Uncoated - new

M. Dickinson[1,2], N. Renevier [1], J. Calderbank[2,3]
[1]The Jost Institute, School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
[2]Racing to Research Team, School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
[3]School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK

Internal combustion engine components have been a main research interest over many decades. The structural mechanics and dynamics of the piston rings has been a large focus of work in order to gain a greater understanding of the how the piston ring dynamics affect the piston ring. Piston rings are often coated to reduce the level of wear on the ring as they will suffer substantial levels of ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of Energy Conversion and Storage Concepts Based on Oxide Crystals - new

C. Cherkouk[1], M. Zschornak[1], J. Hanzig[1], M. Nentwich[1], F. Meutzner[1], M. Urena[1], T. Leisegang[2], D. C. Meyer[1]
[1]Institute of Experimental Physics, Technische Universität Bergakademie, Freiberg, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer-Technologiezentrum, Freiberg, Germany

A mathematical model based on a finite element method (FEM) is presented as an initial approach for a system converting waste heat energy into chemical energy. This system consists of a pyroelectric LiNbO3 plate placed into a cylinder which undergoes a laminar water flow with an appropriate periodic heat source. It solves the heat transfer equation in non-isothermal flow, where the density of ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Spring-Supported Thrust Bearings for Hydropower Applications

F.X. Borràs[1], J. Ukonsaari[2], A. Almqvist[1]
[1]Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden
[2]Vattenfall Research and Development, Luleå, Sweden

Spring-supported thrust bearings are used in huge rotor dynamic machines, generally to support the shafts from the biggest hydropower generators. Any attempt of modifying yhis type of thrust bearing implies huge investment and is associated with some risks. The goal of the present work is to predict the performance of spring-supported thrust bearings. With the model it is possible to carry out ...