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Bobbin Tool Friction Stir Welding: A Moving Geometry Model

J. Hilgert[1], H. Schmidt[2], and J. Dos Santos[1]

[1]GKSS Forschungszentrum GmbH, Geesthacht, Germany
[2]Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

Based on the example of a bobbin tool Friction Stir Welding process model a technique to model thermal processes with a moving geometry in COMSOL is introduced. The described approach allows modeling the transient temperature fields in setups that are governed by a large relative movement of different parts of the geometry. The movement of the tool is realized in a sequence of discrete time ...

Multiphase, Dual Polymer Injection Molding and Cooling of an Open Cavity to Form both Distinct and Graduated Material Properties within a Complex Three-Dimensional Body

M.S. Yeoman[1]
[1]Continuum Blue Ltd, Forest Row, United Kingdom

With the advancement of medical devices and implants, many now require more advanced nonlinear, hyper-elastic materials such as elastomers to be extensively utilized in the body. This combined with the need to allow for considerably different, varying and graduated material responses within the three-dimensional device, poses a difficult challenge to manufacturing an elastomeric implant in a ...

Using Temperature Signals to Estimate Geometry Parameters in Fractured Geothermal Reservoirs

F. Maier[1], P. Oberdorfer[1], I. Kocabas[2], I. Ghergut[1], M. Sauter[1]
[1]Dpt. Applied Geology, Center of Geosciences, Georg-August-University, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering Department Batman, Batman University, Batman, Turkey

We compare the output of 2D single fracture models as well as analytical solutions of the problem. The temperature signal is evaluated with the heat transfer mode while the flow field is assumed to exhibit Darcy flow everywhere. The problem is time-dependent so we have to take into account a change in the boundary conditions from a Dirichlet to a Neumann condition which is activated at the time ...

Coupled Heat and Moisture Transfer in Building Components - Implementing WUFI® Approaches in COMSOL Multiphysics

B. Nusser[1], M. Teibinger[1]
[1]Holzforschung Austria, Vienna, Austria

Calculating time-dependent heat and moisture transports trough building components are important tasks in the area of building physics. A well known and worldwide used commercial software for this is WUFI®. From the scientific point of view the restricted access to governing equations is nevertheless a drawback of this software. In the present paper it is shown how the physical approaches used ...

3-Dimensional Blood Cooling Model inside a Carotid Bifurcation

R. Sikorski[1], T. Merrill[1]
[1]Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA

Stroke is caused by an interruption of brain blood supply and is one of the leading causes of death and disability. A mild reduction of 2-5°C in tissue temperature through hypothermia has shown reduced tissue infarct size, increased tissue recovery, and positive neurological effects. This paper seeks to predict the outlet blood temperature in the common carotid bifurcation branches. In our ...

Coupling Stochastic Boundary Perturbations with Fiber Drawing Heat Transfer

A. Emery[1]
[1]University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA

The production of polymer fibers is done by drawing raw material (preform) in a vertical cylindrical furnace whose heated walls radiantly heat the preform. The wall temperatures are very high and the dominant heat transfer to the fiber is by radiation with little effect from the convective flow of gas in the furnace. In contrast, for polymer fibers the convection contribution is large, and ...

Strong Localization and Rapid Time Scales of Superheating in Solid-State Nanopores - new

E. Levine[1], G. Nagashima[1], D. Hoogerheide[1], M. Burns[2], J. Golovchenko[1]
[1]Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]Rowland Institute at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA

Extreme localized superheating and homogeneous vapor bubble nucleation have recently been demonstrated in a single nanopore in thin, solid state membranes [1]. Aqueous electrolytic solution present within the pore is superheated to well above its boiling point by Joule heating from ionic current driven through the pore. Continued heating of the metastable liquid can eventually lead to explosive ...

Virtual Prototype Evolution by COMSOL Multiphysics® of a Continuous Flow Animal By-Products ABP Ohmic Sterilization Unit - new

R. Heslop[1]
[1]C-Tech Innovation Ltd., Capenhurst, Cheshire, UK

Ohmic heating (Joule heating) is a volumetric heating technology which can effectively process almost any pumpable fluid with extremely high energy efficiency (>95%). This is particularly useful for very thick fluids, those that burn on to hot surfaces and those with high solids content which would cause difficulties for conventional heating techniques. Processing of animal by-products (ABP) ...

Numerical Simulation of Evaporation Processes in Electron Beam Welding - new

E. Salomatova[1], D. Trushnikov[1], V. Belenkiy[1], V. Tsaplin[1]
[1]Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russia

In this paper describes an original method for indirect measurement of the vapor pressure and temperature in the keyhole in electron beam welding. This method is based on the determination of the concentration of chemical elements in the vapor above the welding zone. Taking into account these data model is built 2D diffusion processes with heat and mass transfer elements in the melt, which ...

Simulação Fluidodinâmica de um Digestor Contínuo - new

R. Kreczkiuski[1], I. Neitzel[1]
[1]Faculdade de Telêmaco Borba - FATEB, Telêmaco Borba, Paraná, Brasil

No processo Kraft a madeira é reduzida a uma massa fibrosa. Neste processo são rompidas as ligações entre as estruturas da madeira separando as fibras. Esta operação, denominada de polpação, é realizada em um equipamento denominado de digestor. Este trabalho analisa o comportamento fluidodinâmico interno a um digestor contínuo do tipo Kamyr.