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Microwave Inactivation of Bacteria Under Dynamic Heating Conditions in Solid Media

S. Curet[1], M. Mazen Hamoud-Agha[1]
[1]GEPEA, UMR 6144, CNRS, ONIRIS, Université de Nantes, Nantes, France

In this study, COMSOL®4.2a is used to model a microwave heating process in a TE10 rectangular waveguide. The sample consists of a small cylindrical Ca-alginate gel (D = 8 mm, H = 10 mm) inoculated with bacteria Escherichia Coli K12. The sample is placed along the microwave propagation direction into the waveguide. Maxwell’s equations and heat transfer are coupled to a microbial inactivation ...

Design Optimization of Waveguide Applicator for Microwave Hyperthermia Cancer Treatment

P. Kumar [1], S. Kalra[1], A. Marwaha[1]
[1]Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering Technology Longowal, Punjab, India

The optimized design of a waveguide applicator has been proposed for superficial microwave hyperthermia using COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5a. In microwave hyperthermia cancer treatment body tissue is exposed to high temperatures using external and internal heating devices. Non-Invasive or external hyperthermia is used to treat tumors that are in or just below the skin (superficial). Non-invasive ...

Study of the Thermal Behavior of Solar Cells Based on GaAs

N. Martaj[1,2], E. Guidicelli[2], Y. Cuminal[2], A. Perona[3], S. Pincemin[1,2]
[1]EPF-Ecole d’Ingénieurs, Montpellier, France
[2]IES, UMR5214, Université Montpellier II, Montpellier, France
[3]Laboratoire PROMES-CNRS Tecnosud, Rambla de la thermodynamique, Perpignan, France

The paper studies the thermal modeling and simulation of photovoltaic cells suitable for use in highly concentrated solar flux (> 1000 suns). The cells studied are those of GaAs kind. These cells are a very good alternative to be studied instead of more complex multi junctions cells. The objective is to find a simple and inexpensive way to remove heat from PV modules and to keep the electrical ...

Passive Thermal Control for Window Insulation - new

E. Konroyd-Bolden[1], Dr. Z. Liao[1]
[1]Department of Architectural Science, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

A requirement of the building envelope is to act as environmental separator. Energy is one component that we sometimes wish to control. How can this yield passive benefits such as solar heating? This research focuses on control of thermal radiation energy, and the role windows play as transfer medium between indoor and outdoor environments. A novel concept for passively controlling solar ...

Modeling System Dynamics in a MEMS-Based Stirling Cooler

D. Guo, A. McGaughey, G. Fedder, M. Lee, and S. Yao
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh, PA

Micro-scale devices based on the Stirling cycle are an attractive choice for chip- and board-level electronics. A new Stirling cycle micro-refrigeration system composed of arrays of silicon MEMS cooling elements has been designed. COMSOL is used to evaluate the thermal performance of the system. Simulation of compressible flow and heat transfer with a large deformed mesh has been successfully ...

Assessing the Potential of Ventilated Facades on Reducing a Buildings’ Thermal Load Using Decoupled COMSOL Simulations

J. van Schijndel[1], C. van Dronkelaar[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Solar radiation is a prominent contributor of energy in buildings, and can be transmitted directly into a building through opaque surfaces, but it can also be absorbed by building components (i.e. walls, roofs etc.). This study discusses the use and effect of ventilated facades, with an external facade cladding, a sub-structure anchored to the wall surface of the building under solar radiation, ...

Multiphysics Simulation of Polymer-Based Filters for Sub-Millimeter Space Optics - new

N. Baccichet[1], G. Savini[1]
[1]Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, London, UK

Multiphysics Simulation of Polymer-Based Filters for Sub-Millimeter Space Optics This work focuses its analysis on polymer-based filters used in space-borne astronomical instrumentation for Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation and Far-Infrared observations. Most of these observatories mount quasi-optical elements made of such materials, due to their high transparency and low absorption in ...

The Hygro-Thermal Improvement of a Mounting System to Fasten Roof Workmen to Flat Roofs - new

H. L. Schellen[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

A Dutch firm manufactures a mounting system to fasten roof workmen to the roof of a flat roof building to prevent them from falling down from the roof. The system is mounted to the flat roof afterwards, i.e. after the completion of the thermal insulated roof. Because of the mechanical strength and stiffness properties of the system, it is manufactured using (stainless) steel. The steel, ...

Local Conduction Heat Transfer in U-pipe Borehole Heat Exchangers

J. Acuna[1] and B. Palm[1]

[1]Department of Energy Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden

The most common way to exchange heat with the bedrock in Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) applications is circulating a fluid through a U-formed closed loop in vertical boreholes drilled several tenths of meters into the ground. This study presents and compares the results of eight cross sectional U-pipe Borehole Heat Exchanger configurations. Values from recent experimental temperature ...

Advancements in Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor Separations Using COMSOL

J. Knox[1], K. Kittredge[1], R.F. Coker[1], R. Cummings[1], C.F. Gomez[1]
[1]NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

“NASA\'s Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program is pioneering new approaches for rapidly developing prototype systems, demonstrating key capabilities, and validating operational concepts for future human missions beyond Earth orbit” [1]. Under the new Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project [2], efforts are focused on improving current state-of-the-art ...