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A COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Analysis of Beam Tube Cooling in the High Flux Isotope Reactor of ORNL

J. D. Freels [1],
[1] Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Previous to the present work, a formal calculation was approved [1,2] to support the operation of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Horizontal Beam-Tube 1 of 4 (HB-1). The present calculation [3,4] repeats the previous work using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and extends the analysis to cover a broader range of coolant flow. In addition, this new calculation expands the analysis much further ...

Investigation of Ablation of a Copper Surface Caused by 220 Nanosecond Laser Pulse

M. Dillmann [1], B. Braun [1], M. Kottcke [1],
[1] Technische Hochschule Georg-Simon-Ohm, Nuernberg, Germany

This work investigates the ablation of a copper surface caused by the irradiation of a 220 ns laser pulse. Our focus is on the heat transport within the copper and takes the proceeding vaporization of surface substance into account. Our model ignores plasma dynamics and simulates the energy deposition using a surface heat source. The underlying absorption coefficient is made temperature ...

Heat Transfer Optimization of a Solar Radiation Concrete Oven for Rural Areas

I. Abu-Mahfouz [1], G. F. Mathews IV [1], M. J. Young [1],
[1] Penn State University Harrisburg, Middletown, PA, USA

The process of creating healthy food and drinking water typically requires electricity and fuel sources that are not available in rural areas. Africa has an abundance of solar radiation which when properly harnessed creates a viable heating source for cooking food and purifying water. This work will investigate the design of a prototype solar radiation concrete oven for cooking food and treating ...

RFID-Enabled Temperature Sensor

I.M. Abdel-Motaleb[1], K. Allen [1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA

The design of a RFID-enabled temperature sensor is described in this paper. In this sensor, a change in temperature causes structural beams to bend, which results in a proportional displacement of the plates of the capacitor. Plates\' displacement results, in turn, in changing the value of its capacitance. The capacitor of the sensor is coupled to the LC resonant network of a passive RFID tag. ...

Design, Simulation, and Fabrication of Thermal Angular Accelerometers

H. Alrowais [1],
[1] School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA

This abstract introduces a sensor design for detecting angular acceleration in a single plane using thermal convection. The working principal of the device is based on probing temperature profile changes along a micro-torus caused by angular acceleration. By properly choosing the locations of the heaters as well as the temperature sensors, the output signal will correlate to in-plane angular ...

Thermal Simulations of Naturally Ventilated Buildings

C. K. Kuruba [1], R. C. Thiagarajan [1],
[1] ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt Ltd, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Ventilation is mainly used to control indoor air quality and for the purpose of thermal comfort by diluting and displacing pollutants. Because of the effects it has on health, comfort, and serviceability, indoor air quality in our homes is becoming of increasing concern to many people. Many countries even push citizens to opt for energy conservation , energy savings buildings based on natural ...

Coupled Heat and Moisture Transfer in Building Components - Implementing WUFI® Approaches in COMSOL Multiphysics

B. Nusser[1], M. Teibinger[1]
[1]Holzforschung Austria, Vienna, Austria

Calculating time-dependent heat and moisture transports trough building components are important tasks in the area of building physics. A well known and worldwide used commercial software for this is WUFI®. From the scientific point of view the restricted access to governing equations is nevertheless a drawback of this software. In the present paper it is shown how the physical approaches used ...

Coupling Heat Transfer in Heat Pipe Arrays with Subsurface Porous Media Flow for Long Time Predictions of Solar Rechargeable Geothermal Systems

P. Oberdorfer[1], R. Hu[1], M. Azizur Rahman[1], E. Holzbecher[1], M. Sauter[1], P. Pärisch[2]
[1]Applied Geology, Geoscience Centre, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Institute for Solar Energy Research Hameln/Emmerthal (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany

An increased share of renewable energies is regarded as an integral part of a strategy towards a sustainable future. With regard to the heat supply sector this may be achieved using solar thermal collectors or heat pump systems with borehole heat exchangers. During the last years solar thermal and geothermal systems have generally been installed separately. Now, several proposals are discussed ...

Modeling of Active Infrared Thermography for Defect Detection in Concrete Structures

S. Carcangiu[1], B. Cannas[1], G. Concu[2], N. Trulli[3]
[1]Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
[2]Department of Civil Engineering, Environmental and Architecture, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
[3]Department of Architecture and Planning, University of Sassari, Alghero, Italy

An experimental program has been developed, with the purpose of evaluating the reliability in building diagnosis and characterization of an integrated analysis of several parameters related to heat transfer process through the building material. The Infrared Thermography Technique (IRT) has been applied. Experimental measurements have been carried out on a concrete structure with an inside ...

Three-Dimensional (3D) Modeling of Heat and Mass Transfer during Microwave Drying of Potatoes

H. Zhu[1][2], T. Gulati[2], A. K. Datta[2], K. Huang[1]
[1]Institute of Applied Electromagnetics, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
[2]Department of Biological and Environment Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Microwave drying of fruits and vegetables in a domestic oven has been found to result in large textural changes in the product such as puffing, crack formation and even burning due to the inhomogeneous heating of the microwaves. Microwave drying of potatoes is a complex interplay of mass, momentum and energy transport. Three phases are considered in the system: solid (skeleton), liquid (water) ...