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张春 [1], 朱铧丞 [1], Ashim Datta [1],
[1] 四川大学,成都,四川,中国

引言:微波干燥过程涉及多物理场的耦合,物理过程十分复杂。不仅有被加热物质的形态改变,还有气态、液态和固态三相的相互作用。为了更清楚地理解微波干燥过程,本模型将电磁场、多相流和物理变形用相应的方程耦合到一起建模分析,并用相应的物理参数表征微波干燥过程。(图1) COMSOL Multiphysics® 的使用:借鉴微波加热接口土豆模型,添加气体和固体传热接口以及自定义方程,用方程和参数实现多物理场耦合。实验模型中,干燥物为土豆,且被视为多孔弹性介质。物质变形用相应的矩阵来表征。 结果:在仿真结果的基础上,利用家用微波炉干燥土豆,设计实验,并测量了微波干燥过程中的重要物理参数,如温度、水分和形变。(图2,图3) 结论:该仿真模型和实验基本吻合,较清晰地反应了微波干燥的复杂物理过程。

Radiation Heat Transfer in Imaging Infrared Spectrometer

A. Jhaveri [1], M. Kushhare [1], A. Bhargav [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.

Imaging Infrared Spectrometer (IIRS) is a Hyperspectral optical imaging instrument which measures the spectra of a scene in high resolution within spectral bands covering Near Infrared (NIR) to Mid Infrared (MIR) regions. Radiation entering the spectrometer assembly governs the temperature of different internal parts and hence plays an important role in determining the desired spectral ...

Multiphysics Modelling of a Microwave Furnace for Efficient Solar Silicon Production

N. Rezaii [1], J. P. Mai [1],
[1] JPM Silicon GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany

The JPM Silicon GmbH presents a novel method for the production of solar grade silicon in the microwave oven. This method can specially reduce the energy costs and increase the efficiency of the process. A numerical model is developed which depicts the physical, chemical and electromagnetic phenomena of silicon production process. In order to increase the efficiency of the system, it is ...

Numerical Modeling of the Near-Subsurface Temperature Distributions in the Presence of Time Varying Air Temperature in the Boundary Condition and Space Varying Temperature for the Initial Condition - new

M. Ravi[1], D. V. Ramana[1], R. N. Singh[1]
[1]CSIR - National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

The subsurface thermal structure in presence of groundwater recharge/discharge has been obtained by applying the Robin type boundary condition at the earth’s surface. The Robin type boundary condition involves the effect air temperatures at the surface which are taken as exponentially varying with time and the initial condition which is taken as exponential function of depth. The numerical ...

A COMSOL Multiphysics® Study of the Temperature Effect on Chemical Permeation of Air Supply Tubes

R. Kher [1], C. Gallaschun [1], D. Crockill [1], R. Pillai [1], ,
[1] Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Air supply hoses are also predominantly used in the medical industry to aid in patient oxygen intake. In many situations, the outside of the hose can be contaminated with chemicals, especially if the hose lies on the ground in an environment where chemicals are easily found. Permeation and transport of chemicals into the walls of air supply hoses is a noteworthy problem in the chemical ...

Simulation of Fast Response Thermocouple for the Nuclear Reactor Core

K. Dusarlapudi[1], B. K. Nashine[2], D. Bai[3], and C. S. Babu[1]
[1]KL University, Vaddeswaram, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
[2]E.D&S.S, IGCAR Kalpakkam, India
[3]VIT, Vellore, India

Thermocouples have been used for measurement of temperature ever since the discovery of Seebeck effect. Though the voltage output of a thermocouple is a function of the temperature difference between hot and cold junctions, the response time and the magnitude of voltage depends on the geometry and material of the thermocouple also. This report deals with the study of the mineral-insulted ...

Simulation of Heat Transfer on Periodic Microstructured Surfaces for Evaporation Cooling

M. Hackert-Oschätzchen[1], R. Paul[1], M. Penzel[1], M. Zinecker[1], A. Schubert[1]
[1]Professorship Micromanufacturing Technology, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany

Evaporative cooling is a promising cooling method for dissipating high heat fluxes in high power density applications. One possibility to enhance heat flux is a generation of microstructures into the cooler surface. This enlarges the cooler surface and systematically affects the fluid flow as well as the boiling process. In this study the geometric arrangement of cylindrical pin microstructures ...

Heat-Accumulation Stoves: Numerical Simulations of Two Twisted Conduit Configurations

D. Rossi[1], P. Scotton[2], M. Barberi[3]
[1]Università degli Studi di Padova, Dipartimento di Geoscienze, Padova, PD, Italy
[2]Padova, Dipartimento di Geoscienze, Padova, PD, Italy
[3]Barberi Stufe LTD, Trento, TN, Italy

An important part of the society considers an increased share of renewable energies as an integral part of a strategy towards a sustainable future. As far as heat supply is concerned, this can be achieved using solar thermal collectors, borehole heat exchangers or trough the combustion of biomass. This article shows two applications of two configurations of twisted conduit inside the external ...

Enhanced Transient Modeling of Hybrid Photovoltaic Air (PVT) Module - new

R. Kiflemariam[1], M. Almaz[1], F. Zevallos[1], C. Lin[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

A 2D transient heat conduction model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the performance of photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) water system. The model captures the variation of important environmental and system parameters such as outside temperature, solar irradiation, air velocity and temperature. The model has a good agreement with experimental data for the photovoltaic cell ...

Passive Thermal Control for Window Insulation - new

E. Konroyd-Bolden[1], Dr. Z. Liao[1]
[1]Department of Architectural Science, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

A requirement of the building envelope is to act as environmental separator. Energy is one component that we sometimes wish to control. How can this yield passive benefits such as solar heating? This research focuses on control of thermal radiation energy, and the role windows play as transfer medium between indoor and outdoor environments. A novel concept for passively controlling solar ...