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Solar Cell Cooling and Heat Recovery in a Concentrated Photovoltaic System

M. Cozzini[1]
[1]Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies (REET) Unit, Trento, Italy

Concentrated photovoltaic systems with high efficiency solar cells are being widely investigated, aiming at improving the cost-efficiency balance in the solar energy field. Different cell types are in use: e.g., high concentration triple junction cells, reaching efficiencies of the order of 35 - 40 % at 1000 suns, and medium concentration mono-crystalline silicon cells, with efficiencies of the ...

Perforation Effect on a Rectangular Metal Hydride Tank for Hydriding and Dehydriding Process

E. Gkanas[1][2], S. Makridis[1][2], E. Kikkinides[1], A. Stubos[2]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
[2]Environmental Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR 'Demokritos', Agia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece

Hydrogen storage in a metal hydride bed, uses an intermetallic alloy that can absorb efficiently high amounts of hydrogen by chemical bonding resulting to metal hydrides. This alloy is capable of absorbing and desorbing hydrogen while maintaining its own structure. The heat, mass and momentum transfer in a metal-hydride reactor is mathematically described by energy, mass and momentum balance ...

Simulating Wear in Disc Brakes - new

N. H. Elabbasi[1], M. J. Hancock[1], S. B. Brown[1]
[1]Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA

Wear is a complex phenomenon relevant to many problems involving frictional contact, such as mechanical brakes, seals, metal forming, and orthopedic implants. The rate of wear depends on the properties of the contacting materials and operating conditions. One widely used model of wear is Archard’s law, which relates the rate of material removal due to wear to the contact pressure, sliding ...

Modeling Flow and Deformation During Salt-Assisted Puffing of Single Rice Kernels - new

T. Gulati[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Puffing of biomaterials involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large volumetric expansion of the material. Development of physics-based models that can describe heat and moisture transport, rapid evaporation and large deformations can help understand the puffing process. In this context, a fundamentals based study of salt-assisted puffing of rice is described. A multiphase model ...

Sensibility Analysis of Inductance Involving an E-core Magnetic Circuit for Non Homogeneous Material

K. Z. Gomes [1], T. A. G. Tolosa [1], E. V. S. Pouzada [1],
[1] Mauá Institute of Technology, São Caetano do Sul, SP, Brazil

In this work, a methodology is developed, based on the application of finite element method in the frequency domain, using the COMSOL Multiphyics software, aiming the sensibility analysis of inductance calculation involving some configurations of an E-core magnetic circuit. Such important analysis, are made from several geometries and considering different frequencies for the source current ...

Thermal Simulations of Naturally Ventilated Buildings

C. K. Kuruba [1], R. C. Thiagarajan [1],
[1] ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt Ltd, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Ventilation is mainly used to control indoor air quality and for the purpose of thermal comfort by diluting and displacing pollutants. Because of the effects it has on health, comfort, and serviceability, indoor air quality in our homes is becoming of increasing concern to many people. Many countries even push citizens to opt for energy conservation , energy savings buildings based on natural ...

Virtual Pharmacokinetic Model of the Human Eye - new

L. Murtomäki[1], S. Kotha[2]
[1]Aalto University, Greater Helsinki, Finland
[2]University Of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

There is a great need for an effective drug treatment of the posterior eye, as the major reason for visual disability in industrial countries is Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD). In USA alone, there are almost 2 million people affected by AMD [1]. A virtual pharmacokinetic 3D model of the human eye is built to address this problem, using COMSOL Multiphysics® software, based on the Finite ...

Influence of a Refurbishing on an Old Residential Building’s Wall in Paris in Summer: Mass and Heat Transfer Approach - new

K. Azos-Diaz[1], B. Tremeac[2], F. Simon[2], D. Corgier[2], C. Marvillet[1]
[1]Laboratoire de Chimie Moléculaire, Génie des Procédés Chimique et Energétique, Paris, France
[2]MANASLU Ing., Savoie Technolac, Le Bourget du Lac, France

The implementation of thermal insulation in old residential building walls could compromise the hygrothermal behavior of the construction, especially in summer time when it is placed inside. A bad installation of insulation could have consequences on the quality of indoor air conditions and on the health of the wall mostly during hot periods. Thus, the evaluation of heat and mass transfer ...

A COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Analysis of Beam Tube Cooling in the High Flux Isotope Reactor of ORNL

J. D. Freels [1],
[1] Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Previous to the present work, a formal calculation was approved [1,2] to support the operation of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Horizontal Beam-Tube 1 of 4 (HB-1). The present calculation [3,4] repeats the previous work using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and extends the analysis to cover a broader range of coolant flow. In addition, this new calculation expands the analysis much further ...

Simulation and Validation of Seasonal Soil Temperature Variations Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

L. J. Matel [1],
[1] Green Streets Infrastructure LLC, Seattle, WA, USA

The influence of the energy (heat) stored in the earth as a major factor in environmental soil processes is recognized by the soil science community. The heat (energy) supplied by the earth is known to fluctuate with depth below ground surface and time of year, obviously as a function of solar radiation variations through the seasons. The variation of energy available to drive evaporation can ...