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Post Harvest Cold Chain Optimization of Little Fruits

S. Marai[1], E. Ferrari[1], R. Civelli[1]
[1]DiSAA, University of Milan, Milan, Italy

This paper presents heat transfer 3-D models of a passive refrigeration system used to improve the shelf life and the quality of the perishable fruits. Passive refrigerator system uses the changing phase to keep temperature close to the melting temperature. A multi-step study was performed: a 3-D heat transfer model on the empty box; a 3-D heat transfer model on the box containing a slab with ...

Thermal Adversity in Solid-State Lighting

T. Dreeben[1]
[1]OSRAM SYLVANIA, Beverly, MA, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics is used to simulate natural convection and its impact on peak operating temperatures of solid-sate lighting in thermally adverse conditions. PDE modes in the general form are used in conjunction with a thin-surface conduction formulation in the weak form. COMSOL is used to predict both temperatures and heat flows through numerous components of the configuration. Model ...

Modeling of MEMS Based Bolometer for Measuring Radiations from Nuclear Power Plant

S. Nisitha[1], T. Satyanarayana[2], S. Sreeja[1]
[1]Department of EIE, Lakireddy Bali Reddy Engineering College, Mylavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.
[2]NPMASS Centre, Department of EIE, Lakireddy Bali Reddy Autonomous Engineering College, Mylavaram, Andhra
Pradesh, India

There has been growing demand for high performance micro sensors capable of detecting nuclear radiations being released from various industries, Nuclear reactors. Radiations emitted from the radioactive materials are invisible and not directly detectable by human senses. Thus it is highly essential to work on design of bolometers with absorptive elements providing optimum sensitivity. The ...

Modeling the Internal Pressure Distribution of a Fuel Cell

P.A. Koski[1] and M.S. Mikkola[1]
[1]Department of Applied Physics, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland

A 3D FEM (Finite Element Method) model for predicting the internal pressure distribution of a fuel cell stack is presented. The model includes contact pair boundary conditions between the most critical components, thermal expansion and Young's moduli as a function of temperature. The model is used to investigate the changes in pressure distribution inside a PEM fuel cell at realistic ...

Passive Cooling of Power Electronics: Heat in the Box

M. Berger[1], W. Schernus[1]
[1]West Coast University of Applied Sciences, Heide, Germany

Results presented are a contribution to the design of a 5kW-DC-AC-converter for applications in forklifts. The device is located in a closed environment and entirely operated with passive cooling. Due to concurrent engineering approach and environmental conditions correct prediction of absolute temperature values by simulation was crucial. Heat sinks have been modeled properly and a thermal ...

Simulação Fluidodinâmica de um Digestor Contínuo - new

R. Kreczkiuski[1], I. Neitzel[1]
[1]Faculdade de Telêmaco Borba - FATEB, Telêmaco Borba, Paraná, Brasil

No processo Kraft a madeira é reduzida a uma massa fibrosa. Neste processo são rompidas as ligações entre as estruturas da madeira separando as fibras. Esta operação, denominada de polpação, é realizada em um equipamento denominado de digestor. Este trabalho analisa o comportamento fluidodinâmico interno a um digestor contínuo do tipo Kamyr.

Heat and Mass Transfer in Reactive Multilayer Systems (RMS)

M. Rühl[1], G. Dietrich[2], E. Pflug[1], S. Braun[2], A. Leson[2]
[1]TU Dresden, Laser and Surface Technology, Dresden, Germany
[2]IWS Dresden, Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology, Dresden, Germany

Established joining techniques like welding, soldering or brazing typically are characterized by a large amount of heat load of the components. Especially in the case of heat sensitive structures like MEMS this often results in stress induced deformation and degradation or even damaging of the parts. A back door of this problem are Reactive Multilayer Systems (RMS). These foils consist of ...

Simulation and Analysis of Two Fans Air Speed Match Design in Off-Road Mine Tract Generator Using COMSOL

Y. Shen[1], D. Wu[1]
[1]Beijing University of Science & Technology, Beijing, China

This paper describes a model of self-ventilated generator cooling on a 170 tons off-road mine dump truck. Considering the space restrictions of mine dump truck, the cooling systems for the generator and the in-wheel motors of the rear axle share one air inlet duct. With the action of generator fan and rear duct fan, cooling air from the inlet duct will be divided into two parts to cool the ...

A Numerical Investigation on Active Chilled Beams for Indoor Air Conditioning

G. Cammarata, and G. Petrone
Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

In this study fluid-dynamical and thermal performance of active chilled beams is investigated by 2D and 3D modelling in COMSOL Multiphysics. Three different typologies of those air conditioning systems are considered. Results, obtained for typical range of variation of operational conditions, are principally produced as temperature and velocity distributions. Special attention is paid to the ...

Finite Element Analysis of Photoacoustic Response from Gold Nanoparticle

Y. Davletshin[1], J. C. Kumaradas[1]
[1]Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

Photoacoustic (PA) imaging has matured into a clinical modality for tissue imaging and functional cancer cell research. It uses a pulsed laser to irradiate a region and generate a thermally-induced acoustic pressure wave that can be collected by an ultrasound transducer. The optical absorption/PA contrast of the region of interest can be enhanced by the use of plasmonic nanoparticles. The ...