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Thermal Modelling of a Solar Water Collector Highly Building Integrated

F. Motte, and C. Cristofari
University of Corsica
Laboratory of Vignola
Ajaccio
Corsica, France

A new concept of solar water collector, highly building integrated has been developed and patented. This collector is hidden into a drainpipe and is totally invisible from the ground level. The drainpipe keeps its water evacuation function. Each installation is composed of several modules serial connected. An experimental wall has been build to test the thermal performances of the instalation ...

Transient Model of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell

J. Vukasin [1], I. Crassous [1], B. Morel [1], J. Sanchez-Marcano [2], P. Namy [3]
[1] HRP, AREVA NC, France
[2] Institut Européen des Membranes - CNRS, France
[3] Simtec, France

In the nuclear fuel cycle, fluorine is produced by the electrolysis of the molten salt KF-2HF. It is a complex process to study since hydrofluoric acid and fluorine are hazardous and highly corrosive. A 3D-model of a lab-scale fluorine electrolysis cell has been developed to increase our understanding of this process, using the electric currents and the bubbly flow interfaces to simulate the ...

A COMSOL Multiphysics® Study of the Temperature Effect on Chemical Permeation of Air Supply Tubes

R. Kher [1], C. Gallaschun [1], D. Crockill [1], R. Pillai [1], ,
[1] Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Air supply hoses are also predominantly used in the medical industry to aid in patient oxygen intake. In many situations, the outside of the hose can be contaminated with chemicals, especially if the hose lies on the ground in an environment where chemicals are easily found. Permeation and transport of chemicals into the walls of air supply hoses is a noteworthy problem in the chemical ...

Hydrodynamic and Thermal Modeling in a Deep Geothermal Aquifer, Faulted Sedimentary Basin, France

E. Malcuit[1], A.L. Gille[1]
[1]CFG Services, Orléans, France

Within projects of geothermal energy, we need hydrodynamic and thermal modeling to forecast the impacts of geothermal deep wells on existing wells. In case of pumping and reinjection of the geothermal fluid in a deep groundwater reservoir, located in a sedimentary basin with lateral and vertical lithology variations and major faults, it is fundamental to understand the behaviour of the ...

3D Modelling of Flow Dynamics in Packed Beds of Low Aspect Ratio - new

F. Alzahrani[1], F. Aiouache[1]
[1]Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK

This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...

Increasing Heat Transfer in Microchannels with Surface Acoustic Waves - new

S. Berry[1]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Lincoln Laboratory, Lexington, MA, USA

In this numerical study, surface acoustic waves (SAWs) are evaluated as a potential disruptive flow technology for enhancing heat transfer in microchannels. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software, the physics governing acoustics, single-phase-fluid flow and heat transfer are coupled. The results show that acoustic streaming can disrupt the bulk fluid flow, creating rotating vortices within the ...

Improvement of a Steady State Method of Thermal Interface Material Characterization by Use of a Three Dimensional FEA Simulation in COMSOL

B. Sponagle[1], D. Groulx[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

An FEA model of a steady state thermal interface material characterization apparatus was created in COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a. This model was then fitted using three convection heat loss coefficients and the conductance of the TIM layer to a set of experimental measurements made using a steady state apparatus. It was shown that the model successfully matched the measured temperature values and ...

Study of Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer in MEMS Structures

S. N. Das[1], G. Bose[2]
[1]Centurion University of Technology and Managment, Jatani, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India
[2]Institute of Technical Education and Research, SOA University, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India

This paper describes the characteristics of MEMS microchannel and various issues of its designing. Here the major parameters are pressure drop and heat transfer rate. Various structures are modeled and optimized to get a minimum pressure drop and maximum heat transfer rate. The simulation results provide the characterization for Temperature, Mass flow rate, Pressure drop and Reynolds number. ...

Fluid-Thermal Analysis of an Inverter with Air Cooling

R. V. Arimilli[1], A. H. Nejad[1], K. Ekici[1]
[1]The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA

A new simple air-cooled inverter design is numerically investigated using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The thermal-fluid analysis is based on a three-dimensional conjugate heat transfer model in which the flow field is assumed to be laminar. A rigorous mesh convergence was performed to ensure that the overall energy balance error is within engineering accuracy while the computational cost is ...

Modeling Flow and Deformation during Hot Air Puffing of Single Rice Kernels

T. Gulati[1], A. Datta[1]
[1]Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

When rice is subjected to intense heating, it results in rapid evaporation of liquid water to vapor. As a consequence, large pressures are generated within the kernel in a span of 15s resulting in large volume changes causing the kernel to puff rapidly. Under suitable conditions, the ratio of initial volume to volume after puffing could be as high as 10. Rice puffing process is a complex ...