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A Practical Method to Model Complex Three-Dimensional Geometries with Non-Uniform Material Properties Using Image-based Design and COMSOL Multiphysics®

J. Cepeda[1], S. Birla[2], J. Subbiah[2], H. Thippareddi[1]
[1]Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
[2]Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

Geometries with heterogeneous material properties are typically defined as a set of multiple parts, each part representing a different material. However, assembling or defining the individual parts of complex geometries can be difficult. A practical method based on image-based mesh generation, a custom algorithm for labeling materials, and interpolation functions of COMSOL Multiphysics® can be ...

Thermal Analysis of Additive Manufacturing - new

S. Yushanov[1], J. S. Crompton[1], K. C. Koppenhoefer[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, LLC., Columbus, OH, USA

This study analyzed the laser powder bed additive manufacturing process. The laser is modeled as a moving heat source with time dependent heat transfer causing local, transient melting of the metal powder. Heat transfer is considered to take place due to convection in the molten metal pool, solidification of molten metal and conduction, convection and radiation to the surrounding environment. ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations of Graphene Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) Growth - new

K. M. Al-Shurman[1], H. Naseem[1]
[1]The Institute for Nanoscience & Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is a promising effective method for synthesis of graphene films. CVD graphene film is obtained from hydrocarbon species such as CH4 through complex catalytic chemical reactions on the surface of the catalyst. Therefore, studying the catalytic reaction kinetics is essential process for understanding the thermal decomposition rate of methane on catalyst surface as ...

Enhanced Surface Plasmon Polariton Propagation Induced by Active Dielectrics - new

M. Mattheakis[1], C. Athanasopoulos[1], G. P. Tsironis[1]
[1]University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece

We present numerical simulations for the propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in a dielectric-metal-dielectric waveguide using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. We show that the use of an active dielectric with gain that compensates metal absorption losses enhances substantially plasmon propagation. Furthermore, the introduction of the active material induces, for a specific gain value, a ...

Implementation of a Viscoelastic Material Model to Simulate Relaxation in Glass Transition - new

Z. Zheng[1], R. Zhang[1]
[1]Corning Incorporated, Corning, NY, USA

Introduction: Glass relaxation occurs in a range of temperature during transition from equilibrium to super-cooled liquid. Viscoelastic material model can be applied to simulate glass behavior during the glass transition regime and to predict the glass deformation and stress evolution. Viscoelasticity is the property of materials that exhibit both viscous and elastic characteristics when ...

Fluid-Structure Interaction Analysis of a Peristaltic Pump

N. Elabbasi, J. Bergstrom, and S. Brown
Veryst Engineering, LLC.
Needham, MA

Peristaltic pumping is an inherently nonlinear multiphysics problem where the deformation of the tube and the pumped fluid are strongly coupled. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to investigate the performance of a 180 degree rotary peristaltic pump with two metallic rollers, and an elastomeric tube pumping a viscous Newtonian fluid. The model captures the peristaltic flow, the flow fluctuations ...

The Simulation of Electric Field Distribution in Electrospinning Process - new

Y. Zheng[1], B. Xin[2]
[1]Donghua University, Shanghai, China
[2]Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai, China

The electric field plays a very important role in the electrospinning process, which needs to be seriously considered in the electrospinning configuration developing. High voltage involved in electrospinning process leads to difficulty in measuring the electric field. Numerical simulation is used to design the electric field, and experiments are carried out to validate the spinneret and ...

Air Damping of Oscillating MEMS Structures: Modeling and Comparison with Experiment

S. Gorelick[1], M. Leivo[1], U. Kantojärvi[1]
[1]VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

Excessive air damping can be detrimental to the performance of oscillating MEMS components. Complex systems, such as structures in pre-etched cavities or angular comb-drive scanning mirrors, typically require simulations to reliably evaluate the air damping. The simulated and experimental performance of the following systems was evaluated and compared: two types of out-of-plane cantilevers, in ...

Small Scale Yielding Model for Fracture Mechanics - new

K. C. Koppenhoefer[1], J. Thomas[1], J. S. Crompton[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, LLC., Columbus, OH, USA

Computational tools based on the finite element method have been used extensively to develop solutions for elastic and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics problems. This work uses a small-scale yielding model to compare results developed from COMSOL Multiphysics® with another finite element modeling package and analytical solutions. Analysis are conducted for elastic, and elastic-plastic ...

Structural Analysis of the Advanced Divertor eXperiment's Proposed Vacuum Vessel

J. Doody [1], R. Vieira [1], B. LaBombard [1], R. Leccacorvi [1], J. Irby [1], R. Granetz [1]
[1] Plasma Science and Fusion Center - Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

The goal of a tokamak is to use high magnetic fields to contain plasma and produce nuclear fusion that can be used for power generation. MIT’s Plasma Science Fusion Center (PSFC) and collaborators are proposing a machine, the Advanced Divertor eXperiment (ADX) to test new technology for these systems at reactor level heat fluxes and magnetic fields. COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to ...