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Multiphysics Simulations of Automotive Muffler

A. Prasad [1], R. C Thiagarajan [1],
[1] ATOA Scientific Technologies, Bengaluru, India

This paper deals with the numerical experiments for early prediction of muffler performance at the design stage. In this experiment, a Reactive Muffler is developed and validated numerically compared to traditional built and test process.

Stochastic Approach in Approximation of the Transient Plasma Sheath Behavior in FEM

J. Brcka
TEL US Holdings, Inc., Albany, NY, USA

Recently, the advanced plasma tools have been using very high frequency power sources (>100 MHz) and their combination to excite plasma utilized in semiconductor technology. This approach is evoking the regimes that are less understood and currently a subject to many studies and experimental investigations. The paper describes quasi-stochastic approach applied for sheath properties and ...

Simulation of the Temperature Profile During Welding with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Using Rosenthal's Approach - new

A. Lecoanet[1], D. G. Ivey[1], H. Henein[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

A 3D finite element analysis is carried out, using COMSOL® software, to reproduce the thermal profile obtained with Rosenthal’s equation. The implemented heat transfer equation has been modified as a means to approximate Rosenthal’s solution. An analysis of the differences between the simulation and Rosenthal’s solution, when the geometry of the domain and the source are changed, has been ...

A Practical Method to Model Complex Three-Dimensional Geometries with Non-Uniform Material Properties Using Image-based Design and COMSOL Multiphysics®

J. Cepeda[1], S. Birla[2], J. Subbiah[2], H. Thippareddi[1]
[1]Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
[2]Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

Geometries with heterogeneous material properties are typically defined as a set of multiple parts, each part representing a different material. However, assembling or defining the individual parts of complex geometries can be difficult. A practical method based on image-based mesh generation, a custom algorithm for labeling materials, and interpolation functions of COMSOL Multiphysics® can be ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Software and PV: A Unified Platform for Numerical Simulation of Solar Cells and Modules

M. Nardone [1],
[1] Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, USA

Introduction: Existing solar cell (photovoltaic, PV) device simulation software is either open source with limited capabilities (1D only) [1,2] or extremely expensive with obscure functionality [3]. PV researchers need an accessible and versatile simulation tool to optimize existing technologies and to reduce the time from concept to prototype for new technologies. This work demonstrates how ...

Modeling Metamaterials with a Time-Domain Perfectly Matched Layer Formulation

H. Assi [1], R. S. C. Cobbold [1],
[1] University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

INTRODUCTION: Perfectly matched layers (PML) have been widely used for simulating wave propagation in unbounded media to effectively avoid spurious wave reflections from the computational domain boundaries. Time-domain PML formulations, especially for elastic waves, usually use a complex system of first-order equations. Compact second-order time-domain formulations are particularly desired ...

Nanowire Based Flexible Piezoelectric Sensor for Structural Health Monitoring Applications

A. El Kacimi [1], E. Pauliac-Vaujour [1], J. Eymery [2]
[1] University Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LETI, MINATEC Campus, Grenoble, France
[2] University Grenoble Alpes, CEA, Grenoble, France

We report on the modeling of flexible piezoelectric capacitive sensor based on GaN wires grown by Metal Organic Vapor Phase Epitaxy. Single crystal cone-shaped wires with hexagonal cross section are embedded within dielectric layers (parylene) in between two metal electrodes to achieve a capacitive structure. The device characteristics directly depend on growth conditions for example by tuning ...

Novel Approach for Teaching Microchemical Systems Analysis to Chemical Engineering Students Using Interactive Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs)

A. Nagaraj [1], P. L. Mills [1],
[1] Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

Chemicals are an integrated part of our daily life. While chemicals are significant contributor to a nation’s economy, sound management of chemical production is essential for environmentally friendly operation without maximizing operational costs. Next generation technologies must be developed that potentially change the chemical plants and process engineering giving rise to safe, compact, ...

A 2D Model of a DC Plasma Torch

B. Chine' [1],
[1] School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica

Plasma torches are used in processing of materials as well as in the energy industry for producing plasma. In a non-transferred arc plasma torch, an electric arc can be initiated by applying a direct current (DC) between the cathode and anode, both placed inside the torch. Then, the plasma is obtained by heating, ionizing and expanding a working gas, introduced into the chamber of the torch ...

Electric Field Calculations for AC and DC Applications of Water Controlled Cable Termination - new

T. Karmokar[1], R. Pietsch[1]
[1]HIGHVOLT Prüftechnik Dresden GmbH, Dresden, Sachsen, Germany

The computation of electric field strength is the state-of-the-art technique for designing and optimizing High-Voltage (HV) equipment. In this research, the equipment under analysis is Cable Termination (CaTr) which is used to apply high-voltage (75 kV – 800 kV AC) on the cable to be tested (Figure 1). The CaTr is based on the principle of linear electric field control using deionised water with ...