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COMSOL News Magazine 2017

Simulation of Quench Propagation in a Double-Helix Superconducting Magnet with COMSOL Multiphysics

P. Masson
Advanced Magnet Lab
Palm Bay, FL

The paper presents the numerical analysis of quench propagation in a DH magnet wound with a commercially available MgB2 wire in a fiber-glass composite matrix and operating at 20 K. The quench is induced by a small heater located on the first layer of the magnet close to the peak field area. The quench dynamics, peak temperature along with detection requirements are derived from the simulation ...

Modeling of Limestone Calcination Using Joule Heating

R. Kancharla, and M. Ramakrishna
Padmasri Dr. B.V.Raju Institute of Technology
Medak Dist, AP, India

The limestone calcination reaction is endothermic and will proceed only if the partial pressure of CO2 in the gas above the solid surface is less than the decomposition pressure of the CaCO3. As the reaction is endothermic, the conventional process for calcination uses coal firing in rotary kiln with limestone feed to get the desired temperatures. Microwave heating of limestone is proposed ...

Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Natural Convection Flow of (Sub-) and (Super-) Critical CO2 in Aqueous Phase

R. Khosrokhavar[1], G. Elsinga[1], R. Farajzadeh[2], H. Bruining[1]
[1]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherland
[2]Shell International Global Solutions, Amsterdam, The Netherland

Optimal storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in aquifers requires dissolution in the aqueous phase. Transfer of CO2 from the gas phase to the aqueous phase or oil phase would be slow if it were only driven by diffusion. Dissolution of CO2 in brine (oil) forms a mixture that is denser than the original brine. This causes a local density increase, which induces natural convection currents accelerating ...

Studies of Lead Free Piezo-Electric Materials Based Ultrasonic MEMS Model for Bio sensor

P. Pattanaik[1], S. K. Kamilla[1], D. P. Das[2], S. K. Pradhan[3]
[1]MEMS Design Center, Institute of Technical Education & Research (ITER), Sikhya ‘O’ Anushandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
[2]Process Engineering and Instrumentation Lab, Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology (IMMT), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
[3]Dept of ECE, Hi-Tech Institute of Technology, Khurda, Odisha, India

This paper describes the design of an ultrasonic transducer using different lead free piezo-electric materials and evaluates their performance with different glucose levels in the human blood. COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a was used for the simulation study using 2D axis symmetric model of piezoelectric transducer which was designed with lead free piezoelectric materials such as Barium Sodium Niobate ...

Modeling of Lorenz Force Flowmeter for Molten Metal Flow Application

T. V. Shyam[1], B. S. V. G. Sharma[1], Mrigendra Kumar Mrityunjaya [2], Dr. Ravinder Agarwal[2]
[1]Reactor Engineering Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
[2]Thapar University, Patiala, India

Flow measurement of molten metals is a formidable task considering the hostile conditions. Many electromagnetic methods have been evolved for measurement of flow of conductive medium. The Lorenz force velocimetry is promising considering its non-intrusive nature. The Lorenz force velocimetry is an electromagnetic flow measurement method that is based on exposing molten metal flow to a ...

Empirical Model Dedicated to the Sensitivity Study of Acoustic Hydrogen Gas Sensors Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Ndieguene[1], I. Kerroum[1], F. Domingue[1], A. Reinhardt[2]
[1]Laboratoire des Microsystèmes et de Télécommunications/Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada
[2]Laboratoire d’Électronique et des Technologies de l’Information, CEA, LETI Grenoble, France

Due to the increasing demand for hydrogen gas sensors for applications such as automation, transportation, or environmental monitoring, the need for sensitive and reliable sensors with a short response time is increasing. This paper presents an empirical model that studies the sensitivity of acoustic hydrogen gas sensors. A parametric study based on the variation of physical properties of ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Model of Canine Elbow for Use in Investigating Medial Coronoid Disease

K. A. Bodnyk[1], G. J. Noble[1], N. Fitzpatrick[2], M. J. Allen[3], K. Stephenoff[1], R. T. Hart[1]
[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
[2]Fitzpatrick Referrals, Godalming, Surrey, United Kingdom
[3]Department of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

The elbow joint in dogs constitutes a complex interaction of three bones, the humerus, radius and ulna. Medial coronoid disease (MCD) is a common cause of lameness in dogs, i.e. fracturing of the most prominent portion of the ulnar joint surface driven in flexion and in pivot against both the humerus and the radius. The cause remains unknown, but prior studies suggest joint incongruency as an ...

Electrical Scale-Up of Metallurgical Processes - new

R. Schlanbusch[1], S. A. Halvorsen[1], S. Shinkevich[1], D. Gómez[2]
[1]Teknova, Kristiansand, Norway
[2]Department of Applied Mathematics & ITMATI, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, La Coruña, Spain

The problem under investigation is electrical scale-up of a generic metallurgical process for primary metal production through resistive heating of slag by electric current, typically supplied by an AC three-phase system. Maxwell’s equations are analyzed revealing that the properties of the solution is determined by the parameter (L/δ)^2, where L is the linear size of the system and δ is the ...

Bridging the Complexity Gap in Modern Engineering Education with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

L. Fromme[1], C. Schröder[1]
[1]Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, Bielefeld, Germany

Multiphysics simulations play an important role in researchanddevelopment in almost all disciplines. Therefore it is necessary to teach them at the universities to provide the industry with well-trained graduate students. In our lectures about the finite element method we use a simple but rich enough example problem, which can be solved analytically. By comparing numerical and analytical ...

COMSOL Simulation of Flash Lamp Annealed Multilayers for Solid State Electrolyte Fabrication

C. Cherkouk [1], T. Nestler [1], M. Zschornak [1], T. Leisegang [1], D. C. Meyer [1],
[1] Institute of Experimental Physics, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, Freiberg, Germany

All-solid-state batteries are among the next generation battery concepts that are currently being envisaged among both the international research community and industrial electronic vehicle producers. In addition to a long lifetime of more than several thousand cycles and intrinsic safety, applying solid electrolytes offers a high energy density due to larger electrochemical windows. Aluminum is ...