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Numerical Model for Leaching and Transporting Behavior of Radiocesium in MSW Landfill

Hiroyuki ISHIMORI et al.[1]

[1]Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan

This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...

Optimization Module Enables Hybrid Experimental-Numerical Algorithm for 3D Particle Image Velocimetry - new

M. Sigurdson[1], C. Meinhart[1], I. Mezic[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California - Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA

In our study of chaotic mixing, 3D velocity measurements (u,v,w) are required for evaluation of a micro mixer using a mix-prediction algorithm. The hybrid approach presented here combines 2D measurements, an imperfect numerical model, and appropriate fitting parameters. Because our purpose is a measurement, rather than development of a physically accurate and predictive model, it not necessary ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Electrode-Driven Renal Denervation for Hypertension Treatment - new

M. Miliani[1], F. Piccagli[1], C. Silvestro[1]
[1]Medtronic Invatec S.p.A., Roncadelle, Italy

Introduction: Chronic arterial hypertension (HTN) is a pathological condition characterized by prolonged high level of arterial blood pressure causing major damages to several human body apparata. Renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) has been found to effectively reduce systemic blood pressure. Metallic electrodes can be placed on an endovascular device connected to external radio frequency (RF) ...

Numerical Study on the Mechanism of Interface Debonding Detection for CFST with PZT

H. Chen [1], J. Li [1], S. Xia [2],
[1] Hunan University, Changsha, Hunan, China
[2] Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Introduction In order to understand the detection mechanism of the PZT based nondestructive testing (NDT) technology for interface debonding of CFSTs, numerical simulation on a multi-physical model composed of surface-mounted PZT patches and CFST structural member is established in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The stress propagation process and the electrical signal output of an embedded PZT patch as ...

Multi-Scale Modelling of Catalytic Microreactors

B. Hari[1] and C. Theodoropoulos[1]
[1]The University of Manchester, School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, Manchester, UK

Microreactors are important alternative to conventional reactors in chemistry, chemical, pharmaceutical and semiconductor industries due to their operation characteristics such as increased mass and heat transfer, uniform flow, safety, high throughput through array configurations, smaller plant size and lower cost of production. Models for such reactors need to be able to describe both the ...

Modeling Joule Heating Effect on Lunar O2 Generation via Electrolytic Reduction

J. Dominguez[1], S. Poizeau[2], and L. Sibille[1]

[1]ASRC Aerospace Corporation, Kennedy Space Center, Fl, USA
[2]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Kennedy Space Center is leading research work on lunar O2 generation via electrolytic reduction of regolith. The metal oxide present in regolith is dissociated into oxygen anions and metal cations leading to the generation of gaseous oxygen at the anode and liquid metal at the cathode. The authors have developed a 3D model using a rigorous approach to not only study the effect of Joule heating ...

Effects Of The Microstructure Of Fibrous Media On Their Acoustic Properties

C. Peyrega, and D. Jeulin
Center of Mathematical Morphology, Mines ParisTech, Fontainebleau, France

This study is a part of the Silent Wall ANR project, to which the Center of Mathematical Morphology is associated. Its main objective is to build an acoustical and thermal insulating system for buildings, composed of fibrous materials. The material is composed of two phases: the fibrous network and the air surrounding it. At the microscopic scale the absorption of the acoustic wave is mainly ...

Transport Phenomena of Bubbles in a High Viscous Fluid

F. Pigeonneau
CNRS/Saint-Gobain, France

Dr. Franck Pigeonneau is currently working in the joint laboratory between the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the company Saint-Gobain. He received his Ph. D. in 1998 from the University Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris, France). His main research activities are devoted to the transport phenomena in high viscous fluids relevant for glass melting processes. He is using COMSOL ...

Combined Analytical and Numerical Modeling of a Resonant MEMS Sensor for Viscosity and Mass Density Measurements

S. Cerimovic[1], R. Beigelbeck[2], H. Antlinger[3], J. Schalko[2], B. Jakoby[3], and F. Keplinger[1]
[1]Institute of Sensor and Actuator Systems, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
[2]Institute for Integrated Sensor Systems, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Wiener Neustadt, Austria
[3]Institute for Microelectronics and Microsensors, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Linz, Austria

A resonant MEMS sensor for viscosity and mass density measurements of liquids was modeled. The device is based on Lorentz-force excitation and features an integrated piezoresistive readout. The core sensing element is a rectangular vibrating plate suspended by four beam springs. The liquid surrounding the plate influences the resonant behavior of the system. Thus, evaluating the properties of ...

A High-Efficiency Micro-Channel Regenerative Heat Exchanger for Fluid Processing

O. Yildirim, and Z. Guo
Intellectual Ventures Laboratories
Bellevue, WA

Regenerative heat exchangers (RHX) find widespread applications in liquid food or pharmaceutical processing as well as in reaction engineering. Whereas \"large\" RHX systems have been in use for a long time, their smaller micro-channel counterparts are a more recent area of interest. Here, we describe the design and development of a novel micro-channel counter-current regenerative heat ...

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