V. Gnanaraj, V. Mohan, and B. Vellaikannan
Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India
A fundamental understanding of the transport phenomena in microfluidic channels is critical for systematic design and precise control of such miniaturized devices towards the integration and automation of Lab-on- a-chip devices. Electroosmotic flow is widely used to transport and mix fluids in microfluidic systems. Electroosmotic transport in convergent divergent micronozzle is significant in ...
C. Heining and N. Aksel
Applied Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
We study the gravity-driven film flow of a Newtonian liquid down an inclined plane. Many applications such as heat- and mass exchangers and evaporators or film coaters require undulated or rippled bottom topographies. In these cases, the interplay of gravity, surface tension and inertia leads to a response of the interface which furthermore strongly depends on the shape of the bottom topography. ...
Towards a Model for Simulating Driving Rain on an Inclined Roof during Wind Gusts and Heavy Rain Intensity
A.W.M. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
The roof of a well known shopping place in Amsterdam collapsed during a storm with heavy rain showers in 2002. One of the main problems was the malfunction of the draining system. Another problem was that driving rain water apparently washed over edges that where designed to hold the water. This short paper presents the progress of using COMSOL to simulate the height of the water near the edges ...
Two-Dimensional Modelling of a Non-Isothermal PrOx Reactor with Water Cooling for Fuel Cell Applications
H. Beyer, B. Schönbrod, C. Siegel, M. Steffen, and A. Heinzel
Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik GmbH, Duisburg, Germany
Institut für Energie und Umweltverfahrenstechnik, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
This work treats of a preferential oxidation reactor, which is simulated by a two-dimensional axial symmetric model. The reactor serves as purification of hydrocarbon reformat and converts the CO mole fraction from up to 1 % in the feed gas down to a few ppm at the outlet to deliver a hydrogen rich feed gas for a PEM fuel cell. The model combined chemical kinetic expressions, which were ...
DiCarlo, A.1, Naili, S.2, Quiligotti, S., Teresi, L.1
1 Università "Roma Tre"
2 Université Paris XII–Val-de-Marne
Growth (change of relaxed lengths) and remodeling (change of mechanical properties) are both involved in the morphogenesis of biological tissues. To model them is of paramount import for progressing both in scientific understanding and health technologies. We model bone tissue as a microstructured continuum, whose mechanical properties at the macroscopic scale are described by a linear, ...
U.S. Geological Survey, Golden, Colorado
Estimates of the probability of earthquakes in Alaska are improved through a finite element, viscoelastic analysis of the evolution of stress in the Earth’s crust and upper mantle. A solution to the problem is addressed through multiple FEMLAB applications, two for each subdomain, where each subdomain is a fault bounded block. The first application models the elastic response and sets up the ...
Ekelöf, T., Ferrari, A., Johnson, M., Rydberg, A., Ziemann, V., Öjefors, E.
Department of Radiation Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
Diagnostic devices aimed at measuring beam profiles in high intensity accelerators are often perturbed by microwave Fields generated by the beam itself upstream of the detection device, which propagate inside the vacuum pipe. These parasitic waveguide modes can significantly reduce the signal-to-noise ratio and thus the sensitivity of the beam monitor. This warrants investigation of detection ...
Gidon, S., Hyot, B., Poupinet, L.
CEA Grenoble Leti
In the quest for a higher data storage capacity, different solutions for the future generations of optical discs (after the Blu-ray format, BD) are under investigations. An increase of the NA beyond 0.85 (NA of the BD format) requires the use of near field optics with all the difficulties inherent to those techniques (fine control of the distance between the optical head and the media). Today ...
Blondel, P., Girardin, G.
AREVA, Centre Technique Framatome ANP, Dpt Corrosion-Chimie Porte Magenta, Le Creusot, France
Crevice corrosion is a form of localized corrosion, which occurs in zones where a metallic material surface is in contact with a small volume of confined, stagnant liquid whereas most of the material surface is exposed to the bulk environment. A 1D model is proposed, combining the mass transport equations written for each chemical species with the electroneutrality condition. The homogenous ...
Roctool is a company which develops and sells some process to heat and transform composite materials very quickly. One of these, the Cage System®, uses an inductive heating process which heats instantaneously the tooling surface of the mold, where the composite we want to transform is put. The thermal diffusion in the mass mold is reduced relative to other means of heating.