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Penetration of Moisture in a Solar Panel Edge Seal

P.K. Mercure[1]
[1]The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI, USA

Photovoltaic systems can degrade with moisture. The addition of an edge-seal containing a desiccant can reduce the amount of water reaching the interior. This report discusses the modeling of the water transport into the system to determine the amount of edge seal and desiccant required. The moving freezing front of the Stefan heat-transport problem is used to model a moving moisture ...

Modeling the Effect of Discrete Distributions of Platinum Particles in the PEM Fuel Cell Catalyst Layer

C.F. Cetinbas[1], A.K. Prasad[2], S.G. Advani[1]
[1]Center for Fuel Cell Research, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
[2]University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA

In this study, the basic catalyst layer (CL) structure, consisting of carbon-supported Pt particles (C|Pt) and an ionomer binder, is investigated numerically by using COMSOL. The significance of modeling discrete Pt particles on the carbon support is highlighted by comparing the cell performance results to the case in which the Pt is assumed to be distributed uniformly over the carbon support as ...

Visible Spectral Reflectance Analysis in a Metal-Insulator-Metal (MIM) Multilayer with COMSOL Multiphysics

Y. Oshikane[1], K. Murai[1]
[1]Osaka University, Suita City, Osaka, Japan

We are developing a reflective metal-insulator-metal (MIM) filter with narrow band absorption. In the MIM structure, the interaction between subwavelength multilayer and visible light, and the resultant surface plasmon resonance (SPR) in specific illumination conditions must be understood. Such electromagnetic field interactions have been analysed using COMSOL Multiphysics and RF Module.

Sliding Performance of a Hyperelastic Seal

H. van Halewijn[1]
[1]Physixfactor, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

A hyperelastic seal is pulled over a metal ring in a coffee machine for maintenance reasons. The force needed to pull the hyper elastic seal over the part is too high and should be reduced for maintenance reasons. Using the COMSOL Multiphysics® Structural Mechanics Module, and using the non-linear hyperelastic for the stick slip movement, a reliable simulation was generated. It resulted in an ...

Numerical Modeling of a Microtubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

P. Pianko-Oprych[1], E. Kasilova[1], Z. Jaworski[1]
[1]West Pomeranian University of Technology, Faculty of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Szczecin, Poland

Micro-tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (mSOFC) are attracting more and more interest as new generation of energy conversion devices. Although commercial applications still suffer from high costs, there is a need for further improvement of the cell performance, durability and start-up. To resolve those challenges, knowledge of the distributions of species concentration, temperature and current ...

Chromatographic Separation of Tröger’s Base in a Batch Column

A. Fayolas [1], M.G. Sanku[1], M. Pascoa[1], M. Xynou[1]
[1]KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

The objective of the study is to investigate the chiral separation of Tröger’s base enantiomers using batch chromatography. Because of its resolution, chromatography is often the preferred method for chiral separations. The separation of Tröger’s base is resolved by using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. It is modeled by one dimension geometry, having the length of the column set and computed ...

Thermal Natural Convection Simulations with COMSOL Multiphysics® in Comparison with Measurements - new

H. van Halewijn[1]
[1]Fontys University of Applied Physics, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

In a laboratory setup a horizontal rod is heated on one side. By natural convection a stable temperature pattern is developed. Using the Nusselt formulation of the natural convection of cylindrical rods, the temperature distribution can be calculated. Only a good match of the simulations and the measurements can be reached when taking into account all the non-linear physics in the system. In ...

Multiscale Simulation of a Photocatalytic Reactor for Water Treatment - new

A. Cockx[1], R. Degrave[1], P. Schmitz[1]
[1]University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France

This study deals with the 3D modeling of a light photocatalytic textile. This process aims to decontaminate industrial effluents such as water with pesticides. The present study describes the implementation of a reactive transport model in a computational fluid dynamics model developed on a Representative Volume Element (RVE) of the textile, i.e. at the microscopic scale. The final ...

Argon Plasma Simulations for Educational Purposes at Fontys University of Applied Physics

H. van Halewijn [1],
[1] Fontys University of Applied Physics, The Netherlands

At the Fontys University of Applied Physics (The Netherlands) a plasma etcher has been acquired for educational purposes. The machine operates at low power up to 30 Watt and is driven with a magnetic coil at 13.56 MHz. The use of COMSOL Multiphysics software will be discussed to simulate the temperature and mass fractions of the activated and ionized atoms in the gas. The simulations will be ...

Multiphysics Analysis and Optimization of Mechatronic Device Applications for Switching Devices

O. Cracium[1]
[1]ABB, Ladenburg, Germany

Medium- and high-voltage circuit breakers and reclosers are important grid protection devices that connect different grid sources and increase the network/grid reliability. Currently, there is a clear need of increasing the numbers of switching operation. Therefore, the optimal design of these devices becomes of extreme importance in order to enable the required switching capabilities. This ...