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Modeling Dispersal of Genetic Information in Structured Agricultural Landscapes with Partial Differential Equations

K. Lipsius, and O. Richter
Institute of Geoecology, TU Braunschweig, Germany

We present a model for plant dispersal in agricultural landscapes to evaluate the gene dispersal from genetically modified (GM) plants. Dispersal from seed and pollen is modeled with partial differential equations. In scenarios, we investigated the effect of roadside application of non-selective herbicides on dispersal of herbicide tolerant oilseed rape (HT OSR). We showed that OSR growing on ...

Photon Migration Through Multiple Layers of Biological Tissue

M.S. Yeoman[1], E. Sultan[2]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]College of Technological Studies, PAAET, Adailiyah, Kuwait

The modeling of light propagation through multiple layers of biological tissue are assessed & compared to the theoretical predictions by Perelman at al. [94 & 95] of the most-favorable-path (MFP). The MFP on which photons will be found can be obtained from the path of the net flux propagation using the diffusion equation. The diffusion equation is valid when studying diffuse light propagation, ...

Equation-Based Modelling: True Large Strain, Large Displacement and Anand's Plasticity Model with COMSOL's Moving Mesh Application Mode

O. Toscanelli[1], V. Colla[1], and M. Vannucci[1]

[1]Scuola Superiore S. Anna, Pontedera, PI, Italy

In this work the solution of the structural problem obtained by mean of the velocity approach is presented. More in detail the balance and constitutive equations are expressed in Eulerian form, the mesh is not material. The approach is general, is suitable both for material boundary or no-material boundary and for a generic material model. The Hooke's elastic model and the Anand's plasticity ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations of Cracking in Point Loaded Masonry with Randomly Distributed Material Properties

A.T. Vermeltfoort[1], A.W.M. van Schijndel[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

This paper describes COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations of the stress and crack development in the area where a masonry wall supports a floor. In these simulations one of the main material properties of calcium silicate, its E-value, was assigned randomly to the finite elements of the modeled specimen. Calcium silicate is a frequently used building material with a relatively brittle fracture ...

Fracture on Circuit Board Internal Layers Due to Thermal Stress on Soldered Pins

F. Figueroa[1], P. Aguirre[1]
[1]Sensor Technik Wiedemann GmbH, Kaufbeuren, Germany

Circuit board failures are often ignored because they could be impreceptible. This simulation examines how internal layers around a soldered pin via subject to temperature changes during the soldering process are affected, show the forces involved and determine breaking points. A 2D thermo-mechanical model of a soldered pin is achieved in two simulation steps. First, a connecting pin already ...

Optimization of Micro-Structured Waveguides in Lithium Niobate (Z-Cut) - new

H. Karakuzu[1], M. Dubov[1], S. Boscolo[1]
[1] Aston University, Birmingham, UK

We present an optimization procedure to improve the propagation properties of the depressed-cladding, buried micro-structured waveguides formed in a z-cut lithium niobate (LN) crystal by high repetition rate femtosecond (fs) laser writing. It is shown that the propagation wavelength for which the confinement losses of ordinary (O) and extraordinary ordinary (E) polarizations are below 1 dB/cm ...

Is Experimentation More Intuitive?

R. Venkataraghavan
Unilever R&D
Bangalore, India

Venkataraghavan is the Discover Category Leader, Water, working at the interface of Science, Technology and Business, for developing solutions and products for water purification at Unilever R&D, Bangalore. He joined Unilever in 2002 and earlier worked in interfacial science, materials science and electrodynamics for the Laundry Category. Venkataraghavan also had a stint with Unilever Technology ...

Blood Flow Patterns in a Patient Specific Right Coronary Artery with Multiple Stenoses - new

B. Liu[1]
[1]Department of Mathematics, Monmouth University, West Long Branch, NJ, USA

Atherosclerotic lesions preferentially develop in certain regions like bifurcations, branches, and bends [1, 2]. A possible explanation for such a preferential localization of atherosclerosis is that the geometry of the vessel influences the blood flow pattern. It suggests that the arterial geometry plays an important role in determining the localized blood flow information. Thus hemodynamic ...

Definition of Optimization Problem for Electromagnetic Linear Actuator

P. Piskur[1], W. Tarnowski[1], and K. Just[1]

[1]Koszalin Technical University, Koszalin, Poland

In this paper a poly-optimization of the design of the electromechanical actuator is presented. The shape of the actuator is defined by the decision variables. The number of decision variables under consideration is up to ten but in the next step while the multi-coils system will be analyzed the number of decision variables will increase up to hundred, so the genetic algorithm has been used. The ...

Modeling the Collimator-Detector Scattering Using Stochastic Differential Equations and COMSOL

A. Jeremic[1], T. Farncombe[2], S. Liu[2], and Y. Abdul-Rehman[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
[2]Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a nuclear medicine imaging technique that uses gamma rays. It has been especially useful for bone scans, cardiac perfusion imaging, tumor scans and brain imaging. The main advantage of SPECT imaging is that it can target particular tissue receptors allowing one to focus on the imaging of the diseased tissue. In most cases Monte Carlo ...