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Multicomponent Diffusion Applied to Osmotic Dehydration - new

H. Cremasco[1], K. Angilelli[1], D. Borsato[1]
[1]Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil

The transfer of sucrose and fructooligosaccharides to melon and water to solution was modeled based on generalized form of Fick’s second law for simultaneous diffusion and resolved by the finite element method using the software package COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The diffusion coefficients, the mass transfer coefficient and the Biot number were determined using the simplex optimization ...

Modeling Dispersal of Genetic Information in Structured Agricultural Landscapes with Partial Differential Equations

K. Lipsius, and O. Richter
Institute of Geoecology, TU Braunschweig, Germany

We present a model for plant dispersal in agricultural landscapes to evaluate the gene dispersal from genetically modified (GM) plants. Dispersal from seed and pollen is modeled with partial differential equations. In scenarios, we investigated the effect of roadside application of non-selective herbicides on dispersal of herbicide tolerant oilseed rape (HT OSR). We showed that OSR growing on ...

Shape Optimization of Electric and Magnetic System using Level Set Technique and Sensitivity Analysis

Y. Sun Kim, A. Weddemann, J. Jadidian, S. Khushrushahi, and M. Zahn
Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Cambridge, MA

The classical optimization method has been applied to many design problems for electromagnetic systems. One of its major difficulties is related to meshing problems arising from shape modifications. In order to circumvent these kinds of technical difficulties with moving mesh problems, several researches have tried to formulate shape optimization with fixed mesh analyses based on fixed grid ...

Is Experimentation More Intuitive?

R. Venkataraghavan
Unilever R&D
Bangalore, India

Venkataraghavan is the Discover Category Leader, Water, working at the interface of Science, Technology and Business, for developing solutions and products for water purification at Unilever R&D, Bangalore. He joined Unilever in 2002 and earlier worked in interfacial science, materials science and electrodynamics for the Laundry Category. Venkataraghavan also had a stint with Unilever Technology ...

Using COMSOL for Optimal Design of Engineering Barriers of Nuclear Waste Repositories

L.M. de Vries[1], A. Nardi[1], A.E. Idiart[1], P. Trinchero[1], J. Molinero[1], F. Vahlund[2], H. von Schenck[2]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management, Stockholm, Sweden

The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co (SKB) is responsible for final disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste. SKB operates SFR, an underground waste repository in crystalline rock. The evolution of groundwater flow within the repository needs to be estimated considering different options for the design of the engineered barriers. The goal is to predict the effects of flow and ...

Eigen and Coupled Modes on Nanoparticle Aggregate Arrays - new

M. Csete[1], A. Szalai[1], E. Csapó[2], A. Somogyi[1], I. Dékány[2]
[1]Department of Optics and Quantum Electronics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
[2]MTA-SZTE Supramolecular and Nanostructured Materials Research Group, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary

Novel class of artificial optical antennas are of great interest in biosensing applications of nanoplasmonics due to their unique and tunable spectral properties. Silver colloid spheres covered with L-cysteine were studied experimentally by spectroscopy and TEM and numerically by a COMSOL Multiphysics® simulation. Experimental studies revealed that the Ag NP-Cys core-shell conjugates prefer to ...

COMSOL in the Academic Environment at USNA

K. Mcilhany[1], and R. Malek-Madani[2]
[1]Department of Physics U. S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, USA
[2]Department of Mathematics, U. S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, USA

The U.S. Naval Academy has used COMSOL as a research tool for many years. Academic usage of COMSOL for student use has only begun in the last five years. Student involvement comes in four types, course-wide usage, focused course related work, student projects and semester-long research projects. A summary of how COMSOL has been successfully used at USNA will be given, showing examples of ...

Three-Dimensional Simulation of Signal Generation in Wide-Bandgap Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

J. E. Toney[1]
[1]Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA

We demonstrate the use of Comsol Multiphysics with Matlab to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials.

Making Cartograms and Using them for Data Acquisition

P. Mercure[1], and R. Haley[2]
[1]The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI
[2]ATM Research, Midland, MI

We demonstrate cartogram construction, where a geographical map is distorted to represent some measure, for example population, while trying to keep the shape of regions recognizable. We then apply this cartogram construction technique to optimize thermocouple locations. A heat generation and conduction model is used initialize the cartogram construction algorithm. A uniform distribution of ...

Photon Migration Through Multiple Layers of Biological Tissue

M.S. Yeoman[1], E. Sultan[2]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]College of Technological Studies, PAAET, Adailiyah, Kuwait

The modeling of light propagation through multiple layers of biological tissue are assessed & compared to the theoretical predictions by Perelman at al. [94 & 95] of the most-favorable-path (MFP). The MFP on which photons will be found can be obtained from the path of the net flux propagation using the diffusion equation. The diffusion equation is valid when studying diffuse light propagation, ...