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Simulation of Bio-medical Waveguide in Mechanical and Optical fields - new

Y. Xin[1], A. Purniawan[1], L. Pakula[1], G. Pandraud[1], P. J. French[1]
[1]Technology University of Delft, Delft, Netherlands

This paper presents a freestanding waveguide to achieve the goal of detecting anastomosis leakage after colon surgery. The freestanding part is a thin membrane consisting of TiO2 rib and SiN ridge. This freestanding waveguide is designed both mechanically and optically to maintain mechanical stability during fabrication and detection process, and at the same time guarantee the detection ...

Determination of the Fundamental Resonant Modes of a Polysilicon H-Beam Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

T. Thomas[1], M. Sundaram[1], R. Bejam[1]
[1]Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani - Pilani Campus, Rajasthan, India

A Polysilicon H-beam is a micro-machined structure consisting of two primary members connected by a third member of much lower width and much greater aspect ratio. This structure exhibits interesting vibration behavior at specific frequencies which are known as resonant modes. A ‘mode’ may be described as a specific physical shape that the vibrating object assumes at peak oscillation amplitude ...

A Comparison of Mass Reduction Methods for Silicon-on-Oxide (SOI)-based Micromirrors

H. J. Hall [1], L. A. Starman [1],
[1] Sensors Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, USA

Beam steering and adaptive optics micromirror applications commonly demand optically flat surfaces with minimal mass. When reflective coatings (usually metallic Au or Al) are applied to micromirror surfaces in order to meet optical reflectivity requirements the resulting film stress (usually tensile) can be substantial. The mass of the mirror can be a limiting factor in the dynamic performance. ...

Advanced Multiphysics Thermal Hydraulic Models for the High Flux Isotope Reactor

P. K. Jain [1], J. D. Freels [1],
[1] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Engineering design studies of the feasibility of conversion of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) from high-enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium fuel are ongoing at ORNL as part of an effort sponsored by the U.S. Global Threat Reduction Initiative program. HFIR is a very high flux, pressurized light-water-cooled and moderated, flux-trap type research reactor whose current missions are to ...

A Model Coupling Water Transport with Local Deformation and Polymer Phase Transition

A. Briffaz [1], J. M. Méot [2], P. Bohuon [3], C. Mestres [2], B. Matignon [2], M. Dornier [3]
[1] CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[2] CIRAD, Montpellier, France
[3] Montpellier SupAgro, Montpellier, France

Describing and predicting the extent of the physicochemical processes as well as geometrical deformation taking place during food transformation is of major importance to control food functional properties. Unfortunately, only a few food-matrix models consider deformation particularly because of large deformation. In the case of a starchy product such as rice, water transport and swelling ...

Identification of the Complex Moduli of Orthotropic Materials using Modal Analysis

F. Van den Abeele[1], J.R. De Oliveira Jr.[2], and F.J. Huertos[1]
[1]OCAS N.V., J.F. Kennedylaan 3, Zelzate, Belgium
[2]Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil

It is very difficult to measure the global properties of heterogeneous and anisotropic materials like composites and sandwich structures. When designing composite sandwich applications, the elastic properties are required to perform structural stiffness and strength calculations. However, due to their anisotropic nature, it is not straightforward to measure these properties with traditional ...

Dynamic Model for Catenary Mooring: Experimental Validation of the Wave Induced Load

L. Martinelli[1], A. Spiandorello[2], P. Ruol[3], and A. Lamberti[1]
[1]DICAM, Università di Bologna, Italy
[2]Civil Engineer, Italy
[3]IMAGE, Università di Padova, Italy

This paper will present a numerical model based on COMSOL Multiphysics suited to simulate the dynamic response of a catenary mooring (or a submarine cable). In general, mooring lines are subject to a direct wave load (e.g. drag, inertia) in addition to the movement of the vessel to which they are linked. Tests were carried out at the wave flume of the Maritime Laboratory of IMAGE Department, ...

Bone Remodeling Following Total Hip Replacement: Short Stem Versus Long Stem Implants

M.S. Yeoman[1], A. Cizinauskas[1], C. Lowry[2], G. Vincent[3], S. Collins[3], D. Simpson[3]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]Corin Group, Cirencester, United Kingdom
[3]Imoprhics, Manchester, United Kingdom

Bone resorption around hip stems, in particular periprosthetic bone loss, is a common observation post-operatively. A number of factors influence the amount of bone loss over time and the mechanical environment following total hip replacement (THR) is important. Conventional long stem prostheses have been shown to transfer loads distally, resulting in bone loss of the proximal femur. More ...

Evaluation of Low-Cycle-Fatigue Life of Solder Joints in Surface Mounting Power Devices by Finite Element Modeling

N. Delmonte[1], F. Giuliani[1], M. Bernardoni[2], P. Cova[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy
[2]CDTR - Centre for Device Thermography and Reliability, H. H. Wills Dept. of Physics, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

The reliability of solder joints [1,2] is one of the key factors in the determination of the reliability of the high power density electronic converters, being the solder joints both the mechanical, the electrical, and often the thermal connections between the electronic component and the board in which the component is placed. The main mechanism by which solder joints are damaged is thermal ...

Design and Nuclear-Safety Related Simulations of Bare-Pellet Test Irradiations for the Production of Pu-238 in the High Flux Isotope Reactor Using COMSOL

J.D. Freels[1], P.K. Jain[1], R.W. Hobbs[1]
[1]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is developing technology to re-establish the capability to produce plutonium-238 for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) as a power source material for powering vehicles while in deep-space. The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) of ORNL has been utilized to perform test irradiations of in-capsulated neptunium oxide (NpO2) and aluminum ...