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Advanced Multiphysics Thermal Hydraulic Models for the High Flux Isotope Reactor

P. K. Jain [1], J. D. Freels [1],
[1] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Engineering design studies of the feasibility of conversion of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) from high-enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium fuel are ongoing at ORNL as part of an effort sponsored by the U.S. Global Threat Reduction Initiative program. HFIR is a very high flux, pressurized light-water-cooled and moderated, flux-trap type research reactor whose current missions are to ...

Creep Deformation Behavior of Heating Filaments in High Temperature Applications

B. Valentini [1],
[1] Plansee SE, Reutte, Austria

Resistive heating filaments used in high temperature applications at 2000°C and above are often made of refractory metals. The lifetime of such filaments is mainly limited by creep deformations which can in the worst case lead to a short circuit between filaments and other furnace components. With the aid of COMSOL Multiphysics software, the time-dependent creep deformation behavior of a heater ...

Study of Hard-and Soft- Magnetorheological Elastomers (MRE’s) Actuation Capabilities

J. Roche[1], P. Von Lockette[1], and S. Lofland[2]
[1]Mechanical Engineering Dept., Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ
[2]Physics and Astronomy Dept., Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ

In this study, magneto-rheological elastomer (MRE) composite beams made of Barium hexaferrite (BaM) and Iron (Fe) powders combined with a highly-compliant matrix material were simulated using COMSOL\'s Solid Mechanics and AC/DC modules. The goal of the work was to develop models capable of predicting the actuation behavior of hard- and soft-magnetic MREs. This work simulates the bending of ...

Modeling of Viscoelastic Phenomena in Concrete Structures

A. Pomarico [1], G. Roselli [1], D. Caltabiano [2],
[1] STMicroelectronics, Lecce, Italy
[2] STMicroelectronics, Agrate, Italy

A growing demand is recently emerging of sensors to be integrated in the concrete in order to measure some critical parameters, such as humidity and temperature and the internal pressure of the material. For example, by monitoring the pressure in various strategic points of the structure and their evolutions over time it is possible to understand the health of the structure and the needs for ...

Modeling of the Photo-Mechanical Response of Liquid-Crystal Elastomers

G. Cerretti[1], J.-C. Gomez-Lavocat[1][2], K. Vynck[1], D.S. Wiersma[1][3]
[1]European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), University of Florence, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
[2]The Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO), Mediterranean Technology Park, Castelldefels, Spain
[3]Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (INO), National Research Council (CNR), Florence, Italy

Liquid-crystal elastomers (LCEs) [1] have attracted a great attention in recent years due to their high potential in a wide range of applications, from microfluidics components [2] to artificial muscles [3]. The photo-mechanical response of LCEs is due to their constitutive photo-sensitive molecules, which change shape when absorbing part of the incident light. These microscopic deformations can ...

Modeling and Simulation of Piezoresistive Pressure Sensor for 2bar Application

M. Ramezani [1], M. El Barkouky [1],
[1] Melexis, Tessenderlo, Belgium

In this paper, we focused on modeling of the piezoresistive pressure sensors. The Structural Mechanics Module of COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the sensor and make a comparative study of the MEMS pressure sensor with different shape and size of membrane. The impact of membrane shape and size on sensitivity and nonlinearity of the pressure sensor is investigated. For example, it ...

Thermal Properties of Copper Tungsten with Copper Via Composite

J. Ma[1], A. Parker[1], and K. Kuan[2]
[1]Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, LA, USA
[2]Torrey Hill Technology LLC, SanDiego, CA, USA

This study focuses on a low-cost composite material based on CuW with Cu via, which functions as a more efficient thermal path for heat conduction. A 50mm X 50mm X 1mm CuW(15/85) speciman consists an array of 30X30 uniformly distributed cylindrical Cu via attaching to a microprocessor generating 100 watts power was studied. By calculating the heat flux coming out of the top and the ...

Simulating Wear in Disc Brakes - new

N. H. Elabbasi[1], M. J. Hancock[1], S. B. Brown[1]
[1]Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA

Wear is a complex phenomenon relevant to many problems involving frictional contact, such as mechanical brakes, seals, metal forming, and orthopedic implants. The rate of wear depends on the properties of the contacting materials and operating conditions. One widely used model of wear is Archard’s law, which relates the rate of material removal due to wear to the contact pressure, sliding ...

Analysis of a Plasma-Mediated Photoacoustic Response From Plasmonic Nanoparticles in Ultrashort Regime

A. Hatef [1], B. Darvish [1], A. Dagallier [2], C. Boutopoulos [2], M. Meunier [2],
[1] Nipissing University, North Bay, ON, Canada
[2] École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

Over the last decade, plasmonic nanoparticles (PNPs) have received growing interest as exogenous contrast agents in the thermal expansion based photoacoustic (PA) imaging technique in biomedical applications [1]. Such functionality is due to the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) created by the light-induced coherent oscillation of the conduction electrons in the PNPs. In the near-field ...

A COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Analysis of Beam Tube Cooling in the High Flux Isotope Reactor of ORNL

J. D. Freels [1],
[1] Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Previous to the present work, a formal calculation was approved [1,2] to support the operation of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Horizontal Beam-Tube 1 of 4 (HB-1). The present calculation [3,4] repeats the previous work using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and extends the analysis to cover a broader range of coolant flow. In addition, this new calculation expands the analysis much further ...