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Modeling Mechanical Property Changes During Heating of Carrot Tissue - A Microscale Approach - new

S. Kadam[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Turgor pressure loss and pectin degradation result in texture loss during cooking of plant based materials. To simulate texture loss, a simultaneous heat and moisture transfer, pectin degradation in the cell wall material and solid mechanical model was developed at the microscale using finite elements to predict the homogenized Young’s Modulus of the carrot tissue during heating. The model ...

Thermomechanical Modeling of Dislocation Density Increase During PVT of SiC Crystals

D. Jauffrès [1], J. M. Dedulle [2], D. Chaussende [2], K. Ariyawong [2]
[1] Univ. Grenoble Alpes, LMGP, SIMAP, CNRS, Grenoble, France
[2] Univ. Grenoble Alpes, LMGP, CNRS, Grenoble, France

During Physical Vapor Transport (PVT) growth of single 4H-SiC crystal and subsequent cooling down, thermal stresses lead to the multiplication of dislocations that are non-desirable for the semiconductor applications of this material. These dislocations induced by thermal stresses could be reduced by an appropriate control of the thermal gradients inside du crystal during its growth and cooling ...

Implementation of Immersed Finite Element Method for Fluid-Structure Interaction Applications

N. Nama [1], T. J. Huang [1], F. Costanzo [1],
[1] Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA

Fluid-structure interaction (FSI) refers to a class of problems in which the motions of fluid and solid are coupled. FSI is of great significance in many applications such as aero-elasticity, biomechanics, and design of various engineering systems. Typically, the multiphysics involved in the FSI problems render them too complex to solve analytically, necessitating the use of numerical ...

Sensitivity of the Compression-Softening Effect to Mesh Imperfections in Compressed Flexures - new

S. Saha[1], A. Ramirez[1], C. DiBiasio[2], M. Culpepper[1]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]Charles Stark Draper Laboratory Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA

Introduction: Flexures are low-cost bearings that are capable of providing motion guidance with high repeatability and low friction (Figure 1). However, applications of flexure bearings are often limited by their low range. This is because motion guidance in flexures is provided by bending/flexing of members; thus, range is limited by the bending stiffness. As the bending stiffness can be ...

Multiphysics Applications for Sustainable Engineering and Industrial Processes

S. Savarese [1], L. Kremer [1], C. Sanjeu [1]
[1] Armelio, Les Ulis, France

While addressing the pressing need for better, more sustainable engineering and production improvements, Armélio has identified that easy-to-use, customized, multiphysics applications would fulfill customer requirements. Hence, we now design and deliver COMSOL Multiphysics® apps bringing multiphysics simulation into research labs and production plants. Applications range from heat transfer ...

Design and Analysis of Implantable Nanotube Based Sensor for Continuous Blood Pressure Monitoring

M. Silambarasan, T. Prem Kumar, M. Alagappan, and G. Anju
PSG College of Technology
Coimbatore
Tamil Nadu, India

The present work aims to develop a blood pressure sensor using MEMS/NEMS technology. A normal blood pressure detector is used externally, but this work mainly aims for designing an implantable nanotube based sensor for continuous monitoring of blood pressure. The use of COMSOL Multiphysics 4.1 acts as a good platform to develop a nano tube based sensor design by using the MEMS module. The ...

Multiphysics and Simulation of MEMS based Bolometer for Detecting the Radiations in Nuclear Power Plants

K. Umapathi[1], S. Swetha[2], K. Ranjitha[2], K. Vinodh[2], K. Deebiga[1], R. Harisudarsan[1]
[1]United Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, TamilNadu, India
[2]Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

High performance micro sensors are important to detecting special nuclear materials radiations in different fields to save the globe. This paper is mainly focused on to develop a MEMS based bolometer for detecting the nuclear radiation to provide the high security in Nuclear power Plants. A thermally sensitive micro metal plate is designed and placed on a substrate through micro thermal link. ...

Modeling and Simulation of High Sensitivity CMOS Pressure Sensor Using Free Boundary Circular Diaphragm Embedded on Ring Channel Shaped MOSFET - new

S. Joy[1], T. Tom[1]
[1]Rajagiri School of Engineering and Technology, Kochi, Kerala, India

Sensors have diverse applications ranging from the medical field to space exploration. They convert physical parameters such as temperature, pressure, humidity etc. into an electrical output. The discovery of piezoresistivity property of silicon and germanium led to miniaturization of pressure sensors. Improvement in the sensitivity is the major factor to be considered while designing pressure ...

Study of Hard-and Soft- Magnetorheological Elastomers (MRE’s) Actuation Capabilities

J. Roche[1], P. Von Lockette[1], and S. Lofland[2]
[1]Mechanical Engineering Dept., Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ
[2]Physics and Astronomy Dept., Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ

In this study, magneto-rheological elastomer (MRE) composite beams made of Barium hexaferrite (BaM) and Iron (Fe) powders combined with a highly-compliant matrix material were simulated using COMSOL\'s Solid Mechanics and AC/DC modules. The goal of the work was to develop models capable of predicting the actuation behavior of hard- and soft-magnetic MREs. This work simulates the bending of ...

Numerically Closing the Loop of the Adaptive Optics Sensor: the Validation of the COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation - new

C. Del Vecchio[1], R. Briguglio[1], A. Riccardi[1]
[1]National Institute for Astrophysics, Arcetri Astrophysical Observatory, Florence, Italy

As any other modelling of a physical behavior, the numerical simulation of the mechanical response of an adaptive secondary mirror requires that the results match the experimental data. Such an agreement was recently demonstrated for the local mirror stiffness of the LBT and VLT Deformable Mirrors; a reliable modeling is a good tool for the extrapolation of the missing optical data (spider ...