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Study of Hard-and Soft- Magnetorheological Elastomers (MRE’s) Actuation Capabilities

J. Roche[1], P. Von Lockette[1], and S. Lofland[2]
[1]Mechanical Engineering Dept., Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ
[2]Physics and Astronomy Dept., Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ

In this study, magneto-rheological elastomer (MRE) composite beams made of Barium hexaferrite (BaM) and Iron (Fe) powders combined with a highly-compliant matrix material were simulated using COMSOL\'s Solid Mechanics and AC/DC modules. The goal of the work was to develop models capable of predicting the actuation behavior of hard- and soft-magnetic MREs. This work simulates the bending of ...

Platform Isolation Using Out-of-Plane Complaint Mechanisms - new

A. Arevalo[1], E. Rawashdeh[1], I. G. Foulds[2]
[1]Computer, Electrical & Mathematical Sciences & Engineering Division (CEMSE), King Abdullah University of Science & Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
[2]School of Engineering, University of British Columbia - Okanagan, Vancouver, BC, Canada

This paper reports the structural solid mechanic simulation of a MEMS out-of-plane platform that provides thermal and electrical isolation for a device built on it. When assemble, the platform lifted for approximately 400 μm above the substrate level. A mechanical stress analysis is then presented in order to evaluate the feasibility of building it using commonly used materials in MEMS. Our ...

High-Intensity Piezo-Ceramic Ultrasonic Transducer with Mechanical Amplifier and Radiation Plate

A. van Wijhe[1], W. de Jong[1]
[1]Process & Energy, 3mE, TU Delft, The Netherlands

A COMSOL Multiphysics® model was made to design a mechanical amplifier and radiation plate for the emission of high intensity 40.5 kHz ultrasound to air by means of a Langevin type transducer usually applied in cleaning baths for example. In this work, ultrasonic irradiation is aimed at acting on flue gas containing fine particulate matter to realize a shift to higher effective particle sizes as ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Activities Within the Research Reactors Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory

J. D. Freels [1], P. K. Jain [1], C. J. Hurt [2], F. G. Curtis [1], M. W. Crowell [1], E. L. Popov [1],
[1] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
[2] University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA

INTRODUCTION Our group at ORNL started using COMSOL Multiphysics® software shortly after version 3.0 was released in the Spring of 2004. After 11 years and several releases, the application usage has grown along with number of licenses we are responsible for. This paper will broaden the scope and take a look at our past and present applications, and evaluate where we are headed with COMSOL ...

Simulation of a Thermoelectric Spiral Structure

A. Arevalo [1], J. P. Rojas [1], D. Conchouso [1], M. M. Hussain [1], I. G. Foulds [2]
[1] Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE), King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
[2] The University of British Columbia, School of Engineering, Okanagan Campus, Canada

Energy efficiency and harvest, speed and performance, flexibility and portability are key elements for innovation in the current consumer electronics markets. Thermoelectric Generators can convert energy from heat gradients into electricity. Every source of heat from an electronics device can potentially be used as a source of energy. This generators have the advantage of: being silent, compact, ...

Assessment of Anterior Spinal Artery Blood Flow following Spinal Cord Injury

M. Alshareef[1], A. Alshareef[2], V. Krishna[3], M. Kindy[3], T. Shazly[4]
[1]College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
[2]Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
[3]Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
[4]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

The incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) in the US is approximately 12,000 individuals annually, due to various forms of trauma and disease. Diminished flow over a prolonged period of time can cause permanent spinal damage. We constructed a 3D finite element model of the spinal cord to examine the role of compressive loading on spinal blood flow. It was found that the type of forces on the ...

Support-Q Optimisation of a Trapped Mode Beam Resonator - new

T. H. Hanley[1], H. T. D. Grigg[1], B. J. Gallacher[1]
[1]Newcastle University, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, UK

Introducing a disorder into a finite periodic oscillatory system induces the presence of a 'trapped mode': a mode in which the displacement field is localised to the region of the disorder. A main inhibitor to MEMS resonators achieving a high quality (Q) factor is energy radiation through the support to the substrate. The trapped modes present a way to tune this to a minimal value. An initial ...

Study of Fracture Parameter for Curved Cracked Bimodular Flexural Specimen Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

A. Bhushan [1], S.K. Panda [1],
[1]Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

The formulation of bimodular stress field is based on stress dependent elasticity and the simulations have been carried out using commercial finite element software COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The complexity of the problem is enhanced due to adding bimodular stress field in the evaluation of complex J-integral ( ˆ F J ) for curve cracked geometry subjected to flexural loading. The complex J ...

Topology Optimization of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrode Microstructure Morphology for Reduction of Damage Accumulation and Longevity of Battery Life - new

P. Clarke[1], R. Abedi[1]
[1]University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, TN, USA

The ubiquitous commercial use of Lithium-Ion batteries (LIBs) has increased interest in their implementation into efficient energy storage systems for clean and renewable power sources and the electrical transportation industry. Unfortunately, LIBs are not yet technological mature to meet various commercial demands. Consider the following challenges for example,: (1) lower than desired effective ...

Design of a Miniaturized RF MEMS Based Single-Bit Phase Shifter

A. Chakraborty, A. Kundu, S. Chatterjee, and B. Gupta
Jadavpur University
Kolkata
West Bengal, India

This paper presents a novel design of single-bit RF MEMS phase shifter. The basic novelty introduced for phase shifter design in this case, is by scaling down of the lateral dimensions of the conventional RF MEMS shunt switch by 10 times. The Mechanical and Electromechanical analysis of the designed miniature RF MEMS fixed-fixed beam is performed using COMSOL Multiphysics v.3.5a as an FEM ...