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Energy Transformation Damping

G.S. Mulder[1]
[1]Leiden, The Netherlands

A model for material damping is presented in terms of internal friction and in terms of a variation of stiffness. In the latter case the idea is that the stiffness increases if elastic energy is stored and decreases if elastic energy is released. In case of a single mass spring system “stiffness” refers to the stiffness of the spring; in case of a continues object &ldquo ...

Development and Production of a Box for Storage and Shipping of HDIs in the Upgrade of the CMS Experiment

F. Noto[1], S. Costa[2], N. Giudice[2], F. Librizzi[3], A. Rapicavoli[2], M.A. Saizu[4], V. Sparti[3]
[1]Instituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
[2] Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Instituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
[3]Instituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
[4]Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest-Magurele, Romania

The Large Hadron Collider at CERN has begun operations at 7 TeV center of mass energy. CERN plans to run at this energy until the end of 2012 with the goal of providing an integrated luminosity of a few fb?¹ to the CMS and ATLAS experiments. The LHC will then shut down for 1.5 to 2 years to make the revisions necessary to run at ~14 TeV. Operation resumes in 2014. In 2017/18, there will be ...

Rheological and Topographical Controls on Deformation Due to a Shallow Magma Reservoir - new

J. H. Johnson[1]
[1]University of Bristol School of Earth Sciences, Bristol, UK

The use of high-resolution topography in the finite element model demonstrates that deformation from a shallow pressure source can be dramatically affected by overlying relief, not only in magnitude, but also in azimuth. This result is significant as it allows traditionally anomalous data to be evenly weighted during inversions for magma reservoir parameters. The result that surface ...

Stress Field Simulation for Quantitative Ultrasound Elasticity Imaging

L. Yuan[1] and P.C. Pedersen[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA

Finite element models using COMSOL Multiphysics and MATLAB were developed to solve the problem of stress distribution interior homogeneous, isotropic, incompressible elastic solid material under known vertical external compression with a rectangular contact surface. Moreover, comparison between these results and analytical solutions was used to further validate that stress drops off with ...

Using COMSOL to Support a Cost-Effective, Non-Destructive Evaluation Approach for Predicting Bolt Failure in Highway Bridges

A. Elyea, B. Doubek, G. Hubbard, and D. Ozevin
Department of Civil Engineering
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, IL

The development of a quantitative nondestructive evaluation method, as an alternative to visual inspection, for inspecting pre-tensioned bolts in fracture critical bridges is presented. In order to understand the ultrasonic behavior of a wide variety of bolt geometries used in bridges, numerical models of nine different bolt geometries were developed. The numerical models included the ...

Sensitivity of the Compression-Softening Effect to Mesh Imperfections in Compressed Flexures - new

S. Saha[1], A. Ramirez[1], C. DiBiasio[2], M. Culpepper[1]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]Charles Stark Draper Laboratory Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA

Introduction: Flexures are low-cost bearings that are capable of providing motion guidance with high repeatability and low friction (Figure 1). However, applications of flexure bearings are often limited by their low range. This is because motion guidance in flexures is provided by bending/flexing of members; thus, range is limited by the bending stiffness. As the bending stiffness can be ...

Influência da Camada de Ar Sobre a Deformação de uma Embalagem de Líquido com Cartão Tipo LPB - new

I. Neitzel[1], K. B. Matos[1], L. R. Pesch[1]
[1]Faculdade de Telêmaco Borba - FATEB, Telêmaco Borba, Paraná, Brasil

As embalagens de produtos alimentícios são hoje em dia predominantemente feitas com cartão tipo LPB (Liquid Packaging Board) e usualmente estocadas de forma empilhada, tanto nas prateleiras como nos depósitos dos supermercados. O LPB é um compósito multicamadas de construção complexa, envolvendo, tipicamente, papel produzido com fibras virgens, polietileno e alumínio. O alimento líquido ao ser ...

Analysis of the Mechanical Behavior of Violins Based on a Multi-physics Approach

E. Ravina
Dept. of Mechanics and Machine Design, Research Centre on Choral and Instrumental Music (MUSICOS), University of Genoa, Italy

The paper attempts to give a contribution to the dynamic analysis of musical instruments. A multidisciplinary approach oriented to the study of mechanical, structural, vibratory and acoustical phenomena related to stringed instruments is discussed. The case study focused in this paper concerns the violins family: the geometry and the vibratory propagation of this instrument is very complicated ...

Fluid Structure Interaction Applied to Upper Aorta Blood Flow

J. Anza[1], and M. Esteves[2]
[1]Department of applied mathematics, University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain
[2]University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain

This work deals with the computer simulation of the blood flow, the arterial wall deformation and their 3D bidirectional interaction, including initial stresses and root displacements. The flow is laminar and steady with flexible walls modeled with a hyperelastic Demiray material model. Poiseuille formula is used to check the bidirectional interaction. 2D axisymmetric and full 3D models have ...

Ribbon Formation in Twist-Nematic Elastomers

L. Teresi[1], V. Varano[1]
[1]LaMS - Modelling & Simulation Lab, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Roma, Italy

Nematic Elastomers (NEs) possess both the elastic properties of rubbers and the orientational properties of liquid crystals. Those two properties makes the configuration of NEs very sensitive to isotropic-nematic phase transition. Our goal is to replicate with numerical experiments the phenomena of shape formation in Twist-Nematic Elastomers (TNEs): a flat bar evolves into a helicoidal shape ...