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Stress Distribution in Masonry Walls, Loaded in Plane, Simulated with COMSOL

A.T. Vermeltfoort, and J. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands

The tensile strength of masonry is relatively low compared to its compressive strength and is affected by the direction of the joints and their filling. In masonry with modern thin layer mortar (joint thickness 3 to 5 mm) sometimes the head joints are left open. A total of 13 model-walls was built and for each model four general purpose mortar combinations and three thin layer mortar ...

The Refinement of the Contact Compression Ring Chamfer for Race Engine Conditions

M. Dickinson[1], N. Renevier[2], W. Ahmed[3]
[1]Racing to Research team, School of Computing, Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom
[2]The Jost Institute, School of Computing, Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom
[3]Institute of Nanotechnology and Bioengineering, School of Computing, Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom

Use of COMSOL Multiphysics: In operation, the piston ring is surrounded by gas acting on it, using effect of chamfer design has been considered using Love’s equation in conjunction with Stone’s equation for force ad Miler’s equation for gas pressure modelling. The chamfer geometry was controlled through variable inputs such as coating thickness, ring thickness, distance from the ring angle ring ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Spring-Supported Thrust Bearings for Hydropower Applications

F.X. Borràs[1], J. Ukonsaari[2], A. Almqvist[1]
[1]Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden
[2]Vattenfall Research and Development, Luleå, Sweden

Spring-supported thrust bearings are used in huge rotor dynamic machines, generally to support the shafts from the biggest hydropower generators. Any attempt of modifying yhis type of thrust bearing implies huge investment and is associated with some risks. The goal of the present work is to predict the performance of spring-supported thrust bearings. With the model it is possible to carry out ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® 在热发电用真空集热管设计中的应用

赵旭山 [1], 郝雷 [1], 蒋利军 [1], 米菁 [1], 杨海龄 [1],
[1] 北京有色金属研究总院,北京,中国

随着能源紧张、油价攀升,环境污染严重,利用可再生绿色能源又成为不懈努力的方向。槽式太阳能热发电技术具有兼容性强、对电网冲击小、性价比高、发电成本低、可存储可调度等特点,近年来得到了迅猛发展,其核心部件为高温太阳能真空集热管,如图1所示。本研究利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 针对真空集热管真实工况下的动态过程开展研究,并在此基础上开展集热管结构的优化设计。 由图1可知:集热管在电站中服役工况下,槽面会聚的太阳光主要集中于集热管下半面,上半面接收的会聚太阳光较少;导热工质自吸收管一端进入,接收会聚太阳光辐照能量,从吸收管另一端流出,流入→流出过程中,导热工质被加热;集热管外表面与外部环境通过热辐射和对流两种方式换热;吸收管与玻璃罩管间形成的环形密闭高真空区域各内表面通过热辐射换热,不考虑对流;集热管两端支撑固定于聚光器上,由于本身自重和热应力 ...

Two- and Three-Dimensional Holey Phononic Crystals with Unit Cells of Resonators

Y.F. Wang[1][2], Y.S. Wang[1], L. Wang[2]
[1]Institute of Engineering Mechanics, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Østfold University College, Halden, Norway

We show in this paper that by careful design of the geometry of the resonators, complete bandgap with relatively low center frequency can be obtained for 2D and 3D Phononic Crystals with resonators. The generation of the bandgap is due to the local resonance of the unit cell. Spring-mass and spring-pendulum models are developed to predict the boundaries of the complete bandgap. The predicted ...

Dynamic Deformation of Soft Particle in Dual-trap Optical Tweezers

Y. Sheng[1], S. Rancourt-Grenier[1], P. Bareil[1], P. Duval[1], M. Wei[2], A. Chiou[2], and J. Bai
[1]University Laval, Quebec, QC, Canada
[2]National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan

A dual-trap optical tweezers is used for deforming the red blood cell (RBC) in suspension and studying its elasticity. The 3D deformation of the cells was computed with the elastic membrane theory. The calculated deformation can fit to experimental data resulting in cell’s elasticity coefficient. The static approach is valid only for small deformation (5-10%). For a large deformation such as ...

Simulation of Bio-medical Waveguide in Mechanical and Optical fields - new

Y. Xin[1], A. Purniawan[1], L. Pakula[1], G. Pandraud[1], P. J. French[1]
[1]Technology University of Delft, Delft, Netherlands

This paper presents a freestanding waveguide to achieve the goal of detecting anastomosis leakage after colon surgery. The freestanding part is a thin membrane consisting of TiO2 rib and SiN ridge. This freestanding waveguide is designed both mechanically and optically to maintain mechanical stability during fabrication and detection process, and at the same time guarantee the detection ...

Structural Optimization of the AISHa Ion Source - new

F. Noto[1], M. Piscopo[1], L. Celona[1], D. Cittadino[1], S. Gammino[1], G. Cuttone[1], G. Gallo[1], G. Schillaci[1], C. Campisano[2], L. Lo Nigro[3], G. Costa[3], A. Campisano[4]
[1]Laboratorio Nazionale del Sud, Santa Sofia, Catania, Italy
[2]Gravina di Catania, Sicily, Italy
[3]Trinacria, Canalicchio, Catania, Italy
[4]Unico Informatica, li Battiati, Catania, Italy

Different facilities for hadrontherapy have been built in the recent past. AISHa ion source has been designed by keeping in mind the typical requirements of hospital-based facilities, where the minimization of the mean time between failures (MTBF) is a key point together with the maintenance operations which should be fast and easy. The study of some critical parts of the facilities: the ...

Modeling of Anisotropic Suede-like Material During the Thermoforming Process

G.Lelli[1], M. Pinsagli[1] , and E. di Maio[2]
[1]Alcantara S.p.A. (Application Development Center), Nera Montoro, Italy
[2]University of Naples "Federico II" (Department of Materials and Production Engineering), Naples, Italy

Physical and mechanical studies of Alcantara® have shown very pronounced anisotropic nonlinear features. Using constitutive equations borrowed from the modelling of biological tissues like tendons and/or arteries under the form of hyperelastic free-energy functions, a good representation of such mechanical features can be obtained. In particular, a combination between the optimization module ...

Design and Simulation of MEMS Based Gyroscope for Vestibular Prosthesis

R. Nithya[1], K. Kavitha[1], R. K. Shahana[1], A. Gupta[1], M. Alagappan[1]
[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India

The primary function of the vestibular system is to provide the brain with information about the body\'s motion and orientation. The absence of this information causes blurred vision and spatial disorientation, vertigo, dizziness, imbalance, nausea, vomiting, and other symptoms often characterize dysfunction of the vestibular system. Our aim is to design vestibular prosthesis using COMSOL ...