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Acoustic Streaming Driven Mixing

N. Nama [1], P. Huang [1], F. Costanzo [1], T. J. Huang [1]
[1] Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA

Introduction - The ability to achieve rapid and homogeneous mixing at microscales is one of the essential requirements for various lab-on-a-chip applications [1]. The flow at microscales is characterized by low Reynolds number, resulting in laminar flow patterns. Thus, the mixing at microscales is dominated by slow diffusion process. Recently, an rapid and homogeneous mixing was demonstrated ...

CVD Graphene Growth Mechanism on Nickel Thin Films - new

K. Al-Shurman[1], H. Naseem[2]
[1]The Institute for Nanoscience & Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
[2]Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

Chemical vapor deposition is considered a promising method for synthesis of graphene films on different types of substrate utilizing transition metals such as Ni. However, synthesizing a single-layer graphene and controlling the quality of the graphene CVD film on Ni are very challenging due to the multiplicity of the CVD growth conditions. COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to investigate ...

Fluid Motion Between Rotating Concentric Cylinders Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

P. L. Mills [1], K. Barman [1], S. Mothupally [1], A. Sonejee [1],
[1] Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

Introduction Fluid flow patterns in research or process-scale equipment where a fluid is contained between concentric rotating cylinders in the absence of bulk axial flow has received notable attention in the field of fluid mechanics. Annular flows occur in many practical applications, such as in the production of oil and gas, fluid viscometers, centrifugally-driven separation processes, ...

Simulation of Droplet Impingement on a Solid Surface by the Level Set Method - new

J. Hu[1], R. Jia[1], K. Wan[2], X. Xiong[3]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
[2]Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA
[3]Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA

The dynamic behavior of droplet impingement on a solid surface is important to many engineering applications. This paper studied the dynamic behavior of a droplet impinging onto solid dry surfaces with different surface wettability using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The simulation results were validated against experimental results. It was found that the Level Set method can predict the ...

Simulation of the Temperature Profile During Welding with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Using Rosenthal's Approach - new

A. Lecoanet[1], D. G. Ivey[1], H. Henein[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

A 3D finite element analysis is carried out, using COMSOL® software, to reproduce the thermal profile obtained with Rosenthal’s equation. The implemented heat transfer equation has been modified as a means to approximate Rosenthal’s solution. An analysis of the differences between the simulation and Rosenthal’s solution, when the geometry of the domain and the source are changed, has been ...

Charge-Discharge Studies of Lithium Iron Phosphate Batteries

A. K. R. Paul [1], R. D. Pal [2],
[1] CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India
[2] Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

A lithium-ion battery comprises of two intercalating electrodes separated by a membrane, sandwiched between aluminum and copper current collecting plates. The battery performance depends upon several parameters and its operating conditions. In this work we developed a model for a lithium iron phosphate battery and validated our results with experimental charge-discharge curves. We however note ...

Development of a User Interface for Design of SO2 Oxidation Fixed-Bed Reactors

A. Nagaraj [1], P. L. Mills [1],
[1] Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA

H2SO4 is a very important chemical commodity, and indeed, a nation’s H2SO4 production has been a reasonably good indicator of its industrial strength for the last century or so1,2. Nearly 350 MM tons of H2SO4 was produced in 20143.The demand for H2SO4 in United States exceeds the supply and hence to increase production, recycling and innovative clean technologies must be explored. From ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of 3D Single-Phase Transport in a Random Packed Bed of Spheres - new

A. Dixon[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

Packed beds are important in the chemical industries. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can simulate detailed flow and scalar transport in packed beds for improved understanding and quantitative information. We present simulations of single-phase gas flow, conjugate heat transfer and isothermal dispersion of mass in a 3D model of a randomly-packed bed (tube-to-particle diameter ratio = 5.96) of ...

Time Dependent Simulations of Thermoelectric Thin Films and Nanowires for Direct Determination of their Efficiency with COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. Muñoz Rojo[1], J. Jose Romero[1], D. Ramos[1], D. Borca-Tasciuc[2], T. Borca-Tasciuc[2], M. Martín Gonzalez[1]
[1]Instituto de Microelectrónica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
[2]Rensselaer Polytechnique Institute, Troy, New York, USA

Thermoelectric materials are one of the most promising materials for future and nowadays energy harvesting devices, as they can convert heat into electricity and vice-versa. The efficiency of thermoelectric materials is related with the figure of merit, ZT. Our work deals with the determination of the parameters that affect the measurement of the ZT with the Harman technique and the best ...

Modeling of Supercapacitor

G. Madabattula[1], S. K. Gupta[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Low cost high energy density batteries that can be charged and discharged rapidly are required in a number of applications. Tapping energy from renewal resources such as solar, wind and tide requires rapidly generated energy to be first stored and then used round the clock. Storing energy of a moving vehicle as it slows down and recovering it to accelerate the vehicle later can significantly ...

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