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Geometric Multigrid Solver and Experimental Validation in Laser Surface Remelting

M. M. Pariona [1], F. de Oliveira [1],
[1] State University of Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil

INTRODUCTION The purpose of this work is to verify the effect of Multigrid method on the CPU time for the resolution of the heat transfer model, based on the Finite Element Method (FEM), in order to simulate the laser surface remelting (LSR) of the Al–1.5 wt.% Fe alloy. To accelerate the convergence of Single grid methods, Multigrid method (MG) was employed in order to reduce the CPU time. In ...

Solving a Two-Scale Model for Vacuum Drying by Using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Sandoval Torres[1]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR, Oaxaca, Mexico

Drying of porous materials is characterized by the invasion of a gaseous phase replacing the evaporating liquid phase. Vacuum drying is an advanced method applied to oakwood to diminish discoloration, so understand its physics is a very important task. In this work, a two-scale model is solved to simulate vacuum drying of oakwood. A two scale model describes the physics of wood-water relations ...

Microscale Simulations of Catalyst Deactivation During Gas-Phase Upgrading of Biomass Pyrolysis Vapors

P. N. Ciesielski [1], D. Robichaud [2], B. Donohoe [1], M. Nimlos [2],
[1] Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[2] National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA

Catalytic fast pyrolysis is a process by which biomass may be converted into liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuels and chemical co-products that are alternative to their petroleum-derived counterparts. Chemical compounds in raw pyrolysis vapor have high oxygen content and therefore must be deoxygenated in order to meet specifications for hydrocarbon fuels. One strategy to accomplish this is ...

Modeling of Radial Source Flow in Porous Media: Miscible Viscous Fingering Patterns

V. Sharma [1], S. Pramanik [2], M. Mishra [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, India
[2] Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, India; Nordita, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.

COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used to model radial source flow in two dimensional homogeneous porous media. Two-Phase Darcy's Law (tpdl) is used to model miscible viscous fingering. Fingering patterns obtained on using different mesh are discussed. Evolution from 'flowers' to 'branches' is observed in the fingering patterns. Stable displacement is generated even in the presence of unstable ...

Modeling Voltammetry of a Rotating Disk Electrode

A. Giaccherini [1], A. Lavacchi [2],
[1] INSTM, Firenze, Italy
[2] ICCOM - CNR, Firenze, Italy

In this work we report a numerical model of a Rotating Disk Electrode (RDE) voltammetry in a finite size domain. Thus, explaining the discrepancy of the diffusion coefficient obtained from the experimental rotating speed, with respect to the literature data. We achieved a very good agreement at the limiting current and at the unexpected peak for the RDE voltammetry at 2000 rpm and different ...

Modeling of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer During a Steam-Thermolysis Process for Recycling Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer

A. Oliveira Nunes[1], Y. Soudais[1], R. Barna[1], A. Bounacer[1], Y. Yang[1]
[1]Centre RAPSODEE - Ecole des Mines d'Albi, Albi, France

Different types of technologies to recycle carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) waste have been studied, for example: pyrolysis, solvolysis and steam-thermolysis. The steam-thermolysis is a process that combines pyrolysis and superheated steam at atmospheric pressure to decompose the organic matrix of the composite. The waste is introduced into a bench-scale reactor heated at high temperatures ...

Direct Numerical Simulation of Time Evolution of Vortex Ring

M. Hashiguchi [1],
[1] Keisoku Engineering System Co., Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Vortex ring can be useful to generate thrust force for e.g., jellyfish, but its mechanism has not been clarified. In this field, it seems that numerical simulation has an important role of understanding the propulsion mechanism of creature. A vortex ring in a tube, refered to confined vortex ring, have been far less studied compared with unconfined vortex rings, despite their importance for many ...

Transport Phenomena and Shrinkage Modeling During Convective Drying of Vegetables

S. Curcio[1] and M. Aversa[1]
[1]Department of Engineering Modeling, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy

The aim of the present work is the formulation of a theoretical model describing the transport phenomena involved in food drying process. The attention has been focused on the simultaneous transfer of momentum, heat and mass occurring in a convective drier where hot dry air flows, in turbulent conditions, around the food sample. The proposed model does not rely on the specification of ...

Optimization of Jet Mixer Geometry and Mixing Studies - new

A. Egedy[1], B. Molnar[1], T. Varga[1], T. Chován[1]
[1]Department of Process Engineering, University of Pannonia, Veszprém, Hungary

The primary aim of using jet as mixer, like in case of other mixing devices, is to increase the heat and mass transfer between the phases. Beside the injection position the geometry of the jet mixer and the injection nozzle has a major effect on the injection. In our study COMSOL Multiphysics software was used to carry out the experimental and simulation of the different jet geometries. The jet ...

Modeling of Kinetic Interface Sensitive Tracers for Two Phase Immiscible Flow in Porous Media with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

A.-B. Tatomir[1], F. Maier[1], A. Jyoti[1], M. Sauter[1]
[1]Geoscience Centre of the University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

The understanding of the tracer migration in two-phase porous media systems and its reaction over the fluid-fluid interfaces is a challenging task important for a number of engineering applications, e.g. oil recovery, carbon capture and storage in geological reservoirs, remediation groundwater contaminations, etc. The goal of this work is to implement in COMSOL Multiphysics® an immiscible two ...