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Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification

P. Sadooghi[1], R. Rauch[1]
[1]Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...

Void Shape Evolution of Silicon Simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics®

C. Grau Turuelo[1], B. Bergmann[1], C. Breitkopf[1]
[1]Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany

The void shape evolution of a trench patterned silicon substrate results in diverse cavities by varying initial conditions. The size and the arrangement of the initial trenches are decisive for the transformation process besides the annealing conditions which are, in fact, time and temperature, and the existing pressure values. The prediction of the shape evolution depending on different ...

A Multiphase Porous Medium Transport Model with Distributed Sublimation Front to Simulate Vacuum Freeze Drying

A. Warning[1], J. M. R. Arquiza[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

A continuum, porous medium formulation with non-equilibrium sublimation was developed and validated for freeze drying without and with uniform microwave volumetric heating. The model incorporates the effect of Knudsen flow at low pressure and low permeability freeze drying. The distributed, non-equilibrium sublimation demonstrated that the sublimation front is a sharp boundary for high ice ...

Inverse Analysis of Soil Parameters Based on Deformation of a Bank Protection Structure

Y. Xing [1], R. Hu [2], Q. Liu [1],
[1] Geoscience Centre, University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany
[2] School of Earth Science and Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing, China

Deformation prediction is an important part of the structure stability analysis. However, the deformation of bank protection structure which is affected by many factors, such as structural stiffness, earth pressure and hydrostatic pressure. It contains a complex mechanical process, which is a grey, fuzzy, stochastic and nonlinear engineering problem[1]. Neural network method as one of nonlinear ...

Simulation of Spiral-Tube Heat Exchangers in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

K. O. Lund [1], S. M. Lord [2],
[1] Kurt Lund Consulting (COMSOL Certified Consultant), Del Mar, CA, USA
[2] SML Associates, Encinitas, CA, USA

A frequently occurring geometry for heat exchangers is that of a long tube wound into a helix or spiral around a core volume. There is to be heat exchange between the tube and the gases (or solids) in the core. However, the length scales of these two parts of the geometry are very different, thus complicating the interface between the tube and the core processes. Usually, the tube is too ...

3D Simulation of an Ethanol Reformer

A. Cifuentes [1], J. Llorca [1], R. Torres [1], S. Rosell [1], J. Grau [1]
[1] Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

In order to improve hydrogen production in an ethanol reformer it is needed to understand what happens inside it. Also, a simulated model can simulate different work conditions avoiding the necessity of doing tons of experiments. A 3D computational fluid dynamics simulation study of ethanol steam reforming (ESR) in a plug flow microreactor has been carried out. A kinetic model describing the ...

Simulation of Manufacturing Process of Ceramic Matrix Composites

S. Yushanov, J. Crompton, and K. Koppenhoefer
ACES of Columbus, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA

Improved performance of aeroengines requires the development of new manufacturing technologies for ceramic matrix composites (CMCs). This has been simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics. Specialized simulation technologies have been developed to describe the infiltration of molten material into a ceramic perform. The physical phenomena considered in the analysis includes: unsaturated flow, ...

Modeling the Rheology of Liquid Detergents

Vincenzo Guida
R&D Process Design Principal Engineer, Procter & Gamble, Italy

Outline of presentation: Comsol is a very flexible platform, ideal to model rheology modification under flow Analogy with reactive flows allows modeling of both thixotropy and gelation with decent level of accuracy and predictability It is possible, to a certain extent, to use 1D rheology to extrapolate 3D behavior ---------------------------------- Keynote speaker's biography:Vincenzo ...

Diffuse Interface Models for Metal Foams

B. Chinè[1], M. Monno[2], E. Repossi[3], M. Verani[3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP Piacenza, Italy; ITCR, Esc. Ciencia e Ing. Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2]Laboratorio MUSP, Piacenza, Italy; Politecnico di Milano, Dip. Meccanica, Milano, Italy
[3]Politecnico di Milano, MOX-Dip. Matematica, Milano, Italy

The foaming process of a metal is a complex operation which needs to be closely controlled in order to guarantee the wanted properties, by avoiding the formation of defects in the structure of the material. In this work we use COMSOL Multiphysics® version 4.3b and apply the diffuse interface methods of the phase field technique available in the CFD module.To analyze a practical case, foams ...

Actively Controlled Ionic Current Gating In Nanopores

G. Zhang[1], S. Bearden[1]
[1]Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

It is necessary to understand and control nanopore behavior in order to develop biosensors for a variety of applications including DNA sequencing. The fluidics of nanopore devices we fabricated exhibits a range of interesting phenomena, such as enhanced conductance and current rectification. By electrically biasing nanopores, we were able to actively control the nanopore conductance in real time ...