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Linear Convection and Conduction in Cylinders of Water Exposed to Periodic Thermal Stimuli

R.E. Tosh[1], and H.H. Chen-Mayer[1]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA

Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...

Error Analysis in Estimating Temperature-Dependent Thermal Diffusivity and Kinetic Parameters using Heat Penetration Data

K.D. Dolan[1,2], A.R. Sommerlot[1], and D.K. Mishra[1]
[1]Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
[2]Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA

Growing consumer demand for nutraceuticals has stimulated interest by food companies to increase levels of these health-promoting compounds. Thermal processing of canned foods in a retort produces a unique problem: some of the nutraceuticals are highly sensitive to temperature, and require accurate parameter estimates to predict their fate during processing. Error in temperature measurement due ...

Capacitive Deionization for Desalinating Complex Streams - new

D. Cardoen[1,2], B. B. Sales[1], J. Helsen[1], A. Verliefde[2]
[1]VITO, Mol, Belgium
[2]Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium

Capacitive deionization (CDI) is a desalination technology which is based on the storage of ions in the electrical double layer of a pair of oppositely polarized porous carbon electrodes, which are usually assembled using activated carbon particles (Figure 1). It is efficiently deployed for desalinating water with moderate salt content (eg in domestic water softening)[1]. To broaden its ...

Improving the Sensoring of PEM Fuel Cell by Numerical Techniques - new

S. Skoda[1], E. Robalinho[2], E. F. Cunha[1], M. Linardi[1]
[1]Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2]Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

The use of numerical techniques in PEM fuel cell sensoring represents an advantage of project engineering, reducing the costs and accelerating the manufacturing of prototypes. In this work some numerical responses are shown, relating to numerical sensoring of water and oxygen mole fractions at cathode of a 5 cm² of geometric area PEM fuel cell. The need to recognize a geometric figure of merit ...

Solid State Transport of Reactive Charged Particles: Application to Metal Oxidation

P. Buttin[1], B. Malki[1], P. Barberis[2], and B. Baroux[1]
[1]SIMAP/groupe SIR, CNRS, France
[2]AREVA - AREVA NP - CEZUS Research Center, France

This paper studies multicomponent transport through zirconia, assuming a chemical reaction involving electrons and oxygen vacancies defects. Classically, according to the Wagner theory for ambipolar diffusion, the electroneutrality condition in the oxide is considered. Therefore three constraints must be satisfied on the transport problem: oxide stoichiometry, electroneutrality and the source ...

Modelling and Simulation of Simultaneous Intrinsic Kinetics, Hydrogen Transport and Heat Transfer in Complex Hydride Hydrogen Storage Systems

G. A. Lozano, J. M. Bellosta von Colbe, T. Klassen, and M. Dornheim
Institute of Materials Research
Materials Technology
Helmholzt-Zentrum Geesthacht
Geesthacht, Germany

In proper designs of hydrogen storage systems based on metal hydrides three processes are modelled and simulated: hydrogen flow (through the metal hydride bed), solid-state chemical transformation, and heat transfer (due to the highly exothermic chemical transformation). In this work, modelling and simulation of the hydrogenation in complex hydride tanks is performed using COMSOL, case study is ...

Theoretical Simulations of Silicon-On-Nothing (SON) Structures

C. Grau Turuelo[1], B. Bergmann[1], C. Breitkopf[1], F. Hoffmann[2], L. Brencher[2]
[1]Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany
[2]Infineon Technologies GmbH, Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany

A novel technique for semiconductor manufacturing is introduced: Silicon-On-Nothing. This process consists of an initial cylindrical trench which has a shape evolution under certain conditions: high temperature (1100 °C), low pressure (10 Torr) and a non-oxidizing atmosphere such as hydrogen. These conditions enable a, mainly, surface diffusion phenomenon whose final result is an empty space ...

Simulation and Experimental Analysis of Drug Release Rates from Magnetic Nanocomposite Spheres - new

L. Saeeednia[1], H. Mehraein[2], F. Abedin[1], K. Cluff[2], R. Asmatulu[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Targeted drug delivery systems have been wildly studied in cancer therapy due to the toxicity of most of chemotherapeutic drugs. Nanoparticles can be attached to the small molecules of the drugs and serve as drug carriers to deliver the drug molecules into the area of interest. In this research, polymeric microspheres containing biodegradable poly(D, L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), magnetic ...

Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics in a Stirred Cell System for Crude Oil Fouling

M. Yang[1], A. Young[1], and B. Crittenden[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom

A small batch stirred cell which is operated at temperatures up to 400 °C and pressures up to 30 bar is used to study fouling behaviors of selected crude oils. COMSOL Multiphysics package is used for the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and heat transfer modeling for this stirred cell system. The simulation results are validated against the measured temperature data at various axial ...

Extraction of Phenolic Compound from Grape Fruit. A Comparison Between a 3D FEM Model and Experimental Results

E. Madieta, I. Zouid, R. Siret, and F. Jourjon
Laboratoire GRAPPE, ESA, Angers, France

Fresh fruits and vegetables are gaining importance in the human diet because they contain many beneficial compounds. Among these compounds, phenols are of vital importance due to their antioxidant properties. It is well evident from previous researches that the skin of red grapes is considered a good source of phenols. The aim of this work is to simulate the extraction procedure of phenols in ...