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COMSOL-News-Magazine-2017
COMSOL-News-Magazine-2017-Special-edition-acoustics
COMSOL News Magazine 2017

The Brüel & Kjær 4134 Condenser Microphone

This is a model of the Brüel and Kjær 4134 condenser microphone. The geometry and material parameters are those of the actual microphone. The modeled sensitivity level is compared to measurements performed on an actual microphone and shows good agreement. The membrane deformation, pressure, velocity, and electric field are also determined. The model is a true multiphysics problem that ...

Acoustic Scattering off an Ellipsoid

This is a tutorial model that illustrates the use of the scattered field formulation in acoustics. A solid object (here an ellipsoid) is hit by an incident plane wave field (background pressure field). The model solves for the scattered field. The model uses a PML and a far-field calculation is also added. The mesh is set up to enhance the PML and the far-field performance.

Ultrasonic Flow Meter with Piezoelectric Transducers: Coupling between FEM and DG

Ultrasonic flow meters determine the velocity of a fluid flowing through a pipe by sending an ultrasonic signal across the flow at a skew angle. When there is no flow, the transmitting time between the transmitter and the receiver is the same for the signals sent in the upstream and downstream directions. Otherwise, the wave traveling downstream moves faster than the one traveling upstream, ...

Hollow Cylinder

Fluid acoustics coupled to structural objects, such as membranes or plates, represents an important application area in many engineering fields. Some examples are: * Loudspeakers * Acoustic sensors * Nondestructive impedance testing * Medical ultrasound diagnostics This model provides a general demonstration of an acoustic fluid phenomenon in 3D coupled to a solid object. In this study, the ...

Focused Ultrasound Induced Heating in Tissue Phantom

This model example shows how to model tissue heating induced by focused ultrasound. First, the stationary acoustic field in the water and the tissue are modeled to obtain the acoustic intensity distribution in the tissue. The absorbed acoustic energy is then calculated and used as the heat source for a Bioheat Transfer physics in the tissue domain in a time-dependent study simulating the ...

Baffled Membrane

Learn how to use the Acoustic-Shell Interaction interface in this tutorial example of a thin vibrating membrane set in an infinite baffle. This example demonstrates how to model the acoustic interaction between a vibrating membrane and the surrounding air. In order to focus on the principles, the geometry is kept simple and the driving mechanism is not modeled.

Anechoic Coating

Anechoic coatings are used for lowering visibility to sonars, for example on submarines. This model calculates the reflection, absorption, and transmission properties of an anechoic coating on a steel plate based on a setup from literature.

Sedan Interior Acoustics

This is a model of the acoustics inside a sedan, that is inside a typical hard-top family car. The model sets up sources at loudspeaker locations as well as impedance conditions to model soft absorbing surfaces for the seats, carpet, and roof lining. The model results in plots of the pressure, sound pressure level, and intensity inside the car. These are important tools to visualize the ...

Lumped Loudspeaker Driver

This is a model of a moving-coil loudspeaker where a lumped parameter analogy represents the behavior of the electrical and mechanical speaker components. The Thiele-Small parameters (small-signal parameters) serve as input to the lumped model, which is represented by an Electric Circuit physics. The lumped model is coupled to a 2D axisymmetric Pressure Acoustics model describing the ...

Acoustic Cloaking

Two articles in the New Journal of Physics describe how to derive necessary conditions on an anisotropic density tensor to create a perfect acoustic cloak in 2D, and show how this material can be realized in practice as a layered shell with isotropic properties in each layer. These two example files illustrate simplest possible implementations using both anisotropic density and the layered ...