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Photoacoustic Resonator

This is a model of a simple photoacoustic (or optoacoustic) resonator. A pulsating laser heats a gas causing expansion and contraction and thus creates pressure waves. Such devices are used as sensors for measuring material parameters of the gas inside the resonator. The resonance frequency of the system depends on the gas in the resonator. The model uses the thermoacoustic interface with a ...

Muffler with Perforates

Reflective mufflers are best suited for the low frequency range where only plane waves can propagate in the system, while dissipative mufflers with fibers are efficient in the mid-to-high frequency range. Dissipative mufflers based on flow losses, on the other hand, work also at low frequencies. A typical automotive exhaust system is a hybrid construction consisting of a combination of ...

Transient Gaussian Explosion

An ellipse with sound-hard walls has the interesting property that an acoustic signal emanating from one of the foci refocuses at the other focal point b/c seconds later, where b (in meters) is the major axis length and c (m/s) is the speed of sound. This model involves a Gaussian explosion at one focus of an ellipse to illustrate some properties of time-dependent acoustic problems. The ...

Lumped Loudspeaker Driver

This is a model of a moving-coil loudspeaker where a lumped parameter analogy represents the behavior of the electrical and mechanical speaker components. The Thiele-Small parameters (small-signal parameters) serve as input to the lumped model, which is represented by an Electric Circuit physics. The lumped model is coupled to a 2D axisymmetric Pressure Acoustics model describing the ...

Probe Tube Microphone

It is often not possible to insert a normal microphone directly into the sound field being measured. The microphone may be too big to fit inside the measured system, such as for in-the-ear measurements for hearing aid fitting. The size of the microphone may also be too large compared to the wavelength, so that it disturbs the acoustic field. In these cases, a probe tube may be attached to the ...

Acoustic Streaming in a Microchannel Cross Section

Recent advances in the fabrication of microfluidic systems require handling of live cells and other micro particles as well as mixing. All this can, for example, be achieved using acoustic radiation forces and the viscous drag from the streaming flow. Streaming: Due to the nonlinear terms in the Navier-Stokes equations, harmonic perturbation of the flow will lead to a net time-averaged flow ...

Open Pipe

In this model, sound created by a vibrating piston radiates through a baffled pipe. The impedance is measured and then used in an impedance boundary condition that replaces the surrounding air domain. This technique can be employed to reduce solution time and memory usage for large models with pipe openings.

The Brüel & Kjær 4134 Condenser Microphone

This is a model of the Brüel and Kjær 4134 condenser microphone. The geometry and material parameters are those of the actual microphone. The modeled sensitivity level is compared to measurements performed on an actual microphone and shows good agreement. The membrane deformation, pressure, velocity, and electric field are also determined. The model is a true multiphysics problem that ...

Shape Optimization of a Tweeter Waveguide

This application illustrates how to use COMSOL’s optimization capabilities to automatically develop novel designs satisfying critical design constraints. The model optimizes a simple speaker geometry. Examples of constraints could include the radius of the loudspeaker or a desired minimum achievable sound-pressure level. To exemplify the optimization capabilities this application studies the ...

Acoustic Scattering off an Ellipsoid

This is a tutorial model that illustrates the use of the scattered field formulation in acoustics. A solid object (here an ellipsoid) is hit by an incident plane wave field (background pressure field). The model solves for the scattered field. The model uses a PML and a far-field calculation is also added. The mesh is set up to enhance the PML and the far-field performance. ...